Reform, Alabama

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Reform
City
Location of Reform in Pickens County, Alabama.
Location of Reform in Pickens County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 33°22′51″N 88°0′54″W / 33.38083°N 88.01500°W / 33.38083; -88.01500
Country United States
State Alabama
County Pickens
Area[1]
 • Total 8.04 sq mi (20.82 km2)
 • Land 8.01 sq mi (20.74 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation 240 ft (73 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,702
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,616
 • Density 201.80/sq mi (77.91/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35481
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-64104
GNIS feature ID 0125544

Reform is a city in Pickens County, Alabama, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 1,702, down from 1,978 in 2000.

History[edit]

Sparsely settled after statehood, Reform first received a post office in 1841. It wasn't incorporated until March 2, 1898, following the community getting train service via the Mobile and Ohio Railroad.[3] According to tradition, the community was named from an incident when an evangelist paid the new settlement a visit, imploring the first settlers to "reform".[4]

In May 1968, a mule train, part of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference sponsored Poor People's Campaign, stopped for two days in Reform before heading to Tuscaloosa, Alabama on its way to Washington, DC.[5]

On August 31, 2017, the area was hit by an EF2 tornado. The tornado touched down near Reform and tracked through Pickens, Lamar, and Fayette counties. Significant damage was also caused in the nearby community of Palmetto. http://www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2017/09/national_weather_service_to_su.html

Geography[edit]

Reform is located at 33°22′51″N 88°0′54″W / 33.38083°N 88.01500°W / 33.38083; -88.01500 (33.380835, -88.015022).[6] Thanks to its location, Reform is a popular stop among long distance truck drivers to buy some cheap hot snacks on the Route 82.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21 km2), of which 8.0 square miles (21 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.37%) is water.

According to local tradition, the community was so named after a preacher refused to return until the townspeople reformed their ways.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 198
1910 550 177.8%
1920 1,069 94.4%
1930 898 −16.0%
1940 885 −1.4%
1950 1,141 28.9%
1960 1,241 8.8%
1970 1,893 52.5%
1980 2,245 18.6%
1990 2,105 −6.2%
2000 1,978 −6.0%
2010 1,702 −14.0%
Est. 2016 1,616 [2] −5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2013 Estimate[8]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,702 people residing in the town. 50.6% were White, 48.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% from some other race and 0.7% of two or more races. 0.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,978 people, 793 households, and 521 families residing in the city. The population density was 245.9 people per square mile (95.0/km²). There were 925 housing units at an average density of 115.0 per square mile (44.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.34% White, 44.89% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.05% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 0.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 793 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 76.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,625, and the median income for a family was $24,875. Males had a median income of $27,019 versus $16,827 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,429. About 26.3% of families and 30.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.9% of those under age 18 and 26.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Education in Reform is overseen and governed by the Pickens County Board of Education. Students of Reform and its surrounding areas are served by Reform Elementary School and Pickens County High School.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 17, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-3456
  4. ^ Moyer, Armond; Moyer, Winifred (1958). The origins of unusual place-names. Keystone Pub. Associates. p. 110. 
  5. ^ Emilye Crosby (2011). Civil Rights History from the Ground Up: Local Struggles, a National Movement. University of Georgia Press. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-8203-3865-1. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ James L. Dickerson; Alex A. Alston, Jr. (1 July 2009). Devil's Sanctuary: An Eyewitness History of Mississippi Hate Crimes. Chicago Review Press. p. 251. ISBN 978-1-56976-316-2. 

Reform, Alabama :: CityofReform.com

Coordinates: 33°22′51″N 88°00′54″W / 33.380835°N 88.015022°W / 33.380835; -88.015022