Relief of Thionville
|Battle of Thionville|
|Part of the Thirty Years' War and the |
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)
The Battle at Deidenhofen (Thionville) 1639, by Peter Snayers
|Commanders and leaders|
|Marquis de Feuquieres †||Ottavio Piccolomini|
|Casualties and losses|
6,000 dead or wounded|
|1,500 dead or wounded|
The Relief of Thionville took place from 6 to 7 June 1639, during the Thirty Years' War.
The Marshal of Feuquières with 13,000 Frenchmen invests the Thionville plaza in Lorraine, rescued by Cardinal Infante and Ottavio Piccolomini with 6,000 knights and 10-14,000 infantrymen, a Spanish contingent led by the Luxembourgish baron Jean de Beck, with the third of Naples and the artillery directed by Ernest de Suys. In the morning, the Imperials attack the opposing positions, then the battle to stop that allows the French to line up (11:00), while Piccolomini sends reinforcements inside the fortress. The Imperials return to the attack (16.00) and conquer the hill on the left side to the French, where Piccolomini places the artillery. The French cavalry, beaten by the imperial artillery, is charged by the imperial cavalry by the Marquis Camillo Gonzaga, is defeated and persecuted, even if the Gonzaga remain among the fallen. The besieged make an exit against the French right flank. The imperialists envelop and defeat the French infantry, capturing all the artillery and numerous materials. The losers leave 5-6,000 of the dead and wounded, 3,000 prisoners including Feuquieres, who dies from his injuries, and Count Pas, commander of the infantry. The winners have 1,500 fallen.
Feuquières, wounded in the fighting, was captured by the Imperial forces and died in captivity. In recognition of his victory, Piccolomini was created Duke of Amalfi by the Spanish Crown on 28 June.
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