Relator (law)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Relator /rɪˈltər/, female relatrix /rɪˈltrɪks/, (Latin for "narrator") is the legal term meaning a private person at whose relation or on whose behalf an application for a quo warranto or mandamus is filed.[1] The relator appears as one beneficially interested, but the action is maintained on his behalf. The relator furnishes the knowledge or facts on which an information or a proceeding in quo warranto is based. Such a proceeding is usually in the name of the state, ex rel. (ex relatione = "[arising] out of the narration") of the relator, and so is called an "ex rel. action".

Qui tam[edit]

A qui tam action may be brought by any party (as a relator) against an entity that is fraudulently collecting money from the United States government by filing false claims. The party bringing the suit – the relator – must have possession of information substantiating the claim of fraud against the government. The government shares a percentage of the monies collected, along with a share of treble damages and penalties if any, with the relator. The relator may be any entity including a private individual, trade association, or labor union. Congress authorized qui tam actions in the False Claims Act.


  1. ^ A Dictionary of Modern Legal Usage. Copyright (c) 1990 Bryan A. Garner, Oxford University Press, Inc.