Reginald Berkeley

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Reginald Berkeley

Reginald Cheyne Berkeley MC (18 August 1890 – 30 March 1935)[1][2]) was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom, and later a writer of stage plays, then a screenwriter in Hollywood. He had trained as a lawyer. He died in Los Angeles from pneumonia after an operation.[3]

His son Humphry Berkeley was a Conservative MP in the United Kingdom.

Early life[edit]

Berkeley was born in London to Humphry George Berkeley and Agnes Mary née Cheyne. He was educated privately and at Bedford Modern School. He later went to Fiji where his father was a prominent lawyer in Suva; then to Auckland, New Zealand, where he studied at Auckland University College and passed the Barristers Examination of the University of New Zealand.[4] He was admitted to the Bar of Fiji and New Zealand in 1912, and to the Middle Temple (London) on 2 July 1919.[5] He was a lieutenant in the 3rd (Auckland) Regiment of the territorials in New Zealand from 1911 to 1913.[6]

Berkeley served in World War I as a captain in the Rifle Brigade. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1916. His citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry in action. When his company commander was wounded, he led the company with great dash to its final objective, and later displayed great determination in consolidating the captured line.[7]

Postwar he joined the staff of the League of Nations Union in 1919 as Editor of Pamphlets then Director of Propaganda, and the League Secretariat in 1921, resigning when he entered Parliament.

Politician[edit]

He was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Nottingham Central at the 1922 general election, winning the seat with a majority of only 22 votes over the sitting Conservative MP Albert Atkey. He was re-elected in another two-way contest in 1923, but did not contest the 1924 general election. Labour fielded a candidate for the first time in Nottingham Central, and the Conservatives retook the seat.

He unsuccessfully contested the 1929 general election in Aberdeen North, and stood again in Nottingham Central at the by-election in 1930, where he won only 16.9% of the votes. He was defeated again in Aberdeen and Kincardine Central at the 1931 election. These defeats reflected the national decline in the fortunes of the Liberal Party and the rise of the Labour Party.

Writer[edit]

His stage plays include The Lady With The Lamp (1929), based on the life of Florence Nightingale and starring Edith Evans in the title role, and The Man I Killed (1931), which was adapted for the screen as Broken Lullaby the following year. His play French Leave(1920) was filmed twice, once in 1930, and again in 1937.[8] His screenwriting credits include Dreyfus (1931), Cavalcade (1933), The World Moves On (1934), Carolina (1934) and Nurse Edith Cavell (1939).[1]

He died in 1935 in the Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles aged 44 from pneumonia following a major operation.[9] He was residing at 606 North Crescent Drive, Beverly Hills. He had married Gwendoline Cock in 1914 and Clara Hildegarde Digby in 1926.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reginald Berkeley at the Internet Movie Database
  2. ^ Date information sourced from Library of Congress Authorities data, via corresponding WorldCat Identities linked authority file (LAF) .
  3. ^ Who’s Who & Who Was Who. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012. 
  4. ^ The Evening Post (Wellington) 27 January 1911 pp. 2 & 3 April 1911 p. 3
  5. ^ Livai’a, Christine (2009). Qaravi na’i tavi: They did their duty; soldiers from Fiji in the Great War. Auckland: Polygraphia. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-877332-62-3. 
  6. ^ The New Zealand Gazette (Wellington) 8 June 1911 p 1897; 2 & 30 May 1912, pp 1495 & 1788; 15 May 1913 p 1617
  7. ^ "http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/29824/supplements/11046".  External link in |title= (help)
  8. ^ Goble, Alan (1 January 1999). "The Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film". Walter de Gruyter – via Google Books. 
  9. ^ The Times (London) 1 April 1935 p 9

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Albert Atkey
Member of Parliament for Nottingham Central
19221924
Succeeded by
Albert Bennet