Regent's Park Barracks

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For the barracks on the Isle of Wight, see Albany Barracks.
Regent's Park Barracks
Albany Street Barracks
London, United Kingdom
Albany Street Barracks - geograph.org.uk - 1143396.jpg
Albany Street Barracks
Regent's Park Barracks is located in Greater London
Regent's Park Barracks
Regent's Park Barracks
Location within Greater London
Coordinates 51°31′57″N 0°08′41″W / 51.5325°N 0.1447°W / 51.5325; -0.1447Coordinates: 51°31′57″N 0°08′41″W / 51.5325°N 0.1447°W / 51.5325; -0.1447
Site information
Owner Ministry of Defence
Operator  British Army
Site history
Built 1820-1821
Built for War Office
Architect John Nash
Garrison information
Occupants 20 Logistic Support Squadron, Royal Logistic Corps
21 Special Air Service Regiment (Artists) (Reserve)
RHQ Queen's Royal Hussars

The Regent's Park Barracks, commonly known as the Albany Street Barracks, is a British Army barracks located on Albany Street, London, near Regent's Park.

History[edit]

The barracks were constructed in 1820-1821 as cavalry barracks for the Life Guards and the Royal Artillery as part of John Nash's original design for Regent's Park. Nash had originally intended the barracks to be situated in the northern area of the park, well away from the residential area, and separated from the rest of the park by Regent's Canal. However Nash's plan was not accepted in its entirety by the Crown with one of the changes involving a change in the location of the barracks to its present site.[1]

Originally designed to house 450 officers and men and 400 horses the barracks were almost entirely rebuilt between 1891 and 1893. The rebuilding followed the original general layout, and carried out under the supervision of Colonel R. Athorpe. The layout comprises a complex of buildings arranged around a parade ground. The only building to survive from the original barracks is the Officers' Mess which was built in 1820-21 and is situated on the east side of the parade ground. Other buildings at the northern end of the site include the Gothic chapel which was built in 1857 and the hospital which was built in 1877. Three parallel blocks used for soldiers accommodation and stables, service buildings and the riding school were all built in 1891.[1] From 1896 to 1969, the Royal Horse Guards were based there, which later became part of the Blues and Royals.[2]

On 24 September 1971 an anarchist group called the Angry Brigade bombed the barracks in response to Operation Banner, the British Army's presence in Northern Ireland during the Troubles.[3]

With the formation of the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment in 1991, the Blues and Royals moved to Hyde Park Barracks, Knightsbridge. In 2014 it was reported that the Ministry of Defence was considering moving the Household Cavalry back to Albany Street to help speed up the sale of Hyde Park Barracks.[4]

Current units[edit]

Today the barracks are the home of 20 Logistic Support Squadron, Royal Logistic Corps, 21 Special Air Service Regiment (Artists) (Reserve) and the regimental headquarters of the Queen's Royal Hussars, as well as the Queen's Royal Hussars Collection Trust charity.[5][6][7]

Popular culture[edit]

The music hall comedian Ida Barr, whose real name was Maud Barlow, was born in the barracks on 17 January 1882, the daughter of a Corporal-major in the Life Guards. In H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, there is a mention of it: "the sound of drumming and trumpeting came from the Albany Street Barracks".[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Regents Park Barracks (1201740)". PastScape. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Regent's Park Barracks". Museum of London. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Carr, Gordon (1 August 2005). The Angry Brigade: a history of Britain's first urban guerilla group. Christie Books. 
  4. ^ White, Anna (27 July 2014). "Regents Park Barracks could become new home of Household Cavalry". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "London District unit locations". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Artists Rifles - From Pre-Raphaelites to Passchendaele" (PDF). Army Reserve Quarterly. Andover: Ministry of Defence. Autumn 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  7. ^ Charity Commission. The Queen's Royal Hussars Collection Trust, registered charity no. 1077734. 
  8. ^ Wells, H. G. (1898). The War of the Worlds. p. 125. ISBN 1603034013. 

External links[edit]