Remuera (New Zealand electorate)

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Remuera electorate boundaries between 1993 and 1996.

Remuera is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland. It existed from 1938, when it replaced the Parnell electorate, until 1996. It was consistently held by members of the National Party.

Population centres[edit]

The 1931 census had been cancelled due to the Great Depression, so the 1937 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth into account. The increasing population imbalance between the North and South Islands had slowed, and only one electorate seat was transferred from south to north. Five electorates were abolished, one former electorate (Onehunga) was re-established, and four electorates were created for the first time, including Remuera.[1] The Remuera electorate replaced the Parnell electorate, covering almost exactly the same area as Parnell had since the 1927 electoral redistribution.[2]

For the purposes of the country quota, the 1936 census had determined that the Remuera electorate was fully urban.[3] The electorate comprised a number of east Auckland suburbs. The area is high-income, and has been represented by a succession of National Party MPs.

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1938 to 1996. The first representative was Bill Endean, who served from 1938 for one term to 1943.[4] Endean was controversial within the National Party and in the party's 50-year history written by Barry Gustafson, it is remarked that in 1938, there was "some resistance to the National MP" in the Remuera electorate.[5] His nomination for the planned 1941 general election only occurred after Sidney Holland had stepped in.[6] The 1941 election was postponed due to the war, though, and Endean failed to get selected by the National Party for the 1943 election; Ronald Algie was chosen instead.[7] Endean was overseas at the time of the selection, but even if he had been present, Gustafson believes that the "elderly, dull Endean would have been no match for the clever and witty Algie". Endean was the first sitting National MP who failed to get re-selected.[6]

With the introduction of mixed-member proportional (MMP) representation in 1996, Remuera was included in the new electorate of Epsom.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1938 election Bill Endean
1943 election Ronald Algie
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Allan Highet
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Doug Graham
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(Electorate abolished in 1996; see Epsom)

Election results[edit]

1993 election[edit]

General election, 1993: Remuera[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Graham 12,584 59.9 +0.6
Alliance Mary Tierney 3,965 18.8
Labour Peter Haynes 3,633 17.3
McGillicuddy Serious Kerry Hoole 347 1.6 +0.7
Christian Heritage J Phimster 247 1.1
Natural Law Graeme Lodge 129 0.6
Defence Movement L Holmes 86 0.4
Majority 8,619 41.0 +4.0
Turnout 20,991

1990 election[edit]

General election, 1990: Remuera[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Graham 11,777 59.3 +9.7
Labour C Harding 4,409 22.2
Green Mark Fitzsimons 2,682 13.5
NewLabour W J Hope 599 3.0
McGillicuddy Serious Kerry Hoole 194 0.9
Democrats T K Park 114 0.5
Blokes Liberation Front R Duulroo 85 0.4
Majority 7,368 37.0 +34.8
Turnout 19,860

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Graham 9,770 49.6 +5.1
Labour Judith Tizard 9,364 47.4
Democrats B F Clegg 319 1.6
NZ Party Sue Martin 175 0.9
Revolutionary Army D K Ward 107 0.5
Majority 406 2.2 -14.8
Turnout 22,477 90.5 -2.6

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Doug Graham 9,102 44.5
NZ Party Kenneth Sandford 5,619 27.5
Labour Wayne Kingsley Sellwood 4,914 24.0
Social Credit T K Park 599 2.9
Values C J Symons 217 1.1
Majority 3,483 17.0
Turnout 22,590 93.1 +6.1

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 9,360 54.5 -0.8
Labour Judith Tizard 4,525 25.6
Social Credit Eddie Hagen 2,755 15.6 +3.6
Values Jeanette Fitzsimons 475 2.7 -4.8
Independent Malcolm Moses 189 1.0
Liberal Democratic B R Harker 107 0.6
Majority 5,105 28.9 -4.6
Turnout 20,557 87.0 +30.7

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 9,511 55.3 -8.4
Labour L P Goffin 3,740 21.8
Social Credit Eddie Hagen 2,062 12.0
Values Jeanette Fitzsimons 1,288 7.5
Christian Democratic Tom Weal 338 2.0
Right to Life P S Crowther 245 1.4
Majority 5,771 33.5 -14.5
Turnout 30,806 56.3 -23.5

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 11,483 63.7 +4.1
Labour G B Mead 2,827 15.7
Values Bill Davies 2,363 13.1
Social Credit M M Clark 809 4.5 -0.9
Right to Life L D B Gee 483 2.7
Alpha C C Wallace 55 0.3
Majority 8,656 48.0 +11.1
Turnout 22,685 79.8 -9.4

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Remuera[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 9,869 59.6 -7.2
Labour Rex Stanton 3,751 22.7
Values Reg Clough 1,736 10.5
Social Credit M M Clark 893 5.4 ±0.0
Independent C C Campbell 237 1.4
New Democratic B W Cox 59 0.4
Majority 6,118 36.9 -3.1
Turnout 18,684 89.2 +0.9

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 12,153 66.8 +0.4
Labour Hamish Keith 5,056 27.8
Social Credit M M Clark 974 5.4 -5.4
Majority 7,097 39.0 -4.6
Turnout 20,795 88.3 -0.8

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Allan Highet 10,127 66.4
Labour W C Nairn 3,467 22.8
Social Credit M M Clark 1,651 10.8 +7.0
Majority 6,660 43.6
Turnout 18,227 84.1 -3.9

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 10,772 68.1 ±0.0
Labour F N Goodall 3,771 23.8
Social Credit M M Clark 672 4.3
Liberal O A Addison 602 3.8
Majority 7,001 44.3 +3.5
Turnout 18,041 88.0 +0.1

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 10,212 68.1 +5.1
Labour Barry Gustafson 4,103 27.3
Social Credit M Morley 692 4.6
Majority 6,109 40.8 +9.9
Turnout 17,167 87.9 -5.1

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 9,717 63.0 +2.8
Labour R G Penney 4,951 32.1
Social Credit E M Wood 759 4.9
Majority 4,766 30.9 +5.9
Turnout 16,674 93.0 +3.6

1954 election[edit]

General election, 1954: Remuera[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 8,415 59.2 -12.9
Labour Bob Tizard 4,871 34.2 +6.3
Social Credit H L Richards 944 6.6
Majority 3,544 25.0 -19.2
Turnout 16,037 89.4 +1.6

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Remuera[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 8,727 72.1 +2.1
Labour Bob Tizard 3,381 27.9
Majority 5,346 44.2 +4.2
Turnout 13,811 87.8 -5.6

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Remuera[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 8,878 70.0 +2.5
Labour Hugh Watt 3,799 30.0
Majority 5,079 40.0 +5.0
Turnout 13,655 93.4 +0.7

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Remuera[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ronald Algie 8,512 67.5
Labour J Freeman 4,102 32.5
Majority 4,410 35.0
Turnout 13,698 92.7

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 87–92.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 86–91.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 91.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 195.
  5. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 25.
  6. ^ a b Gustafson 1986, p. 235.
  7. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 309.
  8. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  9. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 332.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 331.
  12. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.