Regions of the Philippines

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In the Philippines, regions (Filipino: rehiyon, ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces (lalawigan) of the country for administrative convenience. Currently, the archipelagic republic of the Philippines is divided into 18 regions (17 administrative and 1 autonomous). Most government offices are established by region instead of individual provincial offices, usually (but not always) in the city designated as the regional center.

The regions themselves do not possess a separate local government, with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which has an elected regional assembly and governor. The Cordillera Administrative Region was originally intended to be autonomous (Cordillera Autonomous Region), but the failure of two plebiscites for its establishment reduced it to a regular administrative region.

History[edit]

Regions first came to existence in on September 24, 1972, when the provinces of the Philippines were organized into 11 regions by Presidential Decree № 1 as part of the Integrated Reorganization Plan of President Ferdinand Marcos.

Since that time, other regions have been created and some provinces have been transferred from one region to another.

  • July 7, 1975: Region XII created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions.[1]
  • July 25, 1975: Regions IX and XII declared as Autonomous Regions in Western and Central Mindanao respectively.[2]
  • August 21, 1975: Region IX divided into Sub-Region IX-A and Sub-Region IX-B. Minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions.[3]
  • November 7, 1975: Metropolitan Manila created.[4]
  • June 2, 1978: Metropolitan Manila declared as the National Capital Region.[5]
  • July 15, 1987: Cordillera Administrative Region created.[6]
  • August 1, 1989: Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) created.[7] Region XII reverted to an administrative region.
  • October 23, 1989: First creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region.[8] Ratification rejected by residents in a plebiscite.
  • October 12, 1990: Executive Order 429 issued by President Corazon Aquino to reorganize the Mindanao regions but the reorganization never happened (possibly due to lack of government funds).[9]
  • February 23, 1995: Region XIII (Caraga) created and minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions. Sultan Kudarat transferred to Region XI.[10]
  • 1997: Minor reorganization of some Mindanao regions.
  • December 22, 1997: Second creation of Cordillera Autonomous Region.[11] Ratification rejected by residents in a plebiscite.
  • December 18, 1998: Sultan Kudarat returned to Region XII.[12]
  • March 31, 2001: ARMM expanded.[13]
  • September 19, 2001: Most Mindanao regions reorganized and some renamed.[14]
  • May 17, 2002: Region IV-A (Calabarzon) and Region IV-B (Mimaropa) created from the former Region IV (Southern Tagalog) region. Aurora transferred to Region III.[15]
  • May 23, 2005: Palawan transferred from Region IV-B to Region VI; Mimaropa renamed to Mimaro.[16]
  • August 19, 2005: Transfer of Palawan to Region VI held in abeyance.[17]
  • May 29, 2015: Negros Island Region (NIR) created. Negros Occidental and Bacolod from Region VI and Negros Oriental from Region VII transferred to new region.[18]

List of regions[edit]

Administrative regions[edit]

Political map of the Philippines showing its provinces and regions
Regions of the Philippine

As of May 2015, the Philippines comprises 18 administrative regions, with one being autonomous.[19] These regions are geographically organized into the three island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

The names of regions Calabarzon, Mimaropa, and Soccsksargen are acronyms signifying their component provinces or cities; and are capitalized in official government documents.

Table of regions
  • Component local government units: the data column is limited to primary LGUs, which pertains to component provinces, highly urbanized cities and independent component cities, as well as the independent municipality of Pateros. All city names, except those under the National Capital Region, are italicized.
  • Location: the location map column can be sorted from North-to-South, West-to-East.
Location Region
(regional designation)
PSGC[20] Island
group
Regional
center
Component local
government units
Area[A] Population
(2015)[21]
Density
Map of the Philippines highlighting the National Capital Region National
Capital Region

(NCR)
13 Luzon Manila 611.39 km2
(236.06 sq mi)
12,877,253
(12.8%)
21,000/km2
(54,000/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Ilocos Region Ilocos Region
(Region I)
01 Luzon San Fernando
(La Union)
13,012.60 km2
(5,024.19 sq mi)
5,026,128
(5.0%)
390/km2
(1,000/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Cordillera Administrative Region Cordillera
Administrative
Region

(CAR)
14 Luzon Baguio 19,422.03 km2
(7,498.89 sq mi)
1,722,006
(1.7%)
89/km2
(230/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Cagayan Valley Cagayan Valley
(Region II)
02 Luzon Tuguegarao 28,228.83 km2
(10,899.21 sq mi)
3,451,410
(3.4%)
120/km2
(310/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Central Luzon Central Luzon
(Region III)
03 Luzon San Fernando
(Pampanga)
22,014.63 km2
(8,499.90 sq mi)
11,218,177
(11.1%)
510/km2
(1,300/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Calabarzon Calabarzon
(CALABARZON Region)
04 Luzon Calamba 16,873.31 km2
(6,514.82 sq mi)
14,414,774
(14.3%)
850/km2
(2,200/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Mimaropa Mimaropa
(MIMAROPA Region)
17 Luzon Calapan 29,620.90 km2
(11,436.69 sq mi)
2,963,360
(2.9%)
100/km2
(260/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Bicol Region Bicol Region
(Region V)
05 Luzon Legazpi 18,155.82 km2
(7,010.00 sq mi)
5,796,989
(5.7%)
320/km2
(830/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Western Visayas Western Visayas
(Region VI)
06 Visayas Iloilo City 12,828.97 km2
(4,953.29 sq mi)
4,477,247
(4.4%)
350/km2
(910/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Negros Island Region Negros Island
Region

(NIR / Region XVIII)
18 Visayas Bacolod and
Dumaguete
(interim)[B]
13,350.74 km2
(5,154.75 sq mi)
4,414,131
(4.4%)
330/km2
(850/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Central Visayas Central Visayas
(Region VII)
07 Visayas Cebu City 10,102.16 km2
(3,900.47 sq mi)
6,041,903
(6.0%)
600/km2
(1,600/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Eastern Visayas Eastern Visayas
(Region VIII)
08 Visayas Tacloban 23,251.10 km2
(8,977.30 sq mi)
4,440,150
(4.4%)
190/km2
(490/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Zamboanga Peninsula Zamboanga
Peninsula

(Region IX)
09 Mindanao Pagadian 17,056.73 km2
(6,585.64 sq mi)
3,629,783
(3.6%)
210/km2
(540/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Northern Mindanao Northern Mindanao
(Region X)
10 Mindanao Cagayan de Oro 20,496.02 km2
(7,913.56 sq mi)
4,689,302
(4.6%)
230/km2
(600/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Davao Region Davao Region
(Region XI)
11 Mindanao Davao City 20,357.42 km2
(7,860.04 sq mi)
4,893,318
(4.8%)
240/km2
(620/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Soccsksargen Soccsksargen
(Region XII)
12 Mindanao Koronadal 22,513.30 km2
(8,692.43 sq mi)
4,545,276
(4.5%)
200/km2
(520/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting Caraga Caraga
(Region XIII)
16 Mindanao Butuan 21,478.35 km2
(8,292.84 sq mi)
2,596,709
(2.6%)
120/km2
(310/sq mi)
Map of the Philippines highlighting the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region
in Muslim Mindanao

(ARMM)
15 Mindanao Cotabato City 12,525.79 km2
(4,836.23 sq mi)
3,781,387
(3.7%)
300/km2
(780/sq mi)
  1. ^ Land area figures are the sum of each region's component provinces (and/or independent cities), derived from the National Statistical Coordination Board (Philippine Statistics Authority) official website. For the ARMM, land area is derived from Bangsamoro Development Plan Integrative Report.[25][26][27]
  2. ^ Bacolod and Dumaguete are proposed to be joint, temporary regional centers for a three-year transition period. Kabankalan and neighboring Mabinay are envisioned to be joint, permanent regional centers.[28]

Judicial regions[edit]

As far as the Judiciary is concerned, specifically the first and second level courts, the country is divided into judicial regions as provided by Batas Pambansa Bilang 129. The coverage of these judicial regions generally coincides with that of the administrative regions in the Executive branch of government.

For a list of these judicial regions, see Regional Trial Court § List.

Proposed regions[edit]

  • Bangsamoro (proposed as a replacement of the ARMM. Includes areas outside the current ARMM.)
  • Cordillera Autonomous Region[29] (proposed to convert the Cordillera Administrative Region into an autonomous region.)

Defunct regions[edit]

The following are regions that no longer exist, listed along with their current status:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 742; Restructuring the Regional Organization of Mindanao, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi". The Lawphil Project. July 7, 1975. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 1618; Implementing the Organization of the Sangguniang Pampook and the Lupong Tagapagpaganap ng Pook in Region IX and Region XII and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. July 25, 1975. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 773; Amending Presidential Decree No. 742 Restructuring the Regional Organization of Mindanao and Dividing Region IX into Two Sub-regions". The Lawphil Project. August 21, 1975. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 824; Creating the Metropolitan Manila and the Metropolitan Manila Commission and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. November 7, 1975. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 1396, s. 1978; Creating the Department of Human Settlements and the Human Settlement Development Corporation, Appropriation Funds Therefor, and Accordingly Amending Certain Presidential Decrees". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved September 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Executive Order No. 220; Creating a Cordillera Administrative Region, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes.". The Lawphil Project. July 15, 1987. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 6734; An Act Providing for an Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao". The Lawphil Project. August 1, 1989. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 6766; An Act Providing for an Organic Act for the Cordillera Autonomous Region". The Lawphil Project. October 23, 1989. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Executive Order No. 429 s. 1990; Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao, and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. October 12, 1990. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Republic Act No. 7901; An Act Creating Region XIII to be Known as the Caraga Administrative Region, and for Other Purposes". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. February 23, 1995. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 8438; An Act to Establish the Cordillera Autonomous Region". The Lawphil Project. December 22, 1997. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 8744; An Act Repealing Section 3 of Republic Act No 7901 and to Return the Province of Sultan Kudarat to Region XII and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. December 18, 1998. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Republic Act No. 9054; An Act to Strengthen and Expand the Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 6734, Entitled "An Act Providing for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao," as Amended". The Lawphil Project. March 31, 2001. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Executive Order No. 36;Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. September 19, 2001. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Executive Order No. 103; Dividing Region IV into Region IV-A and Region IV-B, Transferring the Province of Aurora to Region III and for Other Purposes". The Lawphil Project. May 17, 2002. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Executive Order No. 429; Providing for the Reorganization of Administrative Region VI to Include the Province of Palawan and Puerto Princesa City". The Lawphil Project. May 23, 2005. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Administrative Order No. 129; Directing the Department of the Interior and Local Government to Hold in Abeyance the Implementation of Executive Order No. 429 (s. 2005) Pending Its Submission of an Implementation Plan and Its Subsequent Approval By the Office of the President". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 19, 2005. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Executive Order No. 183, s. 2015; Creating a Negros Island Region and for Other Purposes". Official Gazette (Philippines). May 29, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015. 
  19. ^ List of Regions, National Statistical Coordination Board'"'.
  20. ^ "Philippine Standard Geographic Codes as of 31 December 2015". PSGC Interactive. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". 2015 Census of Population. Philippine Statistics Authority. 19 May 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c d e An independent component city, not under the jurisdiction of any provincial government.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q A highly urbanized city, independent from any province.
  24. ^ A component city, part of the province of Basilan, but whose regional services are provided by the offices of Region IX.
  25. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Provinces". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  26. ^ "PSGC Interactive; List of Cities". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  27. ^ For provinces in the ARMM: "Bangsamoro Development Plan Integrative Report, Chapter 10" (PDF). Bangsamoro Development Agency. 2015. Retrieved 2016-05-31. 
  28. ^ "Aquino OKs creation of Negros Island Region". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Jun 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  29. ^ "Cordillera Solons expressed views on regional autonomy". National Economic and Development Authority - Cordillera Administrative Region. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 

External links[edit]