Rehelim

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Rehelim
רְחלים
Rechelim63.jpg
Rehelim is located in the Northern West Bank
Rehelim
Rehelim
Coordinates: 32°6′10.4″N 35°15′25.83″E / 32.102889°N 35.2571750°E / 32.102889; 35.2571750Coordinates: 32°6′10.4″N 35°15′25.83″E / 32.102889°N 35.2571750°E / 32.102889; 35.2571750
District Judea and Samaria Area
Council Shomron
Region West Bank
Affiliation Amana
Founded 1991
Population (2017)[1] 747

Rehelim (Hebrew: רְחלים‎) is an Israeli settlement in the northern West Bank. Located on Route 60, between Kfar Tapuach and Eli, east of Ariel and adjacent to the Palestinian towns of Yatma and Qabalan, it falls under the jurisdiction of Shomron Regional Council. Its official boundaries also include nearby Nofei Nehemia.[2] In 2017, it had a population of 747.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[3]

History[edit]

On 27 October 1991, busloads of Jewish settlers were on their way to a protest in Tel Aviv against the peace negotiations in Madrid, when one of the buses came under attack from Palestinians.[4] The driver, Yitzhak Rofeh from West Jerusalem, and Rachel Drouk, of Shilo, were killed.[4] After Rachel's funeral, women from settlements all over the West Bank set up tents at the site, and remained there despite official disapproval.[4] For a long time, only women and children lived there.[4] It was named "Rehelim" (plural of the name "Rachel") after 3 Rachels: Rachel Drouk; Rachel Weiss, who was killed in the Jericho bus firebombing; and the matriarch Rachel.[4]

According to ARIJ, Israel confiscated 376 dunams of land from the Palestinian village of As-Sawiya in order to construct Rehelim.[5]

In 1999, the Council of the European Union reported that Rehelim had gained retroactive approval from the Israeli government on the basis of its location being on survey land that was transferred to state land.[6] In 2007 the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics listed a change in the status of Rehelim as belonging to the area of Kfar Tapuach, and not an independent settlement.[7] However, the settlement was officially recognised in 2012.[2][8]

Economy[edit]

The Tura boutique winery is located in Rehelim.[9] The winery was founded in 2003 as Erez Winery, and renamed in 2005. The grapes are grown in vineyards on Har Brakha at an elevation of 840 meters. In 2010, the winery was producing some 12,000 bottles annually, chiefly from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Chardonnay grapes.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "PM: Ariel will remain under Israeli sovereignty". The Jerusalem Post. 9 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Tamar el-Or and Gideon Aran (1995). "Giving birth to a settlement" (PDF). Gender & Society. 9: 60–78. doi:10.1177/089124395009001004. 
  5. ^ As Sawiya Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 16-17
  6. ^ "EU Settlements Watch Executive Summary". Council of the European Union. 19 March 1999. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Changes 1948-2007". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "PM sets up panel to legalize state land outposts". The Jerusalem Post. 22 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Settlers cultivate West Bank tourism to tighten grip on land
  10. ^ Wine and Spirits / Tulips for your two lips Haaretz