Religion and business

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Religion and business have throughout history interacted in ways that relate to and affected one another, as well as influenced sociocultural evolution, political geographies, and labour laws.

Religious tourism[edit]

Some areas, countries or cities have an economy based on religious tourism. Examples include Islamic Hajj tourism and Vatican tourism. The hotels and markets of important religious places are a source of income to the locals.[1]

Pilgrimage sites[edit]

The boards or shines sometimes receive so much in donations that governments to take it under control for proper utilization of resources and management.[2] The annual revenues of most of the religious places are not regulated.[3]

Business ethics[edit]


Judaism outlines requirements of accurate weights and measurements in commerce, as well as prohibitions on monetary deception, verbal deception and misrepresentation.[4]

Food processing[edit]


Globally, halal products comprise a US$2 trillion industry.[5]


As of 2003, the kosher industry had certified more than 100,000 products, which total approximately US$165 billion in sales annually.[6]

Business law[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United Kingdom labour law prohibits employer discrimination based on religion, belief, or any lack thereof.[7]

United States[edit]

In the United States, labor laws including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibit businesses from discriminating against employees based on the basis of religion.[8][9] Business law is also at times applied to religious organizations, due to their status as incorporated entities.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ India's booming business of religion -
  2. ^ Introduction
  3. ^ The Business of Religion
  4. ^ Scheinman, James (1995), "Jewish Business Ethics", The Evolution & Impact of Jewish Law, Regents of the University of California U.C. Davis Journal of International Law & Policy 
  5. ^ Bladd, Joanne; Claire Ferris-Lay (2010-09-09). "Planet Islamic: the $2trn battle for the halal market". Arabian Business. Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  6. ^ Shimoni, Giora. "10 Most Interesting Kosher Stats of 2006". Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  7. ^ "Religion or Belief and the Workplace" (PDF). Acas. Retrieved 2011-05-18. From 2 December 2003, when the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations came into force, it became unlawful to discriminate against workers because of religion or similar belief. 
  8. ^ Foltin, Richard T.; James D. Standish (2004). "Reconciling Faith and Livelihood". Human Rights Magazine (Summer 2004). Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  9. ^ Steinberger, Jeffrey (2007-09-19). "Religion and the Workplace". Entrepreneur. Retrieved 2011-05-18. Under Title VII, an employer can't refuse to reasonably accommodate an employee's religious observances, unless accommodation would constitute an "undue hardship" for the business. 
  10. ^ Sternal, Patrick (July–August 2009). "Current Legal Issues Facing Religious Organizations". Business Law Today. 18 (6). Retrieved 2011-05-18. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Larkin, Geraldine A.; Larkin, Geri (1991-03-01). Building a Business the Buddhist Way. Celestial Arts. ISBN 978-0-89087-888-0. 
  • Gambling, Trevor; Abdel Karim, Rifaat Ahmed (1991-05-01). Business and accounting ethics in Islam. London and New York: Mansell. ISBN 978-0-7201-2074-5. 
  • Lundén, Rolf (1988). Business and Religion in the American 1920s. New York, New York: Greenwood Press. Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  • Chewning, Richard C. (1990-09-14). Business Through the Eyes of Faith. HarperOne. ISBN 978-0-06-061350-1. 
  • Edward J. Trunfio, eds. (1991). Christianity in Business: A Collection of Essays on Pedagogy and Practice. Christian Business Faculty Association. ISBN 978-0-9627504-1-0. 
  • Solomon, Lewis (2004-04-22). Evangelical Christian Executives: A New Model for Business Corporations. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7658-0230-9. 
  • Hill, Alexander (2008-01-10). Just Business: Christian Ethics for the Marketplace. IVP Academic. ISBN 978-0-8308-2676-6. 

External links[edit]