Religion in Guinea-Bissau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Religion in Guinea-Bissau[1]
religion percent
Men in Islamic garb, Bafatá, Guinea-Bissau.

Throughout the 20th century, most Bissau-Guineans practiced some form of Animism. Recently, many have adopted Islam, which is currently practiced by 50% of the country's population; most of Guinea-Bissau's Muslims have Malikite Sunni denomination, with Shia and Ahmadiyya minorities.[2]

Approximately 10% of the country's population belong to the Christian community, and 40% continue to hold Indigenous beliefs. These statistics can be misleading, however, as both Islamic and Christian practices may be largely influenced by syncretism with traditional African beliefs.[1] Islam is practiced most widely by the Fula and Mandinka ethnic groups, and Muslims generally live in the north and northeast.[3]

Practitioners of traditional indigenous religious beliefs generally live in all but the northern parts of the country.[3] Christians belong to a number of groups, including the Roman Catholic Church (including Portuguese Guinea-Bissauans) and various Protestant denominations.[3] Christians are concentrated in Bissau and other large towns.[3]

Foreign missionaries operate in the country without restriction.[3] The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respected this right in practice.[3] In 2007, the US government received no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Africa :: GUINEA-BISSAU". CIA The World Factbook. 
  2. ^ "The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity" (PDF). Pew Forum on Religious & Public life. August 9, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Guinea-Bissau. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.