Remembrance of the Daleks
|148 – Remembrance of the Daleks|
|Doctor Who serial|
In the cliffhanger to the first episode, a Dalek levitates up stairs.
|Directed by||Andrew Morgan
John Nathan-Turner (uncredited)
|Written by||Ben Aaronovitch|
|Script editor||Andrew Cartmel|
|Produced by||John Nathan-Turner|
|Incidental music composer||Keff McCulloch|
|Length||4 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|Originally broadcast||5 October–26 October 1988|
Remembrance of the Daleks is the first serial of the 25th season of the British science fiction television series Doctor Who. The serial was first broadcast in four weekly episodes from 5 October to 26 October 1988. It was written by Ben Aaronovitch and directed by Andrew Morgan.
In the serial, alien time traveller the Doctor (Sylvester McCoy) and his companion Ace (Sophie Aldred) travel back to 1963 to retrieve the Hand of Omega, a powerful device created by the Doctor's Time Lord race, and keep it from the Daleks.
The serial contained many references to the history of the show. It is set in 1963, around the same time as the very first Doctor Who episode, An Unearthly Child. Remembrance of the Daleks returns the Doctor to Coal Hill School and the junkyard at 76 Totter's Lane, locations first seen in that episode. The serial also continues the story arc of a civil war between rival Dalek factions, culminating in a showdown between the Doctor and Dalek Emperor Davros. This was the last appearance of Davros and the Daleks in the original run of Doctor Who. Davros appears for one scene only, and this in the fourth and final part.
In a variety of reader polls conducted by Doctor Who Magazine from 1998 onwards, Remembrance of the Daleks has consistently been voted as one of the greatest Doctor Who stories of all time.
The Doctor and Ace arrive in Shoreditch in 1963, shortly after the Doctor's first arrival on Earth. They discover a small military force, led by Group Captain Gilmore and Sergeant Smith and assisted by Professor Jensen, are tracking strange magnetic fluctuations in the area. With the Doctor and Ace's help, they find one set originates at Coal Hill School where a transmat device in its basement is tied to a Dalek ship in geostationary orbit over Earth, guarded closely by the school's Headmaster who is under Dalek control. The second, weaker fluctuation is found to be from a grey Dalek in a nearby junkyard, a type the Doctor has not seen before. He suspects that there are two Dalek factions present: the Imperial Daleks on their ship and controlling the school, and a number of Renegade Daleks who have rejected the Dalek Emperor's authority. The Doctor further suspects that both factors are after the Hand of Omega, a device he took from Gallifrey when he came to Earth the first time, and which helped the Time Lords discover the abilities of time travel. The Doctor fears the device falling into either factor's control. Unknown to the Doctor or Gilmore, Smith is an associate or Mr. Ratcliffe, a fascist that controls a small group of men and who reports to a Dalek battle computer serving the Renegade Daleks. The battle computer has control of a young girl to observe for it, as it lacks any mobility.
The Doctor goes to have the Hand buried at a local cemetery to mask its presence from the Daleks, but Smith follows the Doctor, and informs Ratcliffe who proceeds to dig it up. When it is unearthed, the Imperial Daleks send a few Daleks through the transmat, but the Doctor and Ace defeat them and destroy the transmat. Instead, the Dalek Emperor opts to use a shuttlecraft to come to Earth to recover the device itself. The Doctor has Gilmore's men surround the school, while he attempts to retrieve the device from the Renegade Daleks. There, he finds that the Daleks have turned on the humans, killing all but Ratcliffe, and are preparing to use a time controller to escape. The Doctor disables the controller and escapes, chased by a number of Daleks. He arrives back at the school just as the Imperial Daleks land. The Imperial Daleks readily overpower the Renegade group, and proceed to then attack their base. Most of the Renegade Daleks are killed save for a Supreme Dalek, allowing Ratcliffe and Smith to escape with the time controller; the Supreme Dalek orders the girl to pursue; she ends up killing Ratcliffe while chasing down Smith. The Imperial Daleks recover the Hand and return to the shuttlecraft before returning to their craft, and then break orbit to take off to an unknown location.
Knowing that Smith is not loyal, the Doctor has Ace follow him as to recover the time controller. The Doctor then attempts to communicate with the Imperial Dalek ship, and finds that the Dalek Emperor is really Davros, the creature of the Daleks. He seeks to use the Hand of Omega to wipe out the Time Lords by launching it into the sun of the planet Skaro, the Dalek's homeworld. However, when he does this, it has the unintended effect of causing the sun to go supernova, wiping out Skaro, and the force of the explosion destroying the Dalek's ship, though the military detects a lifepod ejecting at the last moment. The Doctor observes the Hand of Omage is still intact and is returning back to Gallifrey.
Smith captures Ace and attempts to kill her, but the girl finds them first and kills Smith before she advances on Ace. The Doctor is able to convince the Supreme Dalek to give up control of the girl, since its purpose no longer exists with the destruction of Skaro; the Dalek self-destructs, and the girl collapses unconscious before she can harm Ace. During the funeral for Smith, Ace asks the Doctor if what they have done was good, to which he responds that "time will tell".
The undertaker refers to the fact that he thought the Doctor was supposed to be an "old geezer with white hair," referring to his first incarnation. The blind vicar opines that the Doctor's voice has changed in the month since they last spoke. The Doctor replies that his voice "has changed, several times".
The Doctor describes himself to Davros as "President Elect of the High Council of Time Lords". While the Doctor did become President in The Deadly Assassin, assumed the role in The Invasion of Time and was appointed once again as President in The Five Doctors, by the time of his sixth incarnation's trial in The Trial of a Time Lord he had been removed from office due to his absence. While he was offered the opportunity to run for the position again at the end of his trial, he declined.
Conception and writing
Producer John Nathan-Turner wanted to start Doctor Who's twenty-fifth anniversary season "with a bang" by doing a story with the Doctor's most famous adversaries, the Daleks. Nathan-Turner and script editor Andrew Cartmel hired Ben Aaronovitch to write the story; Aaronovitch, who had not written for television before, was ecstatic. Aaronvitch was 25 years old at the time, and had previously submitted an unsolicited script to Cartmel; Cartmel suggested he write something for TV, which later became Battlefield (1989). Cartmel then commissioned Aaronovitch to write the Dalek story, originally titled Nemesis of the Doctor. According to deals made with Terry Nation, the creator of the Daleks, the script for a Dalek story had to be approved by Nation if he was not writing it. Despite an initial mix-up, the storyline was approved. One of Cartmel's goals with the story was to have the Doctor be a commanding centre, rather than being "pushed and pulled" by the story as he felt had been happening recently. As such, Aaronovitch wanted there to be a spirit of the Doctor just wanting to tackle the Daleks. Two of the first things Aaronvitch thought of when creating the story was the 1963 setting and a Dalek climbing up stairs. He decided to reveal the Daleks in the middle of the first episode instead of as its cliffhanger, and then have the latter be a Dalek levitating up stairs to surprise viewers. The inability of Daleks to climb stairs was an urban myth and a joke, with the Doctor even joking about it in Destiny of the Daleks (1979). Remembrance was intended to put it to rest, though Cartmel noted that the joke was still prevalent. The Dalek civil war seen in Remembrance was intended to be an outcome of the previous Dalek story, Revelation of the Daleks (1985). Aaronvitch felt that destroying Skaro at the end seemed like a logical conclusion, but he noted that it might not be the best decision in the long run.
Remembrance of the Daleks, the first story in Doctor Who's twenty-fifth anniversary season, contains many intentional references to the series' past, something Aaronvitch felt was fun. The story is set in the same time and place as the programme's first episode, "An Unearthly Child", where Coal Hill School employed original companions Ian and Barbara and the Doctor's granddaughter Susan was enrolled. The Totter's Lane junkyard also reappears, as it had in season 22's Attack of the Cybermen, though "I.M. Foreman" is misspelled "I.M. Forman". It originally read "L.M.", though that was changeable in production. In one of the classrooms, Ace picks up a book on the French Revolution just as Susan had in "An Unearthly Child"; Aldred studied the original to try to mimic Carole Ann Ford's stature. The Doctor references the events of The Dalek Invasion of Earth, Genesis of the Daleks, Terror of the Zygons, and The Web of Fear, as well as likening a device to something he used in Planet of the Daleks. The Doctor mistakenly calls Captain Gilmore "Brigadier", a reference to the character Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart, who headed UNIT, an organization similar to Gilmore's. Rachel, a scientific advisor from Cambridge, is similar to Liz Shaw, and she shares a conversation with Gilmore that is reminiscent of a conversation between the Brigadier and Liz in Spearhead from Space. Rachel also bears a physical resemblance to Barbara. Remembrance of the Daleks is also notable for containing a meta-reference; a television continuity announcer says, "This is BBC television, the time is quarter past five and Saturday viewing continues with an adventure in the new science fiction series Doc—", but is cut off by a scene change before completing the title. Aaronvitch "couldn't resist" the reference, and clarified that it was meant as a joke and was not to be taken seriously. Originally, it was intended that the show that was introduced would be called Professor X. In addition, Rachel makes mention of a "Bernard" from the "British Rocket Group". This is a reference to Bernard Quatermass and his British Experimental Rocket Group, of the Nigel Kneale-penned Quatermass science-fiction television serials. Several scenes from Remembrance of the Daleks were cut or edited in production. McCoy's favourite scene, in which the Doctor muses to a worker at a café, was cut down by about half. As originally shot, Ace defused the tension between her and the Doctor when he left her at the boarding house. Also cut was the Doctor curing Ace's leg at the beginning of the third episode, and the issuing of instructions from the Dalek controller through an earpiece. A notable deleted line is the Doctor telling Davros that he is "far more than just another Time Lord". This, along with the Doctor's hints that he was present at the creation of the Hand of Omega, was part of the so-called "Cartmel Masterplan" by script editor Andrew Cartmel to restore some of the mystery to the Doctor's origins. However, as the programme ceased production in 1989, the intended revelations never came to pass. The original script also had the Doctor blowing up a Dalek, but McCoy felt this was out of character and offered it to Aldred.
To protect the secret of Davros' presence in the story, Terry Molloy was credited in part three under an anagram, "Roy Tromelly". Ian Ogilvy was approached for the role of Gilmore, but did not accept; Neil Stacy was also considered. The role went to Simon Williams, who was known for his role as James Bellamy in Upstairs, Downstairs. Sophie Aldred and Karen Gledhil, who had watched the programme when they were younger, were awed to work with him. Williams had trouble handling the character's gun, which earned the nickname of "chunky" because it kept jamming. This nickname was carried onto the character, with McCoy adding the line, "Why do they call him chunky?"
The computer was voiced by John Leeson, who previously played the Doctor's robot dog companion K-9. Leeson was asked to make his voice sound like Davros', to trick viewers into thinking the computer was Davros, and watched past episodes for reference. Michael Sheard was chosen to play the headmaster as he would be familiar to children. Sheard had to be released from his work on Grange Hill to participate; Peter Tilbury was briefly considered for the role if Sheard could not make it. Sheard had previously appeared in The Ark (1966), The Mind of Evil (1971), Pyramids of Mars (1975), The Invisible Enemy (1977), and Castrovalva (1982). Peter Halliday, who played the blind Vicar, had also appeared in various Doctor Who stories. Stratford Johns, who had previously appeared in Four to Doomsday, was originally considered for Ratcliffe. Mark McGann, the brother of Eighth Doctor actor Paul McGann, was originally considered for the role of Mike Smith. Pamela Salem had roles in two Fourth Doctor serials, as one of the Xoanon voices in The Face of Evil, and as Toos in The Robots of Death (1977). Simon Williams, Karen Gledhill and Pamela Salem reprised their roles in this serial in an audio spin-off series for Big Finish titled Counter-Measures, which details the adventures of the group after this story.
Remembrance of the Daleks was also the first story in which Aldred's Ace was a regular companion, having joined at the end of Dragonfire. Cartmel worked with Aldred to make Ace different than most companions: less of a "screamer" and more tomboyish. Aldred recalled the taking on the Daleks made her feel like a "real assistant". Aldred did many of her own stunts, bonding with the new stunt coordinator, Tip Tipping. She found the experience "terrifying" at first. Aldred has said that she is proud of the scene where Ace beats up a Dalek with a baseball bat, calling it one of the best things she has done in her life. Aldred was also trained in firing guns for the scene where she shoots a Dalek; the stunt was originally intended for the Doctor, but it was viewed as too out-of-character and McCoy suggested that Ace do it.
Filming and effects
The director, Andrew Morgan, wanted to improve upon his last effort, Time and the Rani (1987). Feeling that the script was worth it, extra money was put into the production. However, production on the serial went over-budget by £13,000, and as a result Morgan was barred from directing for the programme again. Filming took place in April 1988. St John's School in Hammersmith was used as Coal Hill School. The Kew Bridge Steam Museum in Brentford was used as the I.M. Forman junkyard. Filming at this location was occasionally interrupted by a radio traffic news helicopter circling overhead. John Nodes Funeral Service in Ladbroke Grove, London was used for the funeral parlour the Doctor retrieves the Hand of Omega from, and the graveyard where he buries the Hand is Willesden Lane Cemetery. The cemetery filming was attended by some Doctor Who fans who came to watch.
For the levitating Dalek, a scaffolding was built over the stairs, and the Dalek prop was placed in a tray that was hoisted up by a rail-mounted trolley. The three Renegade Daleks were reused props from the 1960s. The Imperial Daleks were built with bigger wheels that would roll easier on location. Aaronvitch expected the Dalek ship to be cheap-looking and achieved with colour-separation overlay, and was surprised when a model ship was constructed and "landed" with the help of a crane. For the final battle sequence between the Renegade and Imperial Daleks, the BBC Effects Department's pyrotechnics were so loud and the explosions so realistic that the London Fire Brigade was dispatched to the scene by local residents who feared that an IRA bomb had gone off. McCoy recalled that after the first explosions, a number of car alarms in the neighborhood went off, and the emergency services drivers were surprised when they arrived to see Daleks coming at them from out of the smoke. The junkyard gate was part of ITV's storage facility, and the pyrotechnics not only destroyed it for the effect of the Special Weapons Dalek blowing it up, but also smashed windows in the nearby building. A thermal imaging camera was used for Dalek perspective shots.
The first episode begins with a cold open, the second serial to have a specially-shot pretitles sequence after Time and the Rani (1987), though Castrovalva (1982) began with a reprise of Logopolis (1981), and The Five Doctors (1983) featured a clip from The Dalek Invasion of Earth (1964) before the title sequence. Remembrance's cold open features a shot of the Earth with audio clips from 1963, including excerpts of John F. Kennedy's American University speech and Martin Luther King, Jr.'s I Have a Dream speech. Many other clips from the early 60s were planned but did not make the final cut. Many songs from the time period can also be heard in the background during several scenes in the serial.
Themes and analysis
James Chapman, in his book Inside the TARDIS (2006), reported that the plot to revisit the Doctor's past and origins has been compared to a comic book trend in the 1980s to reinterpret the origin stories of comic-book characters. He also noted that the many continuity references in the story displayed a knowledge of the series' history, but that Remembrance of the Daleks was "neither a celebration of the Doctor Who legacy" like The Five Doctors (1983), "nor an exercise in fan-obsessive continuity" as was displayed in Attack of the Cybermen (1985).
The battle between the factions of Daleks has been likened to racism, which is apparent in the 1960s setting as Ace sees a sign that says "No Coloureds". The subtext was intentional, as Aaronvitch drew on the Daleks' Nazi theme and applied it to the setting. Cartmel was particularly proud of the scene and, when it was screened to the BBC Head of Drama, rewound the tape because the Head of Drama had missed the sequence due to a phone call. The Head of Drama felt that Ace should have torn the sign down, and Cartmel agreed it was a missed opportunity.
Broadcast and reception
|Episode||Title||Run time||Original air date||UK viewers
|1||"Part One"||24:33||5 October 1988||5.5|
|2||"Part Two"||24:31||12 October 1988||5.8|
|3||"Part Three"||24:30||19 October 1988||5.1|
|4||"Part Four"||24:36||26 October 1988||5.0|
Retrospective reviews have been mostly positive. Paul Cornell, Martin Day, and Keith Topping wrote in The Discontinuity Guide, "The best Doctor Who story in some considerable time, Remembrance of the Daleks reintroduced mystery and magic into the series with much intelligence and revisionist continuity". The A.V. Club reviewer Christopher Bahn, despite noting that the production had not aged well visually, called Remembrance of the Daleks "the Seventh Doctor era at its best". He was positive towards how going back to An Unearthly Child allowed Aaronvitch and Cartmel to "showcase their new, more devious master-planner version of the Doctor", as well as the action and the character moments for Ace. DVD Talk's J. Doyle Wallis, reviewing the original DVD release, gave the story three and a half out of five stars, calling it "a good ... adventure" and noting the shift in the Doctor's personality. Alasdair Wilkins of io9 called Remembrance "by a pretty wide margin the best anniversary special the show has ever done", praising the return to the 1960s and the various continuity references.
Patrick Mulkern of Radio Times praised the serial for "attempting to honour the programme's roots, even if, sadly, the effect is more of the present clomping all over the past", and questioned how the Doctor could have known about the Daleks in 1963 if he did not meet them until he left. He was also critical of the supporting characters and McCoy and Ace; he felt McCoy "struggles to convey gravitas" in the changes that had been made to his character, and while Aldred brought "gusto", Ace was "a peculiarly safe, middle-class rendering of a streetwise kid". Mulkern wrote that the action scenes were handled well, but some of the Daleks looked "fragile" and destroying Skaro was double genocide. John Sinnot, reviewing the second DVD release on DVD Talk, also gave the serial three and a half out of five stars. He praised the action, references, and the Doctor's active involvement in the plot, but criticised the music and also questioned how the Doctor would have been able to plant the Hand of Omega for the Daleks. Sinnot also felt the Daleks acted "stupid" in some scenes, and wrote that the relationship between Ace and Mike was "clumsy and awkward". In 2010, Charlie Jane Anders of io9 listed the cliffhanger to the first episode – in which the Dalek levitates up the stairs – as one of the greatest cliffhangers in the history of Doctor Who. However, Anders felt that the execution was "pants, with Sylvester McCoy pulling some dreadful faces". In 2013, Den of Geek's Andrew Blair selected Remembrance of the Daleks as one of the ten Doctor Who stories that would make great musicals.
In the Doctor Who Magazine season poll for 1988, Remembrance of the Daleks was voted as the best story of season twenty-five with 64% of the vote, 46% ahead of runner-up The Greatest Show in the Galaxy. Ten years later, the magazine conducted a poll of readers to find the most popular Doctor Who stories of all time for the programme's 35th anniversary; Remembrance of the Daleks was voted in 6th position. In 2003, the magazine conducted a similar poll for the programme's 40th anniversary - this time, Remembrance of the Daleks finished in 7th place. Remembrance of the Daleks was placed in 14th position in the magazine's "Mighty 200" reader survey in 2009, which ranked all of the 200 Doctor Who stories made up to that point in order of preference. In the magazine's Doctor Who 50th anniversary poll, the results of which were released in 2014, readers placed Remembrance of the Daleks in 10th position.
|Cover artist||Alister Pearson|
|Series||Doctor Who book:
|21 June 1990|
A novelisation of this serial, written by Ben Aaronovitch, was published by Target Books in June 1990. Its use of a "darker Doctor and more modern approach" has been seen as influencing the Virgin New Adventures, a series of more adult original novels that continued the Doctor Who story after the series was canceled. It is here that the ancient Gallifreyan figure known as "The Other" first appears, who had been instrumental to the Cartmel Masterplan, and whose storyline continued into the New Adventures. The novelisation also references Kadiatu Lethbridge-Stewart, who became a recurring character in the New Adventures. Certain phrases are also translated into the Dalek's language and it is established that they refer to the Doctor as the "Ka Faraq Gatri", which is variously translated as "Bringer of Darkness" or "Destroyer of Worlds". The phrase is used throughout the Virgin New Adventures series to refer to the increasingly dark actions of the Seventh Doctor and is referred to again in "Journey's End" where Davros condemns the Tenth Doctor as the "Destroyer of Worlds".
The novelisation was rereleased in 2013 as part of a 50th anniversary collection of novels reprinted for each Doctor. Remembrance of the Daleks was the only novelisation in the range.
Remembrance of the Daleks was released on VHS with The Chase in September 1993 as a special Dalek tin set titled The Daleks: Limited Edition Boxed Set. It was re-released in 2001 as part of The Davros Collection, which was a limited-edition box set, exclusive to UK retailer WH Smith.
The serial was released on DVD in the United Kingdom on 26 February 2001, remastered by the Doctor Who Restoration Team. The original Region 2 DVD release has some video effects missing from episode 1 and the start of episode 2. This was an unforeseen consequence of the Restoration Team using earlier edits of these episodes to minimize generational quality loss, made before certain effects were added. The problem was corrected with subsequent DVD releases, including Region 1. This DVD also was not able to include two songs by The Beatles, "Do You Want to Know a Secret" and "A Taste of Honey", due to copyright; the former was replaced by the Billy J. Kramer And The Dakotas version of the same song, while the latter was replaced with "generic production music".
The story was included as part of a limited run box set in 2003 with The Dalek Invasion of Earth and Resurrection of the Daleks A remastered version of this story was released on Region 2 in November 2007, as part of The Complete Davros Collection and as a two-disc standalone release (including the 'Davros Connections' documentary from the boxset) on 20 July 2009. It includes the effects that were mistakenly left out and songs by The Beatles that weren't clearable for the original release but subsequently fall under a blanket music licensing agreement for the UK. There is also a newly remastered stereo and 5.1 surround sound mix. In the original Davros Boxset release version, there were two total mutes of the 5.1 soundtrack during episode one. 2entertain fixed the master within a few days of release and faulty copies could be exchanged for fixed ones via mail-in. The standalone version of the release uses the fixed version. The two-disc Special Edition was delayed due to clearance issues and was held off until it was released in the USA and Canada on 2 March 2010.
This serial was also released as part of the Doctor Who DVD Files in issue 29 on 10 February 2010, the first of the classic series to be released on the partwork. This marks the fourth different separate release of the serial on DVD.
In 2013 it was released on DVD for another time as part of the "Doctor Who: The Doctors Revisited 5-8" box set, alongside Earthshock, Vengeance on Varos, and the TV Movie. Alongside a documentary on the Seventh Doctor, the disc features the serial put together as a single feature in widescreen format with an introduction from current show runner Steven Moffat, as well as its original version.
- From the Doctor Who Magazine series overview, in issue 407 (pp26-29). The Discontinuity Guide, which counts the four segments of The Trial of a Time Lord as four separate stories and also counts the unbroadcast serial Shada, lists this story as number 152. Region 1 DVD releases follow The Discontinuity Guide numbering system.
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- Aldred, Sophie and Sylvester McCoy (2007). Deleted and Extended Scenes (DVD). Remembrance of the Daleks DVD: BBC Worldwide.
- Cartmel, Andrew (2005). Script Doctor: The Inside Story of Doctor Who 1986–89. London: Reynolds & Hearn. pp. 134–135. ISBN 1-903111-89-7.
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- Chapman, James (2006). Inside the TARDIS: The Worlds of Doctor Who. I.B. Tauris. pp. 165–166. ISBN 1-84511-163-X.
- McGrath, James F (9 April 2012). "Doctor Who: Remembrance of the Daleks". Patheos. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
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- Bahn, Christopher (5 August 2012). "Remembrance of the Daleks". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Sinnott, John (11 April 2010). "Doctor Who: Remembrance of the Daleks". DVD Talk. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Anders, Charlie Jane (31 August 2010). "Greatest Doctor Who cliffhangers of all time!". io9. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Blair, Andrew (28 August 2013). "Doctor Who: 10 stories that would make great musicals". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Parkin, Lance (2007). AHistory: An Unauthorized History of the Doctor Who universe (2nd ed.). Des Moines, Iowa: Mad Norwegian Press. p. 380. ISBN 978-0-9759446-6-0.
- Coombs, Andy T (4 September 2013). "Doctor Who 50th Anniversary Novels #7 – Remembrance Of The Daleks". WhatCulture. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Doctor Who - The Daleks (Limited Edition tin: The Chase (1965)/Remembrance of the Daleks(1988)) (VHS)". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Seventh Doctor|
- Remembrance of the Daleks at BBC Online
- Remembrance of the Daleks on Tardis Data Core, an external wiki
- Remembrance of the Daleks at Doctor Who: A Brief History of Time (Travel)
- Remembrance of the Daleks at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- Script to Screen: Remembrance of the Daleks, by Jon Preddle (Time Space Visualiser issue 39, May 1994)