|Competitor for Germany|
|Gold||1964 Tokyo||Team Dressage|
|Competitor for West Germany|
|Gold||1968 Mexico City||Team Dressage|
|Bronze||1968 Mexico City||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1976 Montréal||Team Dressage|
|Bronze||1976 Montréal||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1984 Los Angeles||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1984 Los Angeles||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1988 Seoul||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1966 Bern||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1974 Copenhagen||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1974 Copenhagen||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1982 Lausanne||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1982 Lausanne||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1986 Cedar Valley||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1959 Harewood||Team Eventing|
|Bronze||1965 Copenhagen||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1965 Copenhagen||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1967 Aachen||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1973 Klew||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1973 Klew||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1983 Aachen||Team Dressage|
|Gold||1985 Copenhagen||Individual Dressage|
|Gold||1985 Copenhagen||Team Dressage|
Dr Reiner Klimke (14 January 1936 – 17 August 1999) was a German equestrian, who won six gold and two bronze medals in dressage at the Summer Olympics — a record for equestrian events. He appeared in six Olympic Games from 1960 to 1988 (excluding 1980).
Klimke studied Harry Boldt and Gustaf Rau.
He won team gold in 1964, 1968 (both aboard Dux), 1976 (riding Mehmed), 1984 and 1988 (both aboard Ahlerich), and the individual gold in 1984 on Ahlerich.
His two bronze medals came in the individual event in 1968 and 1976. Klimke also had a fine record at the World Championships, winning six gold medals (two individual [1974 aboard Mehmed, 1982 aboard Ahlerich] and four team [1966, 1974, 1982, 1986]).
At the European Championships, he was the individual champion in 1967, 1973, and 1985 and rode on seven winning West German teams (1965, 1973, 1983, 1985, and others) . Klimke also competed in eventing early in his career. He was a member of the winning West German three-day event team at the 1959 European Championships, and finished 18th in individual eventing at the 1960 Summer Olympics, making him the best German combination. He also won a Grand Prix show jumping competition in Berlin.
Reiner Klimke was the son of a psychologist and a neurologist. With his wife, Ruth (also a top show jumping and dressage rider), he had 3 children: Ingrid, Rolf, and Michael. His daughter Ingrid Klimke competes successfully at the international level in eventing and dressage and won Gold at the 2008 Summer Olympics, twenty years after her father's last Olympic Gold. His son Michael also competes at the Grand Prix level in dressage.
Klimke not only rode and trained, but also ran a law firm and served on several boards, including the FEI Dressage Committee. Klimke died at age 63 in Münster, his place of birth, due to a heart attack.
- Cavaletti: Ausbildung von Reiter und Pferd über Bodenricks Stuttgart: Franckh 1966
- Military: Geschichte, Training, Wettkampf Stuttgart: Franckh 1967, "Eventing"
- Cavalletti: Schooling of Horse and Rider over Ground Rails (translation of Cavaletti by Daphne Machin Goodall) London: J.A. Allen 1969
- Le Concours complet: histoire, entraînement, compétition (translation of Military by Pierre André) Paris: Crépin-Leblond 1977
- Grundausbildung des jungen Reitpferdes: von der Fohlenerziehung bis zum ersten Turnierstart Stuttgart: Franckh 1980
- Horse trials (translation of Military by Daphne Machin Goodall) London: J.A. Allen 1984
- Ahlerich von der Remonte zum Dressur-Weltmeister; ein exemplarischer Ausbildungsweg Stuttgart: Franckh 1984
- Basic Training of the Young Horse: From the Education of the Young Foal to the First Competition (translation of Grundausbildung by Sigrid Young) London: J.A. Allen 1985
- Ahlerich: The Making of a Dressage World Champion (translation of Ahlerich by Courtney Searls-Ridge) Gaithersburg, MD: Half Halt Press 1986
- Von der Schönheit der Dressur vom jungen Pferd bis zum Grand Prix Stuttgart: Franckh-Kosmos 1991
- Klimke on Dressage: From the Young Horse Through Grand Prix (translation of the above by Courtney Searls-Ridge and Jan Spauschus Johnson) Middletown, MD: Half Halt Press 1992
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists in one event
- List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games
- List of writers on horsemanship