|Traded as||NYSE: NRG
S&P 500 Component
|Headquarters||West Windsor, New Jersey (financial), Houston, Texas (operations)|
|USA, 11 states|
(President and CEO)
Electric power transmission
Number of employees
|10,468 (2015) |
NRG Energy, Inc. is a large American energy company, dual-headquartered in West Windsor Township, New Jersey, and Houston, Texas. It was formerly the wholesale arm of Xcel Energy, and was spun off in bankruptcy in 2004.
When the state of Texas deregulated the electricity market, the former Houston Lighting & Power (HL&P) was split into several companies. In 2003 HL&P was split into Texas Genco (which got the power plants), CenterPoint Energy (which got the distribution system) and Reliant Energy (which actually provided the electricity to business and individuals).
In 2006, NRG Energy bought Texas Genco from a group of private equity firms for roughly $5.9 billion. Afterwards, in May 2009, NRG Energy acquiring the retail operations of Reliant Energy. With those two moves, NRG's almost reunited the former HL&P and currently serves 1.6 million customers in Texas. The retail operations continue to operate under the Reliant Energy name while the remainder of the former Reliant Energy became RRI Energy.
Following the acquisition of Reliant, NRG extended its retail footprint with the acquisition of Green Mountain Energy in November 2010. In doing so, NRG also became the largest retailer of green power in the nation, providing all of its Green Mountain and many of its Reliant customers with energy derived from 100% renewable resources.
NRG Energy completed its acquisition of GenOn Energy in December 2012 for $1.7 billion in stock and cash. The GenOn name was retired in the merger, but the combined company retained GenOn's Houston headquarters to coordinate operations.
In September 2014, NRG acquired Goal Zero, a manufacturer of personal solar power products.
On March 12, 2014, NRG Energy announced that they would be re-branding Reliant Park to replace "Reliant" on all signages to "NRG".
After the GenOn merger, NRG has 47,000 MW of total generation capacity, enough to power approximately 40 million homes. Its nearly 100 power plants are located in 18 states in the Northeast, Chicago area, Gulf Coast, Southwest, Nevada, and California. Generation facilities include mostly fossil fuel power plants powered by natural gas, oil, and coal; plus four wind farms (in Texas) and six solar farms (in California, Arizona, and New Mexico). NRG also has a 44% ownership stake in the South Texas Nuclear Generating Station and a 37.5% stake in a coal power plant in Gladstone, Queensland, Australia. Some facilities use cogeneration and the company also owns 28MW of solar distributed generation.
Green energy initiatives
Beginning in 2009, NRG began a major initiative to become the leading green energy producer in the United States and started investing very large amounts of money in clean energy projects. They include onshore and offshore wind power, solar thermal energy, photovoltaic, and distributed solar power facilities, and repowering of some of their traditional coal plants with biomass.
NRG continued the trend of leading in the green power market in 2011 by becoming the largest green power retailer in New York City. The company also signed a two-year agreement beginning in January 2011 to provide 100% renewable energy for the Empire State Building.
Assemblywoman Aravella Simotas has been chair of a coalition to support the utility in their plan to replace its "decades-old, dirty" power plant in Astoria with a newer generator. The company wants to replace 31 generators with new ones that will increase the megawatts of power while reducing emissions. Emissions would be reduced because the new plants will use natural gas, while the current generators run primarily on oil.
- "NRG and GenOn Complete Merger, Creating Nation's Largest Competitive Power Generator". Business Wire (Press Release). Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "NRG Energy, Inc. Annual Report Form (10-K)". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 29, 2016.
- "NRG Energy, Inc. Annual Report Form (10-K)". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 27, 2015.
- "Contact Us." NRG Energy. Retrieved on July 25, 2010. "211 Carnegie Center Princeton, NJ 08540-6213."
- "Township of West Windsor, New Jersey Zoning Map." Township of West Windsor. Retrieved on July 25, 2010.
- Exit revisited: NRG Energy Inc.
- "Exelon bids for major Texas power producer NRG." Houston Chronicle. October 20, 2008. Retrieved on April 14, 2014. "The plants were originally part of the former Houston Lighting & Power, the integrated utility that served the Houston area until it was broken up into three separate companies as the state deregulated its power markets."
- Fowler, Tom. "8 Houston power plants to be sold to NRG." Houston Chronicle. October 2, 2005. Retrieved on April 14, 2014.
- SEC Form 8-K, Accession No. 0000950123-05-011735
- Green Mountain Energy to be acquired for $350 million, 2010-09-16
- NRG Completes Acquisition of Green Mountain Energy
- NRG Energy to Buy GenOn for $1.7 Billion
- NRG Acquires Energy Curtailment Specialists
- NRG Acquires Energy Curtailment Specialists, Works with ThinkEco
- "A New, 21st Century Energy Company". Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- "Generation Assets" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- "EVgo". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Empire State Building To Purchase 100% Renewable Power, 01/07/2011 Check date values in:
- Green Mountain Signs Up New York's Empire State Building
- Trapasso, Clare (May 8, 2012). "NRG hopes to replace 31 generators in Astoria". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- Henely, Rebecca (April 30, 2012). "Officials support Astoria repowering to grow jobs". Times Ledger. Retrieved October 11, 2012.