|• elevation||±290 m (950 ft)|
|Length||63.7 km (39.6 mi) |
|Basin size||7,521 km2 (2,904 sq mi) |
|Progression||Main→ Rhine→ North Sea|
The river is formed by the confluence of the rivers Rednitz and Pegnitz, which meet in the city of Fürth. From there the Regnitz runs northwards through the cities of Erlangen and Forchheim. It finally meets the Main near the city of Bamberg. Including its source rivers Rednitz and Franconian Rezat, it is 187.4 km (116.4 mi) long, providing the furthest source (and hence length) of the Main's river system, the largest and longest right bank tributary of the river Rhine.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The first written evidence of the name refers to a large farm on the river. It is first mentioned in a Latin document from 1160 as Rekinzi. It may be based on Slavic Rakonica ('crab river').
- Bogner, Franz X. (2007): Rednitz und Regnitz. Eine Luftbildreise von Weißenburg bis Bamberg. Verlag Fränkischer Tag, Bamberg, ISBN 978-3-936897-47-0
- Complete table of the Bavarian Waterbody Register by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment (xls, 10.3 MB)