René of Chalon
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|René of Châlon, Prince of Orange|
René of Châlon
5 February 1519|
Breda, Duchy of Brabant
15 July 1544 (aged 25)|
Saint-Dizier, Kingdom of France
|Buried||Grote Kerk (Breda)|
|Noble family||Châlon-Arlay and Nassau-Breda|
|Spouse(s)||Anna of Lorraine|
|Father||Henry III of Nassau-Breda|
|Mother||Claudia of Châlon|
René was born in Breda, the only son of Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda and Claudia of Châlon. Claudia's brother, Philibert of Châlon, was the last Prince of Orange from the house of Châlon. When Philibert died in 1530, René inherited the Princedom of Orange on condition that he used the name and coat of arms of the Châlon-Orange family. History knows him therefore as René of Châlon instead of as "René of Nassau-Breda." 
In 1544, René took part in the siege of St. Dizier in the service of Emperor Charles V. He was mortally wounded in battle and died with the Emperor attending at his bedside. René was buried in Grote Kerk in Breda, near the resting-place of his infant daughter. A commemorative monument (Cadaver Tomb of René of Chalon) stands in the church of St. Etienne in Bar-le-Duc.
René of Châlon had inherited the principality of Orange from his mother's brother, who had been the last male member of the House of Orange. Like his uncle, Rene also had no surviving children, and in his last will and testament, he left all his landed possessions, including the principality, to his father's brother's son, William of Nassau-Dillenburg, better known as "William the Silent." Thus, the estates belonging to Rene's mother brother passed into the family of Rene's father's brother, and William the Silent came into possession of the principality despite having no connection at all to the original House of Orange. The only condition placed by Rene was that his heir, William, should receive a catholic education. William's father agreed on behalf of his minor son and the succession was endorsed by the Emperor, who was the overlord of most of Rene's possessions. William the Silent duly added the name of Orange to his own paternal dignities and became in 1544 the founder of the House of Orange-Nassau.
The principality of Orange had already passed, through the female line, from the first dynasty of Orange to the families Les Baux, and then to De Châlon. It now passed to a family which was not descended in blood at all from any of the preceding families.
|Ancestors of René of Chalon|
- Grew, Marion Ethel (1947). The House of Orange. 36 Essex Street, Strand, London W.C.2: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
- Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (2003). Armorial general. vol.2. Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 297. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.
- Rowen, Herbert H. (1988). The princes of Orange: the stadholders in the Dutch Republic. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-8063-4811-9.
- Motley, John Lothrop (1855). The Rise of the Dutch Republic. vol.1. Harper Brothers Publishers. p. 235.
René of ChalonBorn: 5 February 1519 Died: 15 July 1544
Philibert of Chalon
| Prince of Orange
William the Silent
Henry III of Nassau-Breda
| Baron of Breda|
Antoine I de Lalaing
| Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht
Louis of Praet
Floris van Egmont
| Stadtholder of Guelders
Philip de Lalaing