René Imbot

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René Imbot
Didier Imbot, 1983

René Imbot (17 March 1925 - 19 February 2007) was a French general. In 1983 he was appointed as Head of the French Army. Two years later he reached the normal French army retirement age, but after the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior caused Admiral Pierre Lacoste (fr) to lose the position,[1] Imbot took over as head of Overseas Intelligence ("Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure" / DGSE).[2][3]

Life[edit]

René Imbot was born into a military family in Roussillon, Vaucluse. When he was just 16 he joined the resistance Maquillards[2] in the Allier department in central France. By that time he had already attended the military preparatory academy at Épinal and the Prytanée National Militaire, which he left in 1941.

In September 1944 he joined the "marche de la Corrèze" regiment and took part in the liberation struggle in the Belfort region.[4] Once the fighting was over he passed the entrance exam for the prestigious Saint Cyr special military academy, from which he later progressed to the Cherchell military academy in Algeria.[5]

He first posting as an officer came in 1946 when he was given command of the 13th Demi-Brigade of the Foreign Legion in Indochina.[5] He served two terms. In January 1952 he was promoted to the rank of captain and assigned to the 4th Infantry Regiment of the Foreign Legion in Morocco, where he remained till 1954. He then undertook Staff college training before returning to Morocco, initially with the divisional staff at Meknes and then in command of the 26th Infantry Division at Fez.

In 1958 he went off to undertake a further training at the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas (USA).[6] Returning in 1959 he was assigned to NATO (Atomic Planning Section) and sent to Heidelberg for the three years 1959-1962.[6] Here he was promoted to Battalion leader.

In 1964 Imbot emerged from a further training period at the War College as a major and took command as a Group Company Commander of the 51st Motorised Infantry Regiment based at Beauvais. He was promoted again in April 1966, now becoming a Lieutenant colonel, and was assigned to the military personnel department of the French Army (DPMAT).[4] In 1969, now a Colonel, he took command of the 35th Mechanised Infantry Regiment at Belfort. When that command came to an end he returned to the DPMAT as Chief of the Infantry Office.[7] In 1974 he took command of the First Mechanised Brigade at Saarburg in West Germany. The next year he was promoted to Brigadier general and the next year he took commande of the Infantry Academy at Montpelier.[6]

Made a Divisional general in 1978, on 15 September 1979 he was appointed deputy military governor of Paris, taking on command of the 3rd Army Corps and of the 1st Military Region. In October 1980 he took over as director of personnel for the land army. He was made Army corps general in 1980, and promoted to General in March 1983. Later that year the Minister of Defence, Charles Hernu, appointed René Imbot Head of the Army ("Chef d'état-major de l'Armée de terre" / CEMAT). Together, Hernu and Imbot created the Rapid Action Force ("force d'action rapide " / FAR), designed for rapid intervention in Europe and overseas.[7]

He was succeeded in 1985 by Maurice Schmitt. He was now appointed Overseas Intelligence ("Direction générale de la sécurité extérieure" / DGSE) by President Mitterrand. The appointment came amidst widesparead calls for reform of the service in the wake of the Rainbow Warrior affair which had triggered the resignation of his predecessor in the role, Pierre Lacoste.[3] Imbot reorganised and modernised the DGSE, also reinstating the 11th Shock Parachute Regiment which had been dissolved back in 1963.[7]

The Rainbow Warrior affair was viewed by the political establishment as a public relations disaster, likely to do long term political and indeed economic damage to the national interest. In this context, René Imbot accepted an invitation to appear on French television on 27 September 1985. In a memorably forceful presentation he stated his determination to "cut off the rotten branches" ("couper les branches pourries"), having identified "a truly malign conspiracy to destabilise the [intelligence] services" ("une véritable opération maligne de déstabilisation de nos services").[7]

He retired from active service in 1988.

Free masonry[edit]

In 2003 Imbot was a co-founder, together with others leading establishment figures including François Thual (fr) and General Jeannou Lacaze, of the "Grand Lodge of Cutlre and Spirituality" ("Grande Loge des cultures et de la spiritualité" / GLCS).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Imbot gets French post". The Galveston Daily News. 26 Sep 1985. p. 6. Retrieved 2017-01-13 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)). PARIS (AP) - The government on Wednesday named army chief of staff Gen. René Imbot to head the secret service and ordered him to clean up the agency and report fully on its bombing of a Greenpeace protest ship. Imbot, 60 [...] was appointed at a cabinet meeting to replace Adm. Pierre Lacoste, who was fired last week for refusing to answer questions about the affair. 
  2. ^ a b Pierre-Marie Giraud (21 February 2007). "Décès du général Imbot, ex-patron de la DGSE, baroudeur et organisateur". Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "New French Spy Chief Appointed : Army Head Told to 'Reestablish Order' in Scandal's Wake". Los Angeles Times. 25 September 1985. Retrieved 13 January 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Jean-François Brillant (6 March 2007). "René IMBOT - Général d'Armée (19.02.2007)". Forum réserve opérationnelle. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Xavier Mattei (author); J. Penaud (compiler). "Le Général René IMBOT (Ep 37-40, Au 40-42, LF 42-44) 1925-2007" (PDF). paru dans le Journal des AET N° 136 2ème trimestre 1983 et divers articles et dépêches des quotidiens Le Monde et Le Figaro. Association des élèves et anciens élèves des lycées et collèges militaires, des écoles militaires préparatoires et des Anciens Enfants de Troupe. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Biographie René Imbot". WHO'S WHO IN FRANCE - Editions Lafitte-Hébrard, Levallois-Perret. Retrieved 13 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Dominique LORMIER (6 October 2016). Les grandes affaires d'espionnage de la Ve République. EDI8. p. 107. ISBN 978-2-412-01992-4. 
  8. ^ "TENTATIVE DE PARITÉ". SEBDO Le Point, Paris. 24 January 2008. Archived from the original on 20 November 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2016.