Religion in Slovenia

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Religion in Slovenia (2012 census[1])

  Roman Catholicism (44.2%)
  Not religious (43.87%)
  Unaffiliated Christians (7.88%)
  Islam (1.95%)
  Protestantism (1.28%)
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Religion in Slovenia is predominantly Christianity, with Roman Catholicism being the largest Christian denomination in the country. According to 2012 census, adherents of Christianity represented 54% of the total population of Slovenia, down from 61% in 2002. Besides Catholicism (44%; down from 57.8% in 2002), other Christian religions having significant following in the country include Eastern Orthodoxy (2%) and Protestantism (mostly Lutheranism, 1%). Islam (2%), Judaism and Hinduism are small minorities in Slovenia. A significant part of the population is not religious (44% as of the 2012 census).

Religion played a significant role in the development of the Slovene nation and the country of Slovenia. After centuries-long tradition of a state church, interrupted by the periods of Protestant Reformation in the 16th century and post-World War II socialism ousting religion from the public life, a degree of separation of the state and the church has been reached in the independent Slovenia. There is, however, some legislative bias in favour of the Roman Catholic Church.

Christianity[edit]

Roman Catholicism[edit]

Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Ljubljana, is the seat of the Archbishop of Ljubljana, Primate of Slovenia.

The Roman Catholic Church in Slovenia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

There are around 886,709 Catholics in the country (about 44.2% of the total population as per the 2012 Census). The country is divided into six dioceses, including two archdioceses. The diocese of Maribor was elevated to an archdiocese by Pope Benedict XVI in 2006. Additionally, the pope created three new sees, namely Novo Mesto, Celje and Murska Sobota.

Archbishop Juliusz Janusz, 66, is the Apostolic Nuncio to Slovenia and the Apostolic Delegate to Kosovo.

Others[edit]

Lutheran church in Bodonci in the Prekmurje region

Protestantism has a long history in Slovenia, with the reformation movement being strong in the 16th century. Today, most Protestants live in the Prekmurje region.[2] Eastern Orthodoxy maintains a significant presence in the country and is practised mainly by ethnic Serb population.

Islam[edit]

Main article: Islam in Slovenia

The Muslims in Slovenia are ethnically mostly Bosniaks and other Slavic Muslims.[3] In 2014, there were 48,266 Muslims in Slovenia, making up about 2.4 percent of the total population.[4] The Muslim community of Slovenia is headed by Nedžad Grabus (sl).[5]

Judaism[edit]

The small Jewish community of Slovenia (Slovene: Judovska skupnost Slovenije) is estimated at 400 to 600 members, with the Jewish community of Slovenia suggesting 500 to 1000 members. Around 130 are officially registered,[6] most of whom live in the capital, Ljubljana. The Jewish community was devastated by the Shoah, and has never fully recovered. Until 2003, Ljubljana was the only European capital city without a Jewish place of worship.[7]

Religion statistics[edit]

Religiosity of Slovene citizens according to population censuses 1991, 2002 and 2012.

Religious
group
Population
% 1991[8]
Population
% 2002[8]
Population
% 2012[1]
Christianity 74.9% 60.9% 54.18%
Catholicism 71.6% 57.8% 44.2%
Lutheranism and other Protestants[9] 0.9% 0.8% 1.28%
Orthodox Christian 2.4% 2.3% 2.0%
Unaffiliated Christian n/a n/a 7.88%
Islam 1.5% 2.4% 1.95%
Other religion 0.0% 0.2% n/a
Spiritual but not member of religions 0.2% 3.5% n/a
Atheists 4.4% 10.2% n/a
Agnostics 4.3% 15.7% n/a
Not religious and other n/a n/a 43.87%
Not answered 14.6% 7.1% n/a

Legislation[edit]

In February 2007 a new Religious Freedom Act was passed in Slovenia, with a bias towards the Roman Catholic Church, particularly in regard to state funding and the strict terms for the registration of new religious communities.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Operation World - Slovenia /2014. Data apparently coming from the 2012 census. Corroborated by: Mario Katic, Tomislav Klarin, Mike McDonald. Pilgrimage and Sacred Places in Southeast Europe: History, Religious Tourism and Contemporary Trends. LIT Verlag Münster, 2014. ISBN 3643905041. p. 98.
  2. ^ http://www.evang-cerkev.si/kategorija-zgodovina/
  3. ^ Bajt, Veronika (2011). "The Muslim Other in Slovenia. Intersection of a Religious and Ethnic Minority". In Górak-Sosnowska, Katarzyna. Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe: Widening the European Discourse on Islam. University of Warsaw Press. p. 307–326. ISBN 9788390322957. 
  4. ^ "Muslim Population by Country: S - T". Ministry of Hajj Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Predsednik Mešihata – Mufti Nedžad Grabus" [The President of Meshihat – Mufti Nedžad Grabus] (in Slovenian). Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.zurnal24.si/judje-zakljucujejo-s-praznovanjem-hanuke-clanek-144186
  7. ^ Jewish Virtual Library - Slovenia
  8. ^ a b c Črnič, Aleš; Komel, Mirt; Smrke, Marjan; Šabec, Ksenija; Vovk, Tina (2013). "Religious Pluralisation in Slovenia". Teorija in praksa. University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Sociology, Political Sciences and Journalism. 50 (1): 205–232, 264. ISSN 0040-3598. COBISS 31869277. 
  9. ^ Data from 1991 and 2002 censuses only comprised Lutherans. Data from 2012 census comprises Lutherans, other traditional Protestants and independent Evangelical churches, Restorationists (Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses) and other minor groups.