Reid Hoffman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Reid Hoffman
Reid Hoffman in SF 2011.jpg
Hoffman in 2011
Reid Garrett Hoffman

(1967-08-05) August 5, 1967 (age 55)
EducationStanford University (BS 1990)
University of Oxford (MSt 1993)
Occupation(s)Executive Chairman, LinkedIn
VC Partner at Greylock
Board member at Microsoft
Michelle Yee
(m. 2004)

Reid Garrett Hoffman[1] (born August 5, 1967) is an American internet entrepreneur, venture capitalist, podcaster, and author. Hoffman was the co-founder and executive chairman of LinkedIn, a business-oriented social network used primarily for professional networking. He is currently a partner at the venture capital firm Greylock Partners and a co-founder of Inflection AI.[2] On the Forbes 2021 list of the world's billionaires, Hoffman was ranked #1580 with a net worth of US$2.4 billion.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

His paternal great-great-great-grandfather was Theophilus Adam Wylie, a Christian Presbyterian minister and Indiana University president pro tempore.[4][5][6] Hoffman's uncle Eric Hoffman is a writer.[7][8]

Hoffman described himself an avid tabletop roleplaying gamer as a child.[9] His first paid job (at age 12) was as an editor at the game company Chaosium, then based in Oakland near his home.[10] Although he was only 14 years old at the time, Hoffman's name was featured on the box of Chaosium's RuneQuest role-playing game release Borderlands (1982), receiving equal billing with game designers Steve Perrin, Sandy Petersen and Greg Stafford.[11]

Hoffman attended high school at The Putney School,[12] where he farmed maple syrup, drove oxen and studied epistemology.[13] He graduated from Stanford University in 1990, where he won both a Marshall Scholarship and a Dinkelspiel Award, with a Bachelor of Science in Symbolic Systems and Cognitive Science.[14] He went on to earn an Master of Studies in Philosophy from Wolfson College, Oxford in 1993 as a Marshall Scholar.


Early years[edit]

While in college, according to Hoffman, he formed a conviction that he wanted to try to influence the state of the world on a large scale.[13] He saw academia as an opportunity to make an "impact," but later realized that the business world would provide him with a larger platform. "When I graduated from Stanford my plan was to become a professor and public intellectual. That is not about quoting Kant. It's about holding up a lens to society and asking 'who are we?' and 'who should we be, as individuals and a society?' But I realized academics write books that 50 or 60 people read and I wanted more impact."[15]

With that in mind, Hoffman pursued a career in business and entrepreneurship. His first job was an internship at Inglenook, a winery in Napa Valley.[16] He later joined Apple Computer in 1994, where he worked on eWorld, an early attempt at building an online service. AOL acquired eWorld in 1996.[17] He later worked at Fujitsu before co-founding his first company – in 1997. It focused "on online dating and matching up people with similar interests, like golfers who were looking for partners in their neighborhood."[18] Peter Thiel has said was "literally an idea before its time. It was a social network 7 or 8 years before that became a trend.".[17] Philosophy still greatly influences Hoffman's worldview as he wrote the foreword to the book, The Entrepreneurs Weekly Nietzsche which came out in May 2021[19] and laid out why he believes that a fundamental understanding of philosophy can be a powerful tool for entrepreneurship in an episode of the Greymatter podcast called "The Philosopher Entrepreneur".[20]



While at SocialNet, Hoffman was a member of the board of directors during the founding of PayPal, an electronic money transmission service. In January 2000, he left SocialNet and joined PayPal full-time as the company's COO.[18] Allen Blue, whom Hoffman hired at PayPal, said that "PayPal had to scratch and claw for every advantage it had, and Reid became an expert at competing effectively in an extremely competitive environment."[17] Hoffman was responsible for all external relationships for PayPal, including payments infrastructure (Visa, Mastercard, ACH, Wells Fargo), business development (eBay, Intuit, and others), government (regulatory, judicial), and legal. Peter Thiel, Hoffman's boss at PayPal, has said that Hoffman "was the firefighter-in-chief at PayPal. Though that diminishes his role because there were many, many fires."[18][21] At the time of PayPal's acquisition by eBay for $1.5B in 2002, he was executive vice president of PayPal.


Hoffman speaks at an event.

Hoffman co-founded LinkedIn in December 2002 with two former colleagues from SocialNet (including Allen Blue), from his time at Fujitsu.[13] It launched on May 5, 2003, as one of the first business-oriented online social networks.[22] Peter Thiel, a colleague of Hoffman's at PayPal, invested in LinkedIn.[13] By November 2014, LinkedIn had over 332 million members in more than 200 countries and territories and now has nearly 800 million members.[22] The site allows registered users to create professional profiles and connect with each other. Users can invite anyone (whether a site user or not) to become a connection. According to Forbes, "LinkedIn is, far and away, the most advantageous social networking tool available to job seekers and business professionals today."[23]

Hoffman was LinkedIn's founding CEO for the first four years before becoming chairman and president of products in February 2007. He became executive chairman in June 2009.[24] With the IPO of LinkedIn on May 19, 2011, Hoffman owns a stake worth an estimated $2.34 billion, not including any potential benefits from Greylock Partners, where he was named a partner in 2009.[25] Hoffman believes that many people still do not know how to use its service and it is LinkedIn's job to help them out. In an interview, Hoffman said that "you have to think proactively about how to use a tool that enables your ability to move in ways that you weren't able to move before, and most of people are not very good at that".[26]

Microsoft proposed to acquire LinkedIn on June 13, 2016 for $26.2 billion in cash.[27] Hoffman became a Microsoft board member on March 14, 2017.[28]

Inflection AI[edit]

In March 2022, it was announced that Hoffman was co-founding a new startup, Inflection AI, with his long-time friend and Greylock colleague, Mustafa Suleyman, the co-founder of DeepMind. CNBC reported that "Headquartered in Silicon Valley, Inflection will aim to develop AI software products that make it easier for humans to communicate with computers."[2]


After the PayPal sale to eBay, Hoffman became one of Silicon Valley's most prolific and successful angel investors. According to venture capitalist David Sze, Hoffman "is arguably the most successful angel investor in the past decade."[29] Dave Goldberg, former CEO of SurveyMonkey, said that Hoffman "is the person you want to talk to when you are starting a company."[17] In 2010 Hoffman joined Greylock Partners and made his first, early investment in AirBNB.[30] His areas of focus at Greylock include consumer and services, enterprise software, consumer Internet, enterprise 2.0, mobile, social gaming, online marketplaces, payments, and social networks.[31]

In 2020, Greylock, the venture capital firm where Hoffman is a partner, created an ongoing partnership with Management Leadership for Tomorrow (MLT) to get more Black, Latino and Indigenous people into tech startups. As part of this partnership. Greylock’s partners also donated $5 million to anchor MLT’s first-ever impact fund, which allows MLT to participate as a limited partner in Greylock’s latest $1 billion fund.[32]

According to David Kirkpatrick's book The Facebook Effect, Hoffman arranged the first meeting between Mark Zuckerberg and Peter Thiel, which led to Thiel's initial $500,000 angel investment in Facebook. Hoffman invested alongside Thiel in Facebook's first financing round.[33][34]

Hoffman's current venture capital investments include Aurora, Blockstream, Coda, Convoy, Entrepreneur First, Joby Aviation, Nauto, Neeva, Nuro, Taptap Send[35] and Helion Energy.[36]

Past investments include 3DSolve, Airbnb,, Digg, Edmodo, Flickr, Gixo, IronPort, Knewton, Kongregate,, Nanosolar, One Kings Lane, Permuto,, Shopkick, SixApart, thesixtyone, Swipely, Tagged, Technetto, TrialPay, Vendio, VigLink, Viki, Wikia, Wrapp, and Xapo.[37][38] He served on Zynga's board of directors from March 2008 to June 2014 and currently serves on several public boards including Aurora, Joby Aviation and Microsoft.

Hoffman is arguably one of the most important investors for the future of transportation, making investments in Aurora (autonomous trucking), Convoy (trucking logistics marketplace), Nauto (AI software for driver safety), Nuro (autonomous, zero-occupant delivery vehicles for goods) and Joby Aviation (electric, aerial ride-sharing) among others.[39][40]


An early advocate for cryptocurrency, Hoffman led the 2014 Series A financing round in Xapo, a company that created a combination between a bitcoin vault and a bitcoin wallet and was an early supporter of Celo, an open platform that makes financial tools accessible to anyone with a mobile phone.[41][42] In 2015, he wrote an article in WiredUK evangelizing for why the blockchain matters.[43]


Hoffman teaches the free Stanford University class, "Blitzscaling".[44][45]

Public intellectual work[edit]

Hoffman (back left) serves as a member of the US Defense Innovation Board.


Hoffman has spoken at the XPrize Foundation's conference, the TED conference in Long Beach in 2012, and Fast Forward's Accelerate Good Global in 2020. He is a frequent lecturer at Stanford University, Oxford University, Harvard University, the MIT Media Lab, and others. He has appeared on The Charlie Rose Show, Fareed Zakaria's Global Public Square on CNN and other current affairs television programs.

In 2021, he appeared at TechCrunch Disrupt in September to talk about blitzscaling and Greylock's new $500 million seed fund among other things,[46] at the Bloomberg Equality Summit in October to talk about the important of diversity in tech[47] and at the Knight Foundation Symposium Lessons from the First Internet Ages in November to discuss what we've learned from web 1.0 and 2.0.[48]

The Start-Up of You[edit]

Hoffman is co-author, with Ben Casnocha, of the career book The Start-Up of You: Adapt to the Future, Invest in Yourself, and Transform your Career.[13]

The book was released in the United States on February 14, 2012. It argues that individuals should think of themselves as businesses-of-one – the "CEO of their own career" – and draws many parallels between lessons learned from the stories of successful Silicon Valley technology companies and an individual's career.[49]

Publishers Weekly reviewed the book positively, saying, "with plenty of valuable guidance relevant to any career stage, this book will help readers not only survive professionally in times of uncertainty but stand out from the pack and flourish."[50] The Economist said that "Hoffman and Casnocha make a number of astute observations about shifts in the world of work."[51]

As of September 2012 it had sold more than 100,000 copies.[52] It became both a New York Times and Wall Street Journal bestseller.[53][54] Business Insider republished visual summaries of The Start-Up of You, which have received over 13 million views.[55]

The Alliance[edit]

Hoffman is co-author, with Ben Casnocha and Chris Yeh, of the management book The Alliance: Managing Talent in the Networked Age.[56]

The book was released in the United States on July 8, 2014. It argues that previous career models of lifetime employment and free agency no longer work in a business world defined by continuous change. Instead, it proposes that employers and employees should think of each other as "allies" and move from a transactional approach to employment to a "relational" one. It proposes a new framework for managers and employers to organize their work, described as "tours of duty." Further, it argues why managers should encourage their employees to gather "network intelligence" and why companies and managers should maintain a lifelong relationship with former employees via a corporate alumni network.[57]

The book became a New York Times bestseller.[58] Arianna Huffington named The Alliance "the must-read book of the summer" in 2014.[59]

Masters of Scale[edit]

On April 25, 2017, Reid Hoffman announced the launch of a new podcast called "Masters of Scale." In each episode, Reid acts as the host, introducing a counterintuitive business theory and proving it out through the episode through a series of conversations with successful entrepreneurs. Masters of Scale is committed to a 50-50 gender balance.[60] The official podcast launched on May 5, 2017, on the Entrepreneur Magazine website but is now hosted at Masters of Scale Episodes so far feature guests such as Mark Cuban, Sir Richard Branson, Beth Ford (CEO of Land O'Lakes), Jessica Alba, Sheila Lirio Marcelo (, Ray Dalio, Brian Chesky (AirBNB), Tory Burch, John Elkann, Tyra Banks, Daymond John (FUBU, Shark Tank), Stacy Brown-Philpot, Sheryl Sandberg, Stewart Butterfield (Slack), Mark Zuckerberg, Shellye Archambeau, Diane Greene, Indra Nooyi (former CEO Pepsi), Sara Blakely (Spanx), Robert Reffkin (Compass), Robert F. Smith (investor) and Barack Obama.


Hoffman is co-author, with Chris Yeh, of the book Blitzscaling: The Lightning-Fast Path to Building Massively Valuable Companies.[61] The book was released in the United States on October 9, 2018. It argues that the secret to starting and scaling massively valuable companies is “blitzscaling”, a set of techniques for “scaling up at a dizzying pace that blows competitors out of the water.”[62]

Blitzscaling isn't simply a matter of rapid growth. Every company is obsessed with growth. In any industry, you live and die by the numbers—user acquisition, margins, growth rate, and so on. Yet growth alone is not blitzscaling. Rather, blitzscaling is prioritizing speed over efficiency in the face of uncertainty.[63]

Honors and awards[edit]

  • In 2022, Reid delivered the commencement address at Vanderbilt University and received Vanderbilt's Nichols-Chancellor's Medal.[64][65][66]
  • In 2017 he was appointed an Honorary Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE), "For services to promoting UK business and social networking and the Marshall Scholarship scheme".[67]
  • In September 2014, the American Academy of Achievement awarded Hoffman with the annual Golden Plate award, which honors accomplished individuals "for significant achievement in their fields."[68]
  • In April 2014, President Barack Obama named Hoffman as a Presidential Ambassador for Global Entrepreneurship "to help develop the next generation of entrepreneurs."[69]
  • In April 2014, Hoffman received the Distinguished Citizen Award from the Commonwealth Club.[70]
  • In May 2012, Hoffman was ranked third on the Forbes Midas List of the top tech investors.[71] Forbes described Hoffman as "Silicon Valley's uber-investor" and said Hoffman "has had a hand in creating nearly every lucrative social media startup."[71]
  • In 2012, The Martin Luther King Jr. Center honored Hoffman with their "Salute to Greatness" award which "recognizes individuals and corporations or organizations that exemplify excellence in leadership and a commitment to social responsibility in the spirit of Martin Luther King, Jr."[72]
  • In 2012, Newsweek and The Daily Beast released their first "Digital Power Index," a list of the 100 most significant people in the digital world that year (plus 10 additional "Lifetime Achievement" winners), and Hoffman was ranked No. 3 in the "Angels" category.[73]
  • In 2012, Hoffman, along with Salman Khan of Khan Academy, was honored by the World Affairs Council and Global Philanthropy Forum in 2012. The council recognizes and honors remarkable leaders who have effected and will continue to effect social change through their private enterprise and social action. The awards in 2012 were dedicated to celebrating Technology for Social Impact.[74]
  • Hoffman was awarded the 2012 David Packard Medal of Achievement Award by TechAmerica for his contributions and advances within the high-tech industry, his community, and humankind.[75]
  • Hoffman received an Honorary Doctor of Laws from Babson in 2012.[76]
  • In 2011, Hoffman and Jeff Weiner of LinkedIn shared the EY U.S. Entrepreneur of the Year Award.[77]
  • In 2010, Hoffman was named No. 17 on Fast Company's list of the 100 Most Creative People in Business.[78]

Personal life[edit]

In 2004, Hoffman married Michelle Yee.[79] The couple resides in Seattle, Washington.


Jeff Weiner, LinkedIn's CEO, has said that "Reid's true north is making a positive and lasting impact on the world, in a very profound way."[17] Hoffman currently serves on the boards of (peer-peer microlending pioneer that allows people to lend money via the internet to low-income/underserved entrepreneurs and students), Endeavor Global (an organization that finds and supports high-impact entrepreneurs in emerging markets), and New America (a think tank that focuses on a range of public policy issues, including national security, technology, health, gender, education, and the economy). Hoffman also serves on the advisory council of the MIT Media Lab and is a supporter and chair of the advisory board for QuestBridge (a provider of talented low-income students to top colleges/universities).[80] Hoffman was also the first major funder of Crisis Text Line, a free, 24/7 crisis service via SMS in the US.[81]

In 2013, Hoffman provided a $250,000 matching grant to Code for America.[82] In July 2016, Hoffman funded the $250,000 cash-prize MIT Media Lab MIT Disobedience Award,[83][84] an award created by Hoffman and Joi Ito to honor and recognize acts of disobedience resulting in positive social impact.[85] In November 2016, Hoffman and his wife, Michelle Yee, donated $20 million to the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, a charity dedicated to eradicating disease by 2100. Hoffman and Yee's donation was for the Biohub, the Initiative's San Francisco laboratory. Hoffman also joined the board of the Biohub project.[86] In May 2018, Hoffman and Yee joined the Giving Pledge, "a global effort to help address society’s most pressing problems by encouraging the wealthiest individuals and families to give the majority of their wealth to philanthropic causes."[87]

Hoffman is also a long-time supporter of Second Harvest of Silicon Valley and in 2021, in response to the massive increased need due to the pandemic, offered to match any donations to the food bank, up to $2million[88]

AI and AI Ethics[edit]

Hoffman is included in many efforts around the future AI and is one of the financial backers of OpenAI, a non-profit company aimed at the safe development of artificial general intelligence as well as the Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence Fund, a joint venture between the MIT Media Lab and the Berkman Klein Centre for Internet and Society at Harvard University .[89][90] He is also on the Board of HAI (Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence) at Stanford University whose mission is to "advance AI research, education, policy and practice to improve the human condition"[91][92] and launched the Hoffman-Yee Research Grants to "fund interdisciplinary teams with research spanning HAI’s key areas of focus: understanding the human and societal impact of AI, augmenting human capabilities, and developing AI technologies inspired by human intelligence".[93] In 2018 Hoffman made a gift of to the University of Toronto's iSchool to endow a chair "to study how the new era of artificial intelligence (AI) will affect our lives.".[94] Hoffman has also mentioned many times that one must have Spiderman ethics as a tech leader - "With great power, comes great responsibility."[95]

Diversity and Inclusion[edit]

To increase diversity and inclusion in the start-up ecosystem Hoffman is a donor and advocate for HimforHer, which aims to accelerate diversity on corporate boards[96] and All Raise, whose goal is to create a tech culture where women are leading, shaping, and funding the future.[97] He’s also the founding donor and long-time board member at Opportunity@Work, an organization that seeks to eliminate the opportunity gap and provide millions of highly skilled but under-credentialed Americans (often from marginalized, rural and racially diverse backgrounds) better pathways to higher-paying jobs and careers.[98] On the hot button issue of the death penalty, Hoffman has also argued for its abolishment on moral grounds and because of racial biases and other instances of unequally applied justice.[99] Hoffman is also a strong supporter of Shaka Senghor, the writer, mentor, and motivational speaker whose story of redemption after he was sent to jail for murder has inspired many to become more involved with criminal justice reform.[100][101]


Since 2011 Hoffman is a member of the Bilderberg Group, which gathers 120-150 North American and European "political leaders and experts from industry, finance, academia and the media"[102] for an annual invitation-only closed-door conference. Since then he has attended every year with the exception of 2013.[103][104] Hoffman is also listed as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, to which he was elected in 2015.[105][106]

In April 2013, a pro-immigration lobbying group called was launched, with Reid Hoffman listed as one of the founders.[107] In 2014, Hoffman donated $150,000 to the Mayday PAC.[108] Also in 2014, Hoffman contributed $500,000 toward David Chiu's State Assembly campaign by funding an independent expenditure committee devoted to negative campaigning against his opponent: San Franciscans to Hold Campos Accountable — Vote No for Campos for State Assembly 2014.[109]

In 2016, Hoffman contributed $220,000 in support of Democratic candidate for Vermont governor Matt Dunne, according to a mass-media disclosure filed at the Vermont Secretary of State's Office.[110]

In 2016, Hoffman created a card game modeled after Cards Against Humanity intended to poke fun at US presidential candidate Donald Trump.[111] In December 2018, the New York Times broke a story alleging that Hoffman had "put $100,000 into an experiment that adopted Russia-inspired political disinformation tactics on Facebook" during the 2017 special Senate race in Alabama, which allegedly targeted Roy Moore voters. Hoffman did not immediately respond.[112] He apologized later that month, also stating he was unaware what the non-profit—Washington, D.C., based American Engagement Technologies, or AET—had been doing.[113]

In 2018, Hoffman helped fund Alloy, a company founded to legally exchange data with affiliated Democrat groups like super PACs. Hoffman supplied half of the 35 million dollars to start it.[114] The company shut down in 2021 after failing to live up to its promise.[115]

Hoffman has been an outspoken proponent of democratic institutions and voting rights and in 2021 published a piece on LinkedIn entitled Protecting Voting Rights: Good for America, Good for American Business. In this piece he discusses how "former American Express CEO Kenneth Chenault and Merck CEO Kenneth Frazier led corporate America to take an active role in this situation, by explicitly advocating for the rights of all American citizens to make their voices heard through the core democratic act of voting.".[116] In 2020, Hoffman also penned a piece that argued for making Voting Day a holiday.[117]

Hoffman gave at least $500,000 to the Mainstream Democrats super PAC, which was founded in February 2022 and has since spent more than $1 million supporting the campaigns of moderate Democrats Henry Cuellar and Kurt Schrader.[118][119][120][121][122]


  1. ^ Reid Garrett Hoffman. Quora. Retrieved on October 23, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Shead, Sam (March 8, 2022). "Reid Hoffman has co-founded his first new company since LinkedIn sale". CNBC. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  3. ^ "Reid Hoffman". Forbes.
  4. ^ Louise Wylie Hoffman. (October 15, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-10-23.
  5. ^ "William Hoffman's Obituary on Mercury News". Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  6. ^ Wylie House Museum. (November 16, 2010). Retrieved on 2013-10-23.
  7. ^ "Eric Hoffman, Santa Cruz County Stories: Bonny Doon writer has lived life of adventure at home and away - Santa Cruz Sentinel". Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  8. ^ Crier, Los Altos Town. "Louise Wylie Hoffman".
  9. ^ "Reid Hoffman – Founder of LinkedIn".
  10. ^ "A King of Connections Is Tech's Go-To Guy". The New York Times. November 6, 2011.
  11. ^ "Billionaire Linked In Founder's first paid gig was as a 12 year old game developer at my company". June 15, 2016.
  12. ^ Lacter, Mark (May 2009). "Reid Hoffman LinkedIn". Inc. 31 (4): 83.
  13. ^ a b c d e The Start-Up of You: Adapt to the Future, Invest in Yourself, and Transform your Career. New York: Crown Business. 2012. ISBN 978-0307888907.
  14. ^ Reid G. Hoffman: Chairman and Co-Founder, LinkedIn Corporation. Bloomberg Business.
  15. ^ Cree, Richard (July 2009). "Well connected". Director Magazine.
  16. ^ "The Brain Behind LinkedIn". Korn Ferry. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Reid Hoffman Revealed: Bloomberg Gamechangers". Bloomberg Television. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  18. ^ a b c Rusli, Evelyn (November 5, 2011). "A King of Connections Is Tech's Go–To Guy". The New York Times. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  19. ^ "A Foreword for Disruptors". Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  20. ^ Hoffman, Reid (July 20, 2021). "The Philosopher- Entrepreneur". Greylock. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  21. ^ "Reid Hoffman Biography and Interview". American Academy of Achievement.
  22. ^ a b "LinkedIn: About". LinkedIn. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  23. ^ "Your LinkedIn Intervention: 5 Changes You Must Make". Forbes. July 6, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  24. ^ "LinkedIn: Reid Hoffman". Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  25. ^ Levy, Ari (May 19, 2011). "LinkedIn's Biggest Backers Will Own $2.5 Billion Stake After Initial Sale". Bloomberg.
  26. ^ "Fireside Chat With Reid Hoffman". August 2012. Archived from the original on October 31, 2021.
  27. ^ "Microsoft to buy LinkedIn for $26.2 billion; LNKD shares jump 47%". CNBC. June 13, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  28. ^ "LinkedIn Co-founder Reid Hoffman Just Joined Microsoft's Board". Fortune. March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  29. ^ TechCrunch – The latest technology news and information on startups. Retrieved on October 23, 2013.
  30. ^ Greylock Gives Super Angel-Turned-VC Reid Hoffman A $20 Million Seed Fund. TechCrunch (September 27, 2010). Retrieved on 2013-10-23.
  31. ^ "Endeavor's Board of Directors: Reid Hoffman". Endeavor Global. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  32. ^ "Greylock and MLT are trying to diversify tech's wealth cycle". TechCrunch. September 29, 2020. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  33. ^ The Facebook Effect: The Inside Story of the Company That Is Connecting the World: David Kirkpatrick: 9781439102114. Retrieved on October 23, 2013.
  34. ^ Meet Facebook's (Soon-To-Be) Billionaires. Business Insider (May 13, 2010). Retrieved on 2013-10-23.
  35. ^ "Taptap Send raises $65M to build cross-border remittances focused on the most underserved markets". TechCrunch. December 20, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  36. ^ "Who we are". Helion Energy. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  37. ^ "Reid Hoffman". Greylock Partners. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  38. ^ "Reid Hoffman: Partner". Greylock Partners. Greylock Partners. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  39. ^ "Reid Hoffman Is Bullish on the Future of Transportation". Bloomberg. October 13, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  40. ^ "Reid Hoffman". Greylock. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  41. ^ "About Celo: Learn more about Celo's team". Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  42. ^ Greylock (May 31, 2016). "Our Investment in Xapo". Medium. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  43. ^ "Reid Hoffman: Why the blockchain matters". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  44. ^ Lachance Shandrow, Kim (September 14, 2015). "How to Apply For Reid Hoffman's Stanford Class on Successfully Scaling Your Startup". Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  45. ^ Townsend, Tess (July 20, 2021). "Reid Hoffman: The First Three Stages of Blitzscaling". Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  46. ^ "Reid Hoffman on the evolution of 'blitzscaling' amid the pandemic". TechCrunch. October 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  47. ^ "Reid Hoffman on Diversifying Tech". Bloomberg. October 26, 2021. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  48. ^ "Lessons From the First Internet Ages". Knight Foundation. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  49. ^ "LinkedIn co-founder on "The Start-Up of You"". CBS News.
  50. ^ "Nonfiction Review: The Start-Up of You: Adapt to the Future, Invest in Yourself, and Transform Your Career". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  51. ^ "Becoming a social worker: What finding jobs and founding businesses have in common". The Economist. April 7, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  52. ^ Takahashi, Dean. "Crunchfund founder quizzes Reid Hoffman about what it's like to be 'ridiculously wealthy'". VentureBeat. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  53. ^ Cowles, Gregory. "Best Sellers – The New York Times". New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  54. ^ "Best-Selling Books, Week Ended February 19". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  55. ^ "Business Insider: Reid Hoffman". Business Insider. Business Insider. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  56. ^ Hoffman, Reid (2014). The Alliance: Managing Talent in the Networked Age. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press. ISBN 978-1625275776.
  57. ^ "The Alliance". The Alliance. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  58. ^ "New York Times: Best Sellers August 3, 2014". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  59. ^ Huffington, Arianna (July 10, 2014). "The Alliance: The Must-Read Book of the Summer That Could Change the Way We Work". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  60. ^ "Masters of Scale — WaitWhat". WaitWhat. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  61. ^ Reid, Hoffman; Yeh, Chris (2018). Blitzscaling : the lightning-fast path to building multi-billion-dollar scaleups (First ed.). New York. ISBN 9781524761417. OCLC 1019843447.
  62. ^ "Blitzscaling: The Lightning-Fast Path to Building Massively Valuable Companies". Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  63. ^ Hoffman, Reid; Yeh, Chris Yeh (October 9, 2018). "THE TYPES OF SCALING". Blitzscaling: The Lightning-Fast Path to Building Massively Valuable Companies. Crown. ISBN 978-1-5247-6142-4.
  64. ^ "Reid Hoffman, entrepreneur, investor and co-founder of LinkedIn, to deliver 2022 Graduates Day address". Vanderbilt University. November 18, 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
  65. ^ Class of 2022 | Graduates Day, retrieved May 13, 2022
  66. ^ "Entrepreneur Reid Hoffman tells Vanderbilt Class of 2022 that cultivating close friendships 'may be your life's most important work'".
  67. ^ "The most excellent order of the British Empire: CBE" (PDF). 2017. For services to promoting UK business and social networking and the Marshall Scholarship scheme
  68. ^ "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". American Academy of Achievement.
  69. ^ "U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker Announces Inaugural Members of the Presidential Ambassadors for Global Entrepreneurship Initiative". United States Department of Commerce. United States Department of Commerce. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  70. ^ "111th Anniversary & 26th Annual Distinguished Citizen Award Dinner". Commonwealth Club. Commonwealth Club. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  71. ^ a b "Reid Hoffman – Forbes". Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  72. ^ "King Center Announces Plans for 2012 MLK Holiday Observance | The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change". Retrieved November 10, 2015.
  73. ^ "The Newsweek Daily Beast Digital Power Index". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  74. ^ "2012 Awards Dinner Technology for Social Impact". World Affairs Council. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  75. ^ Foremski, Tom (October 10, 2012). "LinkedIn's Reid Hoffman Awarded David Packard Lifetime Achievement Medal". Silicon Valley Watcher. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  76. ^ "Honorary Degree Candidates and Speakers". Babson. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
  77. ^ "Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year". Ernst & Young. Archived from the original on July 5, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  78. ^ "The 100 Most Creative People in Business 2010". Fast Company. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  79. ^ Rowan, David. "For LinkedIn Founder Reid Hoffman, Relationships Rule the World". Wired. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
  80. ^ "Reid Hoffman: Biography". MIT Media Lab. MIT Media Lab. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  81. ^ "Melinda Gates, Steve Ballmer, Reid Hoffman Back Text-Based Counseling Service". June 15, 2016.
  82. ^ Nemani, Abhi (December 18, 2013). "Reid Hoffman Challenges Tech Community to Support Civic Innovation". Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  83. ^ Tousignant, Lauren (March 15, 2017). "MIT announces $250,000 reward for 'disobedience'". New York Post. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  84. ^ "#MeToo Leaders To Get MIT Disobedience Award". CBS Boston. November 27, 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  85. ^ Ito, Joi. "Rewarding Disobedience, by Joi Ito". MIT Media Lab. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  86. ^ McDermid, Riley (November 11, 2016). "LinkedIn's Reid Hoffman donates $20 million to Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, will join board – Silicon Valley Business Journal". Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  87. ^ "14 More Philanthropists Join the Giving Pledge". The Giving Pledge. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  88. ^ "Second Harvest of Silicon Valley".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  89. ^ "Artificial intelligence to learn religion, morality & ethics from new tech fund". Tech Monitor. January 11, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  90. ^ Priestly, Theo (December 11, 2015). "Elon Musk And Peter Thiel Launch OpenAI, A Non-Profit Artificial Intelligence Research Company". Forbes. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  91. ^ "Reid Hoffman". Stanford HAI. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  92. ^ "About". Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  93. ^ "Hoffman-Yee Research Grants". Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  94. ^ "Reid Hoffman makes record-breaking gift to the Faculty of Information". Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  95. ^ Hoffman, Reid (March 16, 2021). "Spiderman Ethics". Greylock. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  96. ^ "New Study from Him For Her and Crunchbase Finds Uptick in Gender Diversity Among Boardrooms of VC-Backed Private Companies". Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  97. ^ "Group seeking equality for women in tech raises $11 million". Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  98. ^ "Board of Directors". Opportunity@Work. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  99. ^ Hoffman, Reid (November 5, 2016). "The Death Penalty Can't Be Fixed. It Needs To Be Ended". Medium. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  100. ^ "Get To Know Shaka Senghor (5 Questions, Inspiring features Every Monday!)". September 2, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  101. ^ Costello, Paul (May 10, 2021). "Shaka Senghor: A voice for the incarcerated". Stanford Medicine (in Samoan). Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  102. ^ "About Bilderberg Meetings". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  103. ^ "Bilderberg Participant Lists". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  104. ^ "Latest Meetings". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  105. ^ "Membership Roster .pdf" (PDF). Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  106. ^ "Membership Roster – Letter H". Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  107. ^ "Our supporters". Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
  108. ^ "Our Top Sponsors". Archived from the original on August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
  109. ^ "Airbnb backers invest big on Chiu's campaign against Campos". October 14, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  110. ^ "Outside Groups Pump Money Into Vermont's Race For Governor". Vermont Public Radio. August 4, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  111. ^ "Silicon Valley is playing Cards Against Trump". USA Today. September 14, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  112. ^ Luke Stangel (December 21, 2018). "LinkedIn cofounder reportedly funded Russian-style influence campaign in Alabama race". Silicon Valley Business Journal. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
  113. ^ J. Jennings Moss (December 26, 2018). "Reid Hoffman apologizes for 'highly disturbing' campaign effort". Silicon Valley Business Journal. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  114. ^ "Inside the implosion of the $35 million startup meant to fix the Democratic Party". December 15, 2020. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  115. ^ "Silicon The $35 million play to fix Democrats' data problem is shutting down". November 23, 2020. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  116. ^ "Protecting Voting Rights: Good for America, Good for American Business". Retrieved December 8, 2021.
  117. ^ Hoffman, Reid (January 14, 2020). "Make Election Day a Holiday: It's the American Thing to Do". Medium. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  118. ^ Grim, Ryan (May 24, 2022). "Silicon Valley Billionaire Storms Into Texas to Bail Out Abortion Foe Henry Cuellar". The Intercept. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  119. ^ "Mainstream Democrats PAC Recipients, 2022 | OpenSecrets". Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  120. ^ "Where megadonors are spending big money to shape the Democratic Party's future". Politico. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  121. ^ "Texas runoff tests Democratic divisions over abortion, immigration". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  122. ^ "Private Equity-Funded Super PAC Buys Attack Ads Benefiting Kurt Schrader Against Progressive Challenger". Sludge. Retrieved May 25, 2022.

External links[edit]