Reid Park Zoo
|Location||Tucson, Arizona, USA|
|Land area||24 acres (9.7 ha)|
|No. of animals||500+|
The Reid Park Zoo, founded in 1967,is a 24-acre (9.7 ha) city-owned and operated non-profit zoo located within Reid Park in Tucson, Arizona. The zoo features more than 500 animals. It was unofficially established in 1965 by Gene Reid, the parks and recreation director at the time.
Reid Park Zoo consists of four zones that are organized by the types of habitats and animals they house. The Adaptation Zone houses animals such as the grizzly bear and Aldabra giant tortoise, the South America zone houses animals such as the jaguar and spectacled bear, the Asian zone features animals such as the tiger and Malayan sun bear, and the African Animals zone features animals such as the lion and giraffe. The African Animals zone also houses a 7-acre expansion (Expedition Tanzania) which was opened to the public in 2012. Expedition Tanzania is home to a herd of 6 African elephants, including a female calf born at the zoo on August 20, 2014, the first ever elephant born in the State of Arizona. A large aviary named Flight Connection hosts dozens of species of birds from Australia, Africa, and Asia.
1965: A fledgling zoo was started by Gene Reid, then Parks & Recreation director, with exhibits of pheasants, peafowl, and guinea fowl just north of the present zoo site.
1966: Prairie dogs from Lubbock, Texas, were exhibited in “Prairie Dog Town” in the former “overlook” at Randolph Park. A 1.5 acre “collection of animals” become known as the “Randolph Park Children’s Zoo”. The first purchase of an “exotic” animal was made in the fall: a two-year-old male Asian elephant.
1967-1968: The first budget of $49,000 presented to and approved by Tucson City Council, effectively opening the zoo and making it part of city operations. New animal additions included alligator, bear, camel, leopard, primates, and tapir. The zoo’s name was changed to Randolph Park Zoo. A group called Friends of Gene Reid was informally organized to assist with everyday operations.
1972: Admission fees were instituted. J.L. Swigert became the zoo’s first professional administrator. Michael Flint was hired as the zoo’s first curator. The zoo was admitted to the Association of Zoos & Aquariums (then known as American Association of Zoos & Aquariums).
1973: The leopard exhibit was built with money collected at the admission gate.
1974: The now former elephant exhibit was built.
1975: The polar bear exhibit was built. Dr. Ivo Poglayen became the second zoo administrator. A combination entrance/gift shop was constructed on the south border of the zoo.
1976: The rhino exhibit was built, and Macaw Island was constructed. Friends of Gene Reid became Friends of Randolph Zoo Society, Inc.
1977: The African Veldt (zebra/ostrich area) exhibit was built and animals were purchased for it. The first and second classes of docents (volunteers) were organized and trained.
1978: The Asian Grasslands exhibit was constructed and opened. The zoo’s size expanded to 15 acres with the purchase of 2 acres on the east side. The zoo’s name was changed to Reid Park Zoo when the park’s name changed. Friends of Randolph Zoo Society, Inc. was incorporated as the Tucson Zoological Society.
1979: The health center and administration offices were constructed and opened.
1981: An entrance, gift shop, and snack bar were constructed at the north end of the zoo. The zoo’s size increased to 17 acres with acquisition of more land.
1982: The current snack bar was built and became operational. The waterfowl exhibit was constructed and opened in September. The former entrance/gift shop building on the south side of the zoo was remodeled into the zoo school and docent headquarters.
1983: The lion exhibit was constructed and opened in August.
1985: The tiger exhibit constructed and opened in September.
1986: Steve McCusker became the third administrator in October.
1987: The Malayan sun bear exhibit was constructed and opened in March. Kerry Hoffman became the first education curator.
1988: Remodeling of the lion-tailed macaque enclosure was completed and the enclosure was occupied in May. Construction was completed on the new zoo administration building in July. Construction began on the new giraffe exhibit and the remodeling of the polar bear enclosure. The demolition of old cat and bear cages was completed.
1990: The giraffe and polar bear exhibits were completed. Initial plans for the new South America Exhibit were drawn up by architects. The first executive director for TZS was hired in August.
1991: Susan Basford became the second education curator in January. The mandrill exhibit was remodeled.
1992: The former Asian Grassland area was converted into the new African Savanna, and new African species were introduced. The first “Festival of Lights” event was held.
1993: Extensive remodeling of the zoo school was completed. The first “ZOOcson” fundraiser event was held.
1994: Remodeling of the alligator exhibit began in March for a new caiman habitat.
1995: Susan Basford became the fourth administrator. Construction of the South America exhibit began.
1996: Vivian VanPeenen became the third education curator. The first “Howl-o-ween” event was held.
1997: The South America Exhibit was completed.
1999: The Flight Connection Aviary opened in December.
2000: The lion-tail macaque exhibit was remodeled.
2003: The polar bear exhibit was expanded to include a natural substrate yard. New front gate project was completed.
2004: Scott Barton became the zoo’s second general curator.
2006: The giraffe feeding platform is completed.
2007: Kenya Get Wet splash pad opens.
2008: Completion of the Lee H. Brown Family Conservation Learning Center. Lion tailed macaque exhibit was remodeled.
2009: Jim Schnormeier becomes the third general curator. The Zoofari Café is remodeled and includes indoor seating for first time.
2010: The Gift Shop is remodeled. Groundbreaking for the Expedition Tanzania expansion takes place.
2012: Expedition Tanzania, the new elephant exhibit, opens in April and the Education Department adds four new staff members.
2013: Jason Jacobs is named as the zoo’s fifth administrator. The polar bear and mandrill exhibits are remodeled to house brown bears and black-and-white lemurs respectively.
2014: A female African elephant calf was born in August, the first ever born in the State of Arizona.
Reid Park Zoo has the unique ability to treat animals with cancer using radiation therapy and heat therapy. Through a partnership with the University of Arizona Cancer Center, radiation oncologists can treat animals, such as a Galapagos tortoise in 1983, that are transported to the zoo from all over the country.
Effects of activism
Early in 2006, a group of local activists named Save Tucson Elephants lobbied the city to move Reid Park Zoo's two elephants, Connie and Shaba, to a sanctuary in Tennessee. However, the city council decided instead to raise funds to build a new elephant enclosure, after receiving public petitions to keep the elephants in Tucson.
- "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Reid Park Zoo. "Who We Are". Archived from the original on 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2006-08-15.
- Reid Park Zoo. "Animals". Archived from the original on 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2006-08-15.
- Arthur H. Rotstein (1983-06-23). "Tortoise Gets Cancer Treatment At 'Galapagos Hilton'". Associated Press.
- "Tucson officials want elephants to stay despite opposition". Associated Press. 2006-04-07.