Regions of Finland

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Region
maakunta  (Finnish)
landskap  (Swedish)
Regions in Finland.svg
CategoryUnitary state
LocationFinland
Number19
GovernmentRegional council
SubdivisionsMunicipality
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

Finland comprises 19 regions, called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.[a] The regions are governed by regional councils, which serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of a region. The main tasks of the regions are regional planning and development of enterprise and education. In addition, the public health services are usually organized on the basis of regions. Currently, the only region where a popular election is held for the council is Kainuu. Other regional councils are elected by municipal councils, each municipality sending representatives in proportion to its population.

In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, abbreviated ely-keskus), which is responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.

Regions[edit]

Current Regions in Finland (locations).png

Flag Coat of arms Name Official English name[2] Finnish name Swedish name Capital Area (km2) Population
(31 Dec 2017)[3]
1. Lapland Lapland Lapland Lappi Lappland Rovaniemi 92,674 180,207
2. North Ostrobothnia North Ostrobothnia North Ostrobothnia Pohjois-⁠Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten Oulu 36,815 411,150
3. Kainuu Kainuu Kainuu Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland Kajaani 20,197 74,803
4. North Karelia North Karelia North Karelia North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen Joensuu 17,761 164,085
5. North Savonia North Savonia Northern Savonia North Savo Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax Kuopio 16,768 247,776
6. Etelä-Savo Southern Savonia South Savo Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax Mikkeli 14,257 148,975
7. South Karelia South Karelia South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen Lappeenranta 5,327 130,506
8. Central Finland Central Finland Central Finland Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland Jyväskylä 16,703 276,196
9. South Ostrobothnia South Ostrobothnia South Ostrobothnia South Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten Seinäjoki 13,444 191,860
10. Ostrobothnia Ostrobothnia Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten Vaasa 7,753 181,441
11. Central Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten Kokkola 5,020 69,027
12. Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland Tampere 12,585 509,356
13. Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta Pori 7,820 221,740
14. Päijät-Häme Päijät-Häme Päijänne Tavastia Päijät-Häme Päijät-Häme Päijänne-Tavastland Lahti 5,125 201,685
15. Kanta-Häme Kanta-Häme Tavastia Proper Kanta-Häme Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland Hämeenlinna 5,199 173,781
16. Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen Kotka, Kouvola 5,149 177,659
17. Uusimaa Uusimaa Uusimaa Uusimaa Uusimaa Nyland Helsinki 9,097 1,638,293
18. Southwest Finland Southwest Finland Southwest Finland Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland Turku 10,663 475,543
19. Åland Åland Åland Islands[4] Åland Ahvenanmaa Åland Mariehamn 1,553 29,214

Former regions[edit]

Regions in Finland (old map before 2011).png

Number Coat of Arms Name Official English name[5] Finnish name Swedish name Capital Dissolution (date)
20 Itä-Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg Eastern Uusimaa Itä-Uusimaa Itä-Uusimaa[6] Östra Nyland Porvoo January 1, 2011

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ eanangoddi in Northern Sami, eennâmkodde in Inari Sami, and mäddkåʹdd in Skolt Sami.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sátnegirjjit, dictionaries of Finnish, Swedish, the Sami languages, English and Russian". dicts.uit.no. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Suomen hallintorakenteeseen ja maakuntauudistukseen liittyviä termejä sekä maakuntien ja kuntien nimet fi-sv-en-(ru)" (PDF). vnk.fi. p. 8–9. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  3. ^ Tilastokeskus. "Population". www.stat.fi.
  4. ^ The role that the regional councils serve on Mainland Finland are, in Åland, handled by the autonomous Government of Åland.
  5. ^ "Regions of Finland 2010". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Valtioneuvosto päätti Uudenmaan ja Itä-Uudenmaan maakuntien yhdistämisestä" (in Finnish). Ministry of Finance. October 22, 2009. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]