Reg Empey

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Empey
OBE
Official portrait of Lord Empey crop 2.jpg
Chairman of the Ulster Unionist Party
Assumed office
1 April 2012
Preceded byDavid Campbell
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
15 January 2011
Life Peerage
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
In office
24 June 2005 – 22 September 2010
DeputyDanny Kennedy
Preceded byDavid Trimble
Succeeded byTom Elliott
Minister for Employment and Learning
In office
8 May 2007 – 27 October 2010
First MinisterIan Paisley
Peter Robinson
Deputy First MinisterMartin McGuinness
Preceded byCarmel Hanna
Succeeded byDanny Kennedy
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Acting
In office
1 July 2001 – 6 November 2001
Serving with Seamus Mallon
Preceded byDavid Trimble
Succeeded byDavid Trimble
Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment
In office
1 July 1998 – 14 October 2002
First MinisterDavid Trimble
Deputy First MinisterSeamus Mallon
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byNigel Dodds
Member of the Northern Ireland Assembly
for Belfast East
In office
25 June 1998 – 5 May 2011
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byMichael Copeland
Personal details
BornReginald Norman Morgan Empey
(1947-10-26) 26 October 1947 (age 71)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
NationalityBritish
Political partyUlster Unionist Party
(Before 1973; 1984–present)
Other political
affiliations
Ulster Vanguard
(1973–1975)
United Ulster Unionist Party
(1975–1984)
Spouse(s)Stella Empey
Children2
Alma materQueen's University Belfast
ProfessionBusinessman

Reginald Norman Morgan Empey, Baron Empey, OBE (born 26 October 1947), best known as Reg Empey, is a British politician who was the leader of the Ulster Unionist Party from 2005 to 2010, and has been its chairman since 2012. Empey was also twice Lord Mayor of Belfast and was a Member of the Legislative Assembly for East Belfast from 1998 to 2011.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Reg Empey was born in West Belfast on 26 October 1947. His family were retailers, and his uncle was a Stormont Ulster Unionist MP. Empey attended Hillcrest Preparatory School, Belfast, and The Royal School, Armagh, before graduating with an economics degree from Queen's University of Belfast, where his contemporaries included the future MP Bernadette Devlin. After that he built up a business career, specifically in retailing. His Royal Avenue store, located opposite the British Army barracks, was destroyed in an explosion, and looted.[when?]

He first entered politics in the late 1960s when he joined the Ulster Young Unionist Council. Along with other hardline unionists, he left in protest at reforms and became an early member of the Vanguard Progressive Unionist Party, serving as the party chairman in 1975 and being elected to the Constitutional Convention in the same year. When Vanguard split during the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention, Empey joined the breakaway group which formed the United Ulster Unionist Party, serving as the party's deputy leader from 1977 until its dissolution in 1984.[citation needed]

Ulster Unionist Party[edit]

Empey then rejoined the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). He was elected to Belfast City Council, serving as Lord Mayor in 1989–1990 and 1993–1994.[1] He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1994 New Year Honours for services to local government.[2]

During this period Empey built up a political base in East Belfast, but in 1995 he sought to become the Ulster Unionists' candidate for the North Down by-election. He was not, however selected by North Down party members, losing out to Alan McFarland.[citation needed]

Empey became increasingly prominent in the UUP and was often a member of its negotiating teams throughout the 1990s, the decade when he first became a party officer, and he became a key ally of David Trimble, who became leader of the party in 1995. Trimble had been deputy leader of Vanguard in the years after the divide. In 1996 Empey was elected to the Northern Ireland Forum for East Belfast and in 1998 and 2003 he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly.[citation needed]

Reg Empey and John White at the Ulster Unionist Party Executive Committee during the Leader's address. In the foreground is Roy Beggs

Executive career[edit]

When the Northern Ireland Executive was formed in 1999, Empey became Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment, holding the portfolio throughout the entirety of the Executive's existence. In June 2001 Trimble temporarily resigned as First Minister of Northern Ireland and appointed Empey to fulfil the functions of the office for the interim period until disagreements between the parties had been restored. Empey undertook the role until November of that year. In 1999, Reg Empey was knighted by Her Majesty The Queen.[3]

He was the Minister for Employment and Learning from 2007–10. He called for the Treasury to compensate investors in the collapsed mutual society Presbyterian Mutual which the Treasury rejected.[4]

In October 2011 he welcomed the news that the National Transitional Council of Libya had agreed compensate victims of IRA bombings. He said the many shipments of arms sent to Ireland by Colonel Gaddafi for IRA use, were 'tantamount to an act of war against the United Kingdom.'[5]

Leadership[edit]

In 2005 Trimble resigned as leader following a disastrous showing by the UUP in the 2005 general election. Empey stood in the contest to succeed him and on 24 June 2005, was elected. In a reversal of fortunes, his main opponent was Alan McFarland, to whom he had lost the by-election nomination ten years earlier.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Reg and Stella Empey have two children. Empey is a member of the Orange Order, his lodge being Eldon LOL 7, in the Belfast district.

Election results[edit]

Empey first stood for election in the 1975 elections to the Constitutional Convention, standing as a candidate in Belfast East for the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party he received 4657 first preference votes he was elected. In the 1977 Local Government elections he received 981 first preference votes and was unsuccessful (he did not run in the 1981 Local Government Elections), and the 1982 Assembly election he received 503 first preference votes.[citation needed]

In the 1985 Local Government election, he was elected to Belfast City Council with 1117 first preference votes, this was reduced in the subsequent 1989 local government election to 864.[citation needed]

In 1993 he was elected having attained 1295 first preference votes, and was elected again in 1997 with 2309 first preference votes. However this still left him behind his main DUP rival in the Pottinger Electoral Area, Sammy Wilson.[6]

He was a senior Ulster Unionist negotiator for the Good Friday Agreement.[7]

Empey stood in every election since 1998 to the devolved Northern Ireland Assembly until the 2011 election. He was first elected to the Assembly in 1998 polling 12.8% of the popular vote, in 2003, 20.9% of the popular vote, and in 2007, 14% of the popular vote. Empey also stood against DUP MP for East Belfast Peter Robinson in the 2005 Westminster election polling 30.1% of the vote but failing to get elected.[8]

In the 2010 general election, Empey contested the South Antrim seat, but was defeated by the incumbent William McCrea for the DUP.

On 15 May 2010, Empey announced that he was to stand down in late 2010 as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party.[9] In August 2010, he confirmed that he would resign as leader in September 2010.[10][11][12]

House of Lords[edit]

On 19 November 2010, it was announced that Empey would be created a life peer and will sit as a Conservative in the House of Lords.[13] On 15 January 2011 he was created Baron Empey, of Shandon, in the City and Borough of Belfast[14] and took his seat supported by Lord Trimble and Lord Rogan.[15]

As a supporter of Brexit, he voted in favour of triggering Article 50 in 2017.[16]

Styles[edit]

  • Master Reginald Empey (1947–1963)
  • Mr Reginald Empey (1963–1994)
  • Mr Reginald Empey OBE (1994–1998)
  • Mr Reginald Empey OBE MLA (1998–1999)
  • Sir Reginald Empey OBE MLA (1999–2011)
  • Rt. Hon. The Lord Empey OBE MLA (2011)
  • Rt. Hon. The Lord Empey OBE (2011 –*

References[edit]

  1. ^ O'Day, Alan (2014-06-11). Longman Handbook of Modern Irish History Since 1800. Taylor & Francis. p. 99. ISBN 9781317897101. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  2. ^ "No. 53527". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1993. p. 11.
  3. ^ "No. 55610". The London Gazette. 14 September 1999. p. 9844.
  4. ^ Some good can come out of Presbyterian Mutual collapse Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., thenews.coop, 19 March 2009.
  5. ^ Empey, Lord (17 October 2011). "CoIt is time for Libya to pay for IRA attacks". Exaro news. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Northern Ireland Elections – who won what and where?". ARK. 7 October 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2008.
  7. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-northern-ireland-43668867
  8. ^ East Belfast ARK
  9. ^ Sir Reg to 'stand down' in autumn.
  10. ^ "Sir Reg Empey confirms resignation" Belfast Telegraph, 9 August 2010
  11. ^ Association, Press (9 August 2010). "The Guardian – Ulster Unionist leader Sir Reg Empey to step down next month". The Guardian. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  12. ^ "BBC News – Sir Reg Empey to become a peer". BBC News. BBC News. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
  13. ^ http://www.number10.gov.uk/news/latest-news/2010/11/peerages-honours-and-appointments-2-57256
  14. ^ "No. 59676". The London Gazette. 20 January 2011. p. 869.
  15. ^ https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld/ldtoday/01.htm#d2e24
  16. ^ https://www.express.co.uk/news/politics/774067/Lords-vote-how-each-peer-voted-Brexit-bill-House-of-Lords-amendment-Article-50
Civic offices
Vacant
Title last held by
Dixie Gilmore
Deputy Lord Mayor of Belfast
1988–1989
Vacant
Title next held by
Eric Smyth
Preceded by
Nigel Dodds
Lord Mayor of Belfast
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Fred Cobain
Preceded by
Herbert Ditty
Lord Mayor of Belfast
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Hugh Smyth
Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention
New convention Member for East Belfast
1975–1976
Convention dissolved
Northern Ireland Forum
New forum Member for East Belfast
1996–1998
Forum dissolved
Northern Ireland Assembly
New assembly
Member of the Legislative Assembly for Belfast East
19982002
Succeeded by
Michael Copeland
Political offices
New office
Minister of Enterprise, Trade and Investment
1998–2002
Vacant
Office suspended
Title next held by
Nigel Dodds
Vacant
Office suspended
Title last held by
Carmel Hanna
Minister for Employment and Learning
2007–2010
Succeeded by
Danny Kennedy
Party political offices
Preceded by
David Trimble
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
2005–2010
Succeeded by
Tom Elliott
Preceded by
David Campbell
Chairman of the Ulster Unionist Party
2012–present
Incumbent