Regenerative cooling

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Regenerative cooling is a method of cooling gases in which compressed gas is cooled by allowing it to expand and thereby take heat from the surroundings. The cooled expanded gas then passes through a heat exchanger where it cools the incoming compressed gas.[1]

Regenerative cycles[edit]


In 1857, Siemens introduced the regenerative cooling concept with the Siemens cycle.[2] In 1895, William Hampson in England[3] and Carl von Linde in Germany[4] independently developed and patented the Hampson–Linde cycle to liquefy air using the Joule–Thomson expansion process and regenerative cooling.[5] On 10 May 1898, James Dewar used regenerative cooling to become the first to statically liquefy hydrogen.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cryogenic microcooling Pag.25
  2. ^ Charles William Siemens, "Improvements in refrigerating and producing ice, and in apparatus or machinery for that purpose", British patent no. 2064 (filed: July 29, 1857).
  3. ^ W. Hampson, "Improvements relating to the progressive refrigerating of gases", British patent 10,165 (filed: May 23, 1895).
  4. ^ Linde, Carl, "Verfahren zur Verflüssigung atmosphärischer Luft oder anderer Gase" (Method for the liquefication of atmospheric air or other gases), German patent 88,824 (filed: June 5, 1895).
  5. ^ Hydrogen through the Nineteenth Century

External links[edit]