UBS Tower (Nashville)
|Architectural style||International Style|
|Location||315 Deaderick Street
|Roof||354 ft (108 m)|
The tower was completed in 1974. It was originally called the First American Center but the name was changed when First American National Bank merged with AmSouth Bank. A major renovation of the building's ground-level exterior followed the name change. The name then changed again to Regions Center when AmSouth merged with Regions. It is the former Tennessee headquarters of Regions Financial Corporation. Regions moved in 2013 but still leases 250,000 square feet of space in the building. Currently the Swiss Banking behemoth UBS has leased 90,000 square of the building in effort to move back office jobs from southeast Nashville to downtown Nashville. The name of the building was renamed from Regions Center to UBS Tower.
The building served as the Tennessee headquarters and a branch office for Birmingham, Alabama-based Regions Bank. It is also home to many non-related businesses who lease space in the upper floors. It was once the main office and headquarters of First American National Bank. AmSouth acquired the slightly larger First American National Corporation in 2000 after the latter involved itself in several unprofitable mergers. On May 25, 2006, AmSouth announced it is merging with Regions Financial. Regions announced its move to One Nashville Place in late September 2012.
A relatively small parking garage is located beneath the building exclusively for the benefit of customers visiting the bank's branch.
The site received national attention in 1971 when remains of a saber-toothed cat were discovered during excavation of the property. A number of noted archaeologists visited the site following its initial discovery, including Ronald Spores, Kent Flannery, Vance Haynes, and Edwin Williamson. John Guilday of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History conducted an examination of all faunal material recovered from the site, and published the results in the July 1977 issue of the Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Sciences. Although Guilday may have conducted an inventory of the human remains from the site, none was ever published.
Radiocarbon analysis of human remains from the cave returned dates of 2390+/-145 B.P. and 1690+/-115 B.P. These remains were collected from an upper zone approximately 16-feet above the saber-tooth bones. The human remains are believed to be from the Woodland Period and originated thousands of years after the Smilodon find. According to Guilday (1977), collagen from the Smilodon remains returned radiocarbon dates of 9410+/-155 B.P. and 10,035+/-650 B.P. These dates are extremely late for the presence of Smilodon in the Southeast, both contemporaneous with the Dalton horizon and overlapping Paleoindian occupations along the Cumberland River by at least 1,000 years. As such, the dates for the Smilodon remains from the First American site should be regarded with some skepticism.
As a result of interest that the site generated, First American Bank agreed to engineer around the small percentage of cave deposits that had not been destroyed. These deposits were vaulted over using steel and concrete, and preserved in an artificial cavern beneath the lowest parking garage level. An access hatch and ladder provided entry to the space. Newspaper and magazine articles from the early- to mid-1970s show there was clear interest among the archaeological community in conducting further excavations in what remained of the cave. In 1973 Time Magazine reported that the bank was “preparing to let archaeologists resume their digging.”
Unfortunately, it appears that any plans to conduct additional investigations were abandoned around the time bank construction was completed. The final reference to additional excavation occurs in 1976, when Bob Ferguson wrote that he was “certain much remains to be discovered when work resumes in the cavern, so thoughtfully preserved by the First American National Bank.”
In 1978, a group of cavers from the Nashville Grotto visited the site but were underwhelmed by the lack of intact cavern or open passages. The next documented entry into the cave did not occur until 2008, when archaeologists from the Tennessee Division of Archaeology revisited the site.
As of 2008, Regions Bank maintained a display in their first floor lobby that included bones from the Smilodon and other faunal material from the site. Smilodon remains on display include portions of the lower jaw and molars, vertebral column, ribs, humerus, metacarpals, and metatarsals. A replica of a Smilodon skull from the La Brea Tar Pits serves as the centerpiece of the display. The Smilodon upper canine that led to the site discovery in 1971 is not on display, and is apparently no longer in the bank collection. Conventional wisdom among bank and facility management personnel is that the canine is now in the collection of the Smithsonian; however, that institution holds no record of the artifact.
The find of the Smilodon remains was the impetus for the logo of the Nashville Predators hockey team and their mascot Gnash. Before the team exits the locker room prior to each home game, a video is shown on the jumbotron of a computer-generated saber-toothed cat emerging from the ground beneath downtown Nashville. The logo for AmSouth (as well as its predecessor, First American) was once prominently featured in the video but was digitally deleted when the bank dropped sponsorship of the team following the 2002-2003 NHL season.
- "Regions moving its Nashville HQ". 26 September 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Batiwalla, Nevin (26 September 2012). "Regions Bank to move Nashville HQ to One Nashville Place". Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Ingram, Tom (1971-10-02), "Specialists to Study Cave Bones", Nashville Tennessean, p. 7
- Guilday, John E. (July 1977), "Sabertooth Cat, Smilodon Floridanus (Leidy), and Associated Fauna From a Tennessee Cave (40DV40), the First American Bank Site.", Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 52 (3): 84–94
- Ingram, Tom (1971-08-14), "Bones Uncovered Here Could be Major Historical Find", Nashville Tennessean, p. 1
- Ingram, Tom (1971-08-15), "The Lure of Archaeology… It Gets In Your Bones", Nashville Tennessean, p. 1
- Ingram, Tom (1971-09-05), "Bone-Find Puts Cave in Top 4", Nashville Tennessean, p. 1
- Andrews, James G. (1975-11-16), "Nashville’s Oldest Cat", Memphis Commercial Appeal, pp. Mid–South Magazine, Sunday insert pp.60–61
- Ingram, Tom (1971-10-03), "Experts Say Cave Yields Not Same Age", Nashville Tennessean, pp. B15
- Barker, Gary; Broster, John B. (1996), "The Johnson Site (40DV400): A Dated Paleoindian and Early Archaic Occupation in Tennessee’s Central Basin.", Journal of Alabama Archaeology 22 (2): 97–153
- Ingram, Tom (1971-08-16), "1St American to Aid Cave Study", Nashville Tennessean, p. 2
- "Tiger in the Bank", Time Magazine, p. 53, 1973-08-06
- Ferguson, Robert B. (November 1976), "Nashville’s Oldest Cat – Update.", Stones & Bones, the Alabama Archaeological Society Newsletter: 2–4
- Freed, Katherine (1978-06-27), "Hopes Run High During Descent, But Cave Still Mystery.", Nashville Tennessean
- Helm, Hunt (1978-06-26), "Cavers’ Interest Brings Tour Underneath Bank.", Nashville Banner, p. 14
- Deter-Wolf, Aaron (2009), "The First American Cave Site Revisited", The Courier 47 (2): 4–5
- "Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History: Search the Department of Paleobiology Collections". Retrieved 2008-11-13.