Regional indicator symbol

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The regional indicator symbols are a set of 26 alphabetic Unicode characters (Aโ€“Z) intended to be used to encode ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 two-letter country codes in a way that allows optional special treatment.

These were defined in as part of the Unicode 6.0 support for emoji, as an alternative to encoding separate characters for each country flag. Although they can be displayed as Roman letters, it is intended that implementations may choose to display them in other ways, such as by using national flags.[1][2] The Unicode FAQ indicates that this mechanism should be used and that symbols for national flags will not be directly encoded.[3]

They are encoded in the range U+1F1E6 🇦 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER A (HTML 🇦) to U+1F1FF 🇿 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER Z (HTML 🇿) within the Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement block in the Supplementary Multilingual Plane.[4]

Emoji flag sequences[edit]

A pair of regional indicator symbols is referred to as an emoji flag sequence (although it represents a specific region, not a specific flag for that region).[6]

Out of the 676 possible pairs of regional indicator symbols (26 ร— 26), only 270 are considered valid Unicode region codes. These are a subset of the region sequences in the Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR):[6][7][8]

  • All 256 regular region sequences in the CLDR
    • 249 officially assigned ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes
    • 6 exceptional reservations (Ascension Island, Clipperton Island, Diego Garcia, Ceuta and Melilla, Canary Islands, and Tristan da Cunha)
    • 1 user-assigned temporary country code (Kosovo)
  • Two of the 35 macroregion sequences in the CLDR (EU and UN)
  • All 12 deprecated region sequences in the CLDR (strongly discouragedโ€”intended for backward compatibility only)
List of current emoji flag sequences
flag code region[9] possible rendering
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡จ AC Ascension Island Emojione 1F1E6-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช AE United Arab Emirates Emojione 1F1E6-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ AF Afghanistan Emojione 1F1E6-1F1EB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฌ AG Antigua & Barbuda Emojione 1F1E6-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฎ AI Anguilla Emojione 1F1E6-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฑ AL Albania Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ AM Armenia Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ด AO Angola Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ถ AQ Antarctica
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท AR Argentina Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ AS American Samoa
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น AT Austria Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ AU Australia Emojione 1F1E6-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ผ AW Aruba Emojione 1F1E6-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฝ AX ร…land Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AZ Azerbaijan Emojione 1F1E6-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ BA Bosnia & Herzegovina Emojione 1F1E7-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง BB Barbados Emojione 1F1E7-1F1E7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ BD Bangladesh Emojione 1F1E7-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช BE Belgium Emojione 1F1E7-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ซ BF Burkina Faso Emojione 1F1E7-1F1EB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ BG Bulgaria Emojione 1F1E7-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ BH Bahrain Emojione 1F1E7-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฎ BI Burundi Emojione 1F1E7-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฏ BJ Benin Emojione 1F1E7-1F1EF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฑ BL St. Barthรฉlemy
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒ BM Bermuda Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ณ BN Brunei Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด BO Bolivia Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถ BQ Caribbean Netherlands
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท BR Brazil Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ธ BS Bahamas Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡น BT Bhutan Emojione 1F1E7-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ป BV Bouvet Island
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ผ BW Botswana Emojione 1F1E7-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ BY Belarus Emojione 1F1E7-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฟ BZ Belize Emojione 1F1E7-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ CA Canada Emojione 1F1E8-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡จ CC Cocos (Keeling) Islands
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ CD Congo - Kinshasa Emojione 1F1E8-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ซ CF Central African Republic Emojione 1F1E8-1F1EB.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ CG Congo - Brazzaville Emojione 1F1E8-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ CH Switzerland Emojione 1F1E8-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ CI Cรดte d'Ivoire Emojione 1F1E8-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฐ CK Cook Islands
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ CL Chile Emojione 1F1E8-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฒ CM Cameroon Emojione 1F1E8-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ CN China Emojione 1F1E8-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด CO Colombia Emojione 1F1E8-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ต CP Clipperton Island
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ท CR Costa Rica Emojione 1F1E8-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ CU Cuba Emojione 1F1E8-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป CV Cape Verde Emojione 1F1E8-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ CW Curaรงao
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฝ CX Christmas Island
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ CY Cyprus Emojione 1F1E8-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ CZ Czechia Emojione 1F1E8-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช DE Germany Emojione 1F1E9-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฌ DG Diego Garcia
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฏ DJ Djibouti Emojione 1F1E9-1F1EF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ DK Denmark Emojione 1F1E9-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฒ DM Dominica Emojione 1F1E9-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด DO Dominican Republic Emojione 1F1E9-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ DZ Algeria Emojione 1F1E9-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฆ EA Ceuta & Melilla
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ EC Ecuador Emojione 1F1EA-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EE Estonia Emojione 1F1EA-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ EG Egypt Emojione 1F1EA-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ญ EH Western Sahara Emojione 1F1EA-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ท ER Eritrea Emojione 1F1EA-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ ES Spain Emojione 1F1EA-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น ET Ethiopia Emojione 1F1EA-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ EU European Union
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ FI Finland Emojione 1F1EB-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ FJ Fiji Emojione 1F1EB-1F1EF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฐ FK Falkland Islands Emojione 1F1EB-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฒ FM Micronesia Emojione 1F1EB-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ด FO Faroe Islands Emojione 1F1EB-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FR France Emojione 1F1EB-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฆ GA Gabon Emojione 1F1EC-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง GB United Kingdom Emojione 1F1EC-1F1E7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฉ GD Grenada Emojione 1F1EC-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช GE Georgia Emojione 1F1EC-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ซ GF French Guiana
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฌ GG Guernsey
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ญ GH Ghana Emojione 1F1EC-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฎ GI Gibraltar Emojione 1F1EC-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฑ GL Greenland Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ GM Gambia Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ณ GN Guinea Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ต GP Guadeloupe
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ถ GQ Equatorial Guinea Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท GR Greece Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ธ GS South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น GT Guatemala Emojione 1F1EC-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡บ GU Guam Emojione 1F1EC-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ GW Guinea-Bissau Emojione 1F1EC-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡พ GY Guyana Emojione 1F1EC-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฐ HK Hong Kong SAR China Emojione 1F1ED-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ฒ HM Heard & McDonald Islands
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ HN Honduras Emojione 1F1ED-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท HR Croatia Emojione 1F1ED-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡น HT Haiti Emojione 1F1ED-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ HU Hungary Emojione 1F1ED-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡จ IC Canary Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ ID Indonesia Emojione 1F1EE-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช IE Ireland Emojione 1F1EE-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ IL Israel Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฒ IM Isle of Man
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ IN India Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ด IO British Indian Ocean Territory
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IQ Iraq Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท IR Iran Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ IS Iceland Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น IT Italy Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ช JE Jersey Emojione 1F1EF-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ JM Jamaica Emojione 1F1EF-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด JO Jordan Emojione 1F1EF-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต JP Japan Emojione 1F1EF-1F1F5.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช KE Kenya Emojione 1F1F0-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ KG Kyrgyzstan Emojione 1F1F0-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ KH Cambodia Emojione 1F1F0-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฎ KI Kiribati Emojione 1F1F0-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฒ KM Comoros Emojione 1F1F0-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ณ KN St. Kitts & Nevis Emojione 1F1F0-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต KP North Korea Emojione 1F1F0-1F1F5.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท KR South Korea Emojione 1F1F0-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ผ KW Kuwait Emojione 1F1F0-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พ KY Cayman Islands Emojione 1F1F0-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ KZ Kazakhstan Emojione 1F1F0-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ LA Laos Emojione 1F1F1-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ง LB Lebanon Emojione 1F1F1-1F1E7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡จ LC St. Lucia Emojione 1F1F1-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฎ LI Liechtenstein Emojione 1F1F1-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ LK Sri Lanka Emojione 1F1F1-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ท LR Liberia Emojione 1F1F1-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ธ LS Lesotho Emojione 1F1F1-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LT Lithuania Emojione 1F1F1-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ LU Luxembourg Emojione 1F1F1-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LV Latvia Emojione 1F1F1-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ LY Libya Emojione 1F1F1-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ MA Morocco Emojione 1F1F2-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡จ MC Monaco Emojione 1F1F2-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ MD Moldova Emojione 1F1F2-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro Emojione 1F1F2-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ซ MF St. Martin
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฌ MG Madagascar Emojione 1F1F2-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ญ MH Marshall Islands Emojione 1F1F2-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ MK North Macedonia Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ ML Mali Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ MM Myanmar (Burma) Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ MN Mongolia Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ด MO Macao SAR China Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ต MP Northern Mariana Islands
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ถ MQ Martinique
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ท MR Mauritania Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ธ MS Montserrat Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น MT Malta Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡บ MU Mauritius Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ป MV Maldives Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ผ MW Malawi Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ MX Mexico Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FD.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ MY Malaysia Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ MZ Mozambique Emojione 1F1F2-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ NA Namibia Emojione 1F1F3-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡จ NC New Caledonia Emojione 1F1F3-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช NE Niger Emojione 1F1F3-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ซ NF Norfolk Island
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฌ NG Nigeria Emojione 1F1F3-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ NI Nicaragua Emojione 1F1F3-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ NL Netherlands Emojione 1F1F3-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด NO Norway Emojione 1F1F3-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต NP Nepal Emojione 1F1F3-1F1F5.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท NR Nauru Emojione 1F1F3-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡บ NU Niue Emojione 1F1F3-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ NZ New Zealand Emojione 1F1F3-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ OM Oman Emojione 1F1F4-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ PA Panama Emojione 1F1F5-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช PE Peru Emojione 1F1F5-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ PF French Polynesia Emojione 1F1F5-1F1EB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฌ PG Papua New Guinea Emojione 1F1F5-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ PH Philippines Emojione 1F1F5-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ PK Pakistan Emojione 1F1F5-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ PL Poland Emojione 1F1F5-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฒ PM St. Pierre & Miquelon
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ณ PN Pitcairn Islands
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ท PR Puerto Rico Emojione 1F1F5-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ PS Palestinian Territories Emojione 1F1F5-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น PT Portugal Emojione 1F1F5-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ผ PW Palau Emojione 1F1F5-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡พ PY Paraguay Emojione 1F1F5-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ถ๐Ÿ‡ฆ QA Qatar Emojione 1F1F6-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ช RE Rรฉunion
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด RO Romania Emojione 1F1F7-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia Emojione 1F1F7-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ RU Russia Emojione 1F1F7-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ผ RW Rwanda Emojione 1F1F7-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ SA Saudi Arabia Emojione 1F1F8-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ง SB Solomon Islands Emojione 1F1F8-1F1E7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡จ SC Seychelles Emojione 1F1F8-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฉ SD Sudan Emojione 1F1F8-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช SE Sweden Emojione 1F1F8-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ SG Singapore Emojione 1F1F8-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ญ SH St. Helena Emojione 1F1F8-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ SI Slovenia
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฏ SJ Svalbard & Jan Mayen
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ SK Slovakia Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฑ SL Sierra Leone Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฒ SM San Marino Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ SN Senegal Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ด SO Somalia Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ท SR Suriname Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ธ SS South Sudan
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡น ST Sรฃo Tomรฉ & Prรญncipe Emojione 1F1F8-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป SV El Salvador Emojione 1F1F8-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝ SX Sint Maarten
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ SY Syria Emojione 1F1F8-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฟ SZ Eswatini Emojione 1F1F8-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฆ TA Tristan da Cunha
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡จ TC Turks & Caicos Islands
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฉ TD Chad Emojione 1F1F9-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ซ TF French Southern Territories
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฌ TG Togo Emojione 1F1F9-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ TH Thailand Emojione 1F1F9-1F1ED.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ TJ Tajikistan Emojione 1F1F9-1F1EF.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฐ TK Tokelau
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ TL Timor-Leste Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F1.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ TM Turkmenistan Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ TN Tunisia Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด TO Tonga Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F4.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท TR Turkey Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F7.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡น TT Trinidad & Tobago Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ป TV Tuvalu Emojione 1F1F9-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ TW Taiwan Emojione 1F1F9-1F1FC.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ TZ Tanzania Emojione 1F1F9-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ UA Ukraine Emojione 1F1FA-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฌ UG Uganda Emojione 1F1FA-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฒ UM U.S. Outlying Islands
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ณ UN United Nations
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ US United States Emojione 1F1FA-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ UY Uruguay Emojione 1F1FA-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ UZ Uzbekistan Emojione 1F1FA-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ VA Vatican City Emojione 1F1FB-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡จ VC St. Vincent & Grenadines Emojione 1F1FB-1F1E8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช VE Venezuela Emojione 1F1FB-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฌ VG British Virgin Islands
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฎ VI U.S. Virgin Islands Emojione 1F1FB-1F1EE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ VN Vietnam Emojione 1F1FB-1F1F3.svg
๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡บ VU Vanuatu Emojione 1F1FB-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ซ WF Wallis & Futuna Emojione 1F1FC-1F1EB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ WS Samoa Emojione 1F1FC-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฝ๐Ÿ‡ฐ XK Kosovo Emojione 1F1FD-1F1F0.svg
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YE Yemen Emojione 1F1FE-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡น YT Mayotte
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ ZA South Africa Emojione 1F1FF-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฒ ZM Zambia Emojione 1F1FF-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ ZW Zimbabwe Emojione 1F1FF-1F1FC.svg

List of deprecated sequences
deprecated replacement[10][11]
code region flag code region possible rendering
AN Netherlands Antilles ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ CW Curaรงao
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฝ SX Sint Maarten
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ถ BQ Caribbean Netherlands
BU Burma ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ MM Myanmar (Burma) Emojione 1F1F2-1F1F2.svg
CS Serbia and Montenegro ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia Emojione 1F1F7-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro Emojione 1F1F2-1F1EA.svg
DD German Democratic Republic ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช DE Germany Emojione 1F1E9-1F1EA.svg
FX Metropolitan France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท FR France Emojione 1F1EB-1F1F7.svg
NT Neutral Zone ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ SA Saudi Arabia Emojione 1F1F8-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ IQ Iraq Emojione 1F1EE-1F1F6.svg
QU European Union ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ EU European Union
SU Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ RU Russia Emojione 1F1F7-1F1FA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ AM Armenia Emojione 1F1E6-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ AZ Azerbaijan Emojione 1F1E6-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ BY Belarus Emojione 1F1E7-1F1FE.svg
๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช EE Estonia Emojione 1F1EA-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ช GE Georgia Emojione 1F1EC-1F1EA.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ KZ Kazakhstan Emojione 1F1F0-1F1FF.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ KG Kyrgyzstan Emojione 1F1F0-1F1EC.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป LV Latvia Emojione 1F1F1-1F1FB.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น LT Lithuania Emojione 1F1F1-1F1F9.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฉ MD Moldova Emojione 1F1F2-1F1E9.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฏ TJ Tajikistan Emojione 1F1F9-1F1EF.svg
๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ TM Turkmenistan Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F2.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ UA Ukraine Emojione 1F1FA-1F1E6.svg
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ UZ Uzbekistan Emojione 1F1FA-1F1FF.svg
TP East Timor ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฑ TL Timor-Leste Emojione 1F1F9-1F1F1.svg
YD Democratic Yemen ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช YE Yemen Emojione 1F1FE-1F1EA.svg
YU Yugoslavia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ RS Serbia Emojione 1F1F7-1F1F8.svg
๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช ME Montenegro Emojione 1F1F2-1F1EA.svg
ZR Zaire ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฉ CD Congo - Kinshasa Emojione 1F1E8-1F1E9.svg

A separate mechanism (emoji tag sequences) is used for regional flags, such as England 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿, Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿, Wales 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿, Texas 🏴󠁵󠁳󠁴󠁸󠁿 or California 🏴󠁵󠁳󠁣󠁡󠁿[12] It uses U+1F3F4 🏴 WAVING BLACK FLAG and formatting tag characters instead of regional indicator symbols. It is based on ISO 3166-2 regions with hyphen removed and lowercase, e.g. GB-ENG โ†’ gbeng, terminating with U+E007F CANCEL TAG. Flag of England is therefore represented by a sequence U+1F3F4, U+E0067, U+E0062, U+E0065, U+E006E, U+E0067, U+E007F. In the tenth revision the Unicode consortium was considering U+1F3F3 🏳 WAVING WHITE FLAG instead,[13] but from eleventh onwards it is black.[14]

Unicode block[edit]

Regional indicator symbols subset of Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
... (U+1F100–U+1F1E5 omitted)
U+1F1Ex   🇦     🇧     🇨     🇩     🇪     🇫     🇬     🇭     🇮     🇯  
U+1F1Fx   🇰     🇱     🇲     🇳     🇴     🇵     🇶     🇷     🇸     🇹     🇺     🇻     🇼     🇽     🇾     🇿  
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 13.0

Background[edit]

In 2007 a draft proposal was presented to the Unicode Technical Committee to encode emoji symbols, specifically those in widespread use on mobile phones by Japanese telecommunications companies DoCoMo, KDDI, and SoftBank.[15] The proposed symbols included ten national flags:[16] China (๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ), Germany (๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช), Spain (๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ), France (๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท), the UK (๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง), Italy (๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น), Japan (๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต), South Korea (๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท), Russia (๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ), and the United States (๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ). Encoding these flags but not other countries' flags was considered, by some, as prejudicial.[17] One rejected solution was to encode the ten flags but call them "EMOJI COMPATIBILITY SYMBOL-n" and represent them visually in the Standard as "EC n" instead of showing the flags they represent.[18] Another rejected solution would have allocated 676 codepoints (26ร—26) for each possible two letter combination of Aโ€“Z. They would represent political entities based on ISO 3166 such as "FR" for France or Internet ccTLDs (country code top-level domains) such as "EU" for the European Union.[19]

The accepted solution was to add 26 characters for letters used for the representation of regional indicators, which used in pairs would represent the ten national flags and possible future extensions.[2] Per the Unicode Standard "the main purpose of such [regional indicator symbol] pairs is to provide unambiguous roundtrip mappings to certain characters used in the emoji core sets"[20] specifically the ten national flags:[21] ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ, ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช, ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ, ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท, ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง, ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น, ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต, ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท, ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ, and ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew West. "What's new in Unicode 6.0". Babelstone. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  2. ^ a b Michael Everson and Ken Whistler. "N3727: Proposal to encode Regional Indicator Symbols in the UCS" (PDF). Working Group Document, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG2 and UTC. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  3. ^ "Unicode FAQ: Emoji and Dingbats". The Unicode Consortium. 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  4. ^ "Enclosed Alphanumeric Supplement, Range 1F100 - 1F1FF, The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. 2010. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  5. ^ "Flags". emojipedia.com. Retrieved 2020-02-04.
  6. ^ a b UTR #51: Unicode Emoji, Annex B: Valid Emoji Flag Sequences, Unicode Consortium web, 2020-02-11
  7. ^ "UTR #35: Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML), Validity Data". Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ "CLDR v38 Region Validity Data". Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR). 2020-10-28.
  9. ^ "UCD: Emoji Sequence Data for UTR #51". Unicode Consortium. 2020-01-28.
  10. ^ "UTR #35: Unicode Locale Data Markup Language (LDML), Supplemental Metadata". Unicode Consortium.
  11. ^ "CLDR v38 Supplemental Metadata". Unicode Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR). 2020-10-28.
  12. ^ "UTR #51: Unicode Emoji". Unicode Consortium. 2017-05-18.
  13. ^ http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr51/tr51-10.html
  14. ^ http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr51/tr51-11.html
  15. ^ Momoi, Kat; Davis, Mark; Scherer, Markus (2007-08-03). "L2/07-257: Working Draft Proposal for Encoding Emoji Symbols". Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  16. ^ "Unicode Mapping for Emoji with Reference to Japanese Carriers, AU/KDDI, DoCoMo, and Softbank" (ZIP archive file format). Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  17. ^ "L2/09-114 N3607: Towards an encoding of symbol characters used as emoji" (PDF). 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  18. ^ "INCITS/L2/09-304: Comments accompanying the U.S. negative vote on PDAM 8 to ISO/IEC 10646:2003 (SC2 N4078)" (PDF). 2009-08-15. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  19. ^ Pentzlin, Karl (2008-08-09). "L2/08-305: Some suggestions about the encoding of national flags as requested by the Emoji proposal" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  20. ^ The Unicode Standard, Version 6.2, Chapter 15: Symbols (PDF). Unicode, Inc. September 2012. p. 534. ISBN 978-1-936213-07-8.
  21. ^ "Emoji Sources" (plain text). Unicode, Inc. 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2014-08-18.