Remedy Entertainment

This is a good article. Click here for more information.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Remedy Entertainment Plc
Native name
Remedy Entertainment Oyj
FormerlyRemedy Entertainment Oy (1995–2017)
Nasdaq HelsinkiREMEDY
IndustryVideo games
Founded18 August 1995; 28 years ago (1995-08-18)
  • Samuli Syvähuoko
  • Markus Mäki
  • Sami Nopanen
  • John Kavaleff
  • Sami Vanhatalo
Key people
RevenueIncrease €44.726 million (2021)[1]
Increase €14.708 million (2021)[1]
  • Markus Mäki (23.72%)
  • Sam Lake (4.16%)
  • Tero Virtala (2.23%)
  • (as of 31 July 2023)[2]
Number of employees
Increase 360[3] (2023)

Remedy Entertainment Oyj, trading internationally as Remedy Entertainment Plc, is a Finnish video game developer based in Espoo. Notable games the studio has developed include the first two entries in the Max Payne franchise, Alan Wake, Quantum Break and Control. Sam Lake, Remedy's creative director, has represented the company on numerous occasions.

Founded in August 1995 by members of demoscene group Future Crew, Remedy Entertainment created their first game, Death Rally, in a team member's basement. Apogee Software served as the game's publisher, and continued to be involved in the production of their next title, Max Payne, which received critical acclaim upon release. The game was followed by a sequel, Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne, released by Rockstar Games. After spending seven years working on the Max Payne franchise, the developer decided to create a new intellectual property called Alan Wake. This title was once suspected to be vaporware because of the length of time it took to produce and release. It gained a cult following when it was released in 2010, by Microsoft Game Studios, though at the time its sales were not enough to justify the production of a sequel. Remedy decided to pursue a new project named Quantum Break, which further expanded the live-action component of Alan Wake. The team had transitioned to become a multi-project studio since 2016, and had three projects in development, including Control and the single-player portions of CrossfireX. Remedy’s latest title, Alan Wake II, was released on 27 October 2023. They are currently developing Control 2 and a remake of their original Max Payne titles.

Remedy Entertainment has specialised in making cinematic single-player action games featuring a strong central character. With their roots in the demo scene Remedy have a strong history in developing their own game engines for their titles, most notably Northlight for Quantum Break. The studio underwent rapid expansion during the 2010s. It became a public company in 2017, and moved into a larger office in Espoo in 2018. Remedy opened their second studio in Stockholm in 2022.


Background and founding (1995–1998)[edit]

Remedy Entertainment's original logo, designed by Henri Loikkanen, was introduced with Remedy's website on 1 July 1996.[4] The logo, which resembled LucasArts' logo, prompted LucasArts to threaten with legal action, resulting in the removal of the logo in July 1998.[5]

The company was founded by members of different demoscene groups that worked on creating demos for personal computers (PCs) and Commodore International's Amiga PCs.[6] In 1994, inspired by Bloodhouse and Terramarque, Finland's first commercial video game developers, members of the Future Crew demogroup realised that their group would not evolve into a commercial developer by itself, and they would have to set up a new company.[7] They decided to found the company they called Remedy to produce video games and began recruiting other like-minded individuals with a demoscene background.[6] Remedy's founding members were Samuli Syvähuoko, Markus Mäki, Sami Nopanen, John Kavaleff and Sami Vanhatalo.[7][8] The company was officially established on 18 August 1995.[9] At the time the company was founded, most members were only in their early twenties. They produced their first video game in the basement of Syvähuoko's parents' house in Espoo's Westend district.[10]

The team began developing a racing game, initially known as HiSpeed, based on the first idea the team pitched. Scott Miller, the founder of Apogee Software, provided creative input and suggested the racing game should introduce vehicular combat elements.[6] Renamed Death Rally, Apogee Software released the game in 1996.[6] Needing dialog for the game, Remedy's Petri Järvilehto contacted a long-time friend Sam Lake, who was studying English literature at Helsinki University of Technology at the time, to help; Lake subsequently remained at Remedy and would eventually become the studio's creative director.[11]

In 1997, Remedy also created a benchmarking tool, Final Reality, with the team later spinning off as a new sister company, Futuremark.[12] In a letter dated 9 July 1998, LucasArts, through attorney John Sullivan, approached Remedy and threatened legal action, claiming the Remedy logo was copied from the top part of LucasArts' logo.[13] By that time, Remedy had already been in the process of redesigning their logo, as their logo at the time did not properly reflect Remedy as a company.[13] The old logo was taken off Remedy's website in July, and was replaced by a question mark.[13][14][15] The new logo, designed by Kiia Kallio, was unveiled on 29 April 1999.[15]

Max Payne series (1999–2005)[edit]

Logo between April 1999 and April 2023, designed by Kiia Kallio[15]
Sam Lake was the writer and the face model for Max Payne in the original game, and has since represented Remedy on numerous occasions.[16]

Following the release of Death Rally, Remedy began pitching their next project to Miller. One was a space flight simulation game like Descent: FreeSpace, one was a racing game, while another was an isometric shooter named Dark Justice.[17] Miller decided to fund the shooter's development, on the condition the game had a strong central character like Duke Nukem, 3D graphics, and a better name.[17] He felt Dark Justice was too "dark" and "adult".[6] The team proposed different possibilities, ranging from "Dick Justice" to "Max Heat", a name the company trademarked for $20,000,[17] before settling on the name "Max Payne".[6] The game's lead designer was Petri Järvilehto.[18] He wanted bullet time and slow motion, a hallmark of Hong Kong action films,[6] to be the core mechanic for their game.[17] They decided to position it as a resource for players to use.[6] With an expertise in computing because of their demoscene background, the team crafted their own game engine for the game.[6] Sam Lake was appointed as the game's writer. He introduced elements commonly found in crime fiction and film noir into the game.[6] The team wanted to use real-life photos for the game's texture, though this was initially met with heavy resistance by the artists.[6] In 1999, the designers travelled from Finland to New York to research the city and get ideas for environments.[6] Accompanied by two former New York Police Department bodyguards, they took thousands of photographs for mapping.[19] The company spent most of its time in 2000 further refining the game's graphics.[6] Having delayed its release twice, Max Payne received critical acclaim when it was released in July 2001.[20] It was noted for its heavy focus on story and atmosphere as an action game, which was traditionally more gameplay oriented. The game was a commercial success, selling more than seven million copies.[17]

Apogee outsourced the development of Max Payne's console versions to Rockstar Games, whose parent company Take-Two Interactive spent $10 million to purchase the intellectual property rights to the franchise;[17] Rockstar still holds the rights to Max Payne as of 2021.[21] As part of the acquisition agreement, Remedy would return to develop a sequel for the game. Take-Two gave Remedy plenty of creative freedom.[17] The development cycle for the sequel game was much shorter than the original.[6] The team made use of most of the existing gameplay mechanics and expanded them.[17] Lake returned to write the game's script. He went to the Theatre Academy of Finland to study screenwriting to be able to write a more "ambitious" story.[6] Lake's script had more than 600 pages, five times that of the original.[17] Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne received critical acclaim when it was released in October 2003, 27 months after Max Payne's release.[6] However, it sold poorly. Take-Two cited the game's "continued disappointing sales" as one of the reasons for the company's forecast of a drop in sales revenue for 2004.[22] Remedy was no longer involved with the franchise after Max Payne 2, but Rockstar consulted them when Max Payne 3 reached its final stage of production.[23]

Partnership with Microsoft (2006–2016)[edit]

After working for seven years on the Max Payne series, the team wanted to develop something new. They began prototyping and experimenting with different gameplay mechanics with the intention of making a sandbox game. However, due to limited resources, the team found that developing an open world was not feasible and decided to refocus the game as a linear experience.[6] The company was inspired by Stephen King's novels, Twin Peaks, ghost towns in the American Northwest, and tornado patterns, and they invited a landscape architect to serve as the game's consultant.[24] The team organised a field trip to the Northwest and Crater Lake and took more than 40,000 photographs for use creating the game's environment.[24] The game was in pre-production for more than three years, while full development only lasted for approximately two years. During this period, the studio increased the number of employees from 30 to 45.[25] Some media outlets suspected the game had become vapourware as it disappeared from the public spotlight for a considerable time after its announcement.[26] Microsoft Game Studios acted as the game's publisher after securing an exclusivity deal with Remedy. The title, Alan Wake was released for Microsoft's Xbox 360 to generally positive reviews in May 2010.[27][28] Remedy pushed for a PC version after the game's launch, and Microsoft greenlit its production in mid-2011.[29] The PC version, developed with Nitro Games, was released in February 2012.[29] The game sold more than 3.2 million copies, but Remedy explained in 2013 that it was not financially successful enough for them to raise the funds needed to continue developing a sequel.[30] Unlike Max Payne, Alan Wake's narrative was written to accommodate the release of multiple sequels.[31] The company began developing different prototypes for Alan Wake 2. Some of its elements were reintegrated into Alan Wake's American Nightmare,[31] a 2012 standalone Xbox Live Arcade game which had a much shorter development cycle.[6][32] Collectively, both games sold more than 4.5 million copies as of March 2015.[33]

The company showed the prototype it had developed for Alan Wake 2 to different publishers.[31] Microsoft was not interested in pursuing a sequel to Alan Wake, but they were keen on working with Remedy again on an original intellectual property.[31] The company had experimented with transmedia storytelling in Alan Wake,[31] and Microsoft hoped Remedy would further expand the live-action component in their next project, Quantum Break.[34] Pre-production of the game began in 2011; approximately 100 people worked on it.[35] The idea of quantum physics originated with Alan Wake's TV show called Quantum Suicide. The team thought time travel was the best way to accommodate the storytelling structure. Described as a "transmedia action-shooter video game and television hybrid",[36] Lake directed the game, while Lifeboat Productions produced the TV component, with Ben Ketai as director.[37] The company built a new game engine for the game known as Northlight.[38] Quantum Break received generally positive reviews from critics when it was released in 2016. Microsoft declared it the best-selling original property released by the firm since the release of the Xbox One.[39] As of 2021, the rights to Quantum Break remain with Microsoft.[21]

During this period, Remedy began experimenting with mobile games. The studio began developing a remake of Death Rally for iOS and Android. The game took eight months to develop, and it was a collaborative effort between Remedy, Mountain Sheep and Cornfox & Brothers.[40] Remedy spent only $10,000 marketing the game,[41] but it proved to be a commercial success for them. More than 11 million players downloaded the game[42] and the development team recouped their budget in three days.[41] Seeing the success of Death Rally, Lake claimed it was only the company's "first step" into the mobile gaming space and they were looking at creating more titles for mobile platforms.[43] In 2013, Remedy expanded its board of directors, adding Mike Capps, former president of Epic Games, and Christian Fredriksson, chief executive of security firm F-Secure to the board.[44] In late 2013, the company announced their next mobile game, Agents of Storm, a tower defence game for iOS.[45] They collaborated with German publisher Flaregames on the project, which was released in late 2014.[46][47]

Diversifying portfolio (2016–present)[edit]

Remedy underwent several management changes from 2015 to 2016. Chief executive officer (CEO) Matias Myllyrinne left Remedy to join Wargaming, with former CEO of RedLynx, Tero Virtala, replacing him and the interim CEO Markus Mäki.[48] Virtala's appointment was made to help Remedy transition into a multi-project studio, so that each game would have a shorter development cycle.[49] In 2017, Remedy launched an initial public offering to raise funds to develop projects concurrently,[50] and became a public company listed on the NASDAQ First North Finland exchange.[51][52] The company announced they were working on the single-player component of Smilegate's free-to-play first-person shooter Crossfire 2 (later renamed as CrossfireX).[53] Its predecessor, Crossfire, was one of the highest-grossing video games of all time by 2016.[54][55] Remedy is also working on a new version of the original Crossfire, called Crossfire HD.[56] After the announcement, Remedy began teasing its next project, codenamed P7.[16] 505 Games provided support in marketing and publishing in addition to a fund of €7.75 million to assist in the game's development.[57] The game, titled Control, was released for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4 and Xbox One on 27 August 2019, and was the first game developed by Remedy for a Sony platform since Max Payne 2.[58] Control sold over two million units by March 2021 and won several gaming awards, and has since had ports to the Nintendo Switch (via cloud streaming).[21]

An unnamed third project has also been in development in tandem with CrossfireX and Control.[59] A small 15-person team dedicated to creating multiplayer and live titles known as "Vanguard", was established in 2018.[60][61][62]

A television show based on Alan Wake was announced in September 2018 with Lake attached as its executive producer.[63] Remedy fully acquired the publishing rights to Alan Wake in July 2019 from Microsoft, including a one-time €2.5 million royalty payment from the series' performance.[64]

Remedy and Epic Games announced in March 2020 that they had established a two-game publishing deal with plans for release in the next few years, both within the same franchise. One was a larger, AAA-style game that was already in pre-production. while the second was a smaller-scale project yet to be started. Under the terms of the deal, Remedy would retain full creative control of the development process and intellectual property, while Epic will fully back development costs; following release, once Epic has recouped its backing Epic and Remedy will split profits 50/50.[65][66] The larger game is part of Remedy's "shared universe" between Alan Wake and Control. Lake said they have had the idea of developing for ten years, even as far back with Max Payne references within Alan Wake, and Quantum Break teasing elements of Alan Wake.[67][68] The smaller title was Alan Wake Remastered, released in October 2021; the larger title, Alan Wake 2, entered full production in Aug 2021 and was released in October 2023.[69][70]

In May 2021, it was announced that Tencent acquired a minority stake of 3.8% in the company from sales of shares from Accendo Capital, which still otherwise held 14% ownership in Remedy.[71] Remedy and Tencent announced in December 2021 that Remedy was working on a new online game to be published by Tencent under the code name Vanguard.[72] While Vanguard was originally planned as a free-to-play title, Remedy announced in November 2023 that they shifted the game to be a premium-price title, and was now developing it under the codename Kestrel.[73]

Remedy announced plans to open a new studio in Sweden in the first half of 2022, as based on their experience from working during the COVID-19 pandemic, they found a need for a hybrid work model for their Sweden-based staff.[74]

Remedy announced in April 2022 that with funding from Rockstar that they were remaking Max Payne and Max Payne 2 in their Northlight engine, to be released for Windows, PlayStation 5, and Xbox Series X/S.[75][76]

Games developed[edit]

Year Title Platform(s) Publisher(s)
1996 Death Rally MS-DOS, Windows Apogee Software, Remedy Entertainment
2001 Max Payne Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Game Boy Advance, Android, iOS Gathering of Developers, Rockstar Games
2003 Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox Rockstar Games
2010 Alan Wake Xbox 360, Windows Microsoft Game Studios, Remedy Entertainment
2011 Death Rally Windows, Android, iOS, Fire OS Remedy Entertainment
2012 Alan Wake's American Nightmare Windows, Xbox 360 Microsoft Studios, Remedy Entertainment
2014 Agents of Storm iOS Flaregames
2016 Quantum Break Windows, Xbox One Microsoft Studios
2019 Control Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch, Stadia, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S 505 Games
2021 Alan Wake Remastered Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S, Nintendo Switch Epic Games Publishing
2022 CrossfireX / Crossfire HD (single-player) Windows, Xbox One, Xbox Series X/S Smilegate
2023 Alan Wake II[77] Windows, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S Epic Games Publishing
TBA Control 2[78] Windows, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S 505 Games, Remedy Entertainment[79]
Condor (working title)[78] Windows, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S 505 Games
Max Payne and Max Payne 2 remake compilation[76] Windows, PlayStation 5, Xbox Series X/S Rockstar Games
Kestrel (working title, formerly Vanguard)[72][73] Windows, consoles Remedy Entertainment, Tencent

Northlight Engine[edit]

In addition to its games, Remedy developed Northlight Storytelling Engine, a multi-platform game engine which was first used in Quantum Break. According to Lake, they had considered narrative elements to be key to their prior games of Max Payne and Alan Wake, but felt it was necessary to develop their own technology to better support this facet.[80] Part of this decision came about when Remedy had been working on the cancelled Alan Wake II prototype around 2013, at the time based on the same engine used in Alan Wake which had limited their abilities for storytelling.[81] Building on the tech created for Alan Wake II, Remedy fleshed out various features that support the studio's narrative goals such as highly detailed and realistic human faces and bodies that can be animated through motion capture and a physically based renderer that supports global illumination, ray tracing and particle lighting. A real time deterministic physics system that can calculate environmental physics effects, play them back in real-time or rewind to create large scale interactive destruction was also used.[80][82][83][84][85]


The team used a basement in the Westend district of Espoo, Finland, as a workspace for the production of their first games.[10] According to Lake, there were mattresses strewn across the basement floor because team members sometimes slept there.[6] Before 2018, Remedy was using a four-story office in Espoo which offered various facilities including a café, a sauna, a bar and a gym.[86] It also had a "development warehouse", which housed many items once used by the studio such as photos and graphic novels (for Max Payne) and clothes (for Alan Wake), as well as old computers, design documents, demo video tapes, and early scripts.[87] As the studio underwent significant expansion, it relocated to a newer and bigger office, also in Espoo, in May 2018. The new office allows Remedy to accommodate a motion capture studio floor that is four times larger than the original.[88]

As of December 2019, Remedy has more than 250 employees across 30 countries.[89]

Culture and philosophy[edit]

The studio has specialised in making cinematic single-player action games.[90] According to managing director Matias Myllyrinne, the studio's games always have a strong lead character (as evidenced by Max Payne and Alan Wake), and their games must be "approachable" and relatable and appeal to the largest possible audience.[91] The team hoped players would be immersed fully in the world they created.[92] He added that themes like "World War II, dragons, hardcore sci-fi, or women with tight leather outfits" are something the studio would avoid.[91] The team also aimed for "movie realism", where real-world believability was important.[91] However, the team usually took inspiration from movies, TV shows and books rather than video games as they wanted to create something unique for the video game industry. When they were developing games, they always began by creating the story, which informed and guided other aspects of development such as gameplay.[25] Most of the company's games are linear, but Remedy began exploring ideas like multiplayer gaming and open-ended gameplay around 2015.[92] The studio typically used their own in-house technology, including the Northlight Engine, to power their game,[80] and invested a lot in motion capture. It partnered with Nvidia to streamline the motion capture process.[93]

Starting from 2016, the company began to transform itself into a multi-project studio, with each title having a shorter development cycle.[94][95] This enabled the team to become more financially secure and allowed team members to choose which projects they wanted to work on. The team also began taking on work-for-hire projects; Remedy developed the single-player portion of CrossfireX. This is part of a strategy adopted by Remedy to expand into new genres and boost its popularity in different parts of the world.[96] Although the company plans to release games more frequently, Virtala insisted that game quality would not be compromised and that a Remedy game launch would still be "rare".[97]

Recognition[edit] named Remedy one of its 2019 People of the Year in its successful launch of Control, its first title after their IPO.[89] Also Hideo Kojima, known as the father of the Metal Gear series, has expressed that he is a huge fan of Control,[98] and as proof of this, he visited Remedy's studio during his visit to Finland in 2019.[98][99][100]


  1. ^ a b "Strong year with new partnerships and game launches". Remedy Entertainment. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Shareholders - Remedy investors". Remedy Entertainment. 24 August 2021. Archived from the original on 11 July 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Careers".
  4. ^ "What's New?". Remedy Entertainment. 1 July 1996. Archived from the original on 16 April 1997.
  5. ^ "LucasArts Fights Remedy Logo". Next Generation. 16 July 1998. Archived from the original on 6 October 1999. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s William Coven, Trace (5 April 2016). "Magnum Opus Games: Remedy Entertainment's History of Innovation". Complex. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  7. ^ a b Kuorikoski, Juho (5 June 2015). Finnish Video Games: A History and Catalog. McFarland & Company. p. 46. ISBN 9781476621197.
  8. ^ Kuorikoski, Juho (September 2015). "Remedy 20 v.". Pelit. pp. 62–63.
  9. ^ "Remedy is Three Years Old!". Remedy Entertainment. 18 August 1998. Archived from the original on 2 December 1998. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  10. ^ a b Lappalainen, Elina (27 April 2017). "Näin myöhästymisistään tunnettu Remedy nousi demoskenestä Helsingin pörssiin" [Known for its delays, Remedy rises from the demoscene to the Helsinki Stock Exchange]. Kauppalehti (in Finnish). Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  11. ^ Machkovech, Sam (14 May 2020). "War Stories: Alan Wake's transformation emerged from a two-month "sauna"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Post-Final Reality". Blue's News. 7 April 1998. Archived from the original on 30 January 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  13. ^ a b c "THE REMEDY LOGO HAS BEEN CENSORED". Remedy Entertainment. 21 July 1998. Archived from the original on 22 April 1999. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  14. ^ Siegler, Joe (17 July 1998). "Remedy Entertainment & LucasArts". 3D Realms. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "REMEDY LAUNCHES NEW LOOK". Remedy Entertainment. 29 April 1999. Archived from the original on 1 September 1999.
  16. ^ a b Purchese, Robert (26 May 2017). "Remedy on life after Xbox exclusivity". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i McLaughlin, Rus (11 May 2018). "The History of Max Payne". The Escapist. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  18. ^ Handrahan, Matthew (1 March 2018). "Seriously's four-year quest to become Finland's next breakout hit". Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Remedy Designers Visit New York!". 3D Realms. 28 May 1999. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Max Payne for PC review". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 25 August 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  21. ^ a b c Batchelor, James (5 March 2021). "Beyond Control: What's next for Remedy?". Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  22. ^ Feldman, Curt (2 February 2004). "Take-Two adjusts financials south, blames Max Payne's poor showing". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2008.
  23. ^ Scammell, David (9 March 2016). "Remedy: We could make a 'cool' new Max Payne". Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  24. ^ a b Remedy Entertainment (25 March 2014). "The Making of Alan Wake". YouTube. Archived from the original on 30 August 2019. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  25. ^ a b Cowen, Nick (18 February 2010). "Remedy's Sam Lake: On why Alan Wake's taken six years and what he's like now he's ready". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  26. ^ Pellett, Matthew (15 May 2017). "Alan Wake was almost an open-world Silent Hill. Here's the story of its creation". GamesRadar. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Alan Wake for Xbox 360 review". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on 24 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  28. ^ O'Connor, Alice (11 February 2010). "Alan Wake Release Date Announced Alongside Limited Edition and Pre-Order Bonuses". Shacknews. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  29. ^ a b Yin-Poole, Wesley (17 February 2012). "How Remedy convinced Microsoft to let it make Alan Wake PC". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  30. ^ Narcisse, Evan (22 May 2013). "Alan Wake Creator Explains Why We Are Not Getting A Sequel". Kotaku. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  31. ^ a b c d e Crecente, Brian (20 April 2015). "Introducing the Alan Wake 2 You Will Never Play". Polygon. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  32. ^ Sheffield, Brendon (30 January 2012). "Finnish Experiments, American Nightmare". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  33. ^ Makuch, Eddie (25 March 2015). "Alan Wake Sales Reach 4.5 Million, as Xbox One Rumors Surface". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  34. ^ Robinson, Martin (7 March 2016). "Remedy still in talks about Alan Wake 2". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 17 June 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  35. ^ Takahashi, Dean (1 March 2016). "How Remedy controlled a complicated story across the Quantum Break games and videos". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  36. ^ Plante, Chris (13 June 2013). "Quantum Break Brings Binge Viewing To Video Games". Polygon. Archived from the original on 18 June 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
  37. ^ Makuch, Eddie (9 April 2016). "Quantum Break TV Show Composer Talks About Working on His First Game". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 22 June 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  38. ^ Hussain, Tamoor (11 April 2017). "Remedy Bringing Quantum Break's Engine To PS4 For Its Next Game". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  39. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (11 April 2016). "Quantum Break UK's best-selling boxed game". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  40. ^ Tan, Maurice (4 November 2016). "Review: Death Rally". Destructoid. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  41. ^ a b Sakuraoka-Gilman, Matt (6 February 2012). "Remedy's $1 million Death Rally success example of revenue console devs can accrue on iOS, reckons analyst". Pocket Gamer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  42. ^ Page, Dan (4 July 2018). "Death Rally Coming to PC (again)". Prima Games. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  43. ^ Sliwinski, Alexander (19 December 2011). "Remedy's iOS Death Rally downloaded 1.8 million times". Engadget. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  44. ^ Takahashi, Dean (11 September 2013). "Remedy Entertainment expands its board as gaming moves into new transition (interview)". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  45. ^ McWhertor, Michael (7 December 2013). "Remedy Games announces Agents of Storm for iOS". Polygon. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  46. ^ Jordan, Jon (26 September 2014). "Pint and publishing deal: Remedy and Flaregames sign Agents of Storm contract in London pub". Pocket Gamer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  47. ^ Takahashi, Dean (25 September 2014). "Alan Wake creator Remedy Entertainment taps Flaregames to publish Agents of Storm on mobile". VentureBeat. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  48. ^ Biery, Thomas (11 August 2016). "Remedy Entertainment's new CEO is a veteran of Trials developer RedLynx". Polygon. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  49. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (23 August 2016). "Remedy pushes for shorter dev cycles". Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  50. ^ Kerr, Chris (27 April 2017). "Remedy planning IPO to fund multi-project development". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  51. ^ Cowley, Ric (26 October 2017). "Ups and downs: How Finland's biggest IPOs of 2017 are performing". Pocket Gamer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  52. ^ "Nasdaq Helsinki welcomes Remedy Entertainment to Nasdaq First North Finland". (Press release). 29 May 2017. Archived from the original on 24 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  53. ^ Scammell, David (27 July 2016). "Quantum Break studio Remedy co-developing CrossFire 2". Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  54. ^ Herald, The Korea (20 May 2015). "[Herald Interview] The woman behind success of 'Crossfire'". Archived from the original on 29 May 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  55. ^ "World of Warcraft Leads Industry With Nearly $10 Billion In Revenue - GameRevolution". GameRevolution. 26 January 2017. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  56. ^ Valentine, Rebekah (22 August 2018). "Remedy Entertainment building third development team". Archived from the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  57. ^ Handrahan, Matthew (3 May 2018). "505 Games will publish Remedy Entertainment's new game". Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  58. ^ Russell, Bradley (11 June 2018). "E3 2018: New Remedy Game Control Announced at Sony Conference". Game Revolution. Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  59. ^ Khan, Imran (19 February 2018). "Remedy's Next Project Aims For 2019 Release, Hints At Another New Game". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  60. ^ Dransfield, Ian (31 August 2018). "Remedy sets up multiplayer-focused team within studio". MCV. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  61. ^ Kerr, Chris (18 February 2020). "Remedy is preparing to jump into the live service arena with 'Vanguard'". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  62. ^ McWhertor, Michael (29 August 2018). "Alan Wake developer Remedy is experimenting with 'ongoing live multiplayer' games". Polygon. Archived from the original on 29 August 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  63. ^ Santangelo, Nick (12 September 2018). "Alan Wake 2 Is Becoming A TV Show". IGN. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  64. ^ Phillips, Tom (1 July 2019). "Alan Wake developer Remedy regains publishing rights". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  65. ^ Robinson, Andy (26 March 2020). "Remedy signs deal with 'major publisher' for two next-gen games". Video Games Chronicle. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  66. ^ Robinson, Andy (26 March 2020). "Epic will publish games from Remedy, Playdead and Gen Design". Video Games Chronicle. Archived from the original on 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  67. ^ Chalk, Andy (7 August 2020). "The next 'Remedy Connected Universe' game is already in development". PC Gamer. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  68. ^ Robinson, Martin (7 March 2016). "Remedy still in talks about Alan Wake 2". Polygon. Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  69. ^ "Company announcement : BUSINESS REVIEW January– September 2021 (unaudited)",, Remedy Entertainment Plc, 12 November 2012, In September, we announced that the smaller of the two Epic Games Publishing projects, Alan Wake Remastered, was completed and ready to be launched in October on PC on the Epic Games Store, Xbox, and for the first time in the franchise's history, PlayStation console [..] Another key milestone was the entry of the bigger Epic Games Publishing project into full production in August.
  70. ^ Nelson, Will (30 October 2023). "Alan Wake 2 devs could make the game "we wanted" thanks to Epic". PCGamesN. Retrieved 12 November 2023.
  71. ^ Partis, Danielle (25 May 2021). "Tencent acquires 3.8% stake in Remedy". Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  72. ^ a b "Remedy Entertainment signs a global development, license and distribution agreement with Tencent for the co-operative multiplayer game codenamed Vanguard" (Press release). 28 December 2021. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  73. ^ a b Parrish, Ash (13 November 2023). "Remedy Entertainment's newest game pivots away from free-to-play". The Verge. Retrieved 15 November 2023.
  74. ^ Rousseau, Jeffrey (12 November 2021). "Remedy announces new studio in Sweden". Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  75. ^ Mackovech, Sam (6 April 2022). "Rockstar, Remedy shake hands on new Max Payne 1+2 remaster series". Ars Technica. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  76. ^ a b Kim, Matt (6 April 2022). "Remedy and Rockstar Games Announce Max Payne 1 and 2 Remake for PC, PS5, Xbox Series X". IGN. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  77. ^ Byford, Sam (9 December 2021). "Alan Wake 2 announced for 2023". The Verge. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  78. ^ a b Chalk, Andy (29 June 2021). "Remedy is working on a new, 'bigger budget' Control game and multiplayer spinoff". PC Gamer. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  79. ^ "Remedy Entertainment signs a co-development and co-publishing agreement with 505 Games for Control 2". 11 November 2022. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  80. ^ a b c Turi, Tim (21 June 2013). "Remedy's Sam Lake Talks Quantum Break And Alan Wake 2". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  81. ^ 13 Minutes of Alan Wake 2 GAMEPLAY (Unreleased). Polygon. Archived from the original on 22 December 2021. Retrieved 12 October 2021 – via YouTube.
  82. ^ Takahashi, Dean (1 December 2014). "An interview with Remedy's chief in a Finnish sauna 300 feet in the air". Venture Beat. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  83. ^ Plante, Chris (13 June 2013). "Quantum Break Brings Binge Viewing To Video Games". Polygon. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  84. ^ Mior, Lisa (16 April 2016). "Interview: Thomas Puha Of Remedy Entertainment On Quantum Break". CG Magazine. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  85. ^ "Northlight". Remedy. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  86. ^ "Recruiter Hot Seat: Remedy". MCV. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  87. ^ Hanson, Ben (23 November 2015). "Uncovering The Secrets Of Max Payne And Alan Wake In Remedy's Warehouse". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  88. ^ Starcevic, Vida (1 June 2018). "The story behind Remedy's viral dog mocap star". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  89. ^ a b Handrahan, Matthew (4 December 2019). "People of the Year 2019: Remedy Entertainment". Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  90. ^ Crecente, Brian (8 June 2016). "Remedy Working On Two New Big Games, Neither Of Which Is Alan Wake". Polygon. Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  91. ^ a b c Cooker, Guy (18 August 2009). "Remedy on Alan Wake and development philosophy". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  92. ^ a b Crecente, Brian (28 December 2016). "Why Alan Wake's creators want to make you the storyteller". Polygon. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  93. ^ Walton, Mark (1 August 2017). "Nvidia and Remedy use neural networks for eerily good facial animation". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  94. ^ Wawro, Alex (8 June 2016). "In the wake of Quantum Break, Remedy is becoming a two-game studio". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  95. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (23 August 2016). "Remedy pushes for shorter dev cycles". Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  96. ^ Sinclair, Brendan (13 January 2018). "The alchemy of Remedy". Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  97. ^ Handrahan, Matthew (4 May 2017). "Remedy prepares for a future with more games and more control". Archived from the original on 19 September 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  98. ^ a b "Hideo Kojima visited Remedy". Payne Reactor. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2023.
  99. ^ Ruiz, Michael (19 January 2019). "Control's Lead Designer "Excited" For Death Stranding After Kojima Visit". Dual Shockers. Retrieved 8 December 2023.
  100. ^ Mansikka, Ossi (17 January 2019). "Suomi mainittu! Metal Gear -pelisarjan isä vieraili yllättäen Suomessa ja julkaisi miljoonayleisölleen kuvan, jossa lumikasan yli ei pääse edes ratikkaan". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 8 December 2023.

External links[edit]