Religion in Białystok
- This is a sub-article to Białystok
In the early 1900s, Białystok was reputed to have the largest concentration of Jews of all the cities in the world. In 1931, 40,000 Jews lived in the city, nearly half the city's inhabitants. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Białystok. Establishment of the Diocese and the Archdiocese and the cities of Bialystok ended the period of the temporary church administration in the Bialystok region owned lands over the centuries to the Archdiocese of Vilnius, which after World War II remained in the Polish borders. The city is also the seat of the Bialystok-Gdansk Diocese of the Autocephalous Polish Orthodox Church. Bialystok is the largest concentration of Orthodox believers in Poland.
The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Białystok. Establishment of the Diocese and the Archdiocese and the cities of Bialystok ended the period of the temporary church administration in the Bialystok region owned lands over the centuries to the Archdiocese of Vilnius, which after World War II remained in the Polish borders. Pope John Paul II on 5 June 1991, during a visit to Bialystok, announced the decision to set up the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Białystok. On 25 March 1992, Pope John Paul II in the Bull Totus Tuus Poloniae Populus reorganized Polish cities and dioceses. This document raised to the rank of diocese of the Archdiocese of Bialystok and Bialystok metropolis established, consisting of the Archdiocese of Bialystok, the Diocese of Drohiczyn and the Diocese of Łomża. The creation of the Diocese of Bialystok (1991) and raise it to an archbishopric and capital of Bialystok to the dignity of the metropolis (1992), was the culmination of the process become independent of the local Church. The first Archbishop of Bialystok on 25 March 1992 was appointed the former Bishop of Bialystok Dr. Edward Kisiel, whom the pope in a solemn Mass. Basilica of Saint. Peter in the Vatican City on June 29, 1992, the archbishop gave the pallium. Archbishop Kisel took a ceremonial ingress to the Basilica of the Metropolitan of Bialystok on 4 Oct 1992.
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The city has 36 parishes, which are six deaneries. In Bialystok is also the Archdiocesan Major Seminary, and a branch of the Pontifical Faculty of Theology. At the University of Bialystok, there Interdepartmental Chair of Catholic Theology.
List of Catholic parishes
List of Parishes and Churches in the city:
- Parish Najświętszego Serca Pana Jezusa
- Parish NMP Nieustającej Pomocy
- Parish St. Maksymiliana Kolbego
- Parish Świętej Rodziny
- Parish Zwiastowania Najświętszej Marii Panny
- Parish NMP Królowej Rodzin
- Parish St. Faustyny Kowalskiej
- Parish St. Floriana
- Parish St. Kazimierza Królewicza
- Parish St. Krzysztofa
- Parish Wszystkich Świętych
- Parish Zmartwychwstania Pańskiego
- Parish Chrystusa Króla
- Parish Niepokalanego Serca Maryi
- Parish St. Jana Chrzciciela
- Parish St. Jerzego (Parish wojskowa)
- Parish St. Stanisława BM
- Parish pw. MB Różańcowej
- Parish NMP z Gwadelupe
- Parish Przemienienia Pańskiego
- Parish St. Andrzeja Boboli
- Parish St. Jadwigi Królowej
- Parish Ducha Świętego
- Parish NMP Matki Kościoła
- Parish St. Anny
- Parish St. Józefa Oblubieńca
- Parish St. Karola Boromeusza
- Parish St. Pio z Pietrelciny
- Parish St. Wojciecha
- Parish Wniebowzięcia NMP
The city is the capital city of Bialystok-Gdansk diocese of the Autocephalous Polish Orthodox Church. Bialystok is the largest concentration of Orthodox believers in Poland. There are 11 Orthodox parishes. Such work Centre of Orthodox Culture, Radio Orthodoxia, Brotherhood of St. Cyril and Methodius, the Fellowship of Orthodox Youth Choir Aksion and Orthodox Charity Centre "Eleos. The diocese has its own clinic. Are issued to the magazine: "Arche. Messages Brotherhood", "Fos" and "Overview of the Orthodox." Hosts numerous Orthodox festivals, including International Festival of Orthodox Church Music Days Hajnowka and Bialystok Orthodox Church Music Days. The structures of the University of Bialystok Department of Orthodox Theology works. In the nearby there is a male Supraślu Monastery of the Annunciation, in the village podbiałostockiej Zwierki - Female Monastery of the Virgin Birth.
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In Bialystok is the biggest Orthodox church in Poland, the Orthodox church of the Holy Spirit. Since 2007, in Bialystok works Church Primary School. St. Cyril and Methodius. For now, the school has one class. Orthodoxy is mainly practiced by Belarussian minority.
List of Orthodox parishes
There are 11 parishes in the city:
- Parish of St. Nicholas (Białystok)
- Parish of St. Sofii Mądrości Bożej (Białystok)
- Parish of Świętego Ducha (Białystok)
- Parish of St. Jerzego (Białystok)
- Parish of Zmartwychwstania Pańskiego (Białystok) (orthodox)
- Parish of Wszystkich Świętych (Białystok) (orthodox)
- Parish of St. Proroka Eliasza (Białystok)
- Parish of Zaśnięcia NMP (Białystok)
- Parish of St. Męczennika Pantelejmona (Białystok)
- Parish of St. Apostoła Jana Teologa (Białystok)
In Bialystok are the following Protestant churches: a Lutheran parish, two Pentecostal churches, a Baptist church, a congregation of the Church of God in Christ and the Seventh Day Adventist church.
Other denominations in Bialystok include Free Bible Students, Jehovah's Witnesses and Latter-day Saints.
The Muslim Religious Union in the Polish Republic was reactivated in 1947. It is currently involved in the Muslim religious community in Bialystok. The head of the Polish Muslims is mufti Tomasz Miskiewicz, Chairman of the Supreme College (based in Bialystok, Poland) was elected to that post - the first time in postwar history of a relationship - March 20, 2004 at the XV Congress of the Muslim Religious Association. Earlier, the presidents exercising the duties included Stefan Bajraszewski, Stefan Mucharski, Jan Sobolewski, and Stefan Korycki.
In the early 1900s, Białystok was reputed to have the largest concentration of Jews of all the cities in the world. In 1931, 40,000 Jews lived in the city, nearly half the city's inhabitants. There were more than 60 synagogues and other Jewish institutions in the city.
During World War II most of the synagogues were destroyed because of a ruthless policy pursued by the Nazis of pillage and removal of the non-German population.
The synagogues destroyed included:
- Great Synagogue of Białystok
- Stara Synagoga Piaskower
- Synagoga Pułkowa
- Synagoga Chorszul
- Synagoga Stara
- Synagogue Nomer Tamid
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Several hundred Jews survived the war and returned to Białystok, and only three structures of significance to the Jews survived:
The last operating synagogue in Białystok was the Cytron Synagogue, which closed its doors in the late 1960s. In 2008, the University of Białystok Foundation established the educational Jewish Heritage Trail.
- Diamond Way Buddhist Association of the Karma Kagyu - ul.Waszyngtona 22/19, 15-274 Białystok 
- Gruber, Ruth Ellen (2002). Virtually Jewish: Reinventing Jewish Culture in Europe. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-520-21363-7.
- Feierstein, Daniel (2005). "The Jewish Resistance Movements in the Ghettos of Eastern Europe". In Sterling, Eric J. Life in the Ghettos During the Holocaust. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. p. 226. ISBN 0-8156-0803-9.
- Polish Orthodox Diocese of Białystok-Gdańsk
- Archidiecezja Białostocka
- "Oficjalna strona Archidiecezji białostockiej".
- "Oficjalna strona dekanatu Białystok".
- w Kościele Zielonoświątkowym „Dobra Nowina” ul. Kraszewskiego 37
- Kobrin, Rebecca (2010). Jewish Bialystok and Its Diaspora. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-253-22176-6.
- Niziołek, Katarzyna; Poczykowski, Radosław (2008). "Jewish Heritage Trail in Bialystok" (PDF). University of Białystok Foundation. pp. 19–20.
- "Trail of Jewish Heritage opened in Poland". Polskie Radio. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2011.