|Place of origin||Java Indonesia|
|Region or state||Nationwide in Indonesia and Malaysia|
|Main ingredients||Rice flour, peanuts, dried anchovies or shrimp, coconut milk|
Rempeyek or peyek is a deep-fried savoury Javanese cracker made from flour (usually rice flour) with other ingredients bound or coated by crispy flour batter. The most common types of rempeyek are peyek kacang ("peanut peyek"); however, other ingredients might be used also, such as teri (dried anchovies), rebon (small shrimp) or ebi (dried shrimp). Today rempeyek is commonly found in Indonesia and Malaysia, as well as countries with considerable Indonesian migrant populations such as The Netherlands and Surinam.
Coconut milk, salt, and spices such as ground candlenut and coriander are often mixed within the flour batter. Some recipes might also add a chopped citrus leaf to add a fresh aroma and taste to it. The spiced batter, mixed or sprinkled with the granule ingredients, is deep fried in ample hot coconut oil. The flour batter acts as a binding agent for the granules (peanuts, anchovy, shrimp, etc.). This hardens upon frying and turns into a golden brown and crispy cracker.
In Indonesia, rempeyek making is traditionally a small scale home industry, yet today some rempeyek producers have reached a larger production scale and distribute widely with a rempeyek-brand trading value reaching 25 million Rupiah (around US$2,100) monthly. In Malaysia, rempeyek now is widely made using machines.
Etymology and origin
Rempeyek is derived from the Javanese term peyek as the sounds of a breaking cracker, to denote its crispiness. In Indonesia rempeyek is often associated with Javanese cuisine, served to accompany pecel (vegetables in peanut sauce) or to accompany any meal, or be served as snack. Today it is commonly known throughout Indonesia, and is popular in Malaysia following the migration of Javanese to the British Malaya in the early 19th century.
The most common and widely distributed type of rempeyek is rempeyek kacang (peanuts granules rempeyek); however, anchovies, small shrimp, dried shrimp, and beans such as mung beans and soybeans are commonly found. In Java rempeyek kacang is common in Banyumas region of Central Java, while rempeyek rebon (small shrimp) is commonly associated with the port town of Cirebon. Rempeyek made with larger shrimp is commonly found in Padang restaurants.
Rempeyek can also be made with spinach, which is known as peyek bayam. To make this, a spinach leaf—preferably large in size—is dipped in the batter and deep fried. The crackers are shaped and cooked in a wok or pan of hot oil.
In popular culture
A popular Javanese song "Iwak Peyek" sung by Trio Macan, a female dangdut group, describes peyek or rempeyek as commoners' simple side dish eaten with nasi jagung - a mixture of rice and corn kernels. The song actually was the rallying song of Persebaya football club supporters from Surabaya, East Java.
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