Regional Command West
Regional Command West (RC West) is a multinational military formation, part of the International Security Assistance Force involved in the war in Afghanistan. It is tasked with controlling Herat Province, Farah Province, Badghis Province and Ghor Province, which have a population of about 3,156,000 people. Currently, the formation is led by Italy, and the former commander is Brigadier General Rosario Castellano.
In May 2005 the ISAF Stage 2 expansion took place, doubling the size of the territory ISAF was responsible for. The new area was the former US Regional Command West consisting of Badghis, Farah, Ghor, and Herat Provinces.
- PRT Herat -- located in Herat, Herat Province and led by Italy. This is currently the command and control (C2) headquarters and the forward support base for the formation (Slovenian PRT is part of Italian PRT)
- PRT Chaghcharan -- located in Chaghcharan, Ghor and led by Lithuania
- PRT Farah -- located in Farah, Farah Province and led by the United States
- PRT Qala-e Naw -- located in Qala-e Naw, Badghis and led by Spain
Additional manoeuvre elements: In 2008, the Italian Army's contribution to ISAF and Operation Enduring Freedom peaked at 2,850 personnel. The current Italian mission centers around the 2nd Alpini Regiment. Italy has sent 411 troops, based on one infantry company from the 2nd Alpini Regiment tasked to protect the ISAF HQ, one engineer company, one NBC platoon, one logistic unit, as well as liaison and staff elements integrated into the operation chain of command.
- Task Force 45, about 200 operators, composed of Rangers of the 4th Alpini Paracadutisti Regiment, frogmen of the COMSUBIN, raiders of the 9° "Col Moschin" and operators from the 185° RRAO "Folgore" and special force from Air Force and Carabinieri operates with Delta Force and SAS in Farah province.
On September 18, 2006 Italian special forces, of Task Force 45 and the airborne troopers of the ‘Trieste’ infantry regiment of the Rapid Reaction Corps composed of Italian and Spanish forces, took part in ‘Wyconda Pincer’ operation in the districts of Bala Buluk and Pusht-i-Rod, in Farah province. Italian forces killed at least 70 Taliban. The situation in RC-W has deteriorated. Hotspots include Badghis in the very north and Farah in the southwest.
- Regional Command West -- The Institute for the Study of War
- ISAF Regional Command Structure -- ISAF/NATO (official site)
- "Delegacija Ministrstva za obrambo in Slovenske vojske na obisku pri slovenskih vojakih v Afganistanu". Ministry of Defense (Slovenia). July 2011. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- For more on Regional Command West, see "The Italian Job". Jane's Defence Weekly.(5 November 2008) and the Jane's Interview, same issue.