Regenkreis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Districts of Bavaria, including Tyrol, in 1808

The Regenkreis, with Straubing and later Regensburg as its capital, existed between 1806 and 1837 as one of the 15 districts of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Its name meant in German the “District of the Regen” because the Regen River ran through it. It was the predecessor of the Regierungsbezirks Oberpfalz (Administrative Regional District of Upper Palatinate).

Gliederung

Independent Cities[edit]

  • Amberg (from 1810)
  • Regensburg (from 1810)
  • Straubing

Subdivisions[edit]

The district was divided in the following judicial districts (Landgerichte = LG), according to the original borders of the districts of the former territories (Herrschaftsgerichte = HG):

History[edit]

In the years between 1806 and 1808 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided in 15 (state) districts, whose names were taken from their rivers. The Regenkreis was initially composed of 13 rural divisions and, since 1809, of the independent city of Straubing. In 1810 it was greatly enlarged to include the Principality of Regensburg. Thereafter Regensburg was the headquarters of the District Commissioners-General (Generalkreiskommissariats). But the Regenkreis also gave areas to the Unterdonaukreis. At the request of King Ludwig I, the Territorial Reorganization (Gebietsreform) of 29 November 1837 was made by changing the name of the Regenkreis to the “Kreis Oberpfalz und Regensburg” [District of the Upper Palatinate and Regensburg], now “Oberpfalz”.

Literature[edit]

  • (de) Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799 - 1980 [Guide of the Bavarian Districts, Municipalities and Courts 1799 - 1980], written by Richard Bauer, Reinhard Heydenreuter, Gerhard Heyl, Emma Mages, Max Piendl, August Scherl, Bernhard Zittel and edited by Wilhelm Volkert, Senior Professor at the University of Regensburg, Munich, 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7