This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Refused performing at Way Out West 2012
|Years active||1991–1998; 2012;|
|Labels||Burning Heart, Epitaph, Victory, We Bite, Startrec, Umeå Hardcore|
|Associated acts||Abhinanda, Afro Jetz, Final Exit, The (International) Noise Conspiracy, Invasionen, Step Forward, TEXT, AC4, Randy|
|Past members||see below|
Refused (also known as The Refused) is a Swedish punk rock band originating from Umeå and formed in 1991. Refused is composed of vocalist Dennis Lyxzén, guitarist Kristofer Steen, drummer David Sandström, and bassist Magnus Flagge. Guitarist Jon Brännström was a member from 1994, through reunions, until he was fired in late-2014. Their lyrics are often of a non-conformist and politically far-left nature.
On January 9, 2012, the band announced their reunion confirming shows at Coachella, Rock am Ring, Ruisrock, Roskilde Festival, Groezrock, Way Out West Festival, Sonisphere Festival (Cancelled), Download Festival, Rock for People, Primavera Sound, Hellfest, Fuji Rock Festival, Øyafestivalen, Pukkelpop, Resurrection. After embarking on a world tour for nearly a year, Refused went on hiatus again in 2012, but announced another reunion in November 2014.
The band released five EPs and three full-length albums before originally splitting up in 1998, and released their fourth full-length album Freedom on the Epitaph Records label on June 26, 2015. "Elektra" was released as the first single from the comeback album on April 27, 2015.
- 1 History
- 2 Musical style, lyrics and influences
- 3 Legacy
- 4 Members
- 5 Discography
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 External links
Early years (1991–1997)
Refused formed in early 1991 with Dennis Lyxzén (former frontman of the straight edge band Step Forward) on vocals, David Sandström on drums, Pär Hansson on guitar, and Jonas Lindgren on bass. They formed with the aim of playing outside of their hometown and releasing a 7" record (the latter which never happened). They released their first demo, Refused, the same year. With an already altered lineup (including Kristofer Steen joining from local band Abhinanda with Pär Hansson going the other way) the band released their first studio album, This Just Might Be the Truth, in 1994. A month later, they released the Everlasting EP.
Refused's final line-up consisted of Dennis Lyxzén, David Sandström, Kristofer Steen, and Jon Brännström, but the band never found a permanent bass player, switching up to 12 bassists until their original break-up. In June 1996, they released Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent through Victory Records. The album had a style that steered towards the metallic hardcore genre and included a fanzine explaining their political ideas. For this record, they toured with Snapcase. Later on, they did it in support of Millencolin in the United States and with Mindjive in Europe.
The Shape of Punk to Come and disbandment (1998)
Their third album, 1998's The Shape of Punk to Come, incorporated diverse sounds outside of the strict hardcore realm, such as electronica, jazz, and ambient. Initially, the album was both a commercial and critical failure, with little media coverage and mixed reception from fans and critics alike; some even refused to rate it because of its stylistic divergence.
The United States tour to support the album was canceled halfway. They were joined by Washington, D.C.'s Frodus and only completed eight shows in half-empty basements and coffeehouses, finishing in a chaotic performance in a basement of Harrisonburg, Virginia that, after four songs, was shut down by police. They described these concerts as "emotionally devastating" and "an awful experience", which finally led to their break-up after a rough internal fight in Atlanta, Georgia. Other factors to their disbandment were a depletion of creative energy and band members wanting different things. There was also conflict between Dennis and the rest of the band.
After breakup (1999–2009)
The story of Refused's last show soon became popular, as well as The Shape of Punk to Come. A year after its release, the album shot up from 1,400 to 21,000 units sold in the United States. In 2000, it went up to 28,000. From then on, many notable artists started to praise the band and newcomers cited them as an influence.
In 2007 Lyxzén and Sandström briefly reformed their Refused side project, Final Exit, which existed in the mid-late 1990s and originally consisted of members of Refused and Abhinanda, with each member taking a different role to that which they had in their main bands (e.g., David on vocals and Dennis on bass guitar).
As of May 2008, Dennis Lyxzén and David Sandström formed a new straightforward hardcore band under the name AC4.
Kristofer Steen moved to Orange County, California and attended film school there. He made a documentary on the band's last year in existence called Refused Are Fucking Dead, which was released in 2006. Then, he began working on operas in Sweden.
In March 2010, Epitaph Records put up the old Refused website online with the words "Coming Soon." Rumours spread across the Internet about what the new website could indicate, including speculation of a reunion. Citing an anonymous source "close to the situation," Punknews.org unofficially announced that the band would perform at European music festivals in 2010. Dennis Lyxzén denied claims of a Refused reformation as he and David Sandström were busy with AC4. The new band website was later announced to be a promotional site for a reissue of Refused's final album, The Shape of Punk to Come. The reissue, released on June 8, 2010, is a three-disc set with an unreleased live album recorded in 1998 and the Refused Are Fucking Dead DVD documentary in addition to the full original album.
In November 2011, multiple posters said to be for the upcoming 2012 Coachella Festival appeared on several Internet sites, and the line-ups included Refused. This started new rumours of a long-awaited reunion.
During BBC Radio 1's "Punk Show" on January 2, 2012, Mike Davies stated that Refused, along with At the Drive-In would be reforming in 2012. On January 9, 2012, it was announced that Refused would be performing for the 2012 Coachella Festival. The reunion was confirmed via Dennis Lyxzén's Facebook page. This was highly contested considering the band's original and explicit declaration to never reunite. Later that day, it was announced that they would also be playing at Way Out West Festival in Gothenburg, Sweden. They also headlined the Groezrock festival in Belgium. The confirmation that Refused would be UK exclusives at Sonisphere Festival in the UK was made on February 20. However, in light of Sonisphere UK's subsequent cancellation, Refused were officially booked by Download Festival on April 3, to perform at Donington Park instead. On February 29, Refused played a secret show in Umeå, their first live performance since 1998. Refused are also confirmed for the Rock for People festival in Czech Republic. They appeared for the first time on TV in America on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on July 18, 2012.
On August 23, 2012 Refused indicated by a Facebook post that their reunion was for 2012 only and not a continuation of their career. On August 24, 2012, it was announced that Refused would undertake a theatre tour of Australia for the first time ever that November. The after party for Refused's show on December 15, 2012 in Fabriken, Umeå saw brief reunions from related Umeå hardcore bands Abhinanda and Final Exit, as well as some rarely performed songs from Refused. Redd Kross also performed on the evening.
Hiatus, second reunion, and Freedom (2013–2017)
On February 22, 2013, Refused were awarded "The special prize for Swedish music exports" by the Minister of Trade. Lyxzén and Sandström chose to criticize the current Government at the ceremony, instead thanking the efforts of popular education, in particular Workers' Educational Association (ABF) and youth centers (in Sweden associated with social democracy) while Jon Brännström chose to not accept the prize on his behalf later stating he wished they "[...] had said no to the prize and instead held a press conference about why we had turned it down".
On October 31, 2014, Jon Brännström stated on the official Refused Facebook page that he had been fired from the band (the band would later state that he left the band in 2013), implying that Refused were still active and planned on performing again in the future. On November 25, 2014, the band announced that they would perform their first shows in three years at the Reading and Leeds Festivals, Groezrock and Amnesia Rockfest in the summer of 2015. They also headlined Punk Rock Bowling in Las Vegas in May 2015. Around the same time, rumours surfaced of a new album being recorded for release in 2015 after ...And You Will Know Us By The Trail Of Dead's Autrey Fulbright II posted a photo on Instagram claiming that Lyxzén had been in the studio recording vocals for the album.
On April 27, 2015, it was announced that Refused would release their fourth studio album, Freedom, in June 2015 via Epitaph Records. The album was produced by Nick Launay and includes further collaborations such as two songs produced with Max Martin-collaborator Shellback (Taylor Swift). The news was announced along with the release of the album's opening track, "Elektra," as its lead single.
On November 20, 2017, members of Refused revealed on social media that the band has been in the studio working on their next album.
Servants of Death, Cyberpunk 2077 and War Music (2018–present)
On July 2, 2019, it was announced that Refused will be partnering with video game developer CD Projekt Red, creating and recording original music for upcoming video game Cyberpunk 2077. The members of Refused will provide music for a fictitious band in the in-game universe, punk rock group SAMURAI, whose lead vocalist Johnny Silverhand will be interpreted by actor Keanu Reeves, featuring Lyxzén's vocals on the music tracks. The announcement was made alongside the release of Chippin' In on streaming services, the first single to be revealed for the project. On August 23, 2019, a new song called Never Fade Away came out.
On August 2, 2019, the band released "Blood Red" from their forthcoming album War Music.
Musical style, lyrics and influences
Refused started as a "fresh-faced positive hardcore band" and their music became increasingly progressive and radical, as did their lyrics. The record This Just Might Be the Truth was characterized for its "massive hardcore sound", mostly influenced by various bands from the New York hardcore scene (such as Earth Crisis). On their follow-up, Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent, the band had a heavier, more intricate style, which is generally attributed to their Slayer inspiration, and Lyxzén adopted screaming vocals rather than shouting. With the third album, The Shape of Punk to Come, "came the leap into the unknown" as the band mixed their previous style with unorthodox chord progressions, sampling, "ambient textures, jazz breakdowns", electronica and monologues, and other deviations from the hardcore punk music.
Refused's lyrics soon began to focus on far-left politics, drawing on anarchism, socialism, among other ideologies. By the time of their first album, the band already had a strong anti-establishment profile. The group's members were all vegan straight edge until their last show in 1998 and a couple of their songs dealt with these topics. Today, some of them no longer follow these lifestyles. In their live performances, vocalist Lyxzén usually delivers political speeches between songs. Before the Umeå hardcore phenomenon went into full bloom, the band was seen as part of the scene centered around youth-oriented venue Galaxen, along with the punk-rock scene as well as metal bands such as Meshuggah.
Among the biggest influences of Refused were ManLiftingBanner, Born Against, Slayer, and Ian Svenonius's projects (The Make-Up, The Nation of Ulysses and Cupid Car Club). Other bands that have influenced them are Fugazi, Inside Out, and Snapcase.
Refused affected profoundly the development of rock music at the turn of the twentieth century, despite the fact that very few people supported them when they were active. According to Vice, they "stood at the nexus of modern punk, incorporating all of its subgenres into one scattered but neat package", putting "the risk back into punk and hardcore by making it unexpected again." David Anthony of The A.V. Club described The Shape Of Punk To Come as "an undisputed classic that served as a rallying cry for bands longing to incorporate sounds from outside the walls of aggressive music." Author Gabriel Kuhn states that Refused "became the flagship of a remarkably strong vegan straight edge movement that engulfed Sweden throughout the 1990s" with "witty manifestos" and "performances" that "challenged many of the scene’s standards."
Among the artists who cite Refused as influence are Linkin Park, Duff McKagan of Velvet Revolver and Guns N' Roses, Sum 41, Tom DeLonge and Mark Hoppus of Blink-182, AFI, Papa Roach, Tim McIlrath of Rise Against, Underoath, Enter Shikari, The Used, Every Time I Die, Norma Jean, Showbread, La Dispute, Nick Hipa of As I Lay Dying, Derek E. Miller of Poison the Well and Sleigh Bells, Geoff Rickly of Thursday, United Nations and No Devotion, Marcos Curiel of P.O.D. and Daylight Division, Jeremy Bolm of Hesitation Wounds and Touché Amoré, Zachary Garren of Dance Gavin Dance and Strawberry Girls, Chris Teti of The World Is a Beautiful Place & I Am No Longer Afraid to Die, The New Transit Direction, The Bloody Beetroots, Justin Beck of Glassjaw and Sons of Abraham, Robin Staps of The Ocean, The Bled, Thomas Williams of Stray from the Path, Brandon Kellum of American Standards, and Jonathan Boulet. The song "H. Ledger" from letlive.'s album Fake History is a "homage" to Refused because the band felt that they "didn't receive proper recognition until they were no longer active." British musician Frank Turner stated that The Shape of Punk to Come "shaped my musical path as a musician for a long time" and his group, Million Dead, took their name from a line in the Refused's song "The Apollo Programme was a Hoax". Pop rock band Paramore were inspired by the song "Liberation Frequency" and quoted a line of it on their 2007 song "Born for This".
- This Just Might Be... the Truth (1994)
- Songs to Fan the Flames of Discontent (1996)
- The Shape of Punk to Come (1998)
- Freedom (2015)
- War Music (2019)
- "Music Faith Exclusive | Interview with". www.musicfaith.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- King, Kat (7 August 2012). "Interview with Nick Hipa of As I Lay Dying". seymourduncan.com. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Murphy, Tom (18 October 2011). "Scott Ian of Anthrax on Worship Music, comic books, Doctor Who, VH1 and interviewing Ozzy". Westword. Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
Scott Ian: [...] It's a song ["New Noise"] we've been playing, a band we love, something that's just fun for us to do. Asking what it is about the Refused I like is like asking "What is it about the food that you like?" I don't know -- I listen to their music, and they move me in a way that any music that I like moves me. I can't tell you specifically; it's just that I think they're a great band. I break music into two categories: music that moves me and music that doesn't. Genres don't mean anything to me, and the Refused makes me happy when I listen to it.
- "Refused Are Fucking Dead". Burning Heart Records. Archived from the original on 17 January 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Refused - Music Biography, Credits and Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
- Lamington23 (24 June 2014). "Refused on lying, selling outand Taylor Swift". FasterLouder. FasterLouder Pty Ltd. Archived from the original on 28 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Steen, Kristofer (2006). Refused Are Fucking Dead (Documentary). Burning Heart Records.
- Corinne (3 January 2011). "Interview: AC4's Karl Backman". www.pluginmusic.com. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Kuhn 2010, p. 58.
- Westley, Nathan (30 March 2016). "Ripping up the rule book on Good Friday: Refused live in Brighton". www.thelineofbestfit.com. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Ozzi, Dan. "REFUSED: Pop Songs for the Revolution". Noisey. United States. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Kuhn, p. 58, 59.
- Carman, Keith (26 June 2010). "Refused's Dennis Lyxzén". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Icarus, Aaron; Keller, Travis (31 May 2002). "Kristofer Steen (Refused)". Buddyhead. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- Edwards, Tim. "Refused @ Fieri Arena Milano, Italy June 4, 2012". www.ineffecthardcore.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Appleford, Steve (6 May 2013). "Q&A; With Refused's Dennis Lyxzen: Reunion Success Was 'A Bit Trippy'". RollingStone. Münster, Germany. Archived from the original on 7 May 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Refused 'set to reform'". NME. March 27, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Karan, Tim (March 27, 2010). "Refused Hint a Reformation, Album with Epitaph". Alternative Press. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Pratt, Greg (March 29, 2010). "Epitaph Confirms Deluxe Reissue of Refused's The Shape of Punk to Come As Reunion Rumours Run Wild on the Internet". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Yancey, Bryne (March 27, 2010). "UPDATED: Refused updates website, reunion in the works". Punknews.org. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Magnusson, Daniel (March 29, 2010). "REFUSED PÅ VÄG ATT ÅTERFÖRENAS". Gaffa (in Swedish). Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- Paul, Aubin (April 7, 2010). "Refused to issue deluxe 3 CD Shape of Punk to Come". Punknews.org. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- "Leaked Coachella 2012 Poster" (JPG). Swnk.org. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- Daniel P. Carter (10 January 2012). "My thoughts on the Refused reformation". Rock Sound. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Video: Refused perform first show in 14 years « Consequence of Sound". Consequenceofsound.net. 2012-03-01.
- "Refused to play Jimmy Fallon Show 7/18 - Stereokiller News". Stereokiller.com.
- "REFUSED ANNOUNCE AUSTRALIAN TOUR!! << Soundwave Touring". Soundwave Touring. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
- "Special prize for Swedish music exports". Archived from the original on 2014-03-07.
- "Music Export Prize 2012 to Johan "Shellback" Schuster - honroary prize to Refused". Archived from the original on 2013-02-18.
- "Refused gets government award - slanders their politics (Swedish)". Sverigesradio.se.
- "Refused in disagreement after award (Swedish)". Västerbottenskuriren.
- "I had nothing else to return to than different kinds of demons". farsotfarsot.com. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10.
- "Facebook". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- "Refused Are Unfucking Dead, Again". propertyofzack.com. November 25, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- "Refused to Play Amnesia Rockfest". AbsolutePunk.net. November 25, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- "Punk Rock Bowling Announces 2015 Headliners". newnoisemagazine.com. November 26, 2014. Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- "More Evidence That REFUSED Are Working On A New Album". Metalinjection.net. 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2015-06-26.
- "Refused Are Back: New Album Freedom Out This Summer, New Track "Elektra" Streaming Now". Pitchfork Media. April 27, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- "Refused Are In The Studio". theprp.com. November 20, 2017. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Cyberpunk 2077 (2019-07-02). "Hello, Night City! What better way to start your day off than with some killer riffs? We teamed up with @Refused to bring the iconic band SAMURAI to life in #Cyberpunk2077 – and today we have their first track to share with you… here's Chippin' In!http://youtu.be/Igq3d6XA75Y". @CyberpunkGame. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
- Pryor, Terrance. "Refused unveil "Never Fade Away" from Cyberpunk 2077". MP3s and NPCs. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
- Pryor, Terrance. "Refused release new single "Blood Red"". MP3s and NPCs. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
- Anderson, Jason. "This Just Might Be... The Truth - Refused | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
- Jones, Nicholas (8 November 2012). "Refused, The Greatest Punk Moments". Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Butler, Blake. "Refused | The Shape of Punk to Come". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Heller, Jason (June 8, 2010). "Refused: The Shape Of Punk To Come". The A.V. Club. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
- Kuhn 2010, p. 58, 59.
- Kuhn 2010, p. 54. "Dennis Lyxzén: Refused was a straight edge, vegan, socialist, anarchist sort of band. We were that all along, until we broke up. At the last show, I'm X-ed up, actually."
- Jönson, Kirsti (1 October 2009). "Dennis Lyxzén on life in Sweden's grooviest, socialist rock band: The (International) Noise Conspiracy". Shanghaiist. Archived from the original on 25 May 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Kuhn 2010, p. 56.
- Arold (24 December 2008). "The (International) Noise Conspiracy: music mixed with politics". www.asice.net. Archived from the original on 25 December 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
Dennis Lyxzén: [...] it wasn’t till I found out about Born Against and most importantly ManLiftingBanner that I really became more political myself. Especially ManLiftingBanner was a big influence to Refused, most people don’t seem to know that. But to hear of a European straight edge band with communist ideas, that was so inspiring to us. That really fuelled me and the other guys to do a band as well.
- "No Cheap Holiday, These Other People's Ecstasy: A 2014 Dennis Lyxzen Interview". dayafterdaydc.wordpress.com. Washington, D.C. (published 13 June 2014). March 2014. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Bray, Ryan (30 June 2015). "Refused's Dennis Lyxzén Revisits Fugazi's Red Medicine". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Ozzi, Dan (31 March 2017). "'Progression Through Unlearning,' Snapcase's Timeless Hardcore Classic, Turns 20". Noisey. Vice. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
Earlier in the 90s, Tim [Redmond] really set the standard for how high you could tune a snare drum. A lot of drummers got piccolo snares and tortured those tension rods until the drumhead was about to pop," says Refused drummer David Sandström, who toured with Snapcase in '96. "There was a certain stability and propulsion to Tim's beats that really influenced me. He was indefatigable. Felt like he could punch his way through a brick wall.
- Anthony, David (30 June 2015). "With Freedom, Refused tries to kill its legacy". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Kuhn 2010, p. 53.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (25 June 2014). "Linkin Park Seek Original Sound for 'The Hunting Party'". Yahoo! Music. Los Angeles, California. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- Oswald, Derek (12 March 2015). "[AltWire Interview] Chester Bennington – "We'll Be Playing Some Songs That We Haven't Played Before…"". www.altwire.net. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
- McKagan, Duff (5 October 2012). "Under the Influence: Duff McKagan". The Skinny. Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
Duff McKagan: [...] If you listen to the first Velvet Revolver record, all we were listening to was The Shape of Punk to Come. We have this song called Illegal Eye and that riff at the beginning came about after cranking Refused in rehearsal.
- McKagan, Duff (6 September 2012). "Duff McKagan: Refused Aren't Dead, They're Killing!". Seattle Weekly. Archived from the original on 2 December 2017. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- di Perna, Alan (December 2004). "Sum 41: Blow Up". Guitar World (published 13 November 2008). Archived from the original on 27 October 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Moss, Corey (31 January 2002). "Blink-182's Tom DeLonge Salutes His Roots On New Album". MTV.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "blink-182: no jacket required". MTV.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Baldry, Edd (11 February 2003). "AFI". Rancid News. No. 1. Last Hours. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
Davey Havok: [...] But Refused were a great band. I mean when ‘Songs to fan the Flames’ came out that was… I mean ‘Shut Your Mouth Open Your Eyes’ wouldn’t have been the same if it hadn’t been for Refused (laughs) they were hugely inspirational. It was very cool being able to play with them!
- Syrjala, Marko (15 November 2010). "PAPA ROACH – guitarist Jerry Horton". Metal Rules. Helsinki, Finland (published 27 December 2010). Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Childers, Chad (22 December 2014). "Papa Roach Talk 'Face Everything and Rise' Video, Tour With Seether + More". Loudwire. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- O'Donnell, Kevin (18 February 2011). "Rise Against's McIlrath on Influential Music, Books". Spin. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Barnard, Luke (10 October 2017). "Interview: Enter Shikari". Archived from the original on 6 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Rosen, Steven (13 June 2012). "The Used: 'Rhythm Is The Illusion To Music And To Everything'". Ultimate Guitar Archive. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Colwell, Mat (29 August 2009). "Interview: The Used". mindequalsblown.net. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Malerba, Frank (29 August 2014). "Interview – Keith Buckley of Every Time I Die". crypticrock.com. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Every Time I Die // Favourite Albums (Ep. 26)" (video). Backstage Broadcast. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Sciarretto, Amy (August 2002). "Five questions with... Daniel Davison of Norma Jean!". CMJ New Music Report. No. 797 (published 20 January 2003). p. 23. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Moore, Bruce (21 September 2009). "Interview with Showbread lead singer Josh Dies". puregrainaudio.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- "La Dispute Interview" (video). FromTheGarage.net. Event occurs at 4:08. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- Lyons, Patrick. "Was Refused's The Shape Of Punk To Come Actually The Shape Of Punk To Come?". Stereogum. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
- Wehkamp, Siegfried (27 March 2008). "Interview: THE OCEAN". Mega-metal.de (in German). Osnabrück, Germany. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- "THE BLED". MySpace. Archived from the original on 5 February 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- Shotwell, James (27 September 2017). "We're all temporary: A conversation with Stray From The Path". Substream Magazine. Archived from the original on 6 March 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Rachel (6 December 2017). "American Standards – Interview". Shetalksmusic.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- "Q&A: Jonathan Boulet". Theorangepress.net. 4 August 2011. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Turnbull, Faye (2 April 2012). "Interviews: Letlive". punknews.org. Newcastle, United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Butler, Jason (6 April 2011). "Exclusive: Letlive 'Fake History' Album Track By Track". Rock Sound. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Chamberlain, Rich (10 May 2017). "Frank Turner: the records that changed my life". MusicRadar. p. 7. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- Ozzi, Dan (28 May 2014). "Frank Turner's Ten Favorite Hardcore Records". Noisey. Vice. Retrieved 28 November 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- Jamieson, Sarah (2 September 2007). "Organised-Sound interview with Paramore". www.organised-sound.com. Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- Glacial, Rod (16 April 2015). "We Asked Steve Aoki About His Favorite Hardcore and Straight Edge Albums on Ian MacKaye's Birthday". Noisey. Vice. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "THE DILLINGER ESCAPE PLAN (usa) - Ben Weinman (Avril-2013/VF-EV)". Metal-impact.com (published 6 July 2013). April 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- "THE BASSPLAYER | Refused Official Site". Officialrefused.com.preview.binero.se. 2012-02-20. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29.
- Kuhn, Gabriel (2010). Sober Living for the Revolution: Hardcore Punk, Straight Edge, and Radical Politics. Oakland: PM Press. ISBN 978-1-60486-051-1. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
|Look up refused in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|