Regional Municipality of Halton

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Halton Region
Regional Municipality of Halton
Clockwise from top left: Georgetown, Hilton Falls, Bronte Harbour, Royal Botanical Gardens, Oakville, Brant Street Pier,
Coat of arms of Halton Region
Coat of arms
Official logo of Halton Region
Motto(s): 
Absque labore nihil (Latin for: Nothing without effort)
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Halton Region's location within Ontario.
Coordinates: 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43.467°N 79.867°W / 43.467; -79.867Coordinates: 43°28′N 79°52′W / 43.467°N 79.867°W / 43.467; -79.867
CountryCanada
ProvinceOntario
Established (County)1854
Established (Regional Municipality)1974
SeatOakville
Government
 • Regional ChairGary Carr
Area
 • Land964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi)
Population
 • Total548,435
 • Density520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Websitewww.halton.ca
Rattlesnake Point, near Milton, Ontario.

The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality in Ontario, Canada, located in the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville, Milton, and Halton Hills. The region provides policing by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville. Burlington and Oakville are largely urban and suburban, while the towns of Milton and Halton Hills are more rural.

Halton is part of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), although it is the only regional municipality in the GTA that is not situated directly adjacent to Toronto’s city proper. However, the region is split between the census metropolitan areas (CMAs) of Toronto and Hamilton. Burlington is part of the Hamilton CMA, while the rest of the region is part of the Toronto CMA.

Halton experienced a growth rate of 17.1% between 2001 and 2006, and 14.2% between 2006 and 2011, giving it one of the highest growth rates in the country. Despite the unprecedented growth in residential development, agriculture and protected lands along the Niagara Escarpment are still the predominant land uses in the region. Halton has been ranked by Maclean's national crime ranking report as being the "safest place to live" in the GTA and one of the top five in Canada.[2]

History[edit]

The Regional Municipality of Halton was established on 1 January 1974 as the successor to the former Halton County by the Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973.[3] From 1 January 2003, it has been governed by the Municipal Act, 2001.[4]

Until the 2000 municipal elections, the Chairman of the Regional Council had been appointed by the Ontario government. From that date, it has been an elective position. Joyce Savoline was the last appointed Chairman, and was elected and reelected as Chairman until her retirement from the position in 2006. The current Regional Chairman is Gary Carr.

By 2018, the region reported a population of over 580,000 residents and its population estimate for 2041 exceeded one million. The unemployment rate was 5.3% during the year. The average household income was very high, at $139,000.[5]

Regional Council[edit]

The Council consists of the elected Chairman, the mayors of the local municipalities, and regional councillors elected by wards from the local municipalities (who also sit on their respective municipal councils).

The current membership of the council is as follows:

Chairman Municipality Mayor Regional Councillors
Gary Carr City of Burlington Marianne Meed Ward Kelvin Galbraith
Lisa Kearns
Rory Nisan
Shawna Stolte
Paul Sharman
Angelo Bentivegna
Town of Oakville Rob Burton Sean O'Meara
Cathy Duddeck
Dave Gittings
Allan Elgar
Jeff Knoll
Tom Adams
Pavan Parmar
Town of Milton Gordon Krantz Colin Best
Rick Malboeuf
Mike Cluett
Zeeshan Hamid
Town of Halton Hills Rick Bonnette Jane Fogal
Clark Somerville

Regional services[edit]

Halton Region provides the following services to its communities:[6]

  • Economic development
  • Emergency planning
  • Regional planning and growth management
  • Recycling and waste
  • Regional roads
  • Sewage (wastewater) collection systems and treatment plants
  • Water purification plants and distribution systems
  • Housing supports and services
  • Children and parenting
  • Employment and financial assistance
  • Ontario Works (social services)
  • Services for seniors
  • Paramedic services
  • Public health
  • Immunizations and preventable diseases
  • Food safety
  • Police services

In 2018, the Region had 27 emergency vehicles and 254 paramedics; the latter answered 53,094 paramedic calls. The Police service had 721 police officers; its 911 call centre received 121,971 reports of emergency.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Regional Municipality of Halton community profile
2011 2006
Population: 501,669 (14.2% from 2006) 439,256 (17.1% from 2001)
Land area: 964.01 km2 (372.21 sq mi) 967.17 km2 (373.43 sq mi)
Population density: 520.4/km2 (1,348/sq mi) 454.2/km2 (1,176/sq mi)
Median age: 38.4 (M: 37.6, F: 39.2)
Total private dwellings: 182,304 162,346
Median household income: $83,496
References: 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]
Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Panethnicity group
Source:[11]
European 396,534 73.3%
South Asian 50,075 9.3%
East Asian 26,545 4.9%
Middle Eastern 16,695 3.1%
Black 15,230 2.8%
Southeast Asian 14,040 2.6%
Latin American 13,650 2.5%
Aboriginal 9,590 1.8%
Other 7,470 1.4%
Total population 540,975 100%
Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
Aboriginal 2,640 0.6 1,800 0.5 1,325 0.4
Visible Minority 57,360 13.2 32,550 8.7 22,660 6.7
All other 375,395 86.2 338,060 90.8 313,455 92.9
Total 501,669 100.0 435,395 100.0 372,410 100.0 337,440 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
English 341,675 78.5 306,980 82.4 281,090 83.3
French 8,105 1.8 6,900 1.9 6,250 1.9
English and French 720 0.2 820 0.2 720 0.2
All other 84,900 19.5 57,705 15.5 49,380 14.6
Total 435,395 100.0 372,410 100.0 337,440 100.0
Mobility over previous five years
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population % of total Population % of Total Population % of Total Population % of Total
At the same address 228,860 56.2 198,690 56.8 184,295 58.7
In the same municipality 71,335 17.5 130,000 37.2 58,560 18.7
In the same province 85,130 20.9 55,380 17.7
From another province 6,720 1.6 1,920 4.3 8,270 2.6
From another country 15,360 3.8 7,235 2.3
Total aged 5 or over 407,405 100.0 349,670 100.0 313,745 100.0

Economy[edit]

Labour force[edit]

Employment activity
2011 2006 2001 1996
Participation rate 71.9% 72.1% 76.8%
Employment rate 68.5% 69.3% 72.8%
Unemployment rate 4.7% 4.0% 5.1%
Employment by industry
2011 2006 2001 1996
Agriculture and resources 4,180 3,935 2,870
Construction 12,060 41,540 8,085
Manufacturing 31,635 33,235
Wholesale trade 18,915 38,440 14,760
Retail trade 27,245 22,175
Financial and real estate 23,030 19,550 16,150
Health care and social services 19,535 29,935 15,870
Educational services 17,060 13,250
Business services 53,975 45,120 31,045
Other services 39,565 32,935 31,490
Total 247,200 211,455 188,930

Agriculture[edit]

Trend per Census of Agriculture
Type 2011 2006 2001
Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total % change Halton Hills Milton Burlington Oakville Total[12] % change Total
Number of farms 169 209 70 21 469 Decrease15.6% 206 260 79 21 566 Decrease8.5% 619
Total area of farms (in hectares) 15,436 11,289 3,259 2,216 32,200 Decrease10.5% 16,747 12,592 4,306 2,331 35,976 Decrease10.0% 39,966
Area of land in crops 12,507 8,288 2,106 2,057 24,958 Decrease8.6% 13,353 8,741 3,084 2,133 27,311 Decrease10.4% 30,469
Gross farm receipts ($ millions) 39.99 57.36 23.24 3.35 123.94 Decrease6.1% 57.75 40.52 30.61 3.16 132.04 Decrease6.7% 141.47
Total cattle and calves 2,672 1,854 x x 4,907 Decrease52.0% 3,571 2,725 3,919 0 10,215 Decrease11.8% 11,581
Total pigs x x x x x N/A x x x x 3,508 Decrease43.9% 6,254

x = suppressed for reasons of confidentiality

Halton's agricultural sector is supported by regional infrastructure such as the Port of Hamilton which is a growing agri-food hub for the import of agricultural inputs and the export of local crops.

2018 Economic report[edit]

The 2018 Budget document contains additional specifics and updates as to the Region's finances. In that year, gross revenues were $1.2 billion while operating expenses totaled $821.5 million for a net revenue of $350.2 million, an increase of 1.2% over the previous year. The increase was mostly due to increases in grants and taxes. The Region included over 13,200 companies and employed over 229,000 persons. The credit rating of AAA was confirmed by S&P Global Ratings and Moody’s Investors Service.[13]

Geography[edit]

Identification of urban and rural features of the Region.

While the urban areas of Burlington, Oakville and Milton are experiencing rapid growth, there is still a significant proportion of the Region that is still rural, most of which is protected as part of the provincial Greenbelt or as part of the Niagara Escarpment Plan.

Halton is somewhat unusual, in that it has three distinct climate zones within its relatively small area,[14] which are as follows:

  • Zone 5a - Halton Hills lying to the north of the Niagara Escarpment, together with the Town of Milton within the Grand River watershed
  • Zone 5b - the remainder of Halton Hills, Milton north of Derry Road, and that part of Burlington lying north of the Niagara Escarpment
  • Zone 6a - the southern remainder of the Region

Climate charts[edit]

GEORGETOWN WWTP
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
67
 
 
−2
−11
 
 
59
 
 
−1
−10
 
 
66
 
 
5
−7
 
 
75
 
 
12
0
 
 
75
 
 
19
5
 
 
80
 
 
24
10
 
 
75
 
 
27
13
 
 
85
 
 
26
12
 
 
84
 
 
21
8
 
 
67
 
 
14
2
 
 
79
 
 
7
−2
 
 
73
 
 
1
−8
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [15]
BURLINGTON TS
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
67
 
 
−1
−9
 
 
57
 
 
0
−8
 
 
70
 
 
5
−3
 
 
73
 
 
12
2
 
 
80
 
 
19
8
 
 
71
 
 
25
14
 
 
72
 
 
28
17
 
 
77
 
 
27
16
 
 
89
 
 
22
12
 
 
74
 
 
15
6
 
 
78
 
 
8
1
 
 
72
 
 
2
−5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [16]
OAKVILLE SE WPCP
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
59
 
 
−1
−9
 
 
44
 
 
0
−9
 
 
62
 
 
5
−4
 
 
68
 
 
11
1
 
 
70
 
 
18
7
 
 
71
 
 
23
12
 
 
73
 
 
26
15
 
 
78
 
 
25
15
 
 
79
 
 
21
10
 
 
69
 
 
14
5
 
 
72
 
 
8
0
 
 
65
 
 
2
−6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Halton Regional municipality census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  2. ^ Halton Region Ranked Safest Place to Live in GTA, Top 5 in Canada
  3. ^ Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973, S.O. 1973, c. 70
  4. ^ Municipal Act, 2001, S.O. 2001, c. 25
  5. ^ "Annual Fincncial Report 2018". Halton Region. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Halton. Regional Municipality of Halton - Halton Regional Centre". Health Line. 15 July 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Annual Fincncial Report 2018". Halton Region. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  8. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  9. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-02.
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]". Statistics Canada.
  12. ^ "2006 Agricultural community profile". Retrieved 2012-02-15.[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "Annual Fincncial Report 2018". Halton Region. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Plant Hardiness Zones of Canada". Archived from the original on 2009-07-17. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  15. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  16. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  17. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  18. ^ "Burlington TS". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
  19. ^ "Georgetown WWTP". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2015-02-17.
  20. ^ "Oakville Southeast WCPC". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-12.

External links[edit]