Religion in national symbols

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Religion in national symbols can often be found in national anthems or flags. This has led to controversy in some countries in regard to the separation of church and state, when the national symbol is officially sanctioned by a government.[1]

Flags which incorporate symbols of religion[edit]

Christianity[edit]

Flag Country Religious characteristics
Armenia Armenia (flag) The color red emblematizes the maintenance of the Christian faith.[2]
Andorra Andorra (flag) Includes a bishop's mitre, representing the Bishop of Urgell.[3]
Australia Australia (flag) Crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick[4]
Colombia Colombia (flag) Blue represents the equality of all races and social classes before God and the law[5]
Denmark Denmark (flag) Nordic Cross Flag[6]
Dominica Dominica (flag) The cross represents the Trinity[7]
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic (flag) A Bible, the color white stands for salvation[8]
El Salvador El Salvador (flag) Dios, Unión, Libertad (God, Union, Liberty)
Fiji Fiji (flag) Crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick, dove
Finland Finland (flag) Nordic Cross Flag[6]
Georgia (country) Georgia (country) (flag) Jerusalem cross[9]
Greece Greece (flag) The cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy[10]
Iceland Iceland (flag) Nordic Cross Flag[6]
Republic of Ireland Ireland (flag) The green symbolizes the Catholic population. The orange symbolizes the Protestants.[11]
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein (flag) Christian cross[12]
Malta Malta (flag) George Cross[12]
Moldova Moldova (flag) Orthodox Cross
Montenegro Montenegro (flag) Christian cross[12]
New Zealand New Zealand (flag) Crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick[12]
Norway Norway (flag) Nordic Cross Flag[6]
Portugal Portugal (flag) Compound cross of five quinas, each one charged with five saltire-arranged bezants, representing the five wounds of Christ[13]
San Marino San Marino (flag) Cross[12]
Serbia Serbia (flag) Orthodox Cross[14]
Slovakia Slovakia (flag) Patriarchal cross[15]
Spain Spain (flag) Cross[12]
Sweden Sweden (flag) Nordic Cross Flag[6]
Switzerland Switzerland (flag) Christian cross[16]
Tonga Tonga (flag) Christian cross[17]
Tuvalu Tuvalu (flag) Crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick
Ukraine Ukraine (flag) The yellow represents golden domes (cupolas) of churches in the country.
United Kingdom United Kingdom (flag) Crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick[18]
Vatican City Vatican City (flag) The flag consists of two vertical bands, one of gold (hoist side) and one of white with the crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara centered in the white band

Islam[edit]

Flag Country Religious characteristics
Afghanistan Afghanistan (flag) Shahadah and a mosque, green may represent Islam[19]
Algeria Algeria (flag) Star and crescent, green color symbolizes Islam[20]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (flag) Green stands for Islam, the crescent moon is also an Islamic symbol[21]
Bahrain Bahrain (flag) Five points represent the five pillars of Islam[22]
Brunei Brunei (flag) Crescent moon[23]
Comoros Comoros (flag) Star and crescent and green color are traditional symbols of Islam[24]
Iran Iran (flag) The word "Allah" ("God"), the phrase "Allahu Akbar" is repeated on the edges of the red and green bands[25], crescents
Iraq Iraq (flag) The phrase "Allah Akbar" ("God is Great")[26]
Jordan Jordan (flag) The seven-pointed star represents the seven verses of the Quran's first sura[27]
Libya Libya (flag) Star and crescent represent Islam[28]
Malaysia Malaysia (flag) Crescent moon[29]
Maldives Maldives (flag) White crescent moon symbolizes Islam[30]
Mauritania Mauritania (flag) Star and crescent and green color symbolize Islam[31]
Morocco Morocco (flag) The green represents Islam. The pentagram's five points symbolize the five Pillars of Islam.[32]
Pakistan Pakistan (flag) The dark green field symbolizes the Muslim majority of Pakistan.[33]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia (flag) Shahada (Muslim creed) on green, a color traditionally associated with Islam[34]
Senegal Senegal (flag) The green stripe and star represent Islam.[35][36]
Sudan Sudan (flag) Green represents Islam.[37]
Tunisia Tunisia (flag) Star and crescent
Turkey Turkey (flag) Star and crescent
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan (flag) Crescent moon (green may also represent Islam)
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan (flag) Crescent moon (green may also represent Islam)

Judaism[edit]

Flag Country Religious characteristics
Israel Israel (flag) The basic design is based on a Jewish prayer shawl, the Star of David is a symbol of Judaism[38]

Buddhism and Hinduism[edit]

Flag Country Religious characteristics
Bhutan (flag) The orange half signifies Buddhist spiritual tradition[39]
Cambodia (flag) Angkor Wat[40]
India (flag) The Ashok Chakra represents the Laws of Dharma (righteousness).[41]
Myanmar (flag) The color white stands for Theravada Buddhism.
Nepal (flag) Based on Hindu traditional flags.
Sri Lanka (flag) The four bo leaves symbolize four Buddhist metaphysical concepts.[42]
Thailand (flag) The color white stands for Theravada Buddhism.[43]

Traditional[edit]

Flag Country Religious characteristics
Albania Albania (flag) The eagle from the Albanian legend, The Tale of the Eagle
Argentina Argentina (flag) Sun of May's features are that of the Inca god Inti[44]
Japan Japan (flag) Red circle represents the sun goddess Amaterasu
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan (flag) Blue represents the sky god Tengri
South Korea South Korea (flag) Taegeuk symbol is associated with Taoism and traditional Korean Shamanism; I Ching trigrams.
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan (flag) The forty sun rays represents forty tribes united by Manas
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia (flag) The sun is based on the Vergina Sun, symbol of the god Helios
Mexico Mexico (flag) Coat of arms symbolic of Aztec legend of Tenochtitlan, modern-day Mexico City[45]
Mongolia Mongolia (flag) Taijitu symbol of yin and yang. The Sun, Moon and blue colour represent the eternal sky
Tajikistan Tajikistan (flag) The seven stars representing number seven in Tajik traditional legends, representing perfection and happiness while alluding to a traditional belief that the heavens feature seven mountains and seven orchard gardens with a star shining above each mountain.
Uruguay Uruguay (flag) Sun of May's features are that of the Inca god Inti[46]

National anthems which incorporate religion[edit]

National anthems which incorporate religion
Country National anthem Religion(s) mentioned
 Afghanistan "Milli Tharana" (English: "Afghan National Anthem") Islam
 Albania "Himni i Flamurit" (English: "Anthem of the Flag") Christianity and Islam
 Antigua and Barbuda "Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee" Christianity
 Austria "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" (English: "Land of the Mountains, Land on the River") Christianity
 Azerbaijan "Azərbaycan marşı" (English: "March of Azerbaijan") Islam
 Bahamas "March On, Bahamaland" Christianity
 Bahrain "Bahrainona" (English: "Our Bahrain") Islam
 Barbados "In Plenty and In Time of Need" Christianity
 Belarus "My Belarusy" (English: "We Belarusians") Christianity
 Belize "Land of the Free" Christianity
 Bolivia "Himno Nacional de Bolivia" (English: "National Anthem of Bolivia") Christianity
 Botswana "Fatshe leno la Rona" (English: "Blessed Be This Noble Land") Christianity
 Brunei "Allah Peliharakan Sultan" (English: "God Bless the Sultan") Islam
 Burundi "Burundi Bwacu" (English: "Our Burundi") Christianity
 Cambodia "Nokoreach" (English: "Royal Kingdom") Buddhism
 Cameroon "Chant de Ralliement" (French: "The Rallying Song") Christianity
 Canada "Ô Canada" (English: "O Canada") Christianity
 Chad "La Tchadienne" (English: "Song of the Chadian") Islam
 Chile "Himno Nacional de Chile" (English: "National Anthem of Chile") Christianity
 Colombia "Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia" (English: "National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia") Christianity
 Comoros "Udzima wa ya Masiwa" (English: "The Union of the Great Islands") Islam
 Ivory Coast "L'Abidjanaise" (English: "Song of Abidjan") Christianity and Islam
 Czech Republic "Kde Domov Můj?" (English: "Where is my Home?") Christianity
 Denmark "Der er et Yndigt Land" (English: "There is a Lovely Country") Traditional
 Dominica "Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour" Christianity
 Democratic Republic of the Congo "Debout Congolais" (English: "Arise Congolese") Christianity
 Ecuador "Salve, Oh Patria" (English: "We Salute You, Our Homeland") Christianity
 Egypt "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady" (English: "My Homeland, my Homeland, my Homeland") Islam
 El Salvador "Himno Nacional de El Salvador" (English: "National Anthem of El Salvador") Christianity
 Estonia "Mu Isamaa, mu Õnn ja Rõõm" (English: "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy") Christianity
 Fiji "God Bless Fiji" Christianity and Hinduism
 France "La Marseillaise" (English: "The Song from Marseille") Christianity
 Gambia "For The Gambia Our Homeland" Islam
 Ghana "God Bless Our Homeland Ghana" Christianity
 Georgia "Tavisupleba" (English: "Freedom") Christianity
 Grenada "Hail Grenada" Christianity
 Guatemala "Himno Nacional de Guatemala" (English: "National Anthem of Guatemala") Christianity
 Guyana "Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains" Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism
 Haiti "La Dessalinienne" (English: "The Dessalines Song")[a] Christianity
 Honduras "Himno Nacional de Honduras" (English: "National Anthem of Honduras") Christianity
 Hungary "Himnusz" (English: "Anthem") Christianity
 Iceland "Lofsöngur" (English: "Hymn") Christianity
 Iran "Sorud-e Melli-e Jomhuri-e Eslami-e Iran" (English: "National Anthem of the Islamic Republic of Iran") Islam
 Israel "Hatikvah" (English: "The Hope") Judaism
 Italy "Il Canto degli Italiani" (English: "The Song of the Italians") Christianity
 Jamaica "Jamaica, Land We Love" Christianity
 Japan "Kimigayo" (English: "His Majesty's Reign") Shintoism and Buddhism
 Jordan "As-Salam al-Malaki al-Urduni" (English: "Peace to the King of Jordan") Islam
 Kenya "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (English: "Oh God of All Creation") Christianity
 Kiribati "Teirake Kaini Kiribati" (English: "Stand Up, Kiribati") Christianity
 South Korea "Aegukga" (English: "Patriotic Song") Christianity and Buddhism
 Kuwait "Al-Nasheed Al-Watani" (English: "National Anthem") Islam
 Latvia "Dievs, svētī Latviju!" (English: "God, Bless Latvia!") Christianity
 Lebanon "Ạlnsẖyd Ạlwṭny Ạllbnạny" (English: "Lebanese National Anthem") Christianity and Islam
 Lesotho "Lesotho Fatse La Bontata Rona" (English: "Lesotho, Land of our Fathers") Christianity
 Liberia "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!" Christianity
 Libya "Libya, Libya, Libya" Islam
 Liechtenstein "Oben am jungen Rhein" (English: "Up above the young Rhine") Christianity
 Luxembourg "Ons Hemecht" (English: "Our Homeland") Christianity
 Madagascar "Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!" (English: "Oh, Our Beloved Father Land") Christianity and traditional
 Malawi "Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi" (English: "O God bless our land of Malawi") Christianity
 Maldives "Gaumii Salaam" (English: "National Salute") Islam
 Mali "Le Mali" (English: "Mali") Islam
 Malta "L-Innu Malti" (English: "The Maltese Hymn") Christianity
 Marshall Islands "Forever Marshall Islands" Christianity
 Mauritania "Nshyd Wtny Mwrytany" (English: "National Anthem of Mauritania") Islam
 Mauritius "Motherland" Christianity and Hinduism
 Mexico "Himno Nacional Mexicano" (English: "Mexican National Anthem") Christianity
 Micronesia "Patriots of Micronesia" Christianity
 Monaco "Hymne Monégasque" (English: "Monégasque Anthem") Christianity
 Morocco "Alnshyd Alwtny Almghrby" (English: "Cherifian Anthem") Islam
 Nauru "Nauru Bwiema" (English: "Nauru, our Homeland") Christianity
   Nepal "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka" (English: "We are Hundreds of Flowers") Buddhism and Hinduism
 Netherlands "Wilhelmus" (English: "William")[b] Christianity
 New Zealand "God Defend New Zealand and God Save the Queen" Christianity
 Nigeria "Arise, O Compatriots" Christianity and Islam
 Norway "Ja, vi Elsker dette Landet" (English: "Yes, we Love this Country") Christianity
 Oman "Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani" (English: "Royal Anthem of Peace") Islam
 Pakistan "Qaumī Tarāna" (English: "National Anthem") Islam
 Palau "Belau Rekid" (English: "Our Palau") Christianity
 Panama "Himno Istmeño" (English: "Hymn of the Isthmus") Christianity
 Papua New Guinea "O Arise, All You Sons" Christianity
 Paraguay "Paraguayos, República o Muerte" (English: "Paraguayans, Republic or Death") Christianity
 Peru "Himno Nacional del Perú" (English: "National Anthem of Peru") Christianity
 Qatar "As Salam al Amiri" (English: "Peace to the Amir") Islam
 Rwanda "Rwanda Nziza" (English: "Beautiful Rwanda") Christianity
 Romania "Deșteaptă-te, Române!" (English: "Awaken, Romanian!") Christianity
 Russia "Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsi" (English: "State Anthem of the Russian Federation") Christianity
 Saint Kitts and Nevis "O Land of Beauty!" Christianity
 Saint Lucia "Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia" Christianity
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines "Saint Vincent Land so Beautiful Christianity
 Samoa "O Le Fu'a o Le Sa'olotoga o Samoa" (English: "The Banner of Freedom") Christianity
 Saudi Arabia "Aash Al Maleek" (English: "Long Live the King") Islam
 Senegal "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons" (English: "Everyone Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons") Islam
 Serbia "Bože pravde" (English: "God of Justice") Christianity
 Seychelles "Koste Seselwa" (English: "Join together all Seychellois") Christianity
 Sierra Leone "High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free" Christianity and Islam
 Slovakia "Nad Tatrou sa Blýska" (English: "Lightning over the Tatras") Christianity
 Slovenia "Zdravljica" (English: "A Toast") Christianity
 Solomon Islands "God Save Our Solomon Islands" Christianity
 Somalia "Qolobaa Calankeed" (English: "Praise the Homeland") Islam
 South Africa "National Anthem of South Africa" Christianity
 South Sudan "South Sudan Oyee!" Christianity
 Sri Lanka "Sri Lanka Matha" (English: "Mother Sri Lanka") Buddhism and Hinduism
 Sudan "Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan" (English: "We are the Soldiers of God and of our Homeland") Islam
 Suriname "God zij met ons Suriname" (English: "God be with our Suriname") Christianity
 Swaziland "Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati" (English: "O Lord is our God, Swaziland") Christianity
 Sweden "Du gamla, Du fria" (English: "Thou ancient, Thou free") Christianity
 Switzerland "Schweizerpsalm/Cantique Suisse/Salmo Svizzero/Psalm Svizzer" (English: "Swiss Psalm") Christianity
 Syria "Humat ad-Diyar" (English: "Guardians of the Homeland")[c] Islam
 Tanzania "Mungu ibariki Afrika" (English: "God Bless Africa") Christianity and Islam
 Togo "Salut à Toi, Pays de nos Aïeux" (English: "Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers") Christianity
 Tonga "Ko e fasi 'o e tu'i 'o e 'Otu Tonga" (English: "The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands") Christianity
 Trinidad and Tobago "Forged from the Love of Liberty" Christianity
 Tunisia "Humat al-Hima" (English: "Defenders of the Homeland") Islam
 Turkey "İstiklâl Marşı" (English: "Independence March") Islam
 Tuvalu "Tuvalu mo te Atua" (English: "Tuvalu for the Almighty") Christianity
 United Arab Emirates "Ishy Bilady" (English: "Long Live my Nation") Islam
 Uganda "Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty" Christianity
 Uruguay "Himno Nacional de Uruguay" (English: "National Anthem of Uruguay") Christianity
 United Kingdom "God Save the Queen" Christianity
 United States "The Star Spangled Banner"[d] Christianity
 Uzbekistan "O‘zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi" (English: "National Anthem of Uzbekistan") Islam
 Vanuatu "Yumi, Yumi, Yumi" (English: "We, We, We") Christianity
 Vatican City "Inno e Marcia Pontificale" (English: "Hymn and Pontifical March") Christianity
 Venezuela "Gloria al Bravo Pueblo" (English: "Glory to the Brave People") Christianity
 Yemen "Nashīd al-Yaman al-Watani" (English: "National Anthem of Yemen") Islam
 Zambia "Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free" Christianity
 Zimbabwe "National Anthem of Zimbabwe" Christianity

Former national anthems[edit]

Former national anthems which incorporated religion
Country National anthem Religion(s) mentioned
 Australia, until 1984 "God Save the Queen" Christianity
 Austria-Hungary "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" (English: "God Save Emperor Francis") Christianity
 Bosnia and Herzegovina, until 1998 "Jedna si jedina" (English: "You Are the One and Only") Christianity and Islam
 Canada "The Maple Leaf Forever" Christianity
 Egypt "Es Salaam el Gamhoury el Masry" (English: "Egyptian Republican Anthem") Islam
 Ethiopia "Ityopp'ya Hoy" (English: "Ethiopia, Be happy") Christianity
 Hawaii "He Mele Lahui Hawaii" (English: "Song of the Hawaiian Nation") Christianity
 Iran "Sorood-e Shahanshahi Iran" (English: "Imperial Salute of Iran") Islam
 Iraq, until 2003 "Ardh ul-Furatayn" (English: "Land of the Euphrates") Islam
 Korea "Daehan Jeguk Aegukga" (English: "Patriotic Hymn of the Great Korean Empire") Christianity and Buddhism
 Laos "Pheng Xat Lao" (English: "Hymn of the Lao People") Buddhism
 Libya "Allahu Akbar" (English: "God is Greatest") Islam
 Manchukuo "Mǎnzhōuguó jiàn guógē" (English: "Manchukuo Independence Song") Buddhism and Shinto
 Montenegro "Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori" (English: "To Our Beautiful Montenegro") Christianity
 Namibia, until 1991 "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" (English: "Lord Bless Africa") Christianity
 Netherlands Antilles Untitled Christianity
 Netherlands, until 1932 "Wien Neêrlands Bloed" (English: "Those in whom Dutch blood") Christianity
 Newfoundland "Ode to Newfoundland" Christianity
 Nigeria, until 1978 "Nigeria, We Hail Thee" Christianity and Islam
 Orange Free State "Volkslied van de Oranje Vrijstaat" (English: "National Anthem of the Orange Free State") Christianity
 Portugal "Hino da Carta" (English: "Hymn to the Charter") Christianity
 Rhodesia "Rise O Voices of Rhodesia" Christianity
 Romania "Trăiască Regele" (English: "Long Live the King") Christianity
 Russia "God Save The Tsar!" Christianity
Slovakia "Hej, Slováci" (English: "Hey, Slovaks") Christianity
 South Africa "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" (English: "The Call of South Africa")[e] Christianity
 South Africa, until 1957 "God Save the Queen" Christianity
 South Africa, until 1997 "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" (English: "Lord Bless Africa") Christianity
 Switzerland, until 1961 "Rufst du, mein Vaterland" (English: "When you call, my Fatherland")[f] Christianity
Tibet "Gyallu" Buddhism
 Transvaal "Volkslied van Transvaal" (English: "National Anthem of the Transvaal")[g] Christianity
 Two Sicilies "Inno al Re" (English: "Hymn to the King") Christianity
 Upper Volta "Hymne National Voltaïque" (English: "Voltan National Anthem") Christianity and Islam
 Yugoslavia "Himna Kraljevine Jugoslavije" (English: "Hymn of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia) Christianity
 Zambia, until 1973 "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" (English: "Lord Bless Africa") Christianity
 Zimbabwe, until 1994 "Ishe Komborera Africa" (English: "God Bless Africa") Christianity

Coat of arms[edit]

Christianity[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Coat of arms of Andorra.svg Andorra (coat of arms) Includes a bishop's mitre, representing the Bishop of Urgell.
Coat of arms of Armenia.svg Armenia (coat of arms) Mount Ararat with Noah's Ark sitting atop it.
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg Australia (coat of arms) St George's Cross, Maltese cross
State Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg Belgium (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Canada (coat of arms) Cross, 'A Mari Usque Ad Mare' ('From Sea to Sea')
Lesser coat of arms of Cyprus.svg Cyprus (coat of arms) Dove
National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg Denmark (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority; royal arms also has cross
Coat-of-arms-of-Dominica.svg Dominica (coat of arms) Cross, 'Apres Bondie C'est La Ter' ('After God the Earth')
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic (coat of arms) Cross, Bible, 'Dios, Patria, Libertad' ('God, Fatherland, Liberty')
Coat of arms of El Salvador.svg El Salvador (coat of arms) Dios, Unión, Libertad (God, Union, Liberty)
Coat of arms of Fiji.svg Fiji (coat of arms) Cross, 'Rerevaka na kalou ka doka na Tui' ('Fear God and honour the Queen'), dove
Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg Georgia (coat of arms) St. George, Bolnisi cross, globus cruciger
Coat of arms of Grenada.svg Grenada (coat of arms) Cross, 'Ever Conscious of God we Aspire, Build and Advance as One People'
Coat of arms of Greece.svg Greece (coat of arms) Greek cross
Coat of arms of Hungary.svg Hungary (coat of arms) Patriarchal cross; cross on the distinctive Crown of Saint Stephen
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg Iceland (coat of arms) Nordic cross
Coat of arms of Jamaica.svg Jamaica (coat of arms) Cross
Coat of arms of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Lithuania (coat of arms) Patriarchal cross
Great coat of arms of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Malta.svg Malta (coat of arms) George Cross
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg Moldova (coat of arms) Cross
Coat of arms of Monaco.svg Monaco (coat of arms) Cross, 'Deo Juvante' ('With God's Help')
Coat of arms of Montenegro.svg Montenegro (coat of arms) Cross, globus crucigers
Nauru (coat of arms) 'God's Will First'
Royal coat of arms of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Nigeria.svg Nigeria (coat of arms) 'Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress'
Coat of arms of Norway.svg Norway (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Portugal.svg Portugal (coat of arms) Compound cross of five quinas, each one charged with five saltire-arranged bezants
Coat of arms of Romania.svg Romania (coat of arms) Cross
Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation.svg Russian Federation (coat of arms) St. George, globus crucigers
Coat of arms of Samoa.svg Samoa (coat of arms) 'Faavae i Le Atua Samoa' ('Samoa is founded on God'), cross
Coat of arms of San Marino.svg San Marino (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of arms of Serbia.svg Serbia (coat of arms) Serbian cross, globus cruciger
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg Slovakia (coat of arms) Patriarchal cross
Coat of Arms of Spain.svg Spain (coat of arms) A globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg Sweden (coat of arms) Cross, a globus cruciger on top of the coat of arms as a Christian symbol of authority
Coat of Arms of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland (coat of arms) Cross
Coat of arms of Tonga.svg Tonga (coat of arms) Cross, dove, 'Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku Tofiʻa' ('God and Tonga are my inheritance')
Coat of arms of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu (coat of arms) 'Tuvalu Mo Te Atua' ('Tuvalu for the Almighty')
Coat of arms of Uganda.svg Uganda (coat of arms) For God and My Country
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom (coat of arms) globus crucigers, 'Dieu et mon droit' ('God and my right'), and on Scottish version, 'In My Defens God Me Defend' (shortened to 'In Defens')
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City (coat of arms) The crossed keys of Saint Peter and the Papal Tiara
Coat of arms of Vanuatu.svg Vanuatu (coat of arms) 'Long God yumi stanap' ('In God we stand')

Islam[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Emblem of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan (coat of arms) Shahadah, mosque, mehrab, Prayer rug
Emblem of Algeria.svg Algeria (coat of arms) Star and crescent
Emblem of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan (coat of arms) Calligraphic representation of the name Allah in the form of an Eternal Flame, green
Emblem of Bahrain.svg Bahrain (coat of arms) five points represent the five pillars of Islam
Emblem of Brunei.svg Brunei (coat of arms) Crescent moon, الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى (Always in service with God's guidance)
Seal of the Comoros.svg Comoros (Seal) Star and crescent
Emblem of Iran.svg Iran (coat of arms) Name of Allah
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008).svg Iraq (coat of arms) الله أكبر (God is Great)
Coat of arms of Jordan.svg Jordan (coat of arms) Its colours of the eagle signifies the banner of the Prophet Mohammad, the globe signifies the emergence of Islamic civilisation, الراجي من الله التوفيق والعون (Who seeks support and guidance from God)
The emblem on the passport of Libya.svg Libya (coat of arms) Star and crescent
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg Malaysia (coat of arms) Crescent moon
Emblem of Maldives.svg Maldives (Emblem) Star and crescent
Coat of arms of Mali.svg Mali (coat of arms) Great Mosque of Djenné, Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi (One People, One Goal, One Faith)
Seal of Mauritania (December 2018).svg Mauritania (coat of arms) Star and crescent, green
Coat of arms of Morocco.svg Morocco (coat of arms) إن تنصروا الله ينصركم (If you glorify God, he will glorify you)
State emblem of Pakistan.svg Pakistan (coat of arms) ایمان ، اتحاد ، نظم (Faith, Unity, Discipline), Star and crescent, green
Coat of arms of Senegal.svg Senegal (coat of arms) Un, Peuple, Un But, Une Foi (One People, One Goal, One Faith)
Coat of arms of Tunisia.svg Tunisia (coat of arms) Star and crescent
Emblem of Turkey.svg Turkey (coat of arms) Star and crescent
Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan (coat of arms) Rub el Hizb, stars and crescent
Emblem of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan (emblem) Rub el Hizb, star and crescent

Judaism[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Emblem of Israel.svg Israel (coat of arms) Menorah, blue

Buddhism and Hinduism[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Emblem of Bhutan.svg Bhutan (coat of arms) Druk, lotus
Emblem of India.svg India (coat of arms) Ashoka Chakra, Lion Capital of Asoka
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg Indonesia (coat of arms) Garuda
Emblem of Laos.svg Laos (coat of arms) Pha That Luang
State emblem of Mongolia.svg Mongolia (coat of arms) Three Jewels, Wheel of Dharma, Wind Horse
State seal of Myanmar.svg Myanmar (coat of arms) Chinthe
Emblem of Nepal.svg Nepal (coat of arms) Janani Janmabhoomischa Swargadapi Gariyasi
Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka (coat of arms) Blue Lotus, Dharmacakra
Emblem of Thailand.svg Thailand (coat of arms) Garuda

Taoism and Confucianism[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Emblem of South Korea.svg South Korea (coat of arms) Yin and yang

Traditional[edit]

Coat of arms Country Religious characteristics
Coat of arms of Argentina.svg Argentina (coat of arms) Sun of May
Emblem of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan (coat of arms) Blue representing the sky god Tengri, Wind Horses
Coat of arms of Mexico.svg Mexico (coat of arms) Symbolizies the Aztec legend of Tenochtitlan, modern-day Mexico City[45]
Coat of arms of Uruguay.svg Uruguay (coat of arms) Sun of May

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Specifically the fourth verse.
  2. ^ Most of the verses contain a link to religion and the sixth verse is entirely devoted to God.
  3. ^ Specifically the third and fourth verses.
  4. ^ Specifically the fourth verse.
  5. ^ Specifically the fourth verse.
  6. ^ Specifically the German version.
  7. ^ Specifically the third verse.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/11/25/64-countries-have-religious-symbols-on-their-national-flags/
  2. ^ "General Information on the government of Armenia's website". Gov.am. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  3. ^ Zartman, Rubin (2002). Power and Negotiation. p. 111. ISBN 0472089072.
  4. ^ Foley, Carol A. (1996). The Australian flag : colonial relic or contemporary icon?. Sydney: Federation Press. p. 18. ISBN 9781862871885.
  5. ^ "Flag of Colombia on CRW". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  6. ^ a b c d e Jeroen Temperman. State Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Retrieved 2007-12-31. Many predominantly Christian states show a cross, symbolising Christianity, on their national flag. Scandinavian crosses or Nordic crosses on the flags of the Nordic countries–Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden–also represent Christianity.
  7. ^ "Flag Description: Dominica". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  8. ^ "Flag Description: Dominican Republic". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  9. ^ "The new flag of Georgia does not seem to be related with this historical banner. The flag of the National Movement was unknown ten years ago [1993] and was called 'the Georgian historical national flag' by the opposition leaders only after publications by the Georgian vexillologist I.L. Bichikashvili." Mikhail Revnivtsev, 25 November 2003 crwflags.com
  10. ^ "Flag Description: Greece". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  11. ^ Talocci, Mauro (1982). Guide to the Flags of the World. p. 271. ISBN 0688011411.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "64 countries have religious symbols on their national flags". Pew Research. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
  13. ^ "A Bandeira de Portugal". Portugal (in Portuguese). Criar Mundos. August 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-10-01. Retrieved 2007-02-19.
  14. ^ Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill Academic. p. 88. ISBN 9789004181489. The cross on the flag of Dominica represents Christianity while the three colours of which the cross consists stand for the Trinity. The coat of arms depicted on the flag of Slovakia shows a double cross. The flag of the Dominican Republic represents Christianity while the three colours of which the cross consists stand for the Tinity. The coat of arms depicted on the flag of Slovakia shows a double cross. The flag of the Dominican Republic shows the words "God, Fatherland, Liberty", an opened bible and a cross (depicted in the coat of arms which is represented in the centre). The 'five-cross-flag' of George shows four small crosses and a large St. George's Cross, referring to the patron saint of Georgia (the national flag of England shows the St. George's Cross as well). The white cross on the flag of Greece symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy. The flag of Moldova shows its coat of arms in the centre: an eagle with a Christian Orthodox cross in its beak. The coat of arms of Serbia, as depicted on the national flag, also shows an Orthodox cross.
  15. ^ "O štátnej vlajke, štátnej zástave, štátnom znaku a štátnej pečati". Joint Czech–Slovak Digital Parliamentary Library. Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. June 1939. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
  16. ^ Foley, Carol A. (1 January 1996). The Australian Flag. Federation Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781862871885. The Christian cross, for instance, is one of the oldest and most widely used symbols in the world, and many European countries, such as the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Greece and Switzerland, adopted and currently retain the Christian cross on their national flags.
  17. ^ Smith, Whitney (24 November 2013). "Flag of Tonga". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 9 August 2014. (subscription required)
  18. ^ "Union Jack". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
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  31. ^ "Flag Description: Mauritania". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  32. ^ "Moroccan Flag". Vexillology Matters. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  33. ^ "Pakistan Flag". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  34. ^ "Flag Description: Saudi Arabia". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  35. ^ "Senegal on Flagspot". Flagspot.net. Retrieved 2014-02-02.
  36. ^ Philip, George and Son (December 26, 2002). Encyclopedic World Atlas. Oxford University Press. p. 198. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  37. ^ World Flags 101. "Sudan Flag - World Flags 101". WorldFlags101.com. Moxy Media. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
  38. ^ "Flag Description: Israel". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  39. ^ "The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 2008-07-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-10-08. |chapter= ignored (help)
  40. ^ "Flag Description: Cambodia". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  41. ^ Flags of the world: an illustrated guide to contemporary flags Alfred Znamierowski – 2000, ISBN 1-84215-337-4
  42. ^ "The Sri Lankan Lion flag -how it came to be". Virtual Library Sri Lanka.
  43. ^ "Flag Description: Thailand". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  44. ^ "Flag Description: Argentina". World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  45. ^ a b "Flag of Mexico". All-flags-world.com. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  46. ^ "Flag of Uruguay". All-flags-world.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02.