List of rulers of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia

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This is a list of rulers of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, which from 15 March 1939 until 5 May 1945 comprised the German-occupied parts of Czechoslovakia. It includes both the representatives of the recognized Czech authorities as well as the German Reichsprotektoren ("Reich protectors") and the Minister of State, who held the real executive power.

Government of the Protectorate[edit]

Note, the President Emil Hácha and Prime Minister Rudolf Beran held the office prior the German occupation, during the Second Czechoslovak Republic, and were officially confirmed in those positions (of course with very limited sovereignty and power) by German authorities within few days after the occupation.

State President of Bohemia and Moravia[edit]

Portrait Name Lifespan Term began Term ended Political affiliation(s)
Emil Hácha.jpg Emil Hácha (1872-07-12)12 July 1872 – 27 June 1945(1945-06-27) (aged 72) 15 March 1939 5 May 1945
(since May 1944, officially represented by prime ministers)
National Partnership

Prime Ministers of Bohemia and Moravia[edit]

Portrait Name Lifespan Term began Term ended Political affiliation(s)
R. Beran.JPG Rudolf Beran
Acting Prime Minister
(1887-12-28)28 December 1887 – 23 April 1954(1954-04-23) (aged 66) 15 March 1939 27 April 1939 Party of National Unity
National Partnership
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1987-0210-504, Alois Elias.jpg Alois Eliáš (1890-09-29)29 September 1890 – 19 June 1942(1942-06-19) (aged 51) 27 April 1939 19 January 1942
(arrested on 27 September 1941)
National Partnership
Jaroslav Krejčí.jpg Jaroslav Krejčí (1892-06-27)27 June 1892 – 18 May 1956(1956-05-18) (aged 63) 19 January 1942
(acting since 28 September 1941)
19 January 1945 National Partnership
Richard Bienert.jpg Richard Bienert (1881-09-05)5 September 1881 – 2 February 1949(1949-02-02) (aged 67) 19 January 1945 5 May 1945
(arrested)
National Partnership

Reich Protectors of Bohemia and Moravia[edit]

Prior to the creation of the office of Reichsprotektor, Johannes Blaskowitz was "Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht in Bohemia and Moravia" during 15–18 March 1939.

Portrait Name Lifespan Term began Term ended Political affiliation(s)
Bundesarchiv N 1310 Bild-135, Konstantin von Neurath.jpg Konstantin von Neurath (1873-02-02)2 February 1873 – 14 August 1956(1956-08-14) (aged 83) 21 March 1939 24 August 1943 NSDAP
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1969-054-16, Reinhard Heydrich.jpg Reinhard Heydrich
Acting Reich Protector
(1904-03-07)7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942(1942-06-04) (aged 38) 29 September 1941 4 June 1942 NSDAP
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2007-1010-502, Kurt Daluege.jpg Kurt Daluege
Acting Reich Protector
(1897-09-15)15 September 1897 – 24 October 1946(1946-10-24) (aged 49) 5 June 1942 24 August 1943 NSDAP
Wilhelm Frick.jpg Wilhelm Frick (1877-03-12)12 March 1877 – 16 October 1946(1946-10-16) (aged 69) 24 August 1943 8 May 1945
(fled)
NSDAP

German State Minister for Bohemia and Moravia[edit]

At the eve of Wilhelm Frick's tenure, on 20 August 1943, the German State Ministry for Bohemia and Moravia was created, which assumed many powers of the Prime Minister and of the Reich Protector. Karl Hermann Frank, Higher SS and Police leader in Bohemia and Moravia and the former Secretary of State in the Office of Reich Protector since 1939, was the only German State Minister (with the title Staatsminister im Range eines Reichsministers) for Bohemia and Moravia, reducing the formerly important position of Reich Protector to a ceremonial role.[1]

Portrait Name Lifespan Term began Term ended Political affiliation(s)
Karl Hermann Frank RF-SS.jpg Karl Hermann Frank (1898-01-24)24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946(1946-05-22) (aged 48) 20 August 1943 8 May 1945
(fled)
NSDAP

Governmental Standards[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]