Regional Indicator Symbol

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The regional indicator symbols are a set of 26 alphabetic Unicode characters (Aโ€“Z) intended to be used to encode ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 two-letter country codes in a way that allows optional special treatment.

These were defined as part of the Unicode 6.0 support for emoji, as an alternative to encoding separate characters for each country flag. Although they can be displayed as Roman letters, it is intended that implementations may choose to display them in other ways, such as by using national flags.[1][2] The Unicode FAQ indicates that this mechanism should be used and that symbols for national flags will not be directly encoded.[3]

They are encoded in the range U+1F1E6 ๐Ÿ‡ฆ regional indicator symbol letter a (HTML 🇦) to U+1F1FF ๐Ÿ‡ฟ regional indicator symbol letter z (HTML 🇿) within the Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement block in the Supplementary Multilingual Plane.[4]

Emoji flag sequences[edit]

A pair of regional indicator symbols is referred to as an emoji flag sequence (although it represents a specific region, not a specific flag for that region).[5]

Out of the 676 possible pairs of regional indicator symbols (26 ร— 26), only 270 are considered valid Unicode region codes. These are a subset of the region sequences in the Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR):[5][6][7]

  • All 256 regular region sequences in the CLDR
  • Two of the 34 macroregion sequences in the CLDR (EU and UN)
  • All 12 deprecated region sequences in the CLDR (strongly discouraged - intended for backward compatibility only)
List of current emoji flag sequences
flag code region[8]
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡จ AC Ascension Island
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฉ AD Andorra
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช AE United Arab Emirates
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ AF Afghanistan
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌ AG Antigua & Barbuda
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฎ AI Anguilla
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ AL Albania
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ AM Armenia
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ด AO Angola
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ถ AQ Antarctica
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท AR Argentina
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ AS American Samoa
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น AT Austria
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ AU Australia
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผ AW Aruba
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฝ AX ร…land Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AZ Azerbaijan
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ BA Bosnia & Herzegovina
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง BB Barbados
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ BD Bangladesh
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช BE Belgium
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ BF Burkina Faso
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ BG Bulgaria
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ BH Bahrain
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ BI Burundi
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ BJ Benin
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฑ BL St. Barthรฉlemy
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒ BM Bermuda
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ BN Brunei
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด BO Bolivia
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถ BQ Caribbean Netherlands
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท BR Brazil
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธ BS Bahamas
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น BT Bhutan
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ป BV Bouvet Island
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผ BW Botswana
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ BY Belarus
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BZ Belize
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ CA Canada
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡จ CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ CD Congo - Kinshasa
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ CF Central African Republic
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ CG Congo - Brazzaville
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ CH Switzerland
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ CI Cรดte dโ€™Ivoire
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐ CK Cook Islands
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ CL Chile
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ CM Cameroon
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ CN China
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด CO Colombia
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ต CP Clipperton Island
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท CR Costa Rica
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ CU Cuba
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป CV Cape Verde
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ CW Curaรงao
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฝ CX Christmas Island
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ CY Cyprus
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ CZ Czechia
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช DE Germany
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฌ DG Diego Garcia
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DJ Djibouti
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ DK Denmark
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒ DM Dominica
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด DO Dominican Republic
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ DZ Algeria
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฆ EA Ceuta & Melilla
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ EC Ecuador
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EE Estonia
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ EG Egypt
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ญ EH Western Sahara
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท ER Eritrea
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ES Spain
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น ET Ethiopia
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ EU European Union
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ FI Finland
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ FJ Fiji
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฐ FK Falkland Islands
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒ FM Micronesia
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ด FO Faroe Islands
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FR France
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆ GA Gabon
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง GB United Kingdom
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉ GD Grenada
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช GE Georgia
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ซ GF French Guiana
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฌ GG Guernsey
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญ GH Ghana
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎ GI Gibraltar
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑ GL Greenland
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ GM Gambia
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณ GN Guinea
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ต GP Guadeloupe
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถ GQ Equatorial Guinea
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท GR Greece
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ธ GS South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น GT Guatemala
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บ GU Guam
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ GW Guinea-Bissau
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พ GY Guyana
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ HK Hong Kong SAR China
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฒ HM Heard & McDonald Islands
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ HN Honduras
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท HR Croatia
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น HT Haiti
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ HU Hungary
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡จ IC Canary Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ ID Indonesia
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช IE Ireland
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ IL Israel
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒ IM Isle of Man
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ IN India
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ด IO British Indian Ocean Territory
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IQ Iraq
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IR Iran
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ IS Iceland
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น IT Italy
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ช JE Jersey
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ JM Jamaica
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด JO Jordan
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต JP Japan
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช KE Kenya
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ KG Kyrgyzstan
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ KH Cambodia
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ KI Kiribati
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ KM Comoros
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ KN St. Kitts & Nevis
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต KP North Korea
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท KR South Korea
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KW Kuwait
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พ KY Cayman Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ KZ Kazakhstan
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ LA Laos
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LB Lebanon
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จ LC St. Lucia
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ LI Liechtenstein
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ LK Sri Lanka
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท LR Liberia
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธ LS Lesotho
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LT Lithuania
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ LU Luxembourg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LV Latvia
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LY Libya
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ MA Morocco
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จ MC Monaco
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ MD Moldova
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ซ MF St. Martin
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ MG Madagascar
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ MH Marshall Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ MK Macedonia
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ML Mali
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ MM Myanmar (Burma)
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ MN Mongolia
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ด MO Macau SAR China
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ต MP Northern Mariana Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ถ MQ Martinique
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MR Mauritania
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ธ MS Montserrat
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น MT Malta
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บ MU Mauritius
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป MV Maldives
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ MW Malawi
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MX Mexico
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ MY Malaysia
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ MZ Mozambique
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ NA Namibia
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จ NC New Caledonia
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช NE Niger
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ซ NF Norfolk Island
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ NG Nigeria
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ NI Nicaragua
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ NL Netherlands
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด NO Norway
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต NP Nepal
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท NR Nauru
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡บ NU Niue
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ NZ New Zealand
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OM Oman
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ PA Panama
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช PE Peru
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ PF French Polynesia
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ PG Papua New Guinea
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ PH Philippines
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ PK Pakistan
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ PL Poland
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฒ PM St. Pierre & Miquelon
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ณ PN Pitcairn Islands
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ท PR Puerto Rico
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ PS Palestinian Territories
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น PT Portugal
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผ PW Palau
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ PY Paraguay
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QA Qatar
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ช RE Rรฉunion
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด RO Romania
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ RU Russia
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ RW Rwanda
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ SA Saudi Arabia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง SB Solomon Islands
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จ SC Seychelles
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ SD Sudan
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช SE Sweden
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ SG Singapore
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ญ SH St. Helena
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ SI Slovenia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฏ SJ Svalbard & Jan Mayen
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ SK Slovakia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ SL Sierra Leone
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒ SM San Marino
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ SN Senegal
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SO Somalia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ท SR Suriname
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ SS South Sudan
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น ST Sรฃo Tomรฉ & Prรญncipe
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป SV El Salvador
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝ SX Sint Maarten
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SY Syria
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ SZ Swaziland
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฆ TA Tristan da Cunha
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡จ TC Turks & Caicos Islands
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ TD Chad
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ซ TF French Southern Territories
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ TG Togo
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ TH Thailand
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ TJ Tajikistan
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฐ TK Tokelau
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ TL Timor-Leste
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ TM Turkmenistan
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TN Tunisia
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด TO Tonga
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท TR Turkey
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡น TT Trinidad & Tobago
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ป TV Tuvalu
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ TW Taiwan
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ TZ Tanzania
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ UA Ukraine
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ UG Uganda
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฒ UM U.S. Outlying Islands
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ณ UN United Nations
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ US United States
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ UY Uruguay
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ UZ Uzbekistan
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ VA Vatican City
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จ VC St. Vincent & Grenadines
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช VE Venezuela
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌ VG British Virgin Islands
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎ VI U.S. Virgin Islands
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ VN Vietnam
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บ VU Vanuatu
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ซ WF Wallis & Futuna
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ WS Samoa
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ XK Kosovo
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YE Yemen
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡น YT Mayotte
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ZA South Africa
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ZM Zambia
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ ZW Zimbabwe
List of deprecated sequences
deprecated replacement[9][10]
code region flag code region
AN Netherlands Antilles ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ CW Curaรงao
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝ SX Sint Maarten
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถ BQ Caribbean Netherlands
BU Burma ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ MM Myanmar (Burma)
CS Serbia and Montenegro ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro
DD German Democratic Republic ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช DE Germany
FX Metropolitan France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FR France
NT Neutral Zone ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ SA Saudi Arabia
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IQ Iraq
QU European Union ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ EU European Union
SU Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ RU Russia
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ AM Armenia
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AZ Azerbaijan
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ BY Belarus
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EE Estonia
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช GE Georgia
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ KZ Kazakhstan
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ KG Kyrgyzstan
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LV Latvia
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LT Lithuania
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ MD Moldova
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ TJ Tajikistan
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ TM Turkmenistan
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ UA Ukraine
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ UZ Uzbekistan
TP East Timor ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ TL Timor-Leste
YD Democratic Yemen ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YE Yemen
YU Yugoslavia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro
ZR Zaire ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ CD Congo - Kinshasa

A separate mechanism to support emoji for regional flags, such as Scotland or California, has been proposed and is under review. [11] It would use U+1F3F3 ๐Ÿณ WAVING WHITE FLAG and formatting tag characters instead of regional indicator symbols.

Font test[edit]

This is a demonstration of how these characters appear in your browser individually: ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡จ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ซ ๐Ÿ‡ฌ ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ ๐Ÿ‡ฏ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ถ ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡น ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ป ๐Ÿ‡ผ ๐Ÿ‡ฝ ๐Ÿ‡พ ๐Ÿ‡ฟ.

Following is a demonstration of sample letter pairs in a variety of fonts:

Sample pairs (default serif) Sample pairs (default sans-serif) Sample pairs (default mono) Apple Color Emoji
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Arial Unicode MS EB Garamond Quivira Segoe UI Symbol
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
Symbola OpenSansEmoji EmojiSymbols Segoe UI Emoji
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ

Unicode Block[edit]

Regional indicator symbols subset of Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
... (U+1F100โ€“U+1F1E5 omitted)
U+1F1Ex   ๐Ÿ‡ฆ     ๐Ÿ‡ง     ๐Ÿ‡จ     ๐Ÿ‡ฉ     ๐Ÿ‡ช     ๐Ÿ‡ซ     ๐Ÿ‡ฌ     ๐Ÿ‡ญ     ๐Ÿ‡ฎ     ๐Ÿ‡ฏ  
U+1F1Fx   ๐Ÿ‡ฐ     ๐Ÿ‡ฑ     ๐Ÿ‡ฒ     ๐Ÿ‡ณ     ๐Ÿ‡ด     ๐Ÿ‡ต     ๐Ÿ‡ถ     ๐Ÿ‡ท     ๐Ÿ‡ธ     ๐Ÿ‡น     ๐Ÿ‡บ     ๐Ÿ‡ป     ๐Ÿ‡ผ     ๐Ÿ‡ฝ     ๐Ÿ‡พ     ๐Ÿ‡ฟ  
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0

Background[edit]

In 2007 a draft proposal was presented to the Unicode Technical Committee to encode emoji symbols, specifically those in widespread use on mobile phones by Japanese telecommunications companies DoCoMo, KDDI, and SoftBank.[12] The proposed symbols included ten national flags:[13] China (๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ), Germany (๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช), Spain (๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ), France (๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท), the UK (๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง), Italy (๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น), Japan (๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต), South Korea (๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท), Russia (๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ), and the United States (๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ). Encoding these flags but not other countries' flags was considered, by some, as prejudicial.[14] One rejected solution was to encode the ten flags but call them "EMOJI COMPATIBILITY SYMBOL-n" and represent them visually in the Standard as "EC n" instead of showing the flags they represent.[15] Another rejected solution would have allocated 676 codepoints (26 x 26) for each possible two letter combination of Aโ€“Z. They would represent political entities based on ISO 3166 such as "FR" for France or Internet ccTLDs (country code top-level domains) such as "EU" for the European Union.[16]

The accepted solution was to add 26 characters for letters used for the representation of regional indicators, which used in pairs would represent the ten national flags and possible future extensions.[2] Per the Unicode Standard "the main purpose of such [regional indicator symbol] pairs is to provide unambiguous roundtrip mappings to certain characters used in the emoji core sets"[17] specifically the ten national flags:[18] ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช, ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ, ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท, ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง, ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น, ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต, ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท, ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ, and ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew West. "What's new in Unicode 6.0". Babelstone. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b Michael Everson and Ken Whistler. "N3727: Proposal to encode Regional Indicator Symbols in the UCS" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 and UTC. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  3. ^ "Unicode FAQ: Emoji and Dingbats". The Unicode Consortium. 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  4. ^ "Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement, Range 1F100 - 1F1FF, The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. 2010. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  5. ^ a b "UTR #51: Unicode Emoji, Annex B: Valid Emoji Flag Sequences". Unicode Consortium. 2017-05-18. 
  6. ^ "UTR #35: Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML), Validity Data". Unicode Consortium. 
  7. ^ "CLDR v30.0 Region Validity Data". Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR). 2016-10-17. 
  8. ^ "UCD: Emoji Sequence Data for UTR #51". Unicode Consortium. 2017-03-27. 
  9. ^ "UTR #35: Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML), Supplemental Metadata". Unicode Consortium. 
  10. ^ "CLDR v30.0 Supplemental Metadata". Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR). 2016-10-17. 
  11. ^ "Proposed Update UTR #51, Unicode Emoji (Version 5.0)". 2016-12-07. 
  12. ^ Momoi, Kat; Davis, Mark; Scherer, Markus (2007-08-03). "L2/07-257: Working Draft Proposal for Encoding Emoji Symbols". Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  13. ^ "Unicode Mapping for Emoji with Reference to Japanese Carriers, AU/KDDI, DoCoMo, and Softbank" (ZIP archive file format). Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  14. ^ "L2/09-114 N3607: Towards an encoding of symbol characters used as emoji" (PDF). 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  15. ^ "INCITS/L2/09-304: Comments accompanying the U.S. negative vote on PDAM 8 to ISO/IEC 10646:2003 (SC2 N4078)" (PDF). 2009-08-15. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  16. ^ Pentzlin, Karl (2008-08-09). "L2/08-305: Some suggestions about the encoding of national flags as requested by the Emoji proposal" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  17. ^ The Unicode Standard, Version 6.2, Chapter 15: Symbols (PDF). Unicode, Inc. September 2012. p. 534. ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8. 
  18. ^ "Emoji Sources" (plain text). Unicode, Inc. 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2014-08-18.