Regionalliga Südwest (1963–74)

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Regionalliga Südwest
Regional soccer leagues in Germany, 1963-74
Country  Germany
State
Founded 1963
Folded 1974 (11 seasons)
Replaced by 2nd Bundesliga Süd
Level on pyramid Level 2
Promotion to Bundesliga
Relegation to
Last champions Borussia Neunkirchen
(1973-74)

The Regionalliga Südwest was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the southwest of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2nd Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the states of Saarland and Rheinland-Pfalz.

Overview[edit]

Along with the Regionalliga Südwest went another four Regionalligas, these five formed the second tier of German football until 1974:

The new Regionalligas were formed along the borders of the old post-World War II Oberligas, not after a balanced regional system. Therefore the Oberligas Berlin and West covered small but populos areas while Nord and Süd covered large areas. Südwest was something of an anachronism, neither large nor populos. It was basically a remainder of the former French occupation zone.

Originally only the winners, later also runners-up of this league were admitted to the promotion play-off to the new Bundesliga, which was staged in two groups of originally four, later five teams each with the winner of each group going up.

The bottom three teams were relegated to the Amateurligas. Below the Regionalliga Südwest were the following Amateurligas:

The FSV Mainz 05, VfR Wormatia Worms, FK Pirmasens, SV Röchling Völklingen, Südwest Ludwigshafen and TuS Neuendorf all played every one of the eleven seasons of the Regionalliga Südwest.

Disbanding of the Regionalliga Südwest[edit]

The league was dissolved in 1974. According to their performance of the last couple of seasons, seven clubs of the Regionalliga went to the new 2nd Bundesliga Süd. The nine remaining clubs were relegated to the Amateurligas.

The teams admitted to the 2nd Bundesliga Süd were:

Relegated clubs:

Qualifying to the 2nd Bundesliga[edit]

From the Regionalliga Südwest, seven clubs qualified for the new 2nd Bundesliga Süd, together with 13 teams from the Süd region.

The qualifying modus saw the last five seasons counted, whereby the last placed team in each season received one point, the second-last two points and so on. For a Bundesliga season within this five-year period, a club received 25 points, for an Amateurliga season none.

For the seasons 1969-70 and 70-71, the received points counted single, for the 71-72 and 72-73 season double and for the 73-74 season three times.

To be considered in the points table for the new league, a club had to play either in the Regionalliga Südwest in 1973-74 or to have been relegated from the Bundesliga to it for the next season, something which did not apply to the league that year.

The bottom three clubs in the league, nominally the relegated teams in a normal season, were barred from entry to the 2nd Bundesliga, regardless of where they stood in the points ranking.[1]

Points table:

Rank Club Points 1969-74 Place in 1973-74
1 Borussia Neunkirchen 133 1
2 SV Röchling Völklingen 110 4
3 FSV Mainz 05 109 5
4 FK Pirmasens 107 8
5 SV Alsenborn 1 95 10
6 FC 08 Homburg 90 3
7 VfR Wormatia Worms 90 6
8 1. FC Saarbrücken 87 2
9 ASV Landau 82 9
10 Südwest Ludwigshafen 76 11
11 TuS Neuendorf 71 12
12 FV Speyer 43 15
13 Eintracht Bad Kreuznach 30 7
14 VfB Theley 27 13
15 Sportfreunde Eisbachtal 15 14
16 FC Ensdorf 3 16
  • Source: DSFS Liga-Chronik (German), page: C4, accessed: 18 March 2009
  • Bold teams are promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga.
  • 1 SV Alsenborn was denied the 2nd Bundesliga licence.

Re-creation of the Regionalliga[edit]

In 1994 the Regionalligas were reintroduced, this time as the third tier of German Football. The teams from the southwest were however integrated into the new Regionalliga West/Südwest with the clubs from Nordrhein-Westfalen. In 2000, when the number of Regionalligas was reduced from four to two, the south western clubs moved to the Regionalliga Süd. In 2008, with the introduction of the 3rd Liga the southwestern clubs will again move, into the new Regionalliga West and again be with the teams from Nordrhein-Westfalen.

Winners and runners-up of the Regionalliga Südwest[edit]

The winners and runners-up of the league were:[2]

Season Winner Runner-Up
1963–64 Borussia Neunkirchen FK Pirmasens
1964–65 1. FC Saarbrücken VfR Wormatia Worms
1965–66 FK Pirmasens 1. FC Saarbrücken
1966–67 Borussia Neunkirchen 1. FC Saarbrücken
1967–68 SV Alsenborn TuS Neuendorf
1968–69 SV Alsenborn TuS Neuendorf
1969–70 SV Alsenborn FK Pirmasens
1970–71 Borussia Neunkirchen FK Pirmasens
1971–72 Borussia Neunkirchen SV Röchling Völklingen
1972–73 FSV Mainz 05 SV Röchling Völklingen
1973–74 Borussia Neunkirchen 1. FC Saarbrücken
  • Bold denotes team went on to gain promotion to the Bundesliga.
  • The Borussia Neunkirchen holds the record for league wins in any of the five Regionalligas, having one Südwest five times.
  • The 1. FC Saarbrücken is the only southwest team to have won the old (1965) and new (1996) Regionalliga.

Placings in the Regionalliga Südwest 1963 to 1974[edit]

The league placings from 1963 to 1974:[3]

Club 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
Borussia Neunkirchen 1 B B 1 B 5 4 1 1 5 1
1. FC Saarbrücken B 1 2 2 5 3 6 4 12 13 2
FC 08 Homburg 11 10 9 14 8 9 7 3
SV Röchling Völklingen 13 14 8 9 7 12 13 10 2 2 4
FSV Mainz 05 4 11 3 4 4 13 12 7 4 1 5
VfR Wormatia Worms 3 2 5 13 12 8 11 12 7 4 6
Eintracht Bad Kreuznach 7
FK Pirmasens 2 7 1 6 3 4 2 2 6 3 8
ASV Landau 19 7 9 8 6 9
SV Alsenborn 9 8 1 1 1 5 3 8 10
Südwest Ludwigshafen 1 9 5 11 7 6 7 3 3 10 9 11
TuS Neuendorf 11 6 4 14 2 2 8 6 5 11 12
VfB Theley 16 10 13
Sportfreunde Eisbachtal 14 14
FV Speyer 11 5 14 11 12 15
FC Ensdorf 16
Eintracht Trier 5 3 13 5 8 10 10 11 13 15
Phönix Bellheim 17 10 12 15 14 16
VfR Frankenthal 15 12 7 12 13 15 13 15
SpVgg Andernach 16
SV Saar 05 Saarbrücken 6 4 6 10 9 6 9 15
SpVgg Weisenau 14 9 10 3 11 14 15
SC Friedrichsthal 14 16
FC Landsweiler 16
SC Ludwigshafen 10 8 14 15
SSV Mülheim 16
Germania Metternich 18 16
BSC Oppau 16 13 15
TSC Zweibrücken 18 15 16
Sportfreunde Saarbrücken 8 16
VfR Kaiserslautern 7 17
Tura Ludwigshafen 1 12
SV Niederlahnstein 20

Source:"Regionalliga Südwest". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 

Key[edit]

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

Notes[edit]

  • 1 TuRa Ludwigshafen merged with Phönix Ludwigshafen in 1964 to form Südwest Ludwigshafen.

Records[edit]

The league records:

Highest win 11–0 SV Alsenborn 110 Saar 05 Saarbrücken (20 December 1970)
1. FC Saarbrücken 110 BSC Oppau (14 November 1965)[4]
Most goals in a game 14 SV Alsenborn 68 FC Homburg (19 November 1972)[5]
Season with most goals 1,386 (3,65 per game) 1963–64 [6]
Round with most goals 45 (5,63 per game) Round 16, 1972–73 [7]

All-time table[edit]

The best and worst teams in the all-time table of the league from 1963 to 1974:[8]

Pos. Club Seasons M W D L GF GA P
1 FK Pirmasens 11 342 189 73 80 777 423 451
2 1. FSV Mainz 05 11 342 164 63 115 666 521 391
3 1. FC Saarbrücken 10 304 159 63 82 622 357 381
4-33 30 clubs
34 FC Ensdorf 1 30 1 6 23 18 86 8

References[edit]

  1. ^ Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik seit 1945 - History of German league football since 1945 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 2006, page: C3 + C4
  2. ^ "Kicker Almanach" The Football Yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the kicker Sports Magazine
  3. ^ Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (German) Historical German domestic league tables
  4. ^ "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) .:. Statistik .:. Die höchsten Siege" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) .:. Statistik .:. Die torreichsten Spiele" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  6. ^ "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Statistik » Tore pro Saison" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Statistik » Tore pro Spielrunde" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  8. ^ "Regionalliga Südwest (1963-1974) » Ewige Tabelle" (in German). Weltfussball.de. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 

Sources[edit]

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]