René Victor Pilhes
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|René Victor Pilhes|
1 July 1934
|Blog de René-Victor Pilhes|
René Victor Pilhes is a French writer and former publicist, born in 1934.
Pilhes began working as an advertising executive at Air France then at Publicis as Creative Director and Executive Board Member, before devoting himself entirely to literature where he views society as a moralist. It is also a director of TF1. He was married December 19, 1959 to Nicole Ingrand, with whom he has three children: Nathalie, Laurent, Maria. His best known work is The Curse
- 1 Biography and literary works
- 2 Publications
- 3 Movies
- 4 Essays
- 5 Literary awards
- 6 External links
- 7 Notes and references
Biography and literary works
Family background and youth: the natural child of the Ariège
René Jean Laurent Pilhes (pronounced "Pille") came from old families of the Ariège. His great-uncle Victor Pilhes was a deputy in the Second Republic, and he has added that name to his own since his first novel. It is in this region that he grew up, at Seix; mountains and villages of Ariège punctuate many of his novels. An illegitimate child, he was raised by his maternal grandmother. Illegitimacy is also the subject of his first novel, Rhubarb. He attended college at Saint-Girons, high school in Toulouse and then at Lycée Buffon in Paris, achieving a bachelor's degree. In June 1955 he was sent to Algeria where after his classes he became a midshipman and lieutenant. He stayed there until September 1957 and left marked by the experience.
On his return from Algeria, he began working for Air France and three-eight as a commercial agent and politically committed. He campaigned for the CGT, Mendes-France supports and adheres to the PSU. With Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, he founded the Alumni Association of Algeria.
He married, and his career evolved: in the early 1960s was still a copywriter at Air France, then at Dorland and Gray before becoming a copywriter at Publicis. He kept his distance from politics and increasingly felt his need to write, especially after the death of his maternal grandmother. His first novel, Rhubarb, appeared in 1965 and was awarded the Prix Médicis. Originally titled The Bastard, his narrator, Urban Gorenfan / Aubain Minville, relates the quest for identity of a young man not recognized by his father, who seeks to know how the child would have been if he had been legitimate. The facts are invented even though the context of history could a priori be likened to an autobiography, Pilhes transforms it into a baroque novel with extraordinary adventures. "Take the high ground, do not fear what dictates the imagination, take care of the balance between reality and fiction, these are my constant concerns as a novelist. 1%
In 1969, published his second novel, The Loum, the climbing of whose phallic peak haunts the author's later writings. In this audacious novel with its salacious passages, His Excellency the Lord began climbing, with his old mother, this huge rocky spur that points to the sky in a singular struggle. This book is also presented as an psychoanalytic epic .  René Victor Pilhes says of it: "The Loum is the story of a terrible battle between mother and son. [...] Is: "I will, once and for all, demonstrate to you that I am much more powerful than my father and all the men you admired in your life."  The book has been the subject of a public lecture in Geneva and is included in the anthology of erotic literature by Jean-Jacques Pauvert.
1974: The Curse
The Curse (L'Imprécateur) was a milestone in the writer's life. He now devoted himself fully to literature. The topics changed, although slapstick and fantasy remain his style. "The author has shifted his gaze from the abdomen of his mother, his unknown father, and some others to the "bottom" of society which he was a contemporary. 4. This novel won the Prix Femina and is a best-seller with 390,000 copies sold. Warmly received by critics, he denounced the failings of the economy, where the unbridled pursuit of profit replaces virtue. Mysterious curses shake the Rosserys and Mitchell company, in the minds of its managers as well as its foundations and direction. A film, directed by Jean-Louis Bertucelli, was made in 1977.
After the election of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing to the presidency, he kept up with politics, joined the Socialist Party and actively campaigned in the following years. His fourth novel, The Beast (1976), is more politically engaged than earlier works. It tells the drifts coercive when a group of young people from a village in the Ariège intend to oppose a rally of the Advanced Liberal Yout : "shuns violence is something undemocratic, approve the hunt active minorities is another .
Pilhes in the years 1980-1990
In 1981, in Wounds and Bumps, resulting from interviews with Maurice Chavardes, he took stock of his career, re-distanced himself from politics and announced the writing of several novels. He completely abandoned the business world until 1986 (transition to TF1 and Havas).
He resumed writing assiduously: nine works appeared between 1985 and 1999. He took a moralistic view of the shortcomings of a society affected by the evils of economic liberalism, the darkness of the past or political machinations. The Pompeii (1985) brings back the dark days of the Occupation and its sequel The Demons of the Court of Rohan (1987) addresses the issue of leftism of the 1970s and its shift into terrorism. In 1988 The Hitler appeared, which aroused some controversy. It tackles the difficult problem of antisemitism in the late twentieth century. Because of conflicts in Palestine, he argues that new anti-Semitism is anti-Zionist. The Fakir (1995) brings back the Algerian past of the master pollster Lenoyer (torture, methods of pacification), a period of which there is silence, whose vicissitudes have serious consequences even today. In Christ (1997) the inhabitants of a village, guardians of the last vestiges of Cathar, see their tranquility disrupted by the arrival of an American scientific expedition.
In 1989 The Ombudsman denounced the excesses of the TV world, its ephemeral stars desperate to survive publicly, on board a dangerously pitching ship. The subject of corporate executives still interested Pilhes. Philidor's position (1992), a detective novel transports ambitious young professionals to a mountain village where a crime occurs. The next year seems that The False narrates the last days of a finance magnate rediscovering the traditional activities of his reaper ancestors. A television adaptation was to be made in 2003.
In his latest novel Henbane (1999), Aubain Minville and Urban Gorenfan, heroes of Rhubarb reappear in an investigation into the murder of a young anti-nuclear activist.
He began by writing two novels that were not to be published. In wounds and bumps, he says in this connection to Mauritius Chavardes: "I started writing at the age of twenty. About illegitimacy of course. But then, it was really autobiographical. I could not cope. Then on my return to Algeria, I wrote an essay on that war. [...] I could not face up to my ilegitimacy and tell it: "I am not interested at all in you. [ ...] You interest me locked up, submissive, naked, open, panting, frightened, hungry, behind the bars of literary creation. "  It is this reality reinterpreted through the prism of his prints burlesque that marks his writing style.
Some characters names are recurring, such as Nomen, Lenoyer, Gorenfan, Minville. The narrator is sometimes called Pilhes, but changes his identity and profession in the various novels. The Ariege and peaceful villages are often part of the adventures of its hero, in the shadow of Loum.
JP Damour analytical writing Pilhes noting his fondness for the winks, the use of narrative platitudes and psychoanalytic clichés (cf. Rhubarb and The Loum): "It arises from the accumulation process ostensibly a baroque composition, often parodic, which sometimes turns the main characters' quest into a sort of epic slapstick." 
René Victor Pilhes today
He is retired, living surrounded by his six grandchildren. He has not published in the last ten years but is still writing the third part of Loum announced long beforehand: "The Loum is not finished. It includes only two parts out of three, the ambiguous (Pride and abuse) and the tense (Humor and Humor). The lost part remains to be written.  Concerned about the literary legacy he will leave, and willing to defend and promote knowledge of his work, he maintains a blog in which he report on some critics who have praised him during his career and delivers some keys to reading his novels. He is organising his archives with the help of his grandson Arsene.
Of the controversy around The Hitler, twenty years after its release, Pilhes says he has been accused of anti-Semitism and as a result has been subject to legal attack. In the dictionary of Jérôme Garcin, in his own written record just after The Hitler, he justified himself thus: "the author wanted to show a sample of what would be a neo-antisemitic speech. " [...] Because it seemed as if we were not careful, fifty years after the Holocaust, we would run right into this situation. [...] The author has done this unequivocally, without ulterior motives, in order to serve democracy and tolerance. But the Jewish community does not believe or pretends not to believe it. [...] Worse he is accused of antisemitism. What more can he do? We must think about it. And weigh what is left behind.
- Rhubarb (1965)
- The Loum (1969)
- The Curse (1974) Editions du Seuil
- The Beast (1976)
- The Whole Truth (1980)
- The Pompeii (1985)
- Demons of the Court of Rohan (1987)
- The Hitler's (1988)
- The Mediator (1989)
- The Philidor Position (1992)
- The Fake (1993)
- The Fakir (1995)
- The Christi (1997)
- Henbane (1999)
- The Fake (2003)
- The Curse (1977)
- "There is a slightly fanciful competition between chess and literature", Chess in Europe, No. 296, August–September 1983, p. 14-16.
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Notes and references
- back cover of the 1969 edition by Seuil
- The wounds and bumps, op cit. p.126
- Fact Sheet on Rotten Tomatoes.Com
- Quoted in The Beast, 1976
- wounds and bumps, op. cit p.46
- Record Rene Victor Pilhes written by JP Damour in the Dictionary of French-language writers, edited by JP de Beaumarchais, Daniel Couty and Alain Rey, Larousse, Paris, 2001, 2253p
- Garcin, op.cit