Reid Highway

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Reid Highway
Western Australia
Reid Highway map.png
Map of Perth's central suburbs with Reid Highway highlighted in red
General information
Type Highway
Length 23.6 km (15 mi)
Opened 1980s
Route number(s) State Route 3
Major junctions
West end Marmion Avenue (State Route 71), North Beach
 
East end Roe Highway (National Highway 95 / State Route 3), Middle Swan
Location(s)
Major suburbs Balcatta, Mirrabooka, Malaga, Beechboro, Caversham
Highway system
Photograph of highway
View from Wanneroo Road, facing west

Reid Highway is a 23 kilometre east-west highway and partial freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking North Beach with Middle Swan. As part of State Route 3, it forms half of Perth's outer ring road along with Roe Highway, which it joins onto at its eastern terminus.

The highway has many variable speed limits and road conditions along its length, but is predominantly a four-lane dual carriageway with a 90 km/h speed limit. An 8 kilometre section, between Erindale Road and Tonkin Highway, is a continuous freeway. In conjunction with Tonkin Highway, it serves as an important arterial connection between Perth's coastal and eastern suburbs, industrial areas and Perth Airport.

History[edit]

Reid Highway was initially proposed in the late 1960s as the "North Perimeter Highway",[1] and a small two-lane section was built in early 1986 between Erindale Road and the-then newly extended Mitchell Freeway. In 1989 it was subsequently renamed "Reid Highway", in honour of former Western Australia Governor Gordon Reid.

The next section was built between Alexander Drive and Malaga Drive, and was opened on 6 September 1991.[2] A segment linking Malaga Drive to Tonkin Highway opened later that year, on 11 November 1991,[2] with further extensions west to Mirrabooka Avenue and east to Beechboro Road opening two months later, on 11 February 1992.[2]

The highway was further extended with the section between Mirrabooka Avenue and Wanneroo Road, which opened on 17 November 1994.[2] The highway was finally made continuous on 6 September 1996 with the opening of the Erindale Road–Wanneroo Road segment.[2] A short time later, it was extended eastwards to West Swan Road. This section, which opened on 25 November 1996, provided a connection to Great Northern Highway and Roe Highway via Middle Swan Road, an existing local road.[2]

In 2001, the highway was extended west from Mitchell Freeway to Marmion Avenue as a two-lane divided carriageway, which opened on 30 July.[2] This extension was highly controversial as it passes through the environmentally sensitive Carine wetlands and the Lake Carine region, which includes a vital turtle habitat. Concerns about environmental damage prompted construction delays, and slight alterations to the route.[citation needed]

Criticism[by whom?] of the quality and capacity of the highway has also been an issue. Reid Highway in Westminster (between Wanneroo Road and Mirrabooka Avenue) has no street lighting and has attracted both antisocial behaviour and a number of accidents.[citation needed] The stretch between Beechboro Road and West Swan Road has been similarly criticised,[by whom?] and the area east of the Mitchell Freeway was prone to heavy congestion due to its limited capacity as a two-lane single carriageway, before being upgraded to dual carriageway.

A four-lane dual carriageway extension of Reid Highway from West Swan Road to Great Northern Highway and Roe Highway was opened on 26 February 2010,[2][3] completing State Route 3 as a highway-grade ring road around Perth. The extension runs parallel to Middle Swan Road, which has been retained as a local access road. Middle Swan Road is of a relatively poor standard and capacity, and is viewed as a safety blackspot.

In 2011, the highway's traffic-light intersections at Alexander Drive and Mirrabooka Avenue were both upgraded to diamond interchanges, with bridges being constructed to carry highway traffic.[4][5] Along with the similarly grade-separated Wanneroo Road interchange, this completed an 8 kilometre section of grade-separated, free traffic flow between the industrial estates of Balcatta and Malaga.

The T junction at Lord Street has been upgraded to a traffic light controlled intersection, with four through lanes and improved turning lanes on Reid Highway.[6]

The RAC has lobbied for continued improvements to Reid Highway, calling for grade-separation at the Malaga Drive intersection, and to make the highway a dual carriageway for its entire length.[7] The WA State Government initially did not commit to further major upgrades, instead funding an upgrade to the turning lanes at the Malaga Drive intersection.[8] In December 2012, the State Government announced that the Malaga Drive intersection would be grade separated by 2014-15, with work commencing in 2013-14.[9][10][11] The project uses the same diamond interchange design that was constructed at Alexander Drive and Mirrabooka Avenue in 2011.[9]

Works were completed in 2016 to upgrade the Mitchell Freeway diamond interchange to dual carriageway with a second overpass bridge, extra turning lanes, and a new looped freeway ramp.[12][13] The project aims to lower congestion, and reduce the volume of traffic using local roads to avoid the interchange.[12][13] The works also included upgrading the Duffy Road intersection to traffic light control, and widening of the highway to the west of Duffy Road.[9]

Future works[edit]

The intersection with Tonkin Highway will be upgraded as part of the NorthLink WA project to a cloverstack interchange, with the new Perth Darwin National Highway being built heading north from the interchange. Construction will start early 2017 and will be finished by mid 2019.[14] As part of these works, access to Beechboro Road North will be removed, and a flyover built, along with Reid Highway becoming dual carriageway from Malaga Drive to Altone Road.[15]

Route description[edit]

View eastbound from Marmion Avenue

Reid Highway runs between Marmion Avenue, North Beach, and Great Northern Highway, Middle Swan, where it becomes Roe Highway. West of Marmion Avenue, the highway becomes North Beach Road (West).

Beginning at an intersection with Marmion Avenue, the highway extends Eastwards to Mitchell Freeway with at-grade intersections into North Beach Road, Everingham Street, Okely Road and Duffy Road. The Mitchell Freeway interchange is a diamond interchange consisting of dual 2-lane bridges over the freeway and railway line with parclo cloverleafs connecting Westbound to Northbound and West and Eastbound to Southbound. The interchange also has connection to Balcatta Road, similar to the Great Eastern Highway/Brearley Avenue Interchange. As the interchange is built on a reservation with the capacity to be expanded into a full freeway to freeway interchange, this connection is likely to be removed when this occurs. Further on from the Mitchell/Reid Interchange, there is an at-grade intersection with Erindale Road. This intersection marks the western terminus of the freeway grade section of Reid Highway, with a diamond interchange at Wanneroo Road, with Wanneroo over Reid and diamond interchanges at Mirrabooka Avenue, Alexander Drive and Malaga Drive, all with the Highway over the top of the minor roads. The Tonkin Highway intersection is unusual in that Tonkin Highway, which continues as Reid Highway west of the intersection, is the continuous section of the T junction. This allows those following the road from the West to continue down Tonkin Highway Southbound, along with Tonkin Northbound continuing into Reid Westbound, with those wishing to follow Reid Highway from any direction having to make a direct turn to continue either East or Westbound. Following this intersection, the road promptly becomes single carriageway and continues through the traffic light controlled intersections of Beechboro Road North, Altone Road, Lord Street/Davot Road, West Swan Road and Great Northern Highway. In between West Swan Road and Great Northern Highway there is access to Middle Swan Road through two LILO T junctions that are connected by an underpass. These LILO intersections are signposted as "temporary access". Alternative access will be required in the future, as Reid Highway is planned to be upgraded to a six lane freeway.[16] Great Northern Highway is the East terminus of the Highway where it continues East as Roe Highway, which in turn links to Kwinana Freeway, forming a Ring Road around Perth.

Interchanges and intersections[edit]

The entire highway is located in the Perth Metropolitan Region.

LGA Location km mi Destinations Notes
Stirling Carine, Karrinyup, North Beach, Watermans Bay 0 0.0 Marmion Avenue (State Route 71) – Hillarys, Scarborough Highway terminus: continues west as North Beach Road
Carine, Karrinyup 0.3 0.19 North Beach Road (east) – Carine, Karrinyup T junction (south)
Carine 0.8 0.50 Everingham Street – Carine T junction
1.3 0.81 Okely Road – Carine, Duncraig Traffic light controlled T junction
2.0 1.2 Duffy Road (north) – Carine T junction
2.2 1.4 Duffy Road (south) – Gwelup Traffic light controlled T junction
Carine, Hamersley, Balcatta 2.8–
3.2
1.7–
2.0
Mitchell Freeway (State Route 2) northbound ramps – Joondalup Modified diamond interchange (Mitchell Freeway free flowing) with freeway entrance ramps looped. Traffic lights at each intersection.
Mitchell Freeway (State Route 2) southbound ramps (north) / Balcatta Road (south) – Perth, Balcatta
Balcatta, Hamersley 4.2 2.6 Erindale Road (State Route 77) – Perth City (via Mitchell Freeway), Balcatta, Warwick
Balcatta, Balga, Hamersley, Westminster 5.5 3.4 Wanneroo Road (State Route 60) – Perth, Wanneroo Diamond interchange
Balga, Mirrabooka, Westminster 8.2 5.1 Mirrabooka Avenue – Mirrabooka, Nollamara Diamond interchange
Stirling, Swan Dianella, Mirrabooka, Malaga, Noranda 10.4 6.5 Alexander Drive (State Route 56) – Dianella, Malaga Diamond interchange
Swan Malaga, Noranda 11.1 6.9 Malaga Drive – Malaga, Noranda Diamond interchange
Beechboro, Malaga, Noranda 13.0 8.1 Tonkin Highway (State Route 4)  – Morley, Perth Airport Reid Highway eastbound continues south as Tonkin Highway, Reid Highway westbound intersects at a traffic light controlled T Junction
Beechboro 13.9 8.6 Beechboro Road North (State Route 53)Beechboro, Morley, Whiteman Park
15.9 9.9 Altone Road – Beechboro
Caversham, West Swan 18.1–
18.2
11.2–
11.3
Bennett Brook Bridge
18.8 11.7 Lord Street (north) / Daviot Road (south) – Ellenbrook, Whiteman Park
20.6 12.8 West Swan Road (State Route 52 / Tourist Drive 203) – Guildford, Upper Swan, Swan Valley
21.9–
22.1
13.6–
13.7
Middle Swan Road (north) / Harris Road (south) – Caversham, Bandyup Women's Prison Temporary access via staggered LILO T junctions
Caversham, Middle Swan, West Swan 23.0–
23.3
14.3–
14.5
Whiteman Bridge (over Swan River)
Middle Swan 23.4 14.5 Yule Avenue – Saint Mary's Church
23.7 14.7 Great Northern Highway (National Highway 95 north / National Route 1 / Tourist Drive 203) – Midland, Moora, Geraldton, Meekatharra Highway terminus: continues east as Roe Highway (National Highway 95 / State Route 3)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maunsell & Partners; Stirling (W.A. : Municipality). Council (1986), North Perimeter Highway : Mitchell Freeway to Marmion Avenue : impact study report, Maunsell & Partners, retrieved 3 October 2014 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Major Metropolitan Road Network Changes" (PDF). Major Network Changes. Main Roads Western Australia. 20 April 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Reid Highway Extension, Main Roads Western Australia
  4. ^ Mirrabooka Ave overpass, Main Roads Western Australia
  5. ^ Reid Highway Overpass, Main Roads Western Australia
  6. ^ Frank, Caroline (16 May 2012). "Lights for Lord St blackspot". Community Newspaper Group. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "State Budget Submission 2012/13" (PDF). Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia. February 2012. p. 12. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Green light to end red-light frustration". Community Newspaper Group. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c "State Govt’s $500m northern suburbs roads package". Ministerial Media Statements. Government of Western Australia. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Mullany, Ashlee (1 December 2012). "$500 million roads fix favours northern suburbs". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Price, Margaret (6 December 2012). "Freeway ‘blow out’ fears". Joondalup Weekender. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Upgrade for Mitchell Fwy/Reid Hwy interchange". Ministerial Media Statements. Government of Western Australia. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Lette, Erienne (12 October 2012). "Notorious intersection to be upgraded". Stirling Times. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "Central: Reid Highway - Ellenbrook". Main Roads Western Australia. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Central: Reid Hwy - Ellenbrook". project.mainroads.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-06-12. 
  16. ^ "Information Sheet 2" (PDF). Reid Highway Extension. Main Roads Western Australia. November 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
Notes

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata