Recognition of same-sex unions in the Czech Republic

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Legal status of same-sex unions
Marriage
Performed
Recognized
  1. Not performed in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten
  2. Neither performed nor recognized in Niue, Tokelau and the Cook Islands
  3. Neither performed nor recognized in Northern Ireland and in several dependencies: Jersey, Sark and six of the fourteen overseas territories
  4. Neither performed nor recognized in American Samoa and many tribal jurisdictions with the exception of federal recognition benefits
  5. For some purposes, from all jurisdictions where same-sex marriage is legal
  6. When performed in Mexican states that have legalized same-sex marriage
  7. When performed in the Netherlands proper
  8. Registration schemes open in all jurisdictions except Hualien County, Penghu County, Taitung County and Yunlin County

* Not yet in effect

LGBT portal

The Czech Republic offers registered partnerships (registrované partnerství) for same-sex couples. Registered partnerships grant several rights of marriage, including inheritance, hospital, spousal privilege, and alimony rights, but do not allow joint adoption, widow's pension, or joint property rights. The registered partnership law was passed in March 2006 and went into effect on 1 July 2006.[1][2][3] The country also grants unregistered cohabitation status to "persons living in a common household" that gives couples inheritance and succession rights in housing.[4]

History[edit]

Laws regarding same-sex partnerships in Europe
  Marriage1
  Foreign marriages recognized1
  Other type of partnership1
  Unregistered cohabitation1
  Unrecognized
  Constitution limits marriage to opposite-sex couples

1May include recent laws or court decisions which have created legal recognition of same-sex relationships, but which have not entered into effect yet.

Registered partnerships[edit]

There had been several attempts to allow same-sex registered partnerships. In 1998, a registered partnership bill reached the Chamber of Deputies, but failed by two votes.[5] In 1999, the chamber voted against another bill.[6][7] In February 2001, the Government presented a third bill, which was rejected by Parliament in October 2001.[8][9][10]

On 11 February 2005, another bill failed by one vote. It was backed by 82 out of the 165 deputies present - most voting in favour being Social Democrats, Communists, Freedom Union members and some deputies from the opposition Civic Democratic Party (ODS).[11]

In April 2005, a new partnership bill passed its first reading in the chamber with 82 votes for and 9 against. On 16 December 2005, it passed its third reading with 86 votes for, 54 against, and 7 abstentions.[12]

16 December 2005 vote in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic[13]
Party Voted for Voted against Abstained Nepřihlášen ('Not logged in')a/Excused (Did Not Vote)b
 G  Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD) -
     Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
     Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM)
 G  Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL) - -
 G  Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US–DEU) -
     Nezařazení ('Non-Inscrit')c - - -
Total 86 54 7 53
a. Based on the translation from Google Translate.
b. Key: (N) = Nepřihlášen; (E) = Excused.
c. Based on the translation from this site.


On 26 January 2006, it was passed by the Senate (65 for, 14 against).[14][15]

On 16 February 2006, President Václav Klaus vetoed the bill.[16][17][18] In response, Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek said that he would seek a parliamentary majority (101 votes) in the lower chamber to override the veto and did so successfully on 15 March 2006 with the exact number of votes needed (101) out of 177 votes cast.[19][20][21][22]

15 March 2006 vote in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic[23]
Party Voted for Voted against Abstained Nepřihlášen ('Not logged in')a/Excused (Did Not Vote)b
 G  Czech Social Democratic Party (CSSD)
     Civic Democratic Party (ODS)
     Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM)
 G  Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL) - -
 G  Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US–DEU) - -
     Nezařazení ('Non-Inscrit')c - - -
Total 101 57 18 21
a. Based on the translation from Google Translate.
b. Key: (N) = Nepřihlášen; (E) = Excused.
c. Based on the translation from this site.

In September 2014, a group of deputies introduced a bill to allow stepchild adoption by same-sex couples.[24] In October 2014, the Government decided to not take a stance on the bill.[25] On 24 October 2016, the Government approved its own draft bill on the issue, and introduced it to Parliament on 8 November.[26][27][28][29][30]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

The Green Party and the Pirate Party support the legalisation of same-sex marriage in their electoral programs.[31][32]

Following the adoption of a same-sex marriage law by the German Bundestag, Zbyněk Stanjura, chairman of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), suggested that his party could agree to a free vote in Parliament.[33]

Before the October 2017 election, LGBT activists started a campaign called "It's only fair" (Czech: Jsme fér) to achieve same-sex marriage within the next four years.[33][34] The campaign also asked all candidates for the Chamber of Deputies for their position on same-sex marriage. 82 of the 200 elected MPs (some MPs did not answer) are supportive of same-sex marriage: 38 (out of the 78) ANO 2011 MPs, 1 (out of the 25) ODS MPs, 18 (out of the 22) Pirate MPs, 5 (out of the 15) Communist MPs, 10 (out of the 15) Social Democrat MPs, 1 (out of the 10) Christian Democrat MPs, 4 (out of the 7) TOP 09 MPs and 5 (out of the 6) STAN MPs. No SPD MP supported legalising same-sex marriage.[35]

Prime Minister Andrej Babiš supports the legalisation of same-sex marriage.[36]

Statistics[edit]

By June 2009, 780 registered partnerships had been conducted in the Czech Republic.[37] By the end of 2010, that number was 1,111, 66 of which have since been annulled.[38]

In the 2011 census, 2,055 people reported being in a registered partnership.[39]

By December 2015, 2,174 registered partnerships had been performed in the country. Of these, 1,439 were between male couples and 735 were between female couples.[40]

Public opinion[edit]

In 2007, 36% of Czechs supported the legalisation of same-sex marriage, while 57% were opposed.[34]

A May 2017 opinion poll found a 52% majority in favour of legalising same-sex marriage.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Czech) No. 115/2006 Coll.
  2. ^ Nearly weds
  3. ^ Gay marriage legalized
  4. ^ Prague
  5. ^ CZECH REPUBLIC: NO MARRIAGES FOR GAYS AND LESBIANS
  6. ^ Gay-marriage bill is rejected
  7. ^ NO TO REGISTERED PARTNERSHIP IN CZECH REPUBLIC
  8. ^ Czech Gay Bill Drafted
  9. ^ Gay marriage not likely in Czech Republic
  10. ^ Equality for same-sex couples
  11. ^ Czech Gay and Lesbian League upset about repeated rejection of same sex partnerships
  12. ^ Czech MPs approve law on same-sex partnerships
  13. ^ "51. schůze, 933. hlasování, 16. prosince 2005, 10:26 (Návrh zákona o registrovaném partnerství)" (in Czech). 16 December 2005. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  14. ^ Bill on single sex partnerships makes it through both houses of Parliament
  15. ^ Czech Gays Get Partner Rights
  16. ^ Czech Republic President Vetoes Gay Union Bill
  17. ^ Gay groups angered by president's veto of registered partnership bill
  18. ^ Czech President Vetoes Gay Partner Bill
  19. ^ Czech Parliament Overrides Veto, Passes Gay Partner Law
  20. ^ Czech MPs approve gay rights law
  21. ^ Czech Parliament Overrides Veto, Passes Gay Partner Law
  22. ^ Same-sex registered partnerships to be introduced after deputies override presidential veto
  23. ^ "54. schůze, 311. hlasování, 15. března 2006, 18:17 (Návrh zákona o registrovaném partnerství)" (in Czech). 15 March 2006. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  24. ^ (in Czech) Sněmovní tisk 320 Novela z. o registrovaném partnerství
  25. ^ (in Czech) Vláda se neshodla na novele o adopci registrovanými partnery
  26. ^ (in Czech) Vláda schválila novelu zákona o NKÚ a novelu zákona o registrovaném partnerství
  27. ^ (in Czech) Vláda schválila novelu zákona o registrovaném partnerství v otázce osvojení dítěte
  28. ^ Government approves bill on adoption of biological children in same-sex couples
  29. ^ (in Czech) Vláda odsouhlasila osvojování dětí pro homosexuální páry. Má jim zjednodušit každodenní život
  30. ^ (in Czech) Sněmovní tisk 957 Novela z. o registrovaném partnerství
  31. ^ (in Czech) Manželství pro všechny
  32. ^ (in Czech) Nová Sněmovna má 82 férových poslanců
  33. ^ a b c Door Opens to Achieving Marriage Equality in Czech Republic
  34. ^ a b Gays, lesbians launching campaign for marriage
  35. ^ (in Czech) Známe férové poslankyně a poslance!
  36. ^ (in Czech) Andrej Babiš podpoří gay manželství. Diskutovat na toto téma bude v kině Varšava Zdroj
  37. ^ Archive for Gay Life Statistics in Czech Republic
  38. ^ (in Czech) Česko má 1111 registrovaných partnerství
  39. ^ Preliminary Census Results
  40. ^ Thousands of Czechs enter registered partnership

External links[edit]