Remington Model 31

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Remington Model 31
TypeShotgun
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In service1931-Present[citation needed]
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerC.C. Loomis
John Pedersen
Designed1931
ManufacturerRemington Arms
Produced1931 - 1949
No. built196,000
VariantsModel 31L
Specifications
Cartridge12-Gauge, 16-Gauge, 20-Gauge
BarrelsPlain, solid rib, or vent rib
ActionPump-action
Feed systemTubular magazine
SightsBead

The Remington Model 31 is a pump-action shotgun that competed with the Winchester Model 1912 for the American sporting arms market.[1] Produced from 1931 to 1949, it superseded the John Pedersen-designed Models 10 and 29, and the John Browning-designed Model 17. It was replaced by the less expensive to manufacture Model 870 in 1950.[2]

History[edit]

While the Remington Model 17 enjoyed some success, a solid, 12-gauge featuring side-ejection was needed to compete with Winchester. C.C. Loomis sized up the Model 17 and adapted it for side ejection. The Model 31 was Remington's first side ejecting pump-action shotgun. Stocks were walnut with checkered walnut forend and later changed to a ribbed forend. The Model 31 was made in three gauges with 121,000 12-gauge models made and 75,000 16- and 20-gauge examples also produced. The Federal Bureau of Investigation acquired one Model 31 per office in 1935 in response to the Kansas City Massacre.[3] The model 31L was a lightweight version featuring an aluminum receiver and trigger housing.

During World War II Remington produced a Model 31 riot gun for military use. These were stamped "U.S. Property" on the left side of the receiver and had an approximate serial number range of 51000-63000. Except for a single prototype, no Model 31 trench guns were produced.[4]

Despite being well received, sales still lagged far behind the Winchester. Remington went back to the drawing board and designed the Model 870; this shotgun matched the durability of the Model 12 at a significantly lower cost. Despite the overwhelming success of the 870, many shotgun connoisseurs consider the Model 31 to be the ne plus ultra of pump shotguns with its "ball-bearing" slide action.[5]

The Model 31 was later used as a basis for the Mossberg 500 and related shotguns. The Mossberg is simplified and cheaper to produce. Notable differences are the use of a two-piece bolt with separate locking piece as well as a significantly simplified barrel mounting system. Further, the bolt locks into a barrel extension rather than directly to the receiver.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Remington's Magnificent Five - Page Two
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-06-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Remington history page
  3. ^ Vanderpool, Bill "Bring Enough Gun" American Rifleman October 2013 pp.80-85&115-116
  4. ^ Canfield, Bruce (1992). U>S> Infantry Weapons of World War II. Lincoln, RI: Andrew Mowbray Publishers. p. 132. ISBN 0-917218-67-1.
  5. ^ Simpson, Lane. "Remington's Magnificent Five", Shooting Times, May 2000
  6. ^ Ch. M. Kieffer (15 December 1983). "Afghan". Encyclopædia Iranica (online ed.). Columbia University. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b Capie, David (2004). Under the Gun: The Small Arms Challenge in the Pacific. Wellington: Victoria University Press. pp. 66–69. ISBN 978-0864734532.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Jowett, Philip S. (10 July 2005). The Chinese Army 1937–49: World War II and Civil War. Osprey Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-84176-904-2.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Cite error: The named reference Walter was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Bishop was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Miller was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Cite error: The named reference SupicaNahas2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ a b c d e Cite error: The named reference Gazette was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Cite error: The named reference Arnold2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference Koziel was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference WG was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference TG was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  18. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Jane was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Smith was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  20. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference gander2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  21. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference bishop2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  22. ^ Cite error: The named reference FRB was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROB was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference Khmer was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Davis was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  26. ^ Cite error: The named reference CAR was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  27. ^ a b Ball, Willis (2002). "Beretta's BM 59, The Ultimate Garand" (PDF). Guns. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
  28. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference auto was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  29. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference weapon was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  30. ^ Cite error: The named reference Congo-Kinshasa was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  31. ^ Cite error: The named reference Danish was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  32. ^ Cite error: The named reference Timor-Leste was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  33. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Tinderbox was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  34. ^ Cite error: The named reference Finnish was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  35. ^ Jowett, Philip (20 Jul 2015). Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919–22. Men-at-Arms 501. Osprey Publishing. pp. 21–23, 43. ISBN 9781472806840.
  36. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Banana was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  37. ^ Cite error: The named reference miller2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  38. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference wayne2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  39. ^ Cite error: The named reference jones2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  40. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROH was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  41. ^ Cite error: The named reference shotgun was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  42. ^ Cite error: The named reference PDRL was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  43. ^ Cite error: The named reference Remington was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  44. ^ Cite error: The named reference Malaya was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  45. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROM was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  46. ^ Cite error: The named reference hogg2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  47. ^ Cite error: The named reference URM was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  48. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference bosshogg2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  49. ^ Cite error: The named reference Nazi was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  50. ^ Cite error: The named reference DPRK was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  51. ^ Cite error: The named reference Norwegian was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  52. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Arab was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  53. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROP was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  54. ^ Miller, Tracy, ed. (7 October 2009). "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  55. ^ Cite error: The named reference Polish was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  56. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROC was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  57. ^ Cite error: The named reference Congo-Brazzaville was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  58. ^ Cite error: The named reference Western Samoa was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  59. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  60. ^ Cite error: The named reference FRS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  61. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROK was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  62. ^ Cite error: The named reference RVN was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  63. ^ Cite error: The named reference USSR was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  64. ^ Cite error: The named reference Spanish was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  65. ^ Cite error: The named reference Lanka was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  66. ^ "Språklag (2009:600)" (in Swedish). Riksdag. 28 May 2009. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  67. ^ Cite error: The named reference ROU was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  68. ^ Cite error: The named reference UAE was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  69. ^ Cite error: The named reference UK was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  70. ^ "The Bureau of Ghana Languages-BGL". Ghana Embassy Washington DC, USA. 2013. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  71. ^ Cite error: The named reference SFRY was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  72. ^ Cite error: The named reference SupicaMahas2021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).