Reichsjugendführer

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National Youth Leader
Reichsjugendführer
HJ-Reichsjugendführer.svg
Reichsjugendführer gorget patch
Standarte Amtschef HJ.svg
Standard for the Reichsjugendführer
Nazi Party
StatusAbolished
AbbreviationRJF
Member of Hitler Youth
AppointerFührer of the NSDAP
Formation1931
First holderBaldur von Schirach
Final holderArtur Axmann
Abolished1945
Deputy Stabsführer

Reichsjugendführer ("National Youth Leader") was the highest paramilitary rank of the Hitler Youth.[1] In 1931, Hitler appointed Baldur von Schirach as the first Reich Youth Leader.[2] In 1933, all youth organizations were brought under Schirach's control.[3][4] Artur Axmann succeeded Schirach as national leader of the Hitler Youth on 8 August 1940.[5]

List[edit]

Reichsjugendführer Took office Left office Time in office
1
Baldur von Schirach
Schirach, BaldurBaldur von Schirach
(1907–1974)
30 October 19311 May 19408 years, 184 days
2
Artur Axmann
Axmann, ArturArtur Axmann
(1913–1996)
8 August 19408 May 19455 years, 7 days

Post-war[edit]

With the surrender of Nazi Germany, the Hitler Youth was disbanded by Allied authorities as part of the denazification process. Both Schirach and Axmann were condemned as war criminals by the leading Allies powers after the end of the Second World War in Europe, in particular for the role the two played in corrupting the minds of children.[6] Schirach was sentenced to 20 years in prison.[7] Axmann only received a 39-month prison sentence in May 1949.[8] Later, in 1958, a West Berlin court fined Axman 35,000 marks (approximately £3,000, or $8,300 USD), about half the value of his property in Berlin. The court found him guilty of indoctrinating German youth with National Socialism until the end of the war.[8]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McNab 2009, p. 15.
  2. ^ Zentner & Bedürftig 1991, pp. 431, 835.
  3. ^ Zentner & Bedürftig 1991, p. 431.
  4. ^ Kater 2004, pp. 48–59.
  5. ^ Hamilton 1984, pp. 247, 334.
  6. ^ Hamilton 1984, pp. 247, 335.
  7. ^ Rempel 1989, pp. 250–251.
  8. ^ a b Hamilton 1984, p. 248.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hamilton, Charles (1984). Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, Vol. 1. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-27-0.
  • Kater, Michael H. (2004). Hitler Youth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01496-0.
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.
  • Rempel, Gerhard (1989). Hitler's Children: The Hitler Youth and the SS. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0-8078-4299-7.
  • Zentner, Christian; Bedürftig, Friedemann (1991). The Encyclopedia of the Third Reich. (2 vols.) New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-897500-6.