Remedello culture

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Chalcolithic
Eneolithic, Aeneolithic,
or Copper Age
Stone Age
Neolithic

Africa

Naqada culture, Gerzeh culture, A-Group culture, C-Group culture, Kerma culture

West Asia

Ghassulian culture, Uruk period

Europe

Yamna culture, Corded Ware
Cernavodă culture, Decea Mureşului culture, Gorneşti culture, Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture, Petreşti culture, Coțofeni culture
Remedello culture, Gaudo culture, Monte Claro culture

Central Asia

Yamna culture, Botai culture, BMAC culture, Afanasevo culture

South Asia

Periodisation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Bhirrana culture, Hakra Ware culture, Kaytha culture, Ahar–Banas culture
Savalda Culture, Malwa culture, Jorwe culture

China

Mesoamerica
Metallurgy, Wheel,
Domestication of the horse
Bronze Age

The Remedello culture (Italian Cultura di Remedello) developed during the Copper Age (4th and 3rd millennium BC) in Northern Italy, particularly in the area of the Po valley. The name comes from the town of Remedello (Brescia) where several burials were discovered in the late 19th century.[1]

First excavations[edit]

The first burials were discovered in the winter of 1884, the excavations were initiated by Gaetano Chierici, but, as a result of the low temperatures, he fell ill and died. The excavations continued under the direction of Giovanni Bandieri, who moved the relics to the Museum of Reggio Emilia.[2]

The burials[edit]

The Copper Age graves contained a single body in a crouching or supine position with the head facing north-west.[2]

The male set was represented by arrows, stone daggers and polished stone axes, among the tombs few are those with axes and daggers or ornaments made of copper.[2]

The female burials are accompanied by ceramic vessels or (in rare occasions) ornaments. The graves of children contained simple kits of flint stone.[2]

Among the found items noteworthy is the presence of extremely accurate works in flint stone as axes and other weapons, objects in copper and arsenical silver (arms, pins, pectorals, bracelets), all of them characterized by decorative elements of eastern origin.[1]

Genetics[edit]

In a 2015 study published in Nature, the remains of three individuals ascribed to the Remedello culture were analyzed. All of them were determined to belong to haplogroup I.[3]

Chronology[edit]

Although most of the discovered tombs date to the Chalcolithic, burials from the Bronze Age and the Iron Age have also been recovered.

The Remedello culture has been recently periodized by scholars into two distinct historical periods both dating back to the Copper Age.[2]

Remedello I : 3400 [4] / 3200 BC - 2800 BC, or ancient Copper Age stage;

Remedello II: 2900 [4] / 2800 BC - 2400 BC, or full Copper Age stage.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b ""Cultura di Remedello" su MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on 2005-03-13. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  2. ^ a b c d e ""Sepolcreto di Remedello Sotto (Bs)" su Musei Civici di Romagna". Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  3. ^ Mathieson, Iain (December 24, 2015). "Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians". Nature. 528 (7583): 499–503. doi:10.1038/nature16152. PMC 4918750.
  4. ^ a b "Atti della XXXI riunione scientifica IIPP "La Valle d'Aosta nel quadro della preistoria e protostoria dell'arco alpino centro-occidentale" su "Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria"". Retrieved 2009-10-06.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]