Remscheid

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Remscheid
German Roentgen Museum
German Roentgen Museum
Coat of arms of Remscheid
Coat of arms
Remscheid  is located in Germany
Remscheid
Remscheid
Coordinates: 51°11′0″N 07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000Coordinates: 51°11′0″N 07°12′0″E / 51.18333°N 7.20000°E / 51.18333; 7.20000
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Urban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord Mayor Beate Wilding (SPD)
Area
 • Total 74.6 km2 (28.8 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 109,499
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 42801-42899
Dialling codes 02191
Vehicle registration RS
Website www.remscheid.de
Town Hall of Remscheid.

Remscheid (German pronunciation: [ˈʁɛmʃaɪt]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is, after Wuppertal and Solingen, the third largest municipality in Bergisches Land, being located on the northern edge of the region, on south side of the Ruhr area.

Remscheid has about 109,000 inhabitants in 2015.

Its highest point is the Brodtberg (378 m).

History[edit]

Remscheid was founded in the 12th century, but remained a small village until the 19th century. Early spellings for the city included Remissgeid (1217), Rymscheyd (1351), Reymscheyd (1487) and Rembscheid (1639). The economic growth of the entire Rhine-Ruhr region led to an increase of the population of Remscheid. Mechanical engineering and toolmaking were the main industries practised within the town. This is carried on today with the Hazet tool company which has two factories in Remscheid. Remscheid was part of the Prussian Rhine Province from 1822–1945.

On 31 July 1943, during the second World War, Remscheid was almost completely destroyed during a British bombing raid which caused a firestorm.

An A-10 Thunderbolt II crashed in the city on 8 December 1988. Six people died.

Today, Remscheid comprises four boroughs, Alt-Remscheid, Remscheid-Süd, Lennep, and Lüttringhausen.

Rank Nationality Population (2014)
1 Turkey 5,971
2 Italy 2,966
3 Spain 909
4 Poland 766
5 Republic of Macedonia 575

Main sights[edit]

  • The Müngstener Brücke is a railway bridge crossing a valley and connecting Remscheid with the neighbouring town of Solingen. It is 107 m above the ground, making it the highest railway bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I (whose 100th birthday would have been in 1897).
  • The Eschbachtalsperre, the first dam built in Germany for the supply of drinking water is located here. It was built in 1891.
  • The old city of the borough Lennep consists of 116 houses from 1756.

Famous people[edit]

  • Wilhelm Röntgen, the discoverer of x-rays, was born 1845 in Lennep, which is today a borough of Remscheid. There is a museum in Remscheid (Deutsches Röntgen-Museum) commemorating Röntgen's life and discoveries (died 1923).
  • Johann Vaillant, founded the famous heating company Vaillant in Remscheid in the late 19th century.
  • Gottfried Duden, (1789-1856), German writer, traveled to the United States mostly in Missouri and wrote Bericht über eine Reise nach den westlichen Staaten Nordamerikas ("Report of a journey to the western states of North America")
  • Teo Otto, a stage designer, was born in Remscheid in 1904.
  • Karl Michael Vogler, an actor, was born in Remscheid in 1928 (died 2009).
  • Sylvia Rhys, née Sielemann, an opera singer, was born in Remscheid in 1923.
  • Hans Stammreich, a Raman spectroscopist later living in Brazil, was born in Remscheid in 1902.
  • Peter Brötzmann, a free jazz saxophonist, was born in Remscheid in 1941.
  • Armin Mersmann, artist, born in Remscheid 1955
  • Frank Plasberg, German journalist, was born in Remscheid in 1957.
  • Wolfgang Tillmans, a photographer, was born in Remscheid in 1968.
  • Georg Wurth, CEO and owner of the Deutscher Hanf Verband (German Hemp Association) (DHV), the largest organization of the hemp movement in Germany was born in Remscheid in 1972.
  • Milan Lukas Fey, a musician, born in Remscheid in 1992.
  • Wolfgang Seiler, biogeochemist and climatologist was born in Remscheid in 1940.
  • Otto Kuhler, artist and designer of locomotives, born in Remscheid in 1894.
  • 1773 5 June Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt; in Lüttringhausen; † March 6, 1854 in Leiden, was a world-famous scientist.
  • 1839, May 3: Johannes Fastenrath; † March 16, 1908 in Cologne, was a German lawyer, writer and translator.
  • 1857, September 9: August Gissler; † August 8, 1935 in New York City, was a German treasure hunter who lived from 1889 to 1908, with brief interruptions on the Cocos Island (Costa Rica)
  • 1889 August 14: Walter Freitag; † 7 June 1958 Herdecke / Ruhr, a member of parliament and member of parliament in North Rhine-Westphalia (SPD), Chairman of IG Metall, Vice-President of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, chairman of the German trade union federation DGB (1952-1956)
  • 1892 December 29: Otto Jungtow; † March 13, 1961 ibid, German football player.
  • 1944, August 3: Christel Frese, athlete (short and medium range) and 1972 olympian
  • 1972, September 11: Harry Luck, writer and journalist
  • 1975, January 15: Christiane Soeder German-Austrian cyclist

Gallery[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]