Religious Program Specialist
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|Religious Program Specialist|
|Issued by||United States Navy|
Religious Program Specialist (abbreviated as RP) is a United States Navy rating. Religious Program Specialists assist Navy chaplains. Religious program specialists provide support to Navy chaplains in developing programs to meet the needs of Navy and Marine Corps personnel and their families. RPs perform functions that do not require ordination and do no pastoral counseling.
- 1 What They Do
- 2 History
- 2.1 Specialist "W"
- 2.2 WAVES
- 2.3 W. Everett Hendricks
- 2.4 Chief Specialist "W" Alfred R. Markin
- 2.5 Chaplains Assistant (SSN534)
- 2.6 Personnelmen and Yeoman Chaplain’s Professional Assistant (YN-2525)
- 2.7 15 January 1979
- 2.8 Requirements to cross-rate to RP in 1979
- 2.9 Merger threatens rate
- 2.10 Still making news
- 2.11 New "A" School
- 3 Badges
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Further reading
What They Do
The duties performed by RPs include: supporting chaplains of all faiths and religious activities of the command; maintaining records, ecclesiastical documents and references of various faith groups; maintaining liaison with religious and community agencies; assisting in preparation of devotional and religious educational materials, and audio-visual displays; determining, developing, managing and maintaining the administrative and logistical support requirements of religious programs and facilities aboard ships, shore stations, hospitals, Marine Corps units and other sea service commands; providing physical security for chaplains during field exercises and in combat environments; operating and maintaining libraries aboard ships and isolated duty stations; performing bookkeeping and accounting functions related to Religious Offerings Fund and OPTAR fund transactions; as custodians, rigging and unrigging for religious activities; publicizing the command's religious activities; training command religious program volunteers on logistics and instruction methods; supervising chaplain's office personnel; performing administrative, clerical and secretarial duties; stocking and maintaining field mount-out boxes.
RPs must have a favorable interview by chaplain/RP screening committee. High school diploma graduate or equivalent with successful completion of 10th grade. Repeat military offenders and personnel convicted by military or civilian authorities of any criminal offense reflecting unfavorably upon their character or integrity are ineligible for the RP rating. Moral turpitude offense(s) are disqualifying. Ministers, Priests, or Rabbis are not eligible for this rating.
- On Ships
- With Fleet Marine Force units
- With Navy SEALs and SWCC
- With Seabees
- On Shore Stations
- At Naval Hospitals
- At CREDO retreat centers
- On Individual Augmentee assignments with Chaplains from other services
The idea of having a chaplain’s specialist assigned to each ship with a chaplain aboard dates from 1878. That year a committee of chaplains first made the recommendation to the Navy Department. Although the Navy Department did not immediately adopt the recommendation, successive generations of chaplains gave their support to the idea.
Finally, from 1942 to 1945, the Navy adopted the Specialist “W” rating (the “W” stood for Welfare) to address the specific wartime needs of Chaplains serving in World War II. Specialist "W"s were at that time required to: Perform clerical duties; play piano and organ for worship services; be competent musical directors; not expected to serve as religious leaders (just as it is today for RPs); and be willing to serve anywhere under any conditions.
Women also distinguished themselves as Specialists (W) during the war. Thirty-eight “WAVES” were selected to serve in the rating. Virginia T. Moore was the first woman to be selected as a Specialist (W) and was subsequently assigned duty in November 1943 in the Nation’s Capital. The first “WAVES” to attend the Chaplains School in June 1944 were recognized as highly motivated, dedicated, and conscientious students.
W. Everett Hendricks
The first officially designated Specialist (W) in the history of the Navy was W. Everett Hendricks who was authorized to enlist on 23 April 1942 with the rating of Specialist (W) first class. Hendricks was assigned duty in the Office of the Chaplain at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Illinois. He was recognized as a talented musician and choir director and contributed significantly to the success of the famed Great Lakes’ Bluejacket Choir.
Chief Specialist "W" Alfred R. Markin
Between April 1942 and August 1945, the Bureau of Naval Personnel selected 509 individuals for the Specialist (W) rating out of 1,455 applicants. Alfred R. Markin was advanced to Chief Specialist (W) in February 1944 and is recognized as being the first individual to be advanced to chief petty officer in this rating. A total of 30 Specialists (W) were advanced to chief petty officer, and most of these senior petty officers were assigned to large training centers and in the offices of district, force, and fleet chaplains.
Chaplains Assistant (SSN534)
Also in 1942, the Marine Corps established a rating known as Chaplain’s Assistant (SSN534). The first marine to receive the new classification was Gilbert Dean Arnold, who was made a gunnery sergeant, the equivalent of a chief petty officer in the Navy. Thirty-five members of the Marine Corps Women’s Reserve became Chaplain’s Assistants in addition to the 105 active duty marines. Unlike the Navy and Coast Guard who instituted the Specialist (W) as a wartime measure, the Marine Corps announced that it intended to retain its rating of Chaplain’s Assistant after the war.
Personnelmen and Yeoman Chaplain’s Professional Assistant (YN-2525)
In April 1948, the Navy established the Personnelman rating. Included in the job classification for this rating was Chaplain’s Assistant. From 1945 to 1979, the Yeoman rating furnished personnel in the Chaplain’s Clerk specialty (YN 2525) to aide and support Navy chaplains in their efforts to provide quality ministry.
Before a Yeoman could be assigned to a chaplain, however, the command chaplain had to go through the lengthy and time-consuming process of justifying the need for a YN 2525 billet. As a result, the establishment of a permanent rating to support the Navy’s chaplains remained a primary goal of the Chief of Chaplains.
15 January 1979
The 101-year quest for a permanent chaplain’s assistant rating was finally realized on 15 January 1979 when the Secretary of the Navy approved the establishment of the Religious Program Specialist (RP) rating. Stringent selection requirements were set, and personnel requesting lateral conversions from other ratings to the RP rating had to be interviewed and recommended by a Navy chaplain.
Requirements to cross-rate to RP in 1979
- Chaplain’s Endorsement
- Commanding Officer’s Recommendation
- High School Graduates or GED
- Eligible for Security Clearance
- Demonstrate support for Navy’s Equal Opportunity Program
- Have no speech impediments
- Demonstrate the ability to write effectively
- No convictions in military or civilian court in last 3 years
- Be willing to serve ALL faith backgrounds
- Be willing to serve as a combatant with the USMC
Merger threatens rate
Between 2002 and 2004, a manpower proposal was put together that would merge the RP rate – along with CTA and LN – back into the Yeoman rating as a “right-sizing” and cost-cutting measure. Long-rumored to be on the verge of ending the rate, it was the RPs role with the Marine Corps and the Corps’ emphatic support of what RPs do that eventually spared the rate from this merger.
Still making news
January 23, 2004
Religious Program Specialist 1st Class (FMF) Robert Page was awarded a Bronze Star with the Combat Distinguishing Device "V" for Valor, indicating direct combat involvement, for his actions near An Nasariya, Iraq, in March while supporting Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom. http://www.navy.mil/search/display.asp?story_id=11600
New "A" School
In August 2009, the Naval Chaplaincy School and Center (NCSC) was opened in Fort Jackson, Columbia, South Carolina. The RP “A” School was then moved from Meridian, Mississippi to the NCSC so that RPs and Chaplains would be able to train with each other. The move to an Army base was intended to make for a more seamless integration of the field training Chaplains and RPs can expect when assigned with Marines and Army units.
The Compass, Globe and Anchor
- The compass suggests the direction religion gives to life.
- The globe symbolizes the fact that religious ministries are available around the world.
- The anchor symbolizes the religious support RPs continually provide to personnel of the naval services.
- Centner, Pat. "No Greater Love: A Memorial Day Salute to Military Chaplains". American Family Association. Retrieved 2011-11-06.
[Chaplain Brett] joined the 2nd Battalion, 26th Marines near the Khe Sanh Combat Base in Vietnam. .... The chaplain had a special assistant in PFC Alexander S. Chin ... who had ... earned two Purple Hearts for his bravery. Chin ... had been assigned to help the chaplain. The two were inseparable and became steadfast friends. On February 22, 1968, the chaplain and his aide found themselves on an air strip in Khe Sanh ... when they came under enemy fire. ... Brett told the chopper to take off without him and his aide, which allowed Lt. Pete Post to go instead. ... [A]n incoming rocket struck, killing Brett, Chin and eight others. .... [In 1998 and 1999, their remains were moved to Arlington National Cemetery and] buried on Chaplain’s Hill ... – united in death as they had been in life.(On the webpage, scroll down to "Lieutenant Robert R. Brett • Vietnam War • 1936-1968".)