Regional Municipality of Niagara

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Niagara Region
Regional Municipality of Niagara
Flag of Niagara Region
Official seal of Niagara Region
Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty
Location of Niagara within Ontario
Location of Niagara within Ontario
Coordinates: 43°03′N 79°18′W / 43.050°N 79.300°W / 43.050; -79.300Coordinates: 43°03′N 79°18′W / 43.050°N 79.300°W / 43.050; -79.300
Formed1970 (from Welland and Lincoln Counties)
 • ChairJim Bradley
 • Governing bodyNiagara Regional Council
 • MPsDean Allison, Chris Bittle, Vance Badawey, Tony Baldinelli
 • MPPsJeff Burch, Wayne Gates, Sam Oosterhoff, Jennie Stevens
 • Land1,854.23 km2 (715.92 sq mi)
 • Total447,888
 • Density241.5/km2 (625/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)

The Regional Municipality of Niagara, also colloquially known as the Niagara Region or Region of Niagara, is a regional municipality comprising twelve municipalities of Southern Ontario, Canada. The regional seat is in Thorold. It is the southern end of the Golden Horseshoe, the largest megalopolis in Canada.

The region occupies most of the Niagara Peninsula. Its eastern boundary is the Niagara River, which is also the border with the US State of New York. It is bounded on the north by Lake Ontario and on the south by Lake Erie.

Unique natural landscapes make the Niagara Region an important centre for agriculture and tourism in Canada. The most important agricultural enterprise in Niagara is viticulture, or winemaking. The Niagara Wine Route, which connects visitors to dozens of wineries, is a growing tourism draw while the internationally renowned Niagara Falls is one of Canada's major tourist attractions. Along with Shaw Festival, held annually in Niagara-on-the-Lake, and the Welland Canal, the Regional Municipality of Niagara receives up to 12 million visitors each year.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of the Regional Municipality of Niagara, showing its component municipalities.
Name Type Sub-region Population
Niagara Falls City Welland 88,071
Port Colborne City Welland 18,306
St. Catharines City Lincoln 133,113
Thorold City Welland 18,801
Welland City Welland 52,293
Fort Erie Town Welland 30,710
Grimsby Town Lincoln 27,314
Lincoln Town Lincoln 23,787
Niagara-on-the-Lake Town Lincoln 17,511
Pelham Town Welland 17,110
Wainfleet Township Welland 6,372
West Lincoln Township Lincoln 14,500


As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Regional Municipality of Niagara had a population of 477,941 living in 195,914 of its 207,926 total private dwellings, a change of 6.7% from its 2016 population of 447,888. With a land area of 1,852.82 km2 (715.38 sq mi), it had a population density of 258.0/km2 (668.1/sq mi) in 2021.[2]

Canada census – Regional Municipality of Niagara community profile
Population477,941 (+6.7% from 2016)447,888 (+3.8% from 2011)431,346 (+0.9% from 2006)
Land area1,852.82 km2 (715.38 sq mi)1,854.23 km2 (715.92 sq mi)1,854.25 km2 (715.93 sq mi)
Population density258/km2 (670/sq mi)241.5/km2 (625/sq mi)232.6/km2 (602/sq mi)
Median age46 (M: 44, F: 47.2)45.7 (M: 44.4, F: 46.9)
Total private dwellings195,915196,241188,877
Median household income$65,086
References: 2021[3] 2016[4] 2011[5] earlier[6][7]

Historic populations:[7][8]

  • Population in 2001: 410,574
  • Population in 1996: 403,504

Racial groups[6]

Religious profile[6]

Top ten largest ethnicities[6]



Festivals and major events[edit]

  • Canada Games - 2022
  • Canal Days (Port Colborne)
  • Festival of Lights
  • FISA World Rowing Championships - 1970 & 1999
  • Shaw Festival
  • Niagara Pumphouse Arts Centre - Art at the Pumphouse (August Civic Holiday weekend)
  • Niagara Folk Arts Festival (St. Catharines)
  • Niagara Grape and Wine Festival
  • Niagara Greek Festival
  • Music Niagara Series (NOTL)
  • New Year's Eve at Niagara Falls
  • Twenty Valley Winter Winefest
  • Niagara Food & Wine Expo (Niagara Falls)
  • Niagara Icewine Festival (NOTL)
  • Niagara Integrated Film Festival (NOTL)
  • Niagara New Vintage Festival (NOTL)
  • Niagara Parks - Coca-Cola Concert Series (Niagara Falls)
  • Rib fest
  • Jazz Festival
  • SCENE Music Festival
  • Buskerfest
  • Royal Canadian Henley Regatta
  • St. Catharines Wine Tasting of 2005
  • Niagara-on-the-lake Peach Festival
  • Friendship Festival (Fort Erie)
  • Bravo Niagara Festival of Arts (NOTL)
  • Marshville Heritage Festival (Wainfleet)
  • Serbian Day (Vidovdan)
  • NOTL Ghost Walks
  • Niagara Falls Comic Con (Niagara Falls)
  • Welland FloatFest
  • Welland Zombie Walk
  • West Niagara Fair

Health care services[edit]

History and trails[edit]

  • Bruce Trail
  • Fort George National Historic Site (Niagara-on-the-Lake)
  • Annual Fife & Drum Muster and Soldiers Field Days - Fort George
  • Fort Mississauga National Historic Site (Niagara-on-the-Lake)
  • Niagara Parks - Siege of Fort Erie Re-enactment
  • Chippawa Battlefield Park
  • Greater Niagara Circle Route
  • Merritt Island (Welland)
  • Morningstar Mill (St. Catharines)
  • Navy Island National Historic Site (Niagara Falls)
  • Niagara Parkway
  • Niagara Wine Route
  • Old Fort Erie (Fort Erie)
  • Queenston Heights National Historic Site (Niagara-on-the-Lake)
  • Old Ivy Walk
  • Waterfront Trail
  • Friendship Trail
  • Welland Canal Parkway
  • Balls Falls Conservation Area (Thanksgiving Festival)
  • Niagara Botanical Gardens
  • Daredevil Exhibit
  • Drummond Hill Cemetery
  • Dufferin Islands
  • Battle Ground Hotel Museum
  • Niagara Falls Museum
  • Niagara Historical Society Museum
  • Niagara Falls Underground Railroad Heritage Centre
  • Fort Erie Museums
  • Graffiti Alley
  • Bertie Hall

Notable people[edit]


  • Scotiabank Convention Centre (Niagara Falls)
  • Clifton Hill (Niagara Falls)
  • Lundy's Lane Tourist District (Niagara Falls)
  • Niagara Olde Town (Niagara-on-the-Lake)
  • Port Dalhousie (St. Catharines)
  • Safari Niagara (Fort Erie)
  • Victoria Ave (Niagara Falls)
  • Welland Canal Centre (St. Catharines)
  • Howell Family Pumpkin Farm (Fonthill)

Protected areas[edit]


West Niagara

East Niagara

See also Niagara Peninsula wineries



Niagara Region contains three airports used primarily for general aviation:

Aside from scheduled commuter flights between Niagara District Airport and Toronto City with FlyGTA, for commercial flights Niagara residents use Toronto Pearson International Airport, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, or John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area; as well as crossing the border to use Buffalo Niagara International Airport or Niagara Falls International Airport in Upstate New York.

Public Transport[edit]

Niagara Region is served by GO Transit and Niagara Region Transit, as well as the following local bus operators:

Grimsby, Pelham, Wainfleet, Lincoln and West Lincoln do not have local transit systems.


400-Series expressways:

Other highways:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census Niagara, Regional municipality". Statistics Canada. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  3. ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  4. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  5. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  8. ^ "Niagara Regional Municipality census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 27, 2012.

External links[edit]