Religious affiliation in the United States Senate

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While the religious preference of elected officials is by no means an indication of their allegiance nor necessarily reflective of their voting record, the religious affiliation of prominent members of all three branches of government is a source of commentary and discussion among the media and public. The topic is also of interest to religious groups and the general public who may appeal to Senators of their denomination on religious or moral issues facing the United States Senate.

Incumbent United States Senators[edit]

The following lists show the count of the reported religious affiliation of the members of the United States Senate in the 115th Congress.[1]

Protestant[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
LamarAlexander.jpg Lamar Alexander Republican Tennessee Presbyterian[2][3]
John Barrasso official portrait 112th Congress.jpg John Barrasso Republican Wyoming Presbyterian[4][5]
Shelley Moore Capito official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Shelley Moore Capito Republican West Virginia Presbyterian
Tom Carper, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Tom Carper Democrat Delaware Presbyterian[6][7]
Chris Coons, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Chris Coons Democrat Delaware Presbyterian[8][9]
Bob Corker official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Bob Corker Republican Tennessee Presbyterian[10][11]
Steve Daines official Senate portrait.jpg Steve Daines Republican Montana Presbyterian
Mike Enzi, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Mike Enzi Republican Wyoming Presbyterian[12][13]
Deb Fischer, official portrait, 115th Congress (cropped).jpg Deb Fischer Republican Nebraska Presbyterian[14][15]
Jim Inhofe, 2007 official photo (cropped).jpg Jim Inhofe Republican Oklahoma Presbyterian[16][17]
Rand Paul, official portrait, 112th Congress alternate (cropped).jpg Rand Paul Republican Kentucky Presbyterian[18][19]
Ben Sasse Official photo (cropped).jpg Ben Sasse Republican Nebraska Presbyterian[20]
Richard Shelby, official portrait, 112th Congress (cropped).jpg Richard Shelby Republican Alabama Presbyterian[21][22]
Mark Warner, official 111th Congress photo portrait.jpg Mark Warner Democrat Virginia Presbyterian[23][24]
Roy Blunt, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Roy Blunt Republican Missouri Baptist[25][26]
Cory Booker, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg Cory Booker Democrat New Jersey Baptist[27]
John Boozman, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg John Boozman Republican Arkansas Baptist[28][29]
CochranThad(R-MS).jpg Thad Cochran Republican Mississippi Baptist[30][31]
Ted Cruz, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Ted Cruz Republican Texas Baptist[32][33]
Lindsey Graham, Official Portrait 2006.jpg Lindsey Graham Republican South Carolina Baptist[34][35]
Sen Chuck Grassley official.jpg Chuck Grassley Republican Iowa Baptist[36][37]
Kamala Harris official photo (cropped).jpg Kamala Harris Democratic California Baptist
James Lankford official Senate photo (cropped).jpg James Lankford Republican Oklahoma Baptist
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg John McCain Republican Arizona Baptist[38][39]
Mitch McConnell portrait 2016.jpg Mitch McConnell Republican Kentucky Baptist[40][41]
SenatorRogerWicker(R-MS).jpg Roger Wicker Republican Mississippi Baptist[42][43]
Richard Burr official portrait (cropped).jpg Richard Burr Republican North Carolina Methodist[44][45]
Tom Cotton official Senate photo.jpg Tom Cotton Republican Arkansas Methodist
Johnny Isakson official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Johnny Isakson Republican Georgia Methodist[46][47]
John Neely Kennedy, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg John Neely Kennedy Republican Louisiana Methodist
Jerry Moran, official portrait, 112th Congress (cropped).jpg Jerry Moran Republican Kansas Methodist[48][49]
David Perdue official Senate photo.jpg David Perdue Republican Georgia Methodist
Rob Portman, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Rob Portman Republican Ohio Methodist[50][51]
Pat Roberts official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Pat Roberts Republican Kansas Methodist[52][53]
Debbie Stabenow, official portrait 2.jpg Debbie Stabenow Democrat Michigan Methodist[54][55]
Elizabeth Warren--Official 113th Congressional Portrait--.jpg Elizabeth Warren Democrat Massachusetts Methodist[56][57]
Sherrod Brown official photo 2009 2.jpg Sherrod Brown Democrat Ohio Lutheran[58][59]
Joni Ernst Official photo portrait 114th Congress (cropped).jpg Joni Ernst Republican Iowa Lutheran
Cory Gardner official Senate portrait.jpeg Cory Gardner Republican Colorado Lutheran
Martin Heinrich, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Martin Heinrich Democrat New Mexico Lutheran[60][61]
Ron Johnson, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Ron Johnson Republican Wisconsin Lutheran[62][63]
Jeff Merkley, 115th official photo (cropped).jpg Jeff Merkley Democrat Oregon Lutheran[64][65]
Angus King, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Angus King Independent Maine Episcopalian[66][67]
Bill Nelson.jpg Bill Nelson Democrat Florida Episcopalian[68][69]
Gary Peters, official portrait, 114th Congress (cropped).jpg Gary Peters Democrat Michigan Episcopalian[70][71]
Luther Strange official portrait.jpg Luther Strange Republican Alabama Episcopalian
Chris Van Hollen official portrait 115th Congress.jpg Chris Van Hollen Democrat Maryland Episcopalian
Sheldon Whitehouse 2010 (cropped).jpg Sheldon Whitehouse Democrat Rhode Island Episcopalian[72][73]
Bill Cassidy official Senate photo.jpg Bill Cassidy Republican Louisiana Evangelical Protestant[74]
Tim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tim Scott Republican South Carolina Evangelical Protestant[75][76]
Maggie Hassan, official portrait, 115th Congress.jpg Maggie Hassan Democrat New Hampshire Congregationalist
Amy Klobuchar.jpg Amy Klobuchar Democrat Minnesota Congregationalist
(United Church of Christ)[77][78]
JonTester.jpg Jon Tester Democrat Montana Church of God[79][80]
John Cornyn official senate portrait.jpg John Cornyn Republican Texas Churches of Christ[81][82]
Chris Murphy, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Chris Murphy Democrat Connecticut Protestant[83][84]
Senator Todd Young official portrait.jpg Todd Young Republican Indiana Protestant
Jeanne Shaheen, official Senate photo portrait, 2009 (cropped).jpg Jeanne Shaheen Democrat New Hampshire Protestant[85][86]
John Thune, official portrait, 111th Congress (cropped).jpg John Thune Republican South Dakota Protestant[87][88]

Catholic[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Maria Cantwell, official portrait, 110th Congress.jpg Maria Cantwell Democrat Washington Catholic[89][90]
Bob Casey Jr. official photo.jpg Bob Casey Democrat Pennsylvania Catholic[91][92]
Susan Collins official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Susan Collins Republican Maine Catholic[93][94]
Joe Donnelly, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Joe Donnelly Democrat Indiana Catholic[95][96]
Richard Durbin official photo.jpg Dick Durbin Democrat Illinois Catholic[97][98]
SenatorGillibrandpic.jpg Kirsten Gillibrand Democrat New York Catholic[99][100]
Heidi Heitkamp official portrait 113th Congress.jpg Heidi Heitkamp Democrat North Dakota Catholic[101][102]
John Hoeven, Official Senate Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg John Hoeven Republican North Dakota Catholic[103][104]
Tim Kaine, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg Tim Kaine Democrat Virginia Catholic[105][106]
Patrick Leahy official photo (cropped).jpg Patrick Leahy Democrat Vermont Catholic[107][108]
Joe Manchin official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Joe Manchin Democrat West Virginia Catholic[100][109]
Edward Markey, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg Ed Markey Democrat Massachusetts Catholic[110][111]
Catherine Cortez Masto official portrait.jpg Catherine Cortez Masto Democratic Nevada Catholic
Claire McCaskill, Official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Claire McCaskill Democrat Missouri Catholic[112][113]
Robert Menendez, official Senate photo.jpg Bob Menendez Democrat New Jersey Catholic[114][115]
Lisa Murkowski.jpg Lisa Murkowski Republican Alaska Catholic[116][117]
Patty Murray, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Patty Murray Democrat Washington Catholic[118][119]
Jack Reed, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jack Reed Democrat Rhode Island Catholic[120][121]
Jim Risch official portrait (cropped).jpg Jim Risch Republican Idaho Catholic[122][123]
Mike Rounds official Senate portrait.jpg Mike Rounds Republican South Dakota Catholic
Marco Rubio, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Marco Rubio Republican Florida Catholic[124][125]
Senator Dan Sullivan official.jpg Dan Sullivan Republican Alaska Catholic
Thom Tillis official photo.jpg Thom Tillis Republican North Carolina Catholic
Pat Toomey, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Pat Toomey Republican Pennsylvania Catholic[126][127]

Mormon[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Mike Crapo Official Photo 110th Congress.jpg Mike Crapo Republican Idaho Mormon[128][129]
Jeff Flake official Senate photo (cropped).jpg Jeff Flake Republican Arizona Mormon[130][131]
Orrin Hatch, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Orrin Hatch Republican Utah Mormon[132][133]
Dean Heller, Official Senate Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Dean Heller Republican Nevada Mormon[134][135]
Mike Lee official portrait 112th Congress.jpg Mike Lee Republican Utah Mormon[136][137]
Tom Udall official Senate portrait.jpg Tom Udall Democrat New Mexico Mormon[138][139]

Jewish[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Richard Blumenthal Official Portrait (cropped).jpg Richard Blumenthal Democrat Connecticut Judaism[140][141]
Ben Cardin official Senate portrait (cropped).jpg Ben Cardin Democrat Maryland Judaism[142][143]
Dianne Feinstein, official Senate photo 2.jpg Dianne Feinstein Democrat California Judaism[144][145][146]
Al Franken Official Senate Portrait.jpg Al Franken Democrat Minnesota Judaism[147][148]
Bernie Sanders.jpg Bernie Sanders Independent Vermont Judaism[149][150]
Brian Schatz, official portrait, 113th Congress 2.jpg Brian Schatz Democrat Hawaii Judaism[151][152]
Chuck Schumer official photo (cropped).jpg Chuck Schumer Democrat New York Judaism[153][154]
Ron Wyden official photo (cropped).jpg Ron Wyden Democrat Oregon Reform Judaism[155][156]

Buddhist[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation
Mazie Hirono, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Mazie Hirono Democrat Hawaii Jōdo Shinshū Buddhism[157][158]

Unaffiliated[edit]

Senator Party State Religious affiliation Notes
Tammy Baldwin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Baldwin Democrat Wisconsin Unaffiliated[159][160] Baptized Episcopalian[161]
Michael Bennet Official Photo.jpg Michael Bennet Democrat Colorado Unafilliated[162][163] Raised in both Jewish and Christian traditions.[164]
Tammy Duckworth, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Duckworth Democrat Illinois Unaffiliated

Compared with general population[edit]

In conjunction with figures derived from the Pew Research Center's 2014 Religious Landscape Study,[165] the most basic breakdown of the above data indicates that 88% of the Senate identifies as Christian (compared with 70.6% of the population), 8% of the Senate identifies as Jewish (compared with 1.9% of the population), 1% of the Senate identifies with other religions (compared with 5.9% of the population), and 3% percent of the Senate remains unaffiliated (compared with 22.8% of the population).

The following list compares reported religious affiliations of U.S. senators to religious statistics of the demographics of the United States of America:

  • Protestants are represented by 58% of the Senate for 46.5% of the population.
    • Presbyterians are represented by 14% of the Senate for 2.2% of the population.
    • Baptists are represented by 12% of the Senate for 15.3% of the population.
    • Methodists are represented by 11% of the Senate for 4.4% of the population.
    • Lutherans are represented by 6% of the Senate for 3.6% of the population.
    • Episcopalians are represented by 6% of the Senate for 1.2% of the population.
    • Evangelicals are represented by 2% of the Senate for 26.4% of the population.
    • Congregationalists are represented by 2% of the Senate for 0.5% of the population.
    • The Church of God is represented by 1% of the Senate for 0.7% of the population.
    • The Churches of Christ are represented by 1% of the Senate for 1.5% of the population.
  • Catholics are represented by 24% of the Senate for 20.8% of the population.
  • Mormons are represented by 6% of the Senate for 1.6% of the population.
  • Jews are represented by 8% of the Senate for 1.9% of the population.
  • Buddhists are represented by 1% of the Senate for 0.7% of the population.
  • Other religious affiliations (including Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Bahá'ís, Taoists, Jains, Unitarian Universalists, New Age, and adherents to Native American religions) are unrepresented in the Senate for 4.3% of the population.
  • Those without religious affiliation are represented by 3% of the Senate for 22.8% of the population.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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