|Publisher||Czech News Center|
Reflex is a Czech weekly magazine focusing on political, social and cultural topics. It was founded in 1990 and is currently owned by company Czech News Center. It is one of the Czech Republic's most controversial and widely read social-political magazines; its print circulation of 60,000 copies (as of January, 2010) reaches approximately 270,000 readers. Polls conducted by the Czech Publishers Association (Unie vydavatelů) in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 placed Reflex first in its category.
Reflex was founded in 1990 following the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia. Its first editor-in-chief, Petr Hájek and a group of promising, like-minded Czech journalists established its combination of political news journal and life style magazine. The result was an original and distinctively Czech approach to current affairs. Hájek's ideas and format were vindicated as Reflex gradually created its own niche within an expanding and increasingly competitive market for Czech periodicals. In 1993 Hájek won the disapproval of some of his colleagues when he sold Reflex to the Swiss corporation Ringier without prior consultation: Josef Klíma, a co-founder of Reflex and a prominent Czech investigative journalist, remembers Hájek as "the greatest disappointment in my life" Hájek left to work as a media consultant in marketing and advertising. From 2003 - 2008 he was campaigner and spokesman for his long-standing political ally, Czech President Václav Klaus.
In 1995, Ringier appointed Petr Bílek as Reflex' editor-in-chief. During Bilek's 13 year tenure the magazine's style and orientation shifted profoundly. According to him, Reflex's position in the early 90's was "idyllic, due to non-existent competition". Its early editions ran to around 200,000 copies; Reflex and a single significant competitor, Respekt, dominated the free media market. According to Bílek, early Reflex journalism was founded on a "very uncompromising", critical approach to Czechoslovakia's communist past and the surviving remnants of communist attitudes and institutions. As Czech society changed, Reflex kept pace under Bilek, whose editorial policy shifted focus away from the past towards contemporary political events and social changes but its earlier "idyllic" position was eroded by an increasingly competitive, diversified market. Part of its earlier readership was apparently lost to a revamped and modernised Respekt but it retained a substantial share of the market and remains popular with readers and advertisers: independent estimates found a likely target readership of approximately 270,000 for its January 2010 print circulation of 60,000 copies, making it the most successful advertising vehicle of 2010 among Czech political-social magazines. In 2008, Bílek stepped down. He was replaced by Pavel Šafr, former editor-in-chief of the newspapers Mladá fronta DNES and Lidové noviny: from 2010, Bílek served Reflex as an external editor. In 2010, the NY Times described Reflex as one of the leading weekly periodicals in the Czech Republic.
Reflex has been described as conservative and anti-leftist; its 20th anniversary issue included a manifesto against left-wing ideology and Czech Social Democratic Party politics. On the website Britské listy, Czech media expert Jan Čulík positions it between tabloid commercialism and quality journalism. Jiří Pehe describes it as popular but untrustworthy, a right-leaning and rather pro-Civic Democratic Party forum.
Content and controversy
Reflex regularly covers controversial political and social issues in a controversial manner. Regular Reflex contributor Jiří X. Doležal campaigned for the decriminalization of small growers and users of cannabis, and organised an annual contest through the magazine. A Reflex Cannabis Cup was awarded for the best reader's photos of home grown cannabis. In 2010, the Czech legislature adopted more tolerant cannabis laws; Doležal announced the end of the contest: "...in future, the contest should be organized by the cannabis business, not by a social magazine". Some of magazine's covers have made controversial suggestions about prominent figures in Czech public life and politics.
In 2001, Zelený Raoul, a Reflex satirical comic strip illustrated by Štěpán Mareš, showed the former Social-democratic minister Karel Březina in a naked sexual embrace with his wife, the writer Bára Nesvadbová. Březina sued, and won damages and a public apology.
AAA Auto Praha
In 2002, Reflex reported alleged malpractice by AAA Auto Praha, a major Czech used car dealership. Copies of the magazine sold unusually fast: this led to speculation in the major national media (Czech Television, Blesk, and Mladá fronta DNES) that the company's management had tried to buy the entire print run to avoid public exposure. Anthony James Denny, general manager of the company, denied all the allegations. Reflex reprinted the original report in its next issue.
Jiří Paroubek, former Czech Prime Minister and current Chairman of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), was involved in a lawsuit against Reflex. In 2009, the magazine published a report describing Paroubek's election campaign as an attempt to employ his private life as a part of political marketing. According to Reflex, the carefree marriage and the proliferating family were the main trump cards in the Paroubek's election campaign, instead of political ideas. Additionally, Reflex published an article comparing the developing pregnancy of Paroubek's wife (Petra Paroubková) with political developments in the Czech Republic. The magazine cover posed images of Paroubek and his wife in simulation of a well-known 1980 photo of Yoko Ono and John Lennon. According to Paroubek, the article so seriously disturbed his pregnant wife that she had to be hospitalized. Petra Paroubková sued Reflex in her own right in 2009, when she and her husband were intimately depicted in the Zelený Raoul comic strip. Paroubková labelled the series as "disgusting and insulting porn comics". Reflex refused to apologize, stating that "pornography is about sex, but we're talking about serious political topics". In 2009, the courts rejected Paroubková's description of the comic as pornographic, and rejected her case.
In February, 2009, Reflex published an article called "Arbeit Macht Rath", containing criticism of a former minister of health for the Czech Republic and current (2010) governor of Central Bohemian region, David Rath, by some of his Social Democratic Party colleagues. The issue cover caricatured Rath as Adolf Hitler and the article title referred to Rath's statement to the newspaper Lidové noviny: "Hitler solved the crisis by starting armament, by which he gave people jobs and fired up the economy. He won the election with that. Later that resulted in a war. But liberal economists tend to forget that." In August 2009, Rath filed a lawsuit against Reflex but lost the case. The court considered the caricature neither inappropriate nor uncivil: judge Tomáš Novosad found it justified by Rath's published statement. The editor-in-chief of Reflex, Pavel Šafr, wrote: "we have depicted Mr. Rath as a combination of a clown and a dictator, as a cross-breed of Adolf Hitler and Charlie Chaplin."
Pavel Bém, Mayor of Prague and member of the Civic Democratic Party was subject of a Reflex article on alleged corruption within Prague's municipal government. The magazine's cover showed Bém with a pig's snout and the article was illustrated with a photomontage of him with a rolled banknote and a line of white powder on a table. Bém planned to sue Reflex, but did not. Instead, he sent Reflex a letter protesting his own innocence and their use of a single, unreliable source. Reflex published his letter in its 21 January 2010 issue.
- Radek Bajgar - former editor-in-chief
- Jiří X. Doležal
- Tomáš Feřtek
- Pavlína Wolfová
- Tomáš Baldýnský
- Miloš Čermák
- Jan Potůček
- Lucie Tomanová
- Andrej Halada
- Veronika Bednářová
- Bohumil Pečinka
- Jan Šibík - main photographer
- Petr Bílek - former editor-in-chief
- Pavel Šafr - former editor-in-chief
- "The Czech media landscape - print media". Wien International. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- "Časopis Reflex zpoplatní od dubna svůj web". Lidové noviny (in Czech). 12 March 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- "Časopis Reflex rozšíří server www.reflex.cz a zároveň část jeho obsahu zpoplatní" (in Czech). Lupa.cz. Retrieved 14 April 2010. "Unie vydavatelů v roce 2009 už počtvrté za sebou uznala kvalitu Reflexu opětovným udělením 1. místa a titulu Časopis roku v kategorii Společenský časopis."
- "Reflex magazine is 20". Presseurop. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- Milan Smid. "Czech Republic" (PDF). Mirovni Institut. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Bohumi Pečinkal (1 April 2010). "Hájek: Profesionální Buřič". Reflex (in Czech). Prague: Ringier CZ. XXI (13): 21. ISSN 0862-6634.
- Šťastný, Ondřej (10 June 2009). "Klausův rádce Hájek vydal knihu. Havel je marxista a Usáma výmysl, napsal" (in Czech). iDnes. Retrieved 22 April 2010. "Petr Hájek je největším zklamáním mého života"
- Josef Klíma (1 April 2010). "Ahoj, Mildo". Reflex (in Czech). Prague: Ringier CZ. XXI (13): 66–67. ISSN 0862-6634.
- Žantovský, Petr (5 April 2005). ""Nevrtím psem", říká Petr Hájek" (in Czech). Česká média. Retrieved 14 May 2010. "Hájek po krátkém čase časopis prodal a pak se řadu let věnoval podnikání v oblasti reklamy a marketingu."
- Petr Weikert (30 May 2008). "Rošáda na Hradě se nekoná. Odchází jen mluvčí Hájek" (in Czech). Týden. Retrieved 14 May 2010. "Po boku Václava Klause se pohybuje od devadesátých let, podílel se i na kampani ODS."
- "Klaus má nového mluvčího. Petra Hájka vystřídá Radim Ochvat" (in Czech). iDNES. 12 May 2008. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
- Patrik Garaj (13 June 2008). "Petr Bílek: Reflex nie je o marihuane" (in Slovak). mediálne.sk. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- Ondřej Aust (27 June 2008). "Změna v Reflexu po třinácti letech" (in Czech). Lidové noviny. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Peter S. Green (18 November 2001). "Czech Journalists Face Pressure to Curb Criticism". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Jan, Čulík (11 July 2003). "Podivný svět: nad stránkami nového vydání týdeníku Reflex". Britské listy (in Czech). Retrieved 15 April 2010. "...už se řadu let umně proplétají mezi bulvárem a seriózním obsahem"
- Jiri Pehe (30 April 2003). "Upadající Lidové noviny" (in Czech). www.pehe.cz. Retrieved 15 April 2010. "Lidovky se stávají stále více jakousi novinovou verzí populárního (nicméně ne příliš seriózního) rádoby pravicového (ve skutečnosti ovšem spíše "pro-odéesovského) časopisu Reflex."
- Marchal Jan (16 March 2010). "Czech pot smokers exhale with relief over new drug law". AFP. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Marihuanový Cannabis cup končí: Teď už je to byznys!". Blesk (in Czech). 21 January 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010. "Přehlídka konopí se pravděpodobně bude v podobném duchu konat dál, ale už by ji neměl pořádat společenský časopis, nýbrž někdo z konopného byznysu"
- Vedran Kovačevič (27 August 2009). "Reflex svlékl Paroubka po vzoru Lennona". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). Retrieved 14 April 2010. "Kontroverzní titulní strany jsou pro Reflex novou strategií."
- Kateřina Eliášová (5 February 2009). "Czech MP portrayed as Hitler wants Reflex to apologize". Aktuálně. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Eva Petržílková (25 October 2001). "Podle soudního rozhodnutí se omluví vydavatel časopisu Reflex ministrovi Březinovi za karikatury jeho osoby". Czech Radio (in Czech). Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Reflex už neseženete". Blesk (in Czech). 13 January 2002. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- "Policie se zajímá o největší autobazar". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 31 July 2002. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- "Reportáž o AAA v Reflexu podruhé". Strategie (in Czech). 21 January 2002. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Nahý Paroubek na obálce Reflexu. Jako John Lennon". Aktuálně (in Czech). 27 August 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2010. "V nejnovějším čísle přináší totiž Reflex velké téma o Jiřím Paroubkovi a jeho politickém marketingu, jehož součástí je i jeho soukromý život." ... "Bezstarostné manželství a rozrůstající se rodina, to jsou podle týdeníku největší předvolební esa v rukávu Jiřího Paroubka."
- "Czech CSSD head's wife in hospital, turns sick at magazine photo". Czech Press Agency. 27 August 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
- "Paroubek podal žalobu kvůli článku v Reflexu". Týden (in Czech). 28 August 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Paroubková skončila v nemocnici, podle manžela kvůli článku v Reflexu". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 27 August 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Paroubková byla na kapačkách. Prý kvůli článku". Týden (in Czech). 27 August 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Hympl, Josef (28 May 2009). "Paroubková chce zažalovat Reflex. Kvůli Zelenému Raoulovi". Lidové noviny (in Czech). Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Paroubek všechny tři soudy prohrál, bojovat chce ale dál". Czech Television (in Czech). 16 December 2009. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
- "Na titulní stránce Reflexu je hejtman za Hitlera". Lidové noviny (in Czech). 5 February 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Rath prohrál soud s Reflexem kvůli karikatuře". Týden (in Czech). 14 January 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Rath u soudu prohrál, Ringier se mu nemusí omluvit za obálku s Hitlerem". Hospodářské noviny (in Czech). 14 January 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Rath se začal soudit kvůli karikatuře v Reflexu". Týden (in Czech). Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Kateřina Eliášová (15 January 2010). "Po Rathovi je na řadě Bém. Žaluje časopis kvůli rypáku". Aktuálně (in Czech). Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Primátor Bém otočil. Reflex kvůli rypáčku žalovat nebude". TV Nova (in Czech). 16 January 2010. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- "Pavel Bém - Dopis Reflexu". Aktuálně (in Czech). 25 January 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. "...[nic z toho] se nezakládá na konkrétních důkazech, pouze na tvrzení jednoho jediného a zaručeně pravdivého zdroje, jenž do údajné sítě nikdy nepronikl, ale ví o ní úplně vše. Jsou to absurdní tvrzení a já je odmítám."
- Official website (Czech)