Reginald Ruggles Gates
|Reginald Ruggles Gates|
Reginald Ruggles Gates in 1921
|Born||May 1, 1882|
|Died||August 12, 1962(aged 80)|
|Institutions||King's College London|
|Alma mater||Mount Allison University
University of Chicago
|Notable awards||Fellow of the Royal Society|
|Author abbrev. (botany)|
|Spouse||Marie Stopes (1911-1914, annulled)
Jennie Williams (1929, dissolved)
Laura Greer (1955-)
Reginald Ruggles Gates (May 1, 1882 – August 12, 1962), was a Canadian-born geneticist who published widely in the fields of botany and eugenics.
Gates graduated with first class honours in science from Mount Allison University in 1903. Further studies toward a second B.Sc. from McGill University were interrupted by a year in which he returned to his childhood home in Middleton, Nova Scotia, where he served as vice-principal in a local school. He completed this second B.Sc. in 1905, focusing on botany, before accepting a Senior Fellowship at University of Chicago where he completed his Ph.D. on heredity in Oenothera lata (evening primrose) in 1908.
|“||Professor Gates enjoys a widespread reputation as a distinguished investigator of cytological problems and especially in connection with genetics. He has thrown much light on the behaviour of Olnothera, which formed the basis of De Vries well-known theory of mutations. He has trained a number of cytological students, some of whom now fill posts of importance. He is the author of over 100 papers and memoirs, some of which have been published by the Royal Society. Latterly he has paid attention to genetical anthropology and is the author of several books on this subject.||”|
Additionally, Gates was a eugenicist. In 1923, he wrote Heredity and Eugenics. He maintained his ideas on race and eugenics long after World War II, into the era when these were deemed anachronistic. He was a founder of Mankind Quarterly and the International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology and Eugenics. He was a strong opponent of interracial marriage and, according to A.S. Winston, "argued that races were separate species."
In 1911, Gates married Marie Stopes, but the marriage was annulled in 1914. In 1955, he married Laura Greer.
Death and legacy
- Heredity and Eugenics. (1923). Constable & Co Limited. London, Sydney, Bombay.
- Heredity in Man. (1929). Constable & Company.
- A botanist in the Amazon Valley. (1927). H. F. & G. Witherby.
- Human Genetics. (1946). The Macmillan company (2 volumes).
- "Racial elements in the aborigines of Queensland, Australia". (Jan. 1960). Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Anthropologie. Bd. 50. H. 2. pp. 150–166.
- Alan R. Rushton (2004). "Gates, Reginald Ruggles (1882–1962)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33355.
- Roberts, J. A. F. (1964). "Reginald Ruggles Gates 1882-1962". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 10: 83–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1964.0006.
- IPNI. R.R.Gates.
- "Reginald Ruggles Gates (1882-1962): botanist, cytologist and anthropologist. FRS 1931.". John Innes Centre. John Innes Centre. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- Roberts, J. A. Fraser. "Reginald Ruggles Gates, 1882-1962". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society. JSTOR 769313.
- Winston, Andrew S. (Spring 1998). "Science in the service of the far right: Henry E. Garrett, the IAAEE, and the Liberty Lobby - International Association for the Advancement of Ethnology - Experts in the Service of Social Reform: SPSSI, Psychology, and Society, 1936-1996". Journal of Social Issues. 54: 179–210. doi:10.1111/j.1540-4560.1998.tb01212.x.
- Mendel's Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics By Elof Axel Carlson, pg 128
- "Library and Archive Catalogue, Reginald Ruggles Gates". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2013-12-23.
- The Retreat of Scientific Racism By Elazar Barkan 168-175
- The Ruggles Gates Award
- The Ruggles Gates Chair In Biology