Religion in Lahore
Prior to the partition of India in 1947, a third of Lahore's population was Hindu and Sikh. Lahore's Hindus used to reside in 'distinct enclaves'. The city's Hindu and Sikh population left en masse during the partition and shifted to East Punjab and Delhi in India. In the process, Lahore lost its entire Hindu and Sikh population. The emigrants were replaced by Muslim refugees from India. Muslim refugees and locals competed for ownership over abandoned Hindu and Sikh property.
The first Persian text on Sufism was written, by Shaykh Abul Hasan 'Ali Hujwiri, in Lahore which became a major source for early Sufi thought and practice. Hujwiri's tomb in Lahore is one of the major Sufi shrines in the subcontinent. Several other leading Sufi saints are buried in Lahore. These Sufi shrines have contributed to making Lahore an important place of pilgrimage. During the Mughal era, several impressive buildings including mosques were constructed, contributing to the city's rich Mughal heritage.
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