Eurasian penduline tit

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Eurasian penduline tit
Remiz pendulinus 3 (Martin Mecnarowski).jpg
in Olomouc, Czech Republic.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Remizidae
Genus: Remiz
R. pendulinus
Binomial name
Remiz pendulinus
  • Motacilla pendulina Linnaeus, 1758
  • Parus pendulinus Linnaeus, 1766

The Eurasian penduline tit or European penduline tit (Remiz pendulinus) is a passerine bird of the genus Remiz. The genus name is the Polish word for the Eurasian penduline tit, and pendulinus is Latin for "hanging down”, which refers to its nest.[2]

It is relatively widespread throughout Eurasia. The breeding range of the species in Western Europe experienced an expansion during the 1980s and 1990s.[3] This was accompanied by an expansion of the species’ winter range and reached as far south as northern Morocco.[4]

It builds an elaborate hanging nest, formerly used in Central Europe as children's slippers.[5]

This species was first described as Motacilla pendulinus by Linnaeus in his Systema naturae in 1758.[6]

Status and conservation[edit]

Nest in Poland
Eggs, Collection Museum Wiesbaden

The penduline tit has a large range, estimated at 1-10 million square kilometres (0.4-3.8 million square miles), and a population estimated at 420,000–840,000 individuals in Europe alone, and there is evidence that the population is increasing. It is therefore not believed to meet the IUCN Red List threshold criterion of a population decline of more than 30% in ten years or three generations, and is evaluated as Least Concern.[1]


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2013). "Remiz pendulinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 296, 333. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  3. ^ Valera, F., Rey, P., Sanchez-Lafuente, A. M., & Muñoz-Cobo, J. (1990). The situation of penduline tit (Remiz pendulins) in southern Europe: A new stage of its expansion. Journal für Ornithologie, 131(4), 413-420.
  4. ^ Amezian, M., Thompson, I., Bensusan, K., Cortes, J., Louah, A., & Qninba, A. (2011). On regular wintering of Eurasian Penduline Tits Remiz pendulinus in northern Morocco. Ostrich 82(1): 39-42.
  5. ^ Harrap, Simon; Quinn, David (1996). Tits, Nuthatches and Treecreepers. Christopher Helm. pp. 205–211. ISBN 0-7136-3964-4.
  6. ^ Linnaeus, Carolus (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata (in Latin). Holmiae. (Laurentii Salvii). p. 189. M. capite ferrugineo, macula nigra oculan, remigibus rectricibusquc fuscis margine utroque ferrugineis

External links[edit]