Regisaurus

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Regisaurus
Temporal range: Late Permian–Early Triassic
Regisaurus1DB.jpg
Restoration of R. jacobi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Synapsida
Order: Therapsida
Suborder: Therocephalia
Family: Regisauridae
Genus: Regisaurus
Species
  • R. jacobi Mendrez, 1972

Regisaurus ("Rex's lizard", named after its discoverer Francis Rex Parrington) is an extinct Genus of small carnivorous therocephalian. It is known from a single described species, the type species Regisaurus jacobi, from the Early Triassic Lystrosaurus Assemblage Zone of South Africa, although at least one undescribed species is also known.[1]

Description[edit]

It was a rather derived baurioid, with a robust skull, short tail, long limbs and relatively large canines. It was apparently related to Urumchia and like Urumchia, it had vomer bones, which form the secondary palate, but they do not narrow to a tip like in Urumchia. However it retained some primitive characteristics. It had six incisor teeth in each side of the jaw, whereas other baurioids had less.[2] It was probably carnivorous, and ate insects and small vertebrates

Discovery and Species[edit]

Regisaurus was discovered in 1964 by Francis Rex Parrington and it was named in 1972 by C. H. Mendrez. Two species are known, the type species Regisaurus jacobi and an additional undescribed species. R. jacobi is known from the holotype FRP 1964/27 and the referred specimen BP/1/3973,[3] while the undescribed species is known only from the Holotype T837.[4][5]

Classification[edit]

Below is a cladogram modified from Sidor (2001) and Huttenlocker (2009):[6][7]

Baurioidea

Ictidosuchops rubidgei


Ictidosuchidae

Ictidosuchus primaevus



Ictidosuchoides longiceps




Regisauridae

Regisaurus jacobi



Urumchia lii





 Karenitidae 

NHCC LB44 (Unnamed Zambian karenitid)



Karenites ornamentatus



Lycideopidae

Lycideops longiceps




Choerosaurus dejageri




Tetracynodon tenuis



Tetracynodon darti








Scaloposaurus constrictus



Ericiolacertidae

Ericiolacerta parva



Silphedosuchus orenburgensis





Nothogomphodon danilovi


"Ordosiidae"

Hazhenia concava



Ordosiodon youngi



Bauriidae

Bauria cynops




Antecosuchus ochevi



Microgomphodon oligocynus



Traversodontoides wangwuensis










See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. H. Mendrez (1972). "On the skull of Regisaurus jacobi, a new genus and species of Bauriamorpha Watson and Romer 1956 (=Scaloposauria Boonstra 1953), from the Lystrosaurus-zone of South Africa". In K.A. Joysey, T.S. Kemp. Studies in Vertebrate Evolution. Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd. pp. 191–212. ISBN 9780050021316. 
  2. ^ http://wiredspace.wits.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10539/16101/2007.v.42.Fourie_%26_Rubidge_Postcranial_anatomy_therocephalian.pdf?sequence=1
  3. ^ http://www.paleofile.com/Theriodontia/Regisaurus.asp
  4. ^ Kemp, T.S. (1986). "The skeleton of a baurioid therocephalian therapsid from the Lower Triassic (Lystrosaurus Zone) of South Africa" (PDF). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 6 (3): 215–232. JSTOR 4523096. doi:10.1080/02724634.1986.10011617. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 
  5. ^ http://www.paleofile.com/Theriodontia/Regisaurussp.asp
  6. ^ Sidor, C.A. (2001). "Simplification as a trend in synapsid cranial evolution". Evolution. 55 (7): 1419–1442. PMID 11525465. doi:10.1554/0014-3820(2001)055[1419:saatis]2.0.co;2.  External link in |title= (help)
  7. ^ Huttenlocker, A. (2009). "An investigation into the cladistic relationships and monophyly of therocephalian therapsids (Amniota: Synapsida)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 157 (4): 865–891. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00538.x.