Regional Transport Office

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Regional Transport Office
Agency overview
TypeGovernment agency
Parent agencyMinistry of Road Transport and Highways

The Regional Transport Office or Regional Transport Authority (RTO / RTA) is the organisation of the Indian government responsible for maintaining a database of drivers and a database of vehicles[1] for various states of India. The RTO issues driving licences,[2] organises collection of vehicle excise duty (also known as road tax and road fund licence) and sells personalised registrations.[3]

Along with this, the RTO is also responsible to inspect vehicle's insurance and clear the pollution test.[4]

RTO database[edit]

The RTO identifies untaxed vehicles, and identify keepers of cars entering various Indian states, or who exceed speed limits on a road that has speed cameras by matching the cars to their keepers utilising the RTO database.[5]

The High Security Registration plates (HSRP) was introduced to help reduce vehicle crime and improve security. It is intended to deter criminals from disguising stolen cars with the identity of written off or scrapped vehicles.[6]

There are various portals where one can check their license status.[7]

Vehicle registration certificate[edit]

The owner of a vehicle can apply and get duplicate copy of the vehicle registration certificate from the concerned RTO office if it is stolen, lost, destructed and completely written off. A complaint should be lodged to the police station which is situated under the jurisdiction / area of lost before approaching the regional transport officer. After completing the formalities, the owner has to submit FORM 26 and the Police Certificate to the Registering Authority along with the required documents for applying duplicate vehicle registration certificate.


RTOs in India are said to be corrupt.[8] In 2014, The Union Minister of Road Transport, Nitin Gadkari, proposed partial closing of RTOs by increasing online functions in order to curb corruption.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Registering Vehicle". Government of India. Retrieved 17 March 2009.
  2. ^ "Obtaining Driving Licence". Government of India. Retrieved 17 March 2009.
  3. ^ "The whys of vanity number plates". Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  4. ^ Rao, Kris (2008). Living and Working in India: The complete practical guide to expatriate life in the sub continent. UK: Hachette UK. ISBN 1848032803.
  5. ^ "Delhi's first high speed camera catches 600 cars breaching the limit during trial run". Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  6. ^ "If caught without high security registration plates, be ready for penalty". Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Check Driving License Status {All States} – Online and Offline – RTO Office". Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  8. ^ Sen Somit (22 August 2011). "At RTOs, corruption is an everyday problem". The Times of India. Mumbai. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  9. ^ Baishali Adak (1 September 2014). "Will scrapping of RTOs curb corruption?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 3 September 2015.